Definition of summon in English:



  • 1Order (someone) to be present.

    ‘a waiter was summoned’
    • ‘But at intermission, people ran to telephones and summoned their friends, announcing that something magnificent was happening.’
    • ‘Her parents were summoned from their Bradford home and told she ‘did not fit in’ and would not be completing her training.’
    • ‘Waiters were summoned and I wonder what it's worth to McVities to know that their digestives are the favourite nibble of the royal pooches.’
    • ‘She studied him as he summoned the waitress and ordered more tea, and found what she saw to her liking.’
    • ‘I start the day by catching up on some well earned sleep, but by lunchtime my flatmates have summoned me to Selfridges.’
    • ‘She's been looking for a new job for over 2 years so when she found out she'd got this one, she summoned me round immediately to drink champagne with her.’
    • ‘The Maharishi summoned us to a room full of flowers and colour where he talked about life's journey, reincarnation and release from pain.’
    • ‘So in accordance with legend, myth and custom, a local musician is summoned to play sweet harmonies that will reunite mother and child and also cause the mother camel to weep tears of joy.’
    • ‘Police say the student was summoned by a call to his mobile.’
    • ‘Marital relations are conducted in the gardens, one story being that the woman is summoned by her husband tormenting their pigs until they squeal.’
    • ‘It tasted great too, so it was with heavy heart that I summoned a waiter over and told him I had never ordered rabbit before and I simply did not like the taste.’
    • ‘With no church bell summoning us to worship, we have to decide what to do with our time - and depressingly most of us are spending it on the number one modern pastime: shopping.’
    • ‘Once he had finished them off, he summoned the waitress, looped his forefinger in the air and said, ‘Do it again.’’
    • ‘Mr Keith Luxford, owner of the stables, was called, and he in turn summoned a veterinary surgeon.’
    • ‘In the spring of 1935 she was summoned home because of her father's failing health and, back in England, she was courted by Prince Henry, then a career army officer.’
    • ‘We were summoned back to the dining room where the investigation would commence, and we would both hear the evidence against each of the suspects and interpose with our own questions.’
    • ‘Walk alongside Mosedale Beck and after a short while gaze in awe at the steep ascent summoning you.’
    • ‘Both males summoned him over to their car to offer him directions before snatching his phone.’
    • ‘I was duly summoned to the front row of the upper circle to watch my niece take her very first faltering steps towards an Equity card.’
    send for, call for, ask for, request the presence of, demand the presence of
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    1. 1.1Authoritatively call on (someone) to be present as a defendant or witness in a law court.
      ‘if the person summoned does not appear he may be arrested’
      • ‘When her parents were summoned, the authorities were shocked at the contrast in their appearance, speech and manners.’
      • ‘The Committee can summon witnesses, and it is an added incentive to compliance with the Commissioner's suggestions that failure to do so may result in a grilling before it.’
      • ‘Two months before I was due to leave the area I was summoned as a witness to give evidence at the High Court in defence of a patient.’
      • ‘In 1593 he was summoned to appear before the Privy Council, accused of heresy, and released on bail while evidence was gathered against him.’
      • ‘The judge was summoned and the court resumed at 3.40 pm.’
      • ‘It has no power to summon witnesses nor to punish for contempt and usually first considers written representations which are then amplified at a formal hearing, normally held in public.’
      • ‘He was summoned to report for initial training with the Popular Defence Force in July 1998 but left Sudan in April 1999 and went to Syria.’
      • ‘A motorist whose lies led to her mother being summoned to appear before magistrates has been banned from driving for four months.’
      • ‘Not long thereafter, Barbarigo's mentor Chigi, now pope, summoned him to Rome.’
      • ‘There are no charges at an inquest and the coroner must decide the scope of the inquiry which is appropriate and the witnesses to be summoned.’
      • ‘In order to do this effectively it may be given powers equivalent to those of the High Court to summon witnesses, send for documents, administer oaths, etc.’
      • ‘Senate Committees have the constitutional authority to summon anyone they want before them.’
      • ‘Following a raid on Chang's residence and office on Friday, prosecutors summoned him to appear for questioning yesterday.’
      • ‘Three other defendants, who were summoned for being intoxicated in a public place, had their respective cases struck out’
      • ‘Trials must be expeditious; evidence must be collected before it becomes stale; the court must be able to summon witnesses to testify at short notice.’
      • ‘Plans are being drawn up to issue police witnesses in court cases with a mobile phone to summon them to the witness stand just before they are needed with a simple text message.’
      • ‘Some DPD members attending the plenary session on Tuesday also proposed that the DPD be given the authority to summon the president to explain the draft budget.’
      • ‘He was summoned to a disciplinary hearing on 24 September, later re-fixed for 28 September.’
      • ‘The office said prosecutors would summon officials of the company which operated the boat for questioning.’
      • ‘The commission has the authority to summon anyone, including state officials without the approval of the president.’
      serve with a summons, summons, cite, serve with a citation, serve with a writ, subpoena
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    2. 1.2Urgently demand (help)
      ‘she summoned medical assistance’
      • ‘And they said the mobile phone they used to summon help had only one bar of battery power left when they found a signal.’
      • ‘‘Not one of the boys went to his aid, or thereafter summoned help, or displayed any concern for their hapless victim,’ said Mr Martin.’
      • ‘Taking two Playstation games and a travelcard, the girls ran off leaving the boy's 14-year-old brother to summon help.’
      • ‘The fire quickly spread to the roof and was spotted by a policeman who summoned help.’
      • ‘The mobile phone is certainly a must for pedestrians as in times of distress they can summon immediate help.’
      • ‘Her GP arrived and immediately summoned the air ambulance which took her to hospital in Worksop.’
      • ‘In the bedroom and bathroom are other safety gadgets - alarms that automatically summon help if the floor floods, or if the wearer takes a fall.’
      • ‘Police say in such circumstances it would be unwise to restrain the patient on a one-to-one basis and it is better to summon help.’
      • ‘Several people reported that it was only when a symptom in common with the previous acute myocardial infarction occurred that they summoned medical help.’
      • ‘One of the men managed to grab onto a tree, reach safety and summon help.’
      • ‘The shop assistants refused to hand over any cash and the two masked raiders fled when one of the women activated a fire alarm to summon help.’
      • ‘Unable to swim or summon help, he soon lost consciousness and floated face down just a few metres off the beach at the resort of Los Christianos in May.’
      • ‘Or is it the way that British nationals were left to their own devices while vainly trying to summon help from local embassies?’
      • ‘Care On Call involves residents summoning emergency help by using their phone or a pendant worn round their neck or on their wrist.’
      • ‘They should summon help immediately and activate the fire plan.’
      • ‘He tried to summon help but the call buttons had still not been repaired.’
      • ‘We are now all in constant touch with each other and the control room and can summon help quickly when the need arises.’
      • ‘Volvo's latest wheeze is an optional communications package that uses telematics to summon help in an emergency.’
      • ‘Under the proposals put forward by BT, a robbery victim wouldn't even be able to use a public call box to summon help.’
      • ‘The local school was broken into, a man and woman were viciously assaulted, another family had to summon help to prevent their house being broke into and car stolen.’
    3. 1.3Call people to attend (a meeting)
      ‘he summoned a meeting of head delegates’
      • ‘The meeting was hastily summoned to resolve the dispute over the promotional rights of the tournament when two Cape Town promoters vied to stage it.’
      • ‘The hermits, unable to find an answer to Narad's question, summoned a great assembly.’
      • ‘But he also summoned Congress for a special session to discuss repealing parts of the Act, and on 4 November a new one was passed.’
      • ‘He was accused of treachery and was summoned to a closed meeting with the leaders of his group.’
      • ‘He therefore refused to recognize the Anglo-Portuguese treaty and summoned an international conference to Berlin to settle the African question once and for all.’
      • ‘The government's intention in summoning the conference, with a predetermined verdict in favour of the Catholics, was to justify a subsequent policy of steady pressure on the Donatist laity.’
      • ‘The assembly was summoned according to article four of the 1878 Berlin Treaty, which reaffirmed the independence of Bulgaria.’
      • ‘The journalists summoned a mandatory meeting for his immediate reinstatement.’
      • ‘A European conference was summoned at Constantinople, but its decisions were rejected by the Turks, as were subsequent proposals by the powers.’
      • ‘The holding has filed in court several objections; the main being that the meeting was summoned by a management not listed in the Trade Register.’
      • ‘His trade was as a tanner, but he was also involved in wholesale commerce, and in 1356 was summoned to attend a national merchant assembly.’
      • ‘Government officials and Bigombe were summoned Wednesday for a meeting in the president's village in western Uganda.’
      • ‘Finally, Duncan was summoned to a meeting with a local mafia boss and the car was returned to him in exchange for 12,000 Swiss francs.’
      • ‘He summoned a family meeting to plot a fightback.’
      • ‘It is possible that Democrats, if in control, might not have summoned a special session.’
      • ‘Manda proposed that the ZRFU should summon a meeting of councillors to discuss the change of tenure of office from two to four years and then hold elections for new office bearers.’
      • ‘Bonds with Rome had been strengthened, as the Holy See summoned the meetings, suggested agenda, and approved conciliar decrees.’
      • ‘"She was worried, but now she is assured, " Singh told a hastily summoned press conference here.’
      • ‘The following day all the competitors were summoned to a meeting and shown a map of Rio.’
      • ‘By 1774 the Americans had summoned a congress to concert resistance and most Britons were convinced that the lawlessness of the colonists could not be tolerated.’
      convene, assemble, order, call, muster, rally, levy, round up
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  • 2Make an effort to produce (a particular quality or reaction) from within oneself.

    ‘she managed to summon up a smile’
    • ‘In a split second, her crew had to summon every ounce of leadership, courage and training they had ever known to rescue shipmates and help keep their ship afloat.’
    • ‘He was challenged with the test of summoning the inner resources needed to actualize Abraham's mighty vision and bring it down to earth.’
    • ‘When life deals her another blow, Kiki must summon every ounce of inspiration to overcome it.’
    • ‘I admire that degree of attention to appearance, but I rarely manage to summon it up when I'm getting myself ready to leave the house.’
    • ‘He summons every bit of his charisma to inject his character with life, and make his CIA agent a cinematic treat and based on reality in equal parts.’
    • ‘I don't know if it's a gift I truly possess but I do admit it helps when I am able to summon it up.’
    • ‘He said he was summoning his years of physical and spiritual training as a fighting monk.’
    • ‘He must now make an effort to summon the energy to do what once came naturally.’
    • ‘There were times in that second half though when it seemed neither team would summon up the collective nerve to win.’
    • ‘Practical solutions lie well within our grasp if we can summon up the political will to act.’
    • ‘Quite how they could summon up the energy for their second half display will remain a mystery but summon up the energy they did.’
    • ‘To summon up some pre-broadcast interest, Starkey's been banging his tambourine for England at the expense of the Scots, which shows the desperate dullness of his subject.’
    • ‘Kate swallowed hard and summoned every bit of courage that had remained, which wasn't very much.’
    • ‘That's a perspective Bell might not have been able to summon five years ago.’
    • ‘A few people worked out what was going on, but couldn't summon up the interest to write in.’
    • ‘Now that Riffs is on the shop racks, he cannot bring himself to summon up any more enthusiasm.’
    • ‘Not for a further 25 years did Dallapiccola summon up the courage to write to Schoenberg and explain how that evening had been a defining moment in his life.’
    • ‘But smaller parties and independent candidates could not summon these resources at such short notice, and so were at a disadvantage, Scallon said.’
    • ‘At 21-14 it looked as if Ashton's drop goal could be vital, but the Dragons could not summon up the energy for the final effort.’
    • ‘Wanderers didn't strain every sinew and summon every ounce of effort to gain promotion just to spend a season in the Premiership playing for sympathy.’
    muster, gather, collect, rally, call into action, mobilize, screw up
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    1. 2.1Call an image to mind.
      ‘names that summon up images of far-off places’
      • ‘As he searches his notebooks, images from earlier films are summoned up.’
      • ‘To a modern audience pewter and brass collections traditionally summon up images of the country pub.’
      • ‘I know it constitutes an effort to summon up a sense of everyday life in a small town that is not precisely like every other in Germany.’
      • ‘In idle moments I liked to summon up an image of her naked feet, long and intelligent, aglitter with down, toenails painted red as the leather of her boots.’
      • ‘The emphatic gold cross of the foreground casts what is in effect its shadow, in the off-white form ‘behind’ it, to summon depth and encourage our involvement.’
      • ‘The word summons up some outdated, maternal plea - Couldn't you wear a skirt just this once?’
      • ‘I know men who when facing difficulty summon up images of themselves as Russell Crowe in Gladiator.’
      • ‘What distinguishes this work from her previous evocations of food is her absolute dedication to summoning it up intensely.’
      • ‘It takes so much energy to summon up the images from the other world that the face is all that can be seen in detail - or so the theory goes.’
      call to mind, bring to mind, call forth, call up, conjure up, evoke, recall, revive, invoke, raise, arouse, kindle, awaken, excite, stir up, provoke
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Middle English: from Old French somondre, from Latin summonere give a hint, later call, summon, from sub- secretly + monere warn.