Definition of surmise in English:

surmise

verb

  • no object, usually with clause Suppose that something is true without having evidence to confirm it.

    ‘he surmised that something must be wrong’
    with direct speech ‘‘I don't think they're locals,’ she surmised’
    • ‘I felt terribly guilty but surmised she would never find out.’
    • ‘As you may have surmised from the infrequent updating, the NICU is keeping me busy.’
    • ‘Workers, critics surmised, must surely feel slighted, insulted, and mocked by such acts of disdain.’
    • ‘Given this evidence, local police surmised that perhaps Weed was drunk and accidentally fell off the balcony.’
    • ‘They surmised that it must be a tractor with two different tires on it.’
    • ‘I'm surmising that the riders were actually instructors performing for the benefit of the contestants.’
    • ‘The wind, we surmised, had opened and closed the screen door, which never worked properly.’
    • ‘However, she surmised that he would not want her to come to him willingly.’
    • ‘I surmised that a crossing must exist, since the path could not start and finish in isolation.’
    • ‘For the most part, the triage nurse surmised, people would be too drunk to notice they were injured, until they woke the next day doubly injured.’
    • ‘Hefting the weight of the tiny relic a moment longer, I smile and hand it back, surmising that it's all about trust.’
    • ‘In the end, he surmised that being third in line wasn't as important as being here.’
    • ‘The doctor stopped walking, and McNulty surmised that they must be outside Marx's room.’
    • ‘Thank you for this article, which states the facts that I surmised but never had the opportunity to track down and confirm.’
    • ‘Perhaps, some surmised, the police operation was not really meant to keep order at all.’
    • ‘However, I've always surmised that they saw something like what Jaime and I saw.’
    • ‘He surmised that he could not be the sole source for the BBC's information.’
    • ‘We surmised, since I hadn't had a cold sore in 10 years, that it may have gone away.’
    • ‘I think that I want to partly echo what Chris is surmising.’
    • ‘Steven and some friends of his are all quite adamant that it was a reddish colour, not pink as the reporter surmised.’
    guess, conjecture, suspect, deduce, infer, come to the conclusion, conclude, theorize, speculate, glean, divine
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noun

  • A supposition that something may be true, even though there is no evidence to confirm it.

    ‘Charles was glad to have his surmise confirmed’
    mass noun ‘all these observations remain surmise’
    • ‘He blends surmise, fact and hypothesis with impressive ease, resisting the temptation to sink into melodrama.’
    • ‘The surmise of the researchers turned out to be correct.’
    • ‘We are just looking ahead, and trying to make an intelligent surmise about who will be the next leader of the country.’
    • ‘Some of this was predicted, but you could never see through the haze, it was all surmise.’
    • ‘As an educationist, her surmise is that literacy had failed to free women from their predicament of subordination.’
    • ‘The international coalition the White House is assembling will fracture if it is asked to act based on hunches and surmises.’
    • ‘As a postscript to the story, my great grandfather died a few weeks after this conversation, proving, as his wife pointed out to her daughter, that she had been correct in her surmise.’
    • ‘It is unjust to start bombing on the basis of those surmises.’
    • ‘Her book is rich in intelligent surmise but thin on supporting evidence.’
    • ‘I was surprised with just how accurate some of their surmises were, though.’
    • ‘It's not that his surmises are automatically wrong (they're backed up by art-historical knowledge and personal empathy), but that they sound affected and impossibly privileged.’
    • ‘Ben Franklin gave his own surmise as to the aptness of the rattler as a symbol.’
    • ‘This surmise is strengthened by the way his name is written out formally on the picture, including the surname.’
    • ‘As he pulled the material away he could see his surmise was correct.’
    • ‘My surmise is that anyone who has a patent to prosecute will hold off until the European software patent decision is made.’
    • ‘Perhaps it is the educated surmise that in large cities the rat population equals or exceeds the human.’
    opinion, view, viewpoint, point of view, attitude, stance, stand, standpoint, position, perspective, contention, conviction, judgement, thinking, way of thinking, thought, idea, theory, hypothesis, thesis, interpretation, assumption, presumption, supposition, surmise, postulation, conclusion, deduction, inference, notion, impression, sense, feeling, fancy, hunch
    View synonyms

Origin

Late Middle English (in the senses ‘formal allegation’ and ‘allege formally’): from Anglo-Norman French and Old French surmise, feminine past participle of surmettre ‘accuse’, from late Latin supermittere ‘put in afterwards’, from super- ‘over’ + mittere ‘send’.

Pronunciation

surmise

/səˈmʌɪz/