One of the mysteries of the English language finally explained.
1A substitute, especially a person deputizing for another in a specific role or office.‘she served as a surrogate for the President on a trip to South America’
substitute, proxy, replacementView synonyms
- ‘The road, both a participant in and a generator of vistas, becomes a surrogate for the human presence.’
- ‘In addition, a modified version of the portfolio traveled to sixteen venues between 1935 and 1937, with the photographs serving as surrogates for the objects themselves.’
- ‘Not quite useful as measurements of scale, they could be understood to serve as surrogates for her own presence in the cinema of daily life.’
- ‘Like language, these photographs are surrogates for reality, full of meaning but incomplete in and of themselves.’
- ‘Discuss the patient's need to make advance directives and to identify surrogates for medical and legal decision-making.’
- ‘Before enrollment in the study, each patient or the patient's designated healthcare surrogate provided written informed consent.’
- ‘Explorers became the conventional heroes of colonial Australia, surrogates for the warriors Australia did not have.’
- ‘In contrast, in the local strategy, some biodiversity surrogates may not achieve their target.’
- ‘Whereas estimator surrogates, they argue, are subject to empirical justification, true surrogates are still dependent on convention.’
- ‘A written informed consent was obtained from patients' surrogates after describing the nature and the purpose of the study.’
- ‘People tend to project disgust properties onto groups of people in their own society who come to figure as surrogates for people's anxieties about their own animality.’
- ‘In an ordinary presidential election, the winner enjoys the right to call the shots on policy as the political surrogate for the electoral majority.’
- ‘The use of personal anecdotes about a few hundred students and a secretary as surrogates for the world economy disappointed.’
- ‘Outcome surrogates must be carefully validated to avoid misleading results.’
- ‘In representing American economic interests in the absence of a tangible American presence, Fort Union was a surrogate for federal authority.’
- ‘It's experts who can inspect, audit, and review, acting as surrogates for the importing party.’
- ‘Using outcome surrogates can decrease both study duration and sample size.’
- ‘The sequence-structure distance can be interpreted as a surrogate for the difference in energies between an ancestral and a descendant protein.’
- ‘Some Balts hoped that, if and when they joined the EU, it would be a surrogate for a formal military alliance.’
- ‘In contrast to true surrogates, estimator surrogates have true surrogates as their intended objects of representation.’
- 1.1‘the guidelines clearly mention the rights of surrogates and prospective parents’short for surrogate mother‘their daughter was born via surrogate on March 25th’
- 1.2 (in the Christian Church) a bishop's deputy who grants marriage licences.
- 1.3 (in the US) a judge in charge of probate, inheritance, and guardianship.
1attributive Relating to the birth of a child or children by means of surrogacy.‘paperwork that will allow them to move forward with the surrogate process’
- 1.1 Denoting a child to whom a woman gives birth as a surrogate mother.‘she has given birth to three surrogate babies’
- 1.1 Denoting a child to whom a woman gives birth as a surrogate mother.
Early 17th century: from Latin surrogatus, past participle of surrogare ‘elect as a substitute’, from super- ‘over’ + rogare ‘ask’.
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