Definition of subsidence in English:


Pronunciation /səbˈsʌɪd(ə)ns//ˈsʌbsɪd(ə)ns/


mass noun
  • The gradual caving in or sinking of an area of land.

    ‘the race was abandoned because of subsidence of the track’
    as modifier ‘subsidence damage’
    • ‘Excess accommodation could be created by rapid tectonic subsidence in the centre of a tilt-block basin.’
    • ‘In particular, we relate apparent Neogene subsidence to modification of the Shelf's basement architecture.’
    • ‘Removal of water from compressible materials such as silt and clay can lead to compaction of the confining unit and subsidence of the land surface.’
    • ‘Thermal subsidence began to affect the onshore Central Plains area of Thailand.’
    • ‘It could be argued that high subsidence rates of the rift basin there meant that a regressive signal was not recorded.’
    • ‘The history during this time is characterized by uplift at the most proximal location and an increase in subsidence at the most distal location.’
    • ‘In this work, the logarithmic theory is used to calculate the amount of land subsidence.’
    • ‘Tertiary sediments cause subsidence of the basin substrata 2.3 km below sea level, as a result of the sediment load.’
    • ‘Melt injection leads initially to isostatic uplift followed by subsidence as the melt freezes.’
    • ‘Quaternary sedimentary fill testifies to recent subsidence of the basin.’
    • ‘The early Cretaceous is characterized by relative quiescence and thermal subsidence following late Jurassic rifting.’
    • ‘In addition, a drastic decrease in subsidence rates before the onset of the Late Eocene Pyrenean inversion was determined.’
    • ‘The forward model predicts approximately 4 km of tectonic subsidence at this point.’
    • ‘This is because magmatic material thickens the crust, creating uplift rather than subsidence.’
    • ‘In fact, tectonic subsidence was calculated to be slightly higher in the Early Tertiary High than in the Voorne Trough.’
    • ‘Cover for accidental damage to contents and also for flooding or subsidence are other areas that should be clarified before taking out a policy.’
    • ‘We attribute this low rate to the continued post-rift thermal subsidence of the Indian margin.’
    • ‘As the basin filled, or the rate of subsidence relative to the influx of material lessened, subaerial fluvial deposits were emplaced.’
    • ‘Also, at least on the Atlantic coast, you have both sea level rise and land subsidence going on at the same time.’
    • ‘This would result in the underestimation of the tectonic subsidence that occurred during the deposition of the shales.’
    collapse, caving in, falling in, giving way, sinking, settling
    View synonyms


Mid 17th century: from Latin subsidentia ‘sediment’, from the verb subsidere (see subside).