Definition of sub in English:

sub

noun

informal
  • 1A submarine:

    ‘the yachtsman claimed his boat had been sunk by a sub’
    • ‘On a sub, you put out the fire, you stop the leak or you die.’
    • ‘The hulls were ripped off the towed sub during a fierce storm and the submarine sank in 170 metres of water.’
    • ‘At this late stage of the war, the German mine-laying subs were planting their cargoes close inshore, to catch Allied shipping hugging the coast in an effort to dodge U-boats operating in deeper waters.’
    • ‘Military sources here say Taiwan's navy favors German 209-class submarines or Dutch-designed Moray subs.’
    • ‘They had contracts for 688-class submarines and just got contracts for the Trident sub.’
    • ‘There's a good chance they could fire on one of our own subs if we had submarines looking as well.’
    • ‘Huge lead weights are then attached to the bottom of the sub and it sinks quickly.’
    • ‘In the stormy waters off Western Australia recently it was sub versus sub in a game of cat and mouse.’
    • ‘In fact, one Russian submarine officer refused an order to fire a nuclear tipped missile at an American ship which was dropping depth charges onto the sub.’
    • ‘At the age of 60, the US-made sub is not only the Navy's longest-serving submarine but also the world's oldest submarine still in service.’
    • ‘Upon surfacing, the sub received message traffic to let them know what was going on.’
    • ‘Dr Mansell's most notable achievement was his role in establishing the remediation program for the Collins Class submarine and his work with the Navy to bring the subs to operational capability.’
    • ‘A large mast with an opening at the top would extend out of the sail of the Kilo and suck in air to circulate around the sub while the submarine recharged.’
    • ‘As part of the undertaking, another group of submarines was assigned to ferry two man midget subs tasked with penetrating Pearl Harbor from the sea at the same time the airmen attacked.’
    • ‘The sub was at periscope depth for an estimated two minutes, performing scans at 60-foot and then 58-foot depths.’
    • ‘Raising the sub was no mean feat of underwater engineering - it weighed twenty-four thousand tons underwater and lay in 350 feet of water.’
    • ‘With this complete, Remora carried out a touch and go, along with its first ‘mate’ with the disabled sub.’
    • ‘Upon returning to Australia, the sub will dock at Australian Submarine Corporation in Adelaide.’
    • ‘One submarine will play the role of a disabled sub and the rescue team must mate Remora with the boat and rescue crew members.’
    • ‘Many ships carrying two or three Kingfishers operated in the South Atlantic, searching for subs and blockade runners.’
    1. 1.1North American
      • ‘Today, I kinda cheated on Lunchquest because I went back to The Goose, where I had a mushroom, peppers, and cheese melt sub, and a cup of coffee, all for £3.50.’
      • ‘I made a silent bet with myself that I would ONLY stop if it were a TURKEY SUB day - subs aren't exactly on my diet.’
  • 2British A subscription:

    ‘the annual sub for the golf club will be £200’
    • ‘It will cost Michael Vaughan another £14,000 initiation fee to join the golf club, plus subs of £4,500 a year.’
    • ‘Sadly, many pay their subs and consider their contribution to society fulfilled, or on some perceived slight or disagreement, take their bat home, truly most can't be bothered.’
    • ‘To celebrate the tenth anniversary of the opening of the club there is a special offer of 500 which will cover the entry fees and sub until October 1 2004.’
    • ‘Your annual sub to your club includes a levy this year of R60 to the BGU.’
    • ‘My own two boys play with local junior football clubs, where the annual subs are £50 per season, plus at least twice that amount supporting various fund-raising efforts.’
    • ‘Sound quality is great, and access costs either $4.99 per month, or $3.99 a month for an annual sub.’
    • ‘Enjoy it, because an annual sub is a heart-stopping $995 a year, discounted to $695 if you sign up now.’
    • ‘Their joining fee was twice annual subscription up until September last year when they reduced it to the same as annual subs.’
    • ‘Additionally, Time Inc. has nearly 20 percent of its subs on credit cards.’
  • 3A substitute, especially in a sporting team:

    ‘the team pulled back with a goal from sub Chris Malkin’
    • ‘The two subs on the team were Stephen Doyle and David Kelly.’
    • ‘It really is a twenty-man game now, and we showed that again by bringing on five subs and they all contributed.’
    • ‘Waterford have included five seniors who played in the Munster championship against Tipperary and four subs in their team.’
    • ‘The accurate boot of Radley nudged them ahead with two penalties before Aussie sub Bob Wood crashed in for a maiden try that Radley converted.’
    • ‘To the relief of his team - mates, the sub headed home for the equaliser.’
    • ‘But the key moment came when sub Dimitri Papadopoulos saw his penalty saved after Adie Williams handled Gareth Taylor's shot.’
    • ‘The remainder of the game saw the introduction of subs for both teams with Carlow introducing some significant players for next season's campaign.’
    • ‘Of course this wonderful win may not have been possible without the exceptional contribution of the subs, James Foody, Brian Curley, Chris Tuffy, Colin Morrison and Stephen Kilgannon.’
    • ‘Graiguecullen tried hard for a goal at the finish, introducing 4 subs, but failed.’
    • ‘The delight of the Waterford team was clearly evident as subs and management alike smothered the goalscorer on the pitch.’
    • ‘Widening the net, there is a whole football family Robinson christened Paul with enough having played at professional level to field a five-a-side team with two subs.’
    • ‘Five Carlow and four Kerrymen walked to the line to be replaced by subs.’
    • ‘Before the game got under way one over active steward had the subs of the Tinnahinch team removed from the sideline.’
    • ‘Two of Wicklow's six points came from Conor Flannery frees; two more were scored by last quarter subs and one by centre back Garry Doran, leaving Garrett Doyle the only forward to score from play.’
    • ‘Maybe it is more the case that trying to defend a single goal lead and introducing late subs into the game that is not a good idea.’
    • ‘It is hoped to send two teams from the parish through to the County Final in this category six members per team and two subs.’
    • ‘The other sub that day, making his debut, was Gary Smith, father of current Knights hero Chris.’
    • ‘Each School is invited to field two seven-a-side teams with two subs for the prestigious event.’
    • ‘Kerry have a better balance all round; better team and better subs.’
    • ‘In fact on one occasion when Kiltimagh were playing in a 7-a-side in Killasser he brought the whole team plus three subs to the game.’
    replacement, deputy, relief, proxy, reserve, surrogate, cover, fill-in, stand-in, standby, locum, locum tenens, understudy, stopgap, alternative, ancillary
    View synonyms
  • 4British A subeditor:

    ‘the chief sub would be responsible for the look of the paper’
    • ‘As the ballot result was due, the company offered to scrap Saturday working for subs and reporters as a concession.’
    • ‘These are written by an army of subs who, wherever you work, be it a top London broadsheet, or the tiniest local tabloid, are all of a breed.’
    • ‘It was then I discovered that our quiet chief sub was wickedly funny, totally irreverent, often cynical and very acerbic when occasion demanded it.’
    • ‘He is an adult education lecturer and I am a sub on a newspaper.’
    • ‘You've probably heard the term sub or subbing or sub-editor, but you may be unclear about what they actually do.’
    • ‘There are two types of subs - layout subs and copy subs.’
    • ‘It's one which its author should have sat on for 24 hours, and then torn up, and one which a sensible newspaper sub would have rejected.’
    • ‘Nice to see the newspaper's subs parading their gleeful ignorance of elementary meteorology, just in case any of us remained in doubt.’
    • ‘Mr Cusack had claimed that it was the reporters and subs who had borne the brunt of the job losses, rather than ‘the huge management structure on the editorial side.’’
    • ‘Our poor chief sub failed to notice that Salman Rushdie became Salmon.’
    • ‘The successful candidate must have a minimum of two years experience as either a sub or copy editor, and have a good eye for detail as well as an impeccable demand of the English language.’
    • ‘A smaller writing team means fewer editorial managers and fewer subs.’
    • ‘But there is a ferocious chief sub somewhere, perhaps retired, possibly dead, whose voice was ringing in Alastair's ears as he read that original dossier.’
    • ‘The former chief sub who had been with the paper for eight years, was evidently marginalised and ostracised after a disagreement with the publisher.’
    • ‘My earliest memories in journalism are of editors and subs drumming into the cadets the need to never assume your readers knew what you were talking about.’
    • ‘Back in newsroom, subs anxiously await copy that they must check, correct and cut to fit their assigned pages, while Caroline, 16, puts the finishing touches to the paper.’
    • ‘After climbing through the Mirror's subbing ranks he moved to the Sun, where he was appointed chief sub.’
  • 5British An advance or loan against expected income:

    ‘‘I've got no money.’ ‘Want a sub?’’
    • ‘Outraged by the Government's threat to their sub post offices, people have signed petitions and written letters urging ministers to think again.’
    • ‘Dream has powerful analysis features through the use of an unlimited number of integrated sub ledgers, for instance, departments, projects, contracts and staff.’
    • ‘I was horrified when I was told I would be two weeks in the job before I could get an advance sub, and it would be four weeks before I got my first wage.’
    • ‘Given the multiples in the marketplace today, why wouldn't you start a separate sub, get the people in there, and raise the funds you need to grow that thing in the capital market.’
    credit, advance
    View synonyms

verb

[WITH OBJECT]informal
  • 1Replace or be replaced; substitute:

    ‘he got a lot of applause when he was subbed’
    [no object] ‘he subbed for Armstrong at some gigs’
    • ‘I didn't do myself justice against Sarries and was subbed, but unfortunately by the time Tim Walsh came on the game was out of our hands.’
    • ‘Gary was going to start a nighttime variety show weekly and I subbed one night.’
    • ‘I subbed my way through several counties and taught in many different establishments from the ‘rough’ to the supposed ‘good’ schools.’
    • ‘He had been in the hospital and Roger had subbed for him.’
    • ‘But soon thereafter, McMurray subbed for the injured Sterling Marlin in Ganassi's No.40 Dodge and won at Charlotte.’
    • ‘McMurray splashed onto the Cup scene in October 2002 when he subbed for an injured Sterling Marlin at Charlotte.’
    • ‘Rookie Isaiah Smith subbed for George Brown on a few series against the Falcons.’
    • ‘Tony Braysford (centre midfield) Didn't get his foot on the ball enough and was subbed at the break.’
    • ‘A year ago, Jamie McMurray subbed for the injured Sterling Marlin in Ganassi's Winston Cup car, and won in only his second start in the premier stock car division.’
    • ‘Even though I filled in for Gallagher for only one day, while Treason author Ann Coulter subbed for two, I got three times as many emails from listeners about my show as she did about hers - nearly 900.’
    • ‘The DRC's Foreign Minister, Antoine Mangalibi, subbed for Kabila.’
    • ‘As for Brooks, who is very good on the PBS talking head circuit (I subbed for him a few years ago and I was a nervous wreck), more than anything else, I feel sad.’
    • ‘Edwards was recalled but was subbed at half-time after dropping a clanger in the 2-0 defeat by Leyton Orient in October.’
    • ‘Jamie McMurray, who officially will be a rookie in 2003, won in only his second Winston Cup start as he subbed for Marlin, who was injured.’
    • ‘Smith subbed for Chris Brown, who they announced was injured by Mike last week.’
    • ‘Without Terry, the starting job falls to Floyd Womack, who has subbed for Terry in four games this season.’
    • ‘He never really got into the game and was eventually subbed when Lee Cartwright, a natural in that role took over.’
    • ‘Says Kenny Wallace, who subbed for Harvick, ‘This is like any other job.’’
    • ‘It reunited in 1996-with original bass player Glen Matlock subbing for his replacement, the late Sid Vicious - for a five-month world tour.’
    • ‘Wallace subbed for Johnny Benson, Nadeau's teammate, at Daytona last July when Benson was hurt.’
  • 2British Lend or advance a sum to (someone) against expected income:

    ‘who'll sub me till Thursday?’
    • ‘He said ‘I'm gasping for a drink could you sub me some money.’’
    • ‘He hadn't got enough saved for it with having just been on holiday and he was trying to get his dad to sub him so that he could have it sooner rather than later.’
    • ‘They even give us free cakes or croissants with our tea now and in the past have subbed us on the office-run when we've come out without enough money.’
    • ‘The fact that the parsimonious queen subbed him no less than £58,000 between 1586 and 1603 suggests tacit acceptance.’
    lend, loan, credit, pay in advance, supply on credit
    View synonyms
  • 3Subedit:

    ‘his copy was mercilessly subbed and rewritten’
    • ‘I could read Anne Lamott all day, but Barbara Ehrenreich - while I love her books - was just too lecture-y for me when she subbed for Tom Friedman.’
    • ‘Together we evolved a monthly theme, subbed, rewrote and proofed the magazine.’
    • ‘I have really enjoyed subbing the paper as well.’
    • ‘It all starts with this post I wrote last week while subbing at the Daily Dish.’
    • ‘I wouldn't say that I was born to do this job, but there is a certain aspect of my personality that suits the pettiness & grammatical obsessions of subbing.’
    • ‘Journalists had struck for one day over cuts and the centralisation of subbing across a number of titles.’
    • ‘I'll just have to do as much as I can on an email so she can at least sub the copy, and then post the proofs back over the weekend.’
    • ‘Obviously the links weren't subbed at all well.’
    • ‘Anyway, am subbing a couple of pieces on aphrodisiacs.’
    • ‘One of them was a sub-editor who subs my work a lot so I ask her what the problems with my writing are, and she gave me pretty good tips.’
    • ‘You've probably heard the term sub or subbing or sub-editor, but you may be unclear about what they actually do.’
    • ‘Glyn learned subbing the old fashioned way, with paper and pencils and funny little rulers that tell you how many spaces and letters can fit on a line, depending on the size of the type.’
    • ‘I certainly hope that if it's dubbed or subbed it'll be done respectfully and as accurately as possible.’
    • ‘I spend half my time writing for it and most of the rest of the time subbing entries from people who visit the site.’

Pronunciation:

sub

/sʌb/