Definition of subsoil in English:



mass noun
  • The soil lying immediately under the surface soil.

    • ‘These soils are moderately deep to deep, well-drained loam or silt loam surface soils with loam or silty clay loam subsoils, formed primarily in sandstone residuum.’
    • ‘Heavy clay subsoil or sandy soil with low fertility must be improved if roses are to be grown successfully in them.’
    • ‘Soil and subsoil will be stocked for subsequent respreading.’
    • ‘When digging out the bed, discard any heavy, tight subsoil and save the topsoil.’
    • ‘Wetland creation attempts are often initiated by the removal of upland surface soil materials exposing mineral subsoil strata.’


[with object]usually as noun subsoiling
  • Plough (land) so as to cut into the subsoil.

    ‘to gain maximum benefit from subsoiling this operation needs to be done when the lower levels of the soil are relatively dry’
    • ‘Studies in the past showed that subsoiling clay soil in the spring does not improve cotton harvests.’