Definition of sudarium in English:



  • (in the Roman Catholic Church) another term for veronica (sense 2)
    • ‘The cult of the sudarium began in the twelfth century in St Peter's, and in the Western Church.’
    • ‘Counter-posed to such diabolical artifice is the sacred prototype of holy icons, pictured on the painted frame above the idol: the sudarium of Veronica.’
    • ‘One etymology connected the Veronica-the trace of Christ's face left on the cloth, the sudarium (Latin, sudor, sweat) with the ‘vera icona,’ an indexical image, a natural image, made without hands (acheiropoietos).’
    • ‘The figure is artfully foreshortened, engaging in a sweeping contrapposto to provide a virtuoso ‘frame’ for the sudarium, the origin of all cult images, made without human hands from the face of Christ.’
    • ‘As is normal in representations of the Last Judgment, the sudarium does not appear among the arma christi born by angels in the uppermost zone of the fresco.’


Early 17th century: from Latin, literally ‘napkin’, from sudor ‘sweat’.