Definition of suffix in English:

suffix

noun

  • 1A morpheme added at the end of a word to form a derivative (e.g. -ation, -fy, -ing, -itis).

    • ‘Terms like megastore or hypertext are also called compounds, because they are combinations of free-standing words with prefixes or suffixes.’
    • ‘For these words the suffix is being used in the same way it was when it was first introduced in medieval times as a word-forming agent in legal English.’
    • ‘We usually have in mind a system where a stem is combined with various affixes, which might be prefixes, suffixes, or infixes.’
    • ‘Boberg says the use of common suffixes with different words is an ongoing process in the evolution of the English language.’
    • ‘Words combine with words, or prefixes and suffixes combine with roots, in ways that over time drift away from perfect sense.’
    • ‘Now, there are plenty of languages that are awfully low on prefixes and suffixes, although typically languages have at least something along these lines according to some linguists' analysis.’
    • ‘Together look up the derivation, the connotation, any prefixes and suffixes for the word, the root, the spelling rules that apply and the various meanings.’
    • ‘Vocabulary lessons for the year include Greek and Latin prefixes, suffixes, and root words.’
    • ‘In the sweaty grip of deadlines, when careful thought is impossible, it is comforting to be able to take a word, slap a suffix on it and make something that looks even a little original.’
    • ‘Make three columns on a piece of construction paper and label them as prefixes, suffixes, and root words.’
    • ‘As a sentence, it cannot be made plural by adding the nominative plural suffix for second declension nouns.’
    • ‘Verb/noun pairs like ignite/ignition seem to be extremely rare, so people tend to give the verb the -ate suffix.’
    • ‘But the Eskimoan language group uses an extraordinary system of multiple, recursively addable derivational suffixes for word formation called postbases.’
    • ‘It is part of the spelling of the regular genitive plural suffix, as in a phrase like ‘several butchers' aprons’.’
    • ‘The word was formed by adding the diminutive suffix to the Spanish word for war, guerra.’
    • ‘In Urdu, words have suffixes for future tense but none for the past.’
    • ‘Most people only know a very few of the more common words formed using the suffix -phobia.’
    • ‘As noted in section 15.1.1, verbs terminating in -fer, -tend, and -ceive take different suffixes when abstract nouns are formed from the verbs.’
    • ‘The basic structure of Euskara uses agglutination, or the practice of adding prefixes or suffixes to words to create different meanings.’
    • ‘When students chunk, they look for prefixes, suffixes, or smaller words they already recognize that are inside longer words.’
  • 2Mathematics

    another term for subscript
    • ‘One has to understand the problems that faced Bézout for he did not have our simple suffix notation to denote the unknowns by x 1, x 2, x 3,… nor could he even label his equations with a suffix notation.’

verb

[WITH OBJECT]
  • Append (something), especially as a suffix.

    • ‘The source say Intel will suffix each chip's model number with J to identify those with NX support.’
    • ‘It was a custom in the 19th century to prefix or suffix the name of a racehorse by its colour: and there was a bay colt called Trafalgar which won two valuable challenge matches at York in 1807.’
    • ‘The program searches a hard drive for aptly named files that are suffixed with. jpeg or. jpg, and may therefore falsely identify files and wreak havoc on the reputation of people with no connection to child pornography.’
    • ‘Or is it just any name suffixed with ‘from-Sveeden’ sounds like a porn star?’
    • ‘Blue Witch suggests that shop assistants - in Tesco, in particular - could suffix their request for cash with a ‘please’.’
    • ‘Jemini (no longer suffixed by the tag ‘The Gifted One’, although he has more claim than most of his contemporaries) lets us know the deal early on in this album.’
    • ‘The children had to say the base of a suffixed word pronounced by the experimenter.’
    • ‘Polymorphisms produced by the remaining three probes (ANX1, CLTA, and POLR2E) all failed to map to the expected location and were suffixed with like1, like2, etc.’
    • ‘Constructs suffixed with ‘A’ are fusions to the GAL4 AD in pGAD424; those suffixed with ‘B’ are fusions to the GAL4 DBD in pAS2-1 or pGBT - 9.’
    • ‘Different letters suffixes show statistically significant differences for P < 0.05.’
    • ‘Indeed, it would be possible to suffix almost every statement in this section with the words ‘an exception is provided by the game of such-and-such‘.’
    • ‘The names of the traits obtained in N + environment are suffixed with 10, while the names of the traits obtained in N - environment are suffixed with 3.’
    • ‘An exclamation mark suffixed nearly every rendering of the name at the launch in Monaco, but even Audi would not expect us to use it in perpetuity any more than Fiat expected a full stop after every reference to the original Punto.’
    • ‘The on-for-nous passive-voice mania promotes imprecision, yet nobody wants to sprain their tongue conjugating verbs suffixed by ‘ons’.’
    • ‘User-encoded AAC files are suffixed M4A and iTunes prevents users from converting an M4P file into any other format, though there's nothing to stop anyone burning M4Ps to audio CD and ripping back beyond a potential loss of audio quality.’
    • ‘Half of the complex words were prefixed and half were suffixed.’
    • ‘The name is highly suggestive - the diminutive ‘Lou’ repeated and then suffixed with the cute ‘belle’.’
    • ‘Note that these class names are suffixed with MixIn to emphasize their nature.’
    • ‘Some nouns contain the Old Norse suffixed definite article (i)nn: croopan trunk of the body, fyandin the devil, knorin boat, and the Shetland sea-terms birten fire, hestin horse, monen moon, and sulin sun.’
    • ‘You can't really put ‘too’ in front of a word suffixed with ‘less,’ can you?’

Origin

Late 18th century (as a noun): from modern Latin suffixum, neuter past participle (used as a noun) of Latin suffigere, from sub- subordinately + figere fasten.

Pronunciation:

suffix

/səˈfɪks/