Definition of sulphur in English:

sulphur

(also sulfur)

noun

  • 1mass noun The chemical element of atomic number 16, a yellow combustible non-metal.

    ‘we should use coal which contains less sulphur’
    as modifier ‘the islands are also renowned for their thermal springs and sulphur baths’
    • ‘It combines easily with many non-metals, including nitrogen, sulfur, phosphorus, and the halogens.’
    • ‘These include iron, calcium, sulfur, manganese, molybdenum, zinc, boron, and copper.’
    • ‘Oxygen is a particularly strong embrittling agent for molybdenum and tungsten; nitrogen and sulfur are particularly harmful in wrought chromium.’
    • ‘Coal is a solid organic material made up of large, complex molecules containing mostly carbon, plus small amounts of hydrogen, sulfur, nitrogen and oxygen.’
    • ‘Chlorosis is a common symptom of deficiencies of other nutrients such as nitrogen, sulphur, and magnesium.’
    • ‘Calcium, sulphur, magnesium, aluminium, iron, copper, zinc and manganese were measured by atomic absorption spectrophotometry.’
    • ‘The first is the ‘bulk’ elements, which include calcium, phosphorus, sulfur, potassium, chlorine, sodium, and magnesium.’
    • ‘Life in the Universe - as we know it - began with the synthesis of some key elements: hydrogen, carbon, oxygen, nitrogen, sulphur, and phosphorus.’
    • ‘In the burning process most carbon, nitrogen and sulphur are lost in gaseous form, whereas phosphorus, potassium and calcium are retained in the ash.’
    • ‘Nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium, sulphur and boron have been found to be important in Zambia.’
    • ‘Most of your mass is carbon, oxygen, hydrogen, sulfur, plus some nitrogen and phosphorous.’
    • ‘Aluminum was named for one of its most important compounds, alum, a compound of potassium, aluminum, sulfur and oxygen.’
    • ‘Acid rain results when sulfur and nitrogen compounds - products of fossil fuel combustion - rise into the atmosphere and combine with water.’
    • ‘Potassium also reacts readily with all acids and with many nonmetals, such as sulfur, fluorine, chlorine, phosphorus, and nitrogen.’
    • ‘Other elements added to improve characteristics include nickel, molybdenum, copper, titanium, aluminum, silicon, niobium, nitrogen, sulfur, and selenium.’
    • ‘Boron, silicon, nitrogen, phosphorus and sulfur are among the most prevalent of the elements other than carbon that form covalent compounds.’
    • ‘Potassium, a macronutrient for plants, is present in plant dry matter next to carbon, hydrogen, oxygen, and nitrogen and before sulphur and phosphorus.’
    • ‘Stainless steel is an alloy composed of various percentages of iron, nickel, sulfur, carbon, silicon, manganese, and chromium.’
    • ‘Along with carbon, they include elements such as hydrogen, oxygen, fluorine, chlorine, bromine, sulphur or nitrogen.’
    • ‘Because iron has an affinity electronegative atoms such as oxygen, nitrogen and sulfur, these atoms are found at the heart of the iron-binding centers of macromolecules.’
    1. 1.1 The material of which hellfire and lightning were formerly believed to consist.
      • ‘The first Muslims saw that sulphur has qualities that do not exist in other stones, so they thought that it would be the fuel of Hell.’
      • ‘Neither the white-dwarf theory nor the the black-hole theory can explain the presence of sulfur (‘brimstone’) in the lake of fire, if it is to be taken literally.’
    2. 1.2 A pale greenish-yellow colour.
      as modifier ‘the bird's sulphur-yellow throat’
      • ‘Each stem carries up to 10 nodding sulphur coloured flared bell shaped flowers, growing from a base of deep green foliage that has attractive mottled markings.’
      • ‘Among aromatic double-flowered tulips we have the sulphur yellow ‘Monte Carlo’ and the golden ‘Hoangho’.’
      • ‘What they have in common are ball-like clusters of flowers of a bright sulfur yellow that fades to a softer orange-yellow as the seeds form.’
  • 2An American butterfly with predominantly yellow wings that may bear darker patches.

    Colias, Phoebis, and other genera, family Pieridae

    • ‘The coyote approached a patch of wet earth where a dozen or more butterflies - monarchs and sulphurs - were getting a morning drink, and the insects scattered.’
    • ‘Create a shallow puddle to attract swallowtails, blues, sulfurs and other butterflies that enjoy drinking at mud puddles.’
    • ‘There are certain minerals that some butterflies, such as swallowtails, sulfurs, and blues need that are not provided in a diet of nectar alone.’
    • ‘Swallowtails, cabbage whites, skippers, and orange sulphurs follow scent trails to the tiny patches of flowers blooming furiously in the middle of the city.’
    • ‘The sulfur butterflies, Colias philodice and C. eurytheme, are economic pests of alfalfa and clover crops.’

Sulphur occurs in volcanic and sedimentary deposits, as well as being a constituent of many minerals and petroleum. It is normally a bright yellow crystalline solid, but several other allotropic forms can be made. Sulphur is an ingredient of gunpowder, and is used in making matches and as an antiseptic and fungicide

verb

[with object]
  • Disinfect or fumigate with sulphur.

    • ‘By far the best method of sulphuring is by using liquid sulphur dioxide from a cylinder, also called bottled sulphur dioxide.’
    • ‘Fruits may be pretreated by sulfuring, salt solution, ascorbic acid solution, or steam blanching.’
    • ‘The wine was then handled like a white wine, cool fermented and sulphured once dry.’
    • ‘Recent experiments suggest that sulphuring an inverted barrel but not bunging up results in a much lower level of volatile acids since bunging up creates a humid environment, ideal for the growth of bacteria.’
    • ‘Of course just as with candied fruit, ‘sulphuring’ can leave a chemical taste behind, which is why it's nearly impossible to find ‘sulphured’ molasses in grocery stores today, even if you wanted to.’

Usage

The traditional British spelling is sulphur and the US spelling is sulfur. In chemistry and other technical uses, however, the -f- spelling is now the standard form for this and related words in British as well as US contexts, and is increasingly used in general contexts as well

Origin

Middle English: from Anglo-Norman French sulfre, from Latin sulfur, sulphur.

Pronunciation

sulphur

/ˈsʌlfə/