Definition of surround in English:



  • 1 Be all round (someone or something)

    ‘the hotel is surrounded by its own gardens’
    figurative ‘he loves to surround himself with family and friends’
    • ‘All the main buildings are well spaced out and immediately surrounded by mature landscaped gardens.’
    • ‘The sides of the fish have beautiful red spots surrounded by a pale halo.’
    • ‘The town is almost entirely surrounded by a ring of fire.’
    • ‘They were now surrounded on all sides by a ring of excited, curious faces.’
    • ‘They were instantly surrounded by a glowing white aura.’
    • ‘Each consisted of a single walled town surrounded by countryside, which might include villages.’
    • ‘The historic Victorian buildings are surrounded by trees, flowerbeds and lawns.’
    • ‘The island was surrounded by a moat with steep and slippery red clay sides.’
    • ‘The house was surrounded by tall trees and stubby bushes.’
    • ‘The house itself was finished some time ago, but the pair have continued to work on it and the grounds which surround it.’
    • ‘Restaurants, bars and hotels could surround the water.’
    • ‘There's a town hall, plenty of churches, a cinema, a few supermarkets and a lot of countryside surrounding it.’
    • ‘Would you be negative about the area if you were surrounded by countryside like this?’
    • ‘I'm now living on an island surrounded by a moat.’
    • ‘They stood by a lake surrounded by tall brown mountains on one end and thick trees on the other.’
    • ‘They thrive off of human interaction, they love company, they love to talk to people, to socialize, to surround themselves with people.’
    • ‘Not only is it surrounded by mountains but it also enjoys a mild climate.’
    • ‘There will be no parking at the ground or in surrounding streets.’
    • ‘The barren grounds that surrounded the old house gave it an imperial look.’
    • ‘The grounds which surround the development will be landscaped to include a barbecue, children's playground, a fountain and green spaces.’
    neighbouring, nearby, near, neighbourhood, local
    adjoining, adjacent, bordering, abutting
    encircling, encompassing
    circumambient, circumjacent
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    1. 1.1(of troops, police, etc.) encircle (someone or something) so as to cut off communication or escape.
      ‘troops surrounded the parliament building’
      • ‘Anyone who tries to steal it will be captured inside - and instantly surrounded by police’
      • ‘The premises were surrounded by armed police and firefighters put on standby to release the three employees.’
      • ‘I arrived at work one evening to find the place surrounded by police cars, flashing lights, cordon, the works.’
      • ‘The jet was surrounded by police and commandos but there was no indication of the number of hijackers.’
      • ‘Armed police had to surround their house in order to facilitate their release.’
      • ‘The barn on the property was surrounded by police officers drawing their weapons.’
      • ‘When they do take place they are surrounded by riot police and attacked by security police.’
      • ‘Eventually the driver turned up to find his car taped off and surrounded by police and RAF personnel.’
      • ‘The place was surrounded by the police and the crowd of bystanders discussed the events.’
      • ‘Workers besiege police barracks and surround the paratroopers attacking the soldiers, arguing with them.’
      • ‘Police surround the house as Lex steps out of his car and heads for the front door.’
      • ‘The club was literally surrounded by police forces, including mobile armed units of the patrol service Scut.’
      • ‘The car was quickly surrounded by police and the captain approached the driver to handle the tense situation.’
      • ‘Armed police officers surrounded it in the early hours, calling on him to come out and give himself up, but he refused.’
      • ‘The rally was closely surrounded by the police and a helicopter from above.’
      • ‘After mothers were taken out of the plant, children were left surrounded by riot police.’
      • ‘Indeed, as the two key players left, they were immediately surrounded by the bodyguards.’
      • ‘The kidnappers were soon surrounded by police in some place just south of Beijing.’
      • ‘It was finally surrounded by police marksman who were forced to shoot it after repeated attempts to calm it failed.’
      • ‘Several militants who escaped the storming of school were in a nearby house surrounded by troops.’
      encircle, enclose, encompass, ring, gird, girdle, go around
      fence in, wall in, hedge in, hem in, close in, confine, bound, circumscribe, delimit, cut off
      besiege, siege, beset, beleaguer, throng, trap
      environ, enwreathe
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    2. 1.2Be associated with.
      ‘the killings were surrounded by controversy’
      • ‘Money was not the only element adding to the controversy surrounding Chang.’
      • ‘The usual hype surrounding television coverage has added gloss to such functions.’
      • ‘Mystery still surrounds the death of a three-month-old Huddersfield baby who died suddenly while sleeping in a baby chair.’
      • ‘In particular, there are grounds for serious concern surrounding the technique of nucleus substitution.’
      • ‘Given the hype that surrounded the 200m freestyle, that was a tough undertaking.’
      • ‘Confusion today surrounded what is to become of two green spaces where children play on Canvey.’
      • ‘There is no mention, for example, of the massive controversy surrounding the buildings.’
      • ‘What about the ‘controversies’ that surround Shakespeare and his works?’
      • ‘The book's subject area is surrounded by controversy.’
      • ‘The first fight showed the controversy that surrounds scoring.’
      • ‘The field of nanotechnology has over the last decade or so been surrounded by considerable hype.’
      • ‘That fact has led to one of the few controversies surrounding this remarkably successful system.’
      • ‘Uncertainty still surrounds his death, with many claiming that he was assassinated.’
      • ‘There is more hype surrounding Tokyo than practically any other capital city in the world.’
      • ‘Much hype surrounds the internet's self-publishing phenomenon known as blogging.’
      • ‘Controversy today surrounded plans to set up a private casualty unit in Manchester.’
      • ‘There's a lot of hype surrounding the Xbox, and not all of it is to be believed.’


  • 1A thing that forms a border or edging around an object.

    ‘an oak fireplace surround’
    • ‘Where the original stove would have been, she has created an inglenook fireplace with an oak surround and alcove storage.’
    • ‘Behind it the dining room overlooks the rear garden and features a tiled fireplace with wooden surround.’
    • ‘I've also managed to get the fireplace surround finished and installed.’
    • ‘Features include an open fireplace with tiled surround and an original picture rail.’
    • ‘There are two reception rooms, both of which feature original fireplaces with oak surrounds and tiled insets.’
    • ‘Decorated in deep green, it features a large cast-iron fireplace with tiled inset and carved mahogany surround.’
    • ‘Fire damage was confined to the door's wooden surround and floor boards.’
    • ‘Beside this, the single room includes a cast-iron open fireplace with tiled surround.’
    • ‘Off this, there are two reception rooms, each with marble fireplaces with wooden surrounds.’
    • ‘To the left is the sitting room, which is decorated in cream and includes an antique-style fireplace with a tiled surround and inset, as well as a wooden mantelpiece.’
    • ‘Features will include fitted wardrobes, stone fire surrounds, en suite bathrooms with most two-bed apartments and fitted kitchens.’
    • ‘The house is built of stone with brick window surrounds and porch.’
    • ‘The sketch shows the window stone surround below the brick support angle and Mr. Quirouette notes this is unusual.’
    • ‘The living room has ceiling cornicing and an open fireplace with carved mahogany surround.’
    • ‘The room is dominated by a fitted gas fire with an ornate timber surround and original tiled inset.’
    • ‘The room retains its original tiled fireplace with carved mahogany surround and is fitted with spotlights.’
    • ‘An open fireplace with an ornate cast-iron surround and slate hearth takes centre stage.’
    • ‘Although manufactured masonry costs about the same as the natural product, far less of it is used when constructing a fireplace surround.’
    • ‘There is also a large period slate fireplace with a black tiled surround and inset.’
    • ‘The room has a picture rail and the original fireplace with a mahogany surround.’
    border, edging, edge, perimeter, boundary, margin, skirting, skirt, fringe
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    1. 1.1The area encircling something; surroundings.
      ‘the beautiful surrounds of Connemara’
      • ‘It's a gentle comedy set in the beautiful surrounds of the Scottish highlands.’
      • ‘As a result we have been able, over the years, to create a pristine reserve area of the beautiful estuary and surrounds, with which we have been blessed.’
      • ‘In the meantime everyone can help by keeping their own surrounds clear of litter.’
      • ‘The reception was held in the beautiful surrounds of the Masters Quarters and the announcements were made by Minister O'Donoghue.’
      • ‘There must be many people in the city, suburbs and surrounds who have a tree in their garden which they think is special.’
      • ‘You might need to take out a second mortgage to buy a drink here, but you will find yourself in beautiful surrounds.’
      • ‘If sky-rocketing property prices are anything to go by, East London and her beautiful surrounds and the associated lifestyle are much in demand.’
      • ‘This is a great chance to experience the alternative culture in full swing, and just enjoy the beautiful atmosphere and surrounds of Nimbin.’
      • ‘A stroll though the village and its surrounds confirms it is progressing well.’
      • ‘The fact that the musical society continues to flourish and entertain in a small town with rural surrounds as it approaches a quarter of a century is a wonderful tribute to members past and present.’
      • ‘The dark wood surrounds of the reception area and restaurant provide a deeply pleasant atmosphere, allowing you to spend time off the beach but not away from it.’
      • ‘A tremendous amount of effort is being made to equate the Lake District and surrounds with the revival of regional foods.’
      • ‘All households in the area are requested to keep up the good work in keeping their surrounds tidy and clean.’
      • ‘There are also suggestions to provide a town park in the surrounds of Killarney House and this would certainly be a lovely amenity.’
      • ‘More than 40 retailers participate in the scheme, covering most of the town centre and its surrounds.’
      • ‘In the fast-moving confines of a rail carriage it is easy to pass through these areas without noticing the surrounds.’
      • ‘The NSW artist's meticulous eye and delight in her surrounds continually inform her work.’
      • ‘The work carried out by the group is very evident in the beauty of the dry stone walls, the landscaping of the village and church surrounds and the cleanliness of the whole area.’
      • ‘There was no time to see nearby Neolithic cave paintings, but we did scale its medieval tower for a spectacular view of the village and its surrounds.’
      • ‘I went this morning there, and life is normal in the city and the surrounds of the city.’
      surrounding district, surrounding area, neighbourhood, locality, locale, local area, area, district, region, quarter, sector, territory, domain, place, zone
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Late Middle English (in the sense ‘overflow’): from Old French souronder, from late Latin superundare, from super- over + undare to flow (from unda a wave); later associated with round. Current senses of the noun date from the late 19th century.