Main definitions of sty in English

: sty1sty2

sty1

noun

  • A pigsty:

    figurative ‘the place is a real sty, beer and wine bottles all over the place’
    • ‘I'm gonna catch a disease with my clothes torn, my body sweating and now, having to crawl through an absolute sty of filth!’
    • ‘It was a complete sty; papers littered the ground, dirty dishes were in the sink, and the windows were covered with a grimy film.’
    paddock, fold, pen, compound, stockade, ring, yard, pound
    View synonyms

verb

[WITH OBJECT]archaic
  • Keep (a pig) in a sty:

    ‘the most beggarly place that ever pigs were stied in’

Origin

Old English stī- (in stīfearh ‘sty pig’), probably identical with stig ‘hall’(see steward), of Germanic origin.

Pronunciation:

sty

/stʌɪ/

Main definitions of sty in English

: sty1sty2

sty2

(also stye)

noun

  • An inflamed swelling on the edge of an eyelid, caused by bacterial infection of the gland at the base of an eyelash.

    • ‘A stye is an infection of a tear gland at the edge of the eyelid.’
    • ‘His poor little eyes were nearly closed with styes and when I touched his cheeks, his flesh had the soft, limp feeling of malnutrition.’
    • ‘A stye is caused by infection of a gland at the base of one or more eyelashes.’
    • ‘The stye usually causes pain, redness and swelling of the entire lid.’
    • ‘Her mother's knowledge includes remedies such as ‘tea bags for sties, compresses for ear infections and antibiotics for throat infections.’’
    • ‘But it was still cold, only just above freezing, and I have a theory that skin infections of any kind, even a mild one like a stye, are liable to worsen when exposed to bitterly cold air.’
    • ‘She has had numerous episodes of chest infections, blepharitis, recurrent styes, otitis externa, otitis media, with oozing and pussy ears.’
    • ‘Patty told me that she has inherited the cure for warts, styes and other ailments, passed to her from her mother who had them passed to her from her own mother, Patty s grandmother.’
    • ‘At the risk of this blog becoming no more than a personal record of health maladies both real and imagined, I have this painful godawful stye in the outside corner of my right eye.’
    • ‘It all began last Monday, before my beloved sty was even a red twinkle just below my eye.’
    • ‘Usually the staphylococcal bacteria are not concentrated enough to do any harm, but sometimes they pass deeper into the skin to cause boils, abscesses, styes and carbuncles.’
    • ‘We had another day at home, doing quiet things with our Christmas toys and hoping the stye wouldn't get worse.’
    • ‘Fourteen cases presented with sties on their right upper eyelids, six on their right lower lids, 13 on their left upper lids, and three on their left lower lids.’
    • ‘Soak a washcloth in the solution, gently wring it, and apply it to the stye for 15 minutes two or three times a day.’
    • ‘If the sty stays or affects your vision, see your doctor.’
    • ‘Check with your ophthalmologist to ensure that you don't have a sty which is causing the inflammation, or any type of infection.’
    • ‘A sty is an infection of one of the follicles from which the eyelashes grow.’
    • ‘A sty is a small, inflamed swelling of a sebaceous gland on the rim of an eyelid.’
    pimple, pustule, blemish, blackhead, boil, swelling, eruption, wen, sty
    View synonyms

Origin

Early 17th century: from dialect styany, from styan (from Old English stīgend ‘riser’) + eye.

Pronunciation:

sty

/stʌɪ/