Definition of supplement in English:

supplement

noun

Pronunciation /ˈsʌplɪm(ə)nt/
  • 1A thing added to something else in order to complete or enhance it.

    ‘the handout is a supplement to the official manual’
    • ‘While the documentaries are the main supplements on each DVD, each comes with a number of additional items.’
    • ‘See the online supplement for additional detail on the methods used in this study.’
    • ‘However, the implied premise that the visual supplements would provide the exhibition's historical context was not satisfactorily realized.’
    • ‘On the other hand, the Accelerando Series is a useful supplement to piano instruction for the elementary pianist of any age.’
    • ‘The array of supplements on the disc is impressive, except in one crucial respect.’
    • ‘This was most likely the least interesting supplement on the disc.’
    • ‘The study is a valuable supplement to our knowledge about the history of the implementation of the social market economy in West Germany.’
    • ‘The extras are really the selling point though; there is a ton of supplements.’
    • ‘Tesco's Internet operations and personal finance offerings also look a strong supplement to the core food business.’
    • ‘All art, all education, can be merely a supplement to nature.’
    • ‘The existing commentary works as a supplement to the movie without necessarily shedding new light on it.’
    • ‘The disc's primary supplement is a feature-length commentary track by Andersson, in Swedish with a separate set of subtitles.’
    • ‘Miss Eisner's book, while not replacing Zamoyski's biography, does not seek to do so, and provides a lively and readable supplement.’
    • ‘The disc continues the selection of interesting supplements available on previous discs.’
    • ‘Anti-lock brakes are a supplement to the standard brake pedal UI, just like power steering is an addition to the usual steering wheel.’
    • ‘The film's theatrical trailer is the only other supplement.’
    • ‘Approximately 17,000 adults participated in this survey, which was collected as a supplement to the Current Population Survey.’
    • ‘Instead, they all insisted that course newsgroups should be used only as a supplement to face-to-face discussion.’
    • ‘Klein's narrative style and focus on individuals might suggest using this book as a supplement in an undergraduate course.’
    • ‘A parallel study of regional small businesses and their owners could be an interesting supplement to this study.’
    addition, supplementation, additive, extra, companion, add-on, accessory, adjunct, appendage, appurtenance
    appendix, addendum, end matter, tailpiece, codicil, rider, postscript, addition, extension, coda, sequel
    View synonyms
    1. 1.1 A substance taken to remedy the deficiencies in a person's diet.
      ‘multivitamin supplements’
      • ‘Treatment heifers had access to unlimited amounts of ungrazed forage prior to calving and were fed a different supplement.’
      • ‘Recent research has investigated the extraction of nutritional supplements and pharmaceuticals from distillers' grains.’
      • ‘Then there are also worries about interactions with herbal supplements and prescription drugs, as well as potential harmful effects.’
      • ‘Excessive use of fiber supplements can lead to acute digestive problems and blockages.’
      • ‘Older folks often need calcium, vitamin B12 and vitamin D supplements because of physical changes in their bodies.’
      • ‘It also banned the use of dead or disabled cows to make dietary supplements, cosmetics, soups or other foods that contain traces of meat.’
      • ‘Get dietary fiber from foods, not pills or supplements.’
      • ‘I frequently purchase health supplements from a small independent store near my home.’
      • ‘He said using more dairy products, such as whey, as food ingredients and nutritional supplements, looks very promising, and he gave a detailed overview of the potential market.’
      • ‘In contrast, Canada, Germany, France, and other countries regulate supplements more like drugs, requiring proof of quality, safety, and efficacy.’
      • ‘Calving and breeding during periods of adequate, high quality grazing can reduce the amount of needed supplements and annual feed costs.’
      • ‘These are used in the manufacture of cheese products, nutritional supplements and other dairy and nondairy foods.’
      • ‘When used as ingredients in food products or supplements, prebiotics usually are extracted from plants but are not chemically pure, being mixtures of different length polymers.’
      • ‘To optimize nutrient intake from the supplements, choose forages or concentrate mixtures that allow rapid rates of intake.’
      • ‘The selling of the plethora of diet pills, supplements and herbal remedies is only one part of a broader, troubling picture.’
      • ‘It is already used as a food supplement and as an ingredient in adhesives, finishing materials for paper and textiles, paints, and other nonfood products.’
      • ‘You should inform your doctor if you regularly take garlic supplements or consume raw garlic, especially if you are taking a blood-thinning medicine or routinely use aspirin.’
      • ‘Cooperators realized that the greater the hay quality, the fewer supplements were required.’
      • ‘Daily intake of the liquid supplement averaged 1.5 kg per animal during the feeding period.’
      • ‘He becomes obsessed with pumping iron at the gym and starts taking vitamin and steroid supplements to bulk himself up.’
    2. 1.2 A separate section, especially a colour magazine, added to a newspaper or periodical.
      ‘our special supplement is packed with ideas for healthy hair’
      • ‘Photographs of domestic architecture that include people become lifestyle advertisements that find their natural place in magazines and Sunday supplements.’
      • ‘Today's Financial Times includes the latest edition of the FT-IT Review, the paper's always-insightful supplement on information technology.’
      • ‘The past week has seen a spate of bumper-sized property supplements and a flood of residential properties to the Dublin market.’
      • ‘Tucked inside is Assets, a pull-out supplement to test the market for a second title.’
      • ‘Reports on the activities of these schools appeared in women's magazines or as part of Sunday newspaper supplements.’
      • ‘Its Monday employment supplement - which now runs more than 100 pages and bulges with ads - carried the first serious job listings in Poland.’
      • ‘We supported these in-person information sessions with new brochures, print ads, and newspaper supplements.’
      • ‘Most property supplements have a specific section for advertising rental properties within the classified section, while local papers offer another effective platform.’
      • ‘This drama dressed people from catalogues, from the special offers of comfy, country clothes in Sunday supplements.’
      • ‘He shows a photograph taken from a Dutch newspaper supplement in which a beautiful model rests her head on it as a pillow.’
      • ‘On Tuesday morning, for the first time in two weeks, there was no 24-page Olympic supplement to provide hours of guilty distraction.’
      • ‘Like this initial one, supplements will be monographs independent from the main body of the magazine in which the work of a practice will be examined through architectural eyes.’
      • ‘Still, the newspaper's new TV section - a more female-oriented supplement - is viewed as a positive in the market.’
      • ‘That is why the British newspapers are full of 32-page supplements about her life and times.’
      • ‘The aim of the new supplement insert is to promote South African art as a serious long-term investment opportunity.’
      • ‘The advertisements in the glossy weekend newspaper supplements are an attempt to dictate wants.’
      • ‘As to the cars on display, most of the principal revelations are referred to in a separate article in the motoring supplement which accompanies this week's paper.’
      • ‘The site will contain editorial from the newspaper's Thursday property supplement as well as property listings, virtual tours of houses for sale and banner advertisements from estate agents.’
      • ‘It is understood that many of the newspapers themselves are less enthusiastic, since readership of supplements is bound to be smaller than that reported for the newspaper as a whole.’
      • ‘One early issue carried a supplement designed to outline the new journal's agenda.’
      • ‘Most major newspapers print a wedding-themed supplement during the wedding season, while many areas have at least one bridal magazine or newsletter.’
      appendix, addendum, end matter, tailpiece, codicil, rider, postscript, addition, extension, coda, sequel
      magazine section, pull-out, insert, special-feature section
      View synonyms
    3. 1.3 A sum of money paid to increase a person's income.
      ‘an earnings-related supplement was paid during the first six months of unemployment’
      • ‘They also want the clock stopped for welfare recipients who are in job-training programs or are working but still receiving income supplements.’
      • ‘Do you want to be a full-time game developer, or do you want to do this as an income supplement or a hobby?’
      • ‘It's not the first IT-related crisis to hit the tax credit system, which was established in its present form two years ago as a means to pay supplements to families on low incomes.’
      • ‘It's a potential supplement to other sources of income, but there are few people doing this for a living.’
      • ‘They simply provide a fixed-dollar wage supplement (the defined contribution), which employees can then use as they see fit to purchase their own healthcare services.’
      • ‘He also pledged to increase the accommodation supplement to match the supplement received by those on the dole.’
      increase, addition, gain, augmentation, step up, addendum, adjunct, accretion, accrual
      View synonyms
    4. 1.4 An additional charge payable for an extra service or facility.
      ‘the single room supplement is £2 per night’
      • ‘One of the main problems people face when travelling on their own is that they usually get charged a single supplement or sole occupancy rate.’
      • ‘Double rooms have a further twelve pound supplement, payable in advance.’
      • ‘Single travellers willing to share accommodation can bypass the single supplement charge.’
      • ‘However, the fuel supplement will not be charged retrospectively.’
      • ‘A small supplement is charged for these rooms, but it is well worth it.’
      • ‘There is a single room supplement of €25 per night.’
      • ‘A deposit of €150 will be required at time of booking, and the single supplement is €350 per person.’
      surcharge, addition, increase
      View synonyms
  • 2Geometry
    The amount by which an angle is less than 180°.

verb

[with object]
Pronunciation /sʌplɪˈmɛnt//ˈsʌplɪmɛnt/
  • Add an extra element or amount to.

    ‘I looked for a part-time job to supplement my income’
    • ‘He supplemented memories of his war service with field trips of his own, such as the test flight he took in a Grumman seaplane.’
    • ‘By refining these objectives and supplementing them with conceptual images, we shaped the architectural design for the hospital.’
    • ‘Many people depend on the tax credit money to pay for their childcare, and supplement their incomes.’
    • ‘An exposed brick chimney retains the fire's warmth for hours, supplementing the home's central, water-based heating system.’
    • ‘This was supplemented by historical research.’
    • ‘These data suggest that when forage is not limited, large increases in energy consumption can be obtained by supplementing protein.’
    • ‘They were supplementing the carbohydrates with protein and vitamins.’
    • ‘Suppliers often recommend supplementing the natural enemies with fly baits, fly traps, and/or residual sprays applied to adult resting areas.’
    • ‘He was convinced that the spiritual health of the laity would be helped by supplementing the Latin liturgy with meetings at which religious matters would be expounded in the vernacular and in which the congregation would take part.’
    • ‘These findings also imply students see value in supplementing their college training with experiential training before pursuing their entrepreneurial dreams.’
    • ‘For example, it is supplementing its current range of $10 jeans with a $35 option for less price-conscious customers.’
    • ‘Of course, what most students do is supplement their income by borrowing from the bank.’
    • ‘These great performances are supplemented by quite breathtaking visuals of a phenomenal quality.’
    • ‘She pursued that dream, supplementing her meager dancer's pay with work as a runway model.’
    • ‘But the point that many museums are devoted to or supplementing their holdings with popular arts is exciting because it opens a window on unique ideas for audiences who might not have known them before.’
    • ‘Many of the new bankruptees were supplementing their already-handsome salaries by selling stock options each month.’
    • ‘His deft critique of the British media scene is supplemented by useful points of comparison with the situation in America, France, Italy and Sweden.’
    • ‘Once the museum building is constructed, the new permanent collection will be on view in a dedicated gallery, supplementing the institution's long history of exhibiting temporary shows.’
    • ‘The interview was supplemented with several rounds of scotch.’
    • ‘Instead of supplementing their lives somehow, art and advertising becomes both a means of living and a reason to continue producing work.’
    augment, increase, add to, boost, swell, amplify, enlarge, make bigger, make greater, make larger
    View synonyms

Origin

Late Middle English: from Latin supplementum, from supplere ‘fill up, complete’ (see supply).

Pronunciation

supplement

Noun/ˈsʌplɪm(ə)nt/

supplement

Verb/sʌplɪˈmɛnt//ˈsʌplɪmɛnt/