Definition of study in English:



  • 1mass noun The devotion of time and attention to gaining knowledge of an academic subject, especially by means of books.

    ‘the study of English’
    ‘an application to continue full-time study’
    • ‘The effect of family changes on children's academic success is a new subject for study.’
    • ‘The growth of Australian history as an area of academic study led to the establishment of a range of professional associations.’
    • ‘Bill Danforth set out on a career based on study, teaching, and service in academic medicine.’
    • ‘It involves academic study as well as a gruelling daily round of training and matches across the States.’
    • ‘To prepare new nurses, we need teachers for formal study or for orientation and certification.’
    • ‘Training takes three years during peace time, as academic study is included in the first two years, which are spent on the island Cruxia.’
    • ‘The unintended consequences have already been the subject of much study in many books.’
    • ‘If you qualify, your employer must give you time off for study or training during working hours.’
    • ‘As he got older, he retreated from the public eye, spent his days in quiet solitary devotion and scholarly study.’
    • ‘You would still have to do stuff like maths, even if that wasn't the area of study you were interested in.’
    • ‘You will continue your grade level study at a local school and there won't be any trouble.’
    • ‘To meet those challenges, scholars must be proficient in more than one area of study.’
    • ‘The program is accredited and graduates can begin or continue study towards a college degree.’
    • ‘Combining economics study with related areas in a business or commerce degree curriculum is also a good strategy.’
    • ‘The point of in depth study is that one acquires skills, rather than knowledge, which are potentially applicable to a very wide range of jobs.’
    • ‘Aureli is in her last year of study at a high school where she is specializing in marketing for tourism.’
    • ‘This study focused on an entering cohort of students in their first semester of study.’
    • ‘Group Awards can be completed during a year of full-time study or over a longer period of time.’
    • ‘The curriculum can be completed in three years of full time study, including summers.’
    • ‘If it's a midweek trip, inform the teacher and ask for a curriculum of study while away.’
    learning, education, schooling, work, academic work, book work, scholarship, tuition, research
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    1. 1.1one's studies The time devoted by a particular person to gaining knowledge of an academic subject, typically at school, college, or university.
      ‘some students may not be able to resume their studies’
      • ‘Most studies of Sienese art focus on the early trecento.’
      • ‘Their oldest daughter is about to graduate from high school and hopes to continue her studies in higher education.’
      • ‘The e-learning programme allowed them to continue their studies without the commitment of a residential course, he said.’
      • ‘After a year away from his own musical studies, he was ready to return to school.’
      • ‘With the focus of my art studies on sculpture, I learned that the environment where the art lives is vital.’
      • ‘From classical piano at an early age, her interests developed through studies in Celtic Harp and percussion.’
      • ‘No doubt you were excited about your musical studies and soaked up as much knowledge possible.’
      • ‘Their only opportunity to pursue college studies was outside Shanghai.’
      • ‘He did come to hear his son give a recital on one occasion, and he provided him with a new piano after he finished his music studies.’
      • ‘As well as the coveted title she also received a BBC Young Musician Travel Award to promote her musical studies.’
      • ‘She returned on her aunt's death at the end of the year to Haworth, where she spent the rest of her life, and continued to pursue her studies of German and music.’
      • ‘Breda has also recently been employed to work in Kill Post Office, which allows her to focus more time on her studies and evening classes.’
      • ‘A variety of studies has linked active music participation with better performance in school.’
      • ‘Do you feel your parents would have rather had you pursue your studies in college?’
      • ‘She won scholarships to continue her studies in London at the Guildhall School of Music and Drama.’
      • ‘The minister added that his country would offer scholarships to Indian students pursuing higher studies in the IT sector.’
      • ‘I won a two year Government of India Scholarship for continued studies in Bharata Natyam.’
      • ‘He intends to continue his musical studies after Year 12 with a Bachelor of Music degree.’
      • ‘It became clear that he had been poisoned while flying on Garuda Airlines to the Netherlands where he had received a scholarship to pursue his studies.’
      • ‘Within a year he had a scholarship to continue his studies at the Alvin Ailey American Dance Center.’
      programme of study, course of study, educational programme, set of lectures, curriculum, syllabus, schedule
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    2. 1.2count noun An academic book or article on a particular topic.
      ‘a study of Jane Austen's novels’
      • ‘There are very few book length studies of Rushdie and this work therefore becomes extremely significant in the critical canon.’
      • ‘Clovis Whitfield is Director of Whitfield Fine Art in London and the author of various studies on seicento landscape painting.’
      • ‘His other books include studies of directors Robert Aldrich and David Lean and novelist Raymond Chandler.’
      • ‘Both Phayer's book and other recent studies have made Pius's position very clear.’
      • ‘Among the most influential recent studies on Albrecht Durer is that authored by Joseph Koerner.’
      • ‘It is an excellent academic study of cultural criticism, especially postmodernism.’
      • ‘A closer look at polls and studies on the topics yielded some interesting insights.’
      • ‘However, to our knowledge, no published study has ever used this revised version.’
      • ‘Of the three books, this study may receive the most attention because of its methodology.’
      • ‘Johnson's study continues the important scholarly work of correcting this misreading.’
      • ‘Few published studies on the topic are available, and results have been mixed.’
      • ‘From then until his death he published a succession of monographs on German art, including further studies of Kandinsky, Kirchner, and Klee.’
      • ‘Many of the volumes were ancient and rare studies on various botanical topics.’
      • ‘His earlier books include a study of the Court and a biography of Louis XVIII.’
      • ‘Those studies are arranged by topic, but Feldman organizes this collection by scholar.’
      • ‘Sadie's other published works include studies of Handel and Mozart.’
      • ‘A number of studies on this topic are likely to be published shortly.’
      essay, article, piece, work, review, report, paper, dissertation, commentary, discourse, critique, disquisition
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    3. 1.3studies Used in the title of an academic subject.
      ‘an undergraduate course in transport studies’
      • ‘New scientific studies explain how visual perspective works in painting, or why we regard certain patterns and colours as beautiful.’
      • ‘Seen as a whole, for anyone other than an expert in Leonardo studies, the essays may seem baffling.’
      • ‘English was the most popular subject, followed by general studies, maths, biology, history, and psychology.’
      • ‘In fact, of all the areas of Middle Eastern studies, political science is the one where Said has probably had the least impact.’
      • ‘This conclusion has been confirmed in physiological experiments and biochemical studies.’
      • ‘The museum in Wat Tyler Country Park, Pitsea, plays host to thousands of school children every year as part of their national curriculum studies.’
      • ‘The other has to do with the place of Japanese art history within area studies in the context of Cold War geopolitics.’
      • ‘Portraits in miniature occupy an uncertain place in art historical studies.’
      • ‘Information has been selected to assist with National Curriculum studies in schools and features subjects including the plague at Eyam.’
      • ‘Degree programs in urban studies and industrial and technical administration were dropped last year.’
      • ‘Charles Stuckey teaches art history and museum studies at the School of the Art Institute of Chicago.’
      • ‘This is a mixture of social and political science studies and actual programs.’
      • ‘We mean to foster debate and circulation of ideas in literary studies and contiguous academic areas.'’
      • ‘This is why it may well be worth our while to continue to pursue Catholic studies at places like Santa Clara, and elsewhere.’
      • ‘You can trust a literature/cultural studies academic to infer serious meaning from a web cartoon.’
      • ‘However, young Danes tend to choose humanistic or social science studies over the natural sciences.’
      • ‘Mario Castro is a Ph.D. student in educational leadership and policy studies at Arizona State University.’
      • ‘But my grandson studied English, typing and technical studies to get qualifications for a job.’
      • ‘In this way, film pushes feminist studies to develop new theories, or to challenge accepted male theories of aesthetics and entertainment.’
      • ‘The task of reviewing academic publications in literary studies has fallen to the more specialized journals.’
  • 2A detailed investigation and analysis of a subject or situation.

    ‘a study of a sample of 5,000 children’
    mass noun ‘the study of global problems’
    • ‘Most of these studies were based on experiments in which males were either removed or kept as controls.’
    • ‘But other studies show you can develop a tolerance to caffeine so that it doesn't affect your blood pressure.’
    • ‘The study asks whether the curriculum led to learning of unlearning racism.’
    • ‘We don't know of any long-term studies on whether people develop tolerance to turmeric.’
    • ‘To draw on this variety is to develop the study of crime in relation to a range of broader cultural contexts.’
    • ‘This center will conduct studies to develop new gene therapies for Duchenne muscular dystrophy.’
    • ‘Additional studies are needed to develop the therapeutic ratio of all inhaled steroids.’
    • ‘All authors contributed to the design of the study and writing of the paper.’
    • ‘Our previous studies developed a maximum likelihood method for estimating the rate at which fingerprints change.’
    • ‘The appearance of Mit Mythen Leben represents a milestone in the study of Roman art.’
    • ‘The study of art history in a Ph.D. program took up the better part of the next 15 years.’
    • ‘Jeff Konigsberg had been working in his studio on a diagrammatic wall piece based on structural studies of the space.’
    • ‘Instead those in the study developed a generalized sense that the system was failing.’
    • ‘His work includes historical and international comparative studies of education policy.’
    • ‘The painterly freedom of the Fauves and their expressive use of color gave splendid proof of their intelligent study of van Gogh's art.’
    • ‘Even Andy Warhol's sixties pop art was a study of the power of iconography and branding.’
    • ‘More high-quality, linked DNA markers of herbal medicines will be developed in further studies.’
    • ‘The catchment area for this study did not include any major metropolitan or industrialized cities.’
    • ‘People should place more reliance on animal studies than lab-based experiments on cells, he says.’
    • ‘The tissue-welding experiments were extended to studies on rabbit Achilles tendons.’
    investigation, enquiry, research, examination, analysis, review, survey, scrutiny, evaluation, interpretation
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    1. 2.1 A portrayal in literature or another art form of an aspect of behaviour or character.
      ‘a complex study of a gay teenager’
      • ‘The new novel by Margaret Forster - like much of her previous work - consists of a series of such character studies.’
      • ‘It's science fiction all right, but it's also a character study and a murder mystery.’
      • ‘In many ways, the film is a morality play, but it is equally valid as a thriller or a character study.’
      • ‘There are no deep philosophical messages or complex character studies going on in The Funhouse.’
      • ‘Both albums have a lot of straight polemics, but both also contain a lot of character studies.’
      • ‘However, unlike in many character studies, the plot is more than just a simple framework.’
      • ‘This film is basically a character study of two people who both need help, but only one of them realizes it.’
      • ‘The jury has long favoured feel-good coming-of-age films, character studies with a moral, well-crafted films from a bygone time.’
      • ‘Like many smart yet snoozy novels, this film is basically a character study set in a very particular time and place.’
      • ‘This work often seems less like a proper novel than a bare study of two characters.’
      • ‘Ultimately, this film is a character study of a man with a problem, and how this problem ruins his life.’
      • ‘They aren't really character studies so much as character sketches.’
      • ‘It is mostly a character study and, thematically and mood-wise, is very similar to Magnolia.’
      • ‘No soap opera elements, no deep character studies, just an hour where you put the puzzle pieces together, the characters catch the bad guy, and they go home.’
      • ‘Maybe it is just a character study of a sad, desperate man and his sad depressing life.’
      • ‘The literature is replete with studies on various aspects of stress and coping in Western populations.’
      • ‘As with the Martelli, in this gentle, empathetic character study Degas attempts to portray his friend with honesty and truth.’
      • ‘These characters are monstrous studies in sybaritic excess.’
      • ‘It's a character study, a mystery, and even a little bit of a love story.’
      • ‘Green Fish is a complex study of characters who are each trapped in their own desperate situations.’
    2. 2.2archaic A thing that is or deserves to be investigated; the subject of an individual's study.
      ‘I have made it my study to inspect other people's conduct’
    3. 2.3archaic The object or aim of someone's endeavours.
      ‘the acquisition of a fortune is the study of all’
    4. 2.4theatrical slang with adjective A person who memorizes a role at a specified speed.
      ‘I'm a quick study’
      • ‘He didn't do well at either, but he is a quick study and has showed improvement each time he has returned to a track.’
      • ‘He was articulate, engaging and a quick study in anything relating to baseball.’
      • ‘Despite his shortcomings, Beightler proved a quick study and an efficient commander.’
      • ‘However, Betty was a quick study and took to the role of first lady in a way no one had imagined possible.’
      • ‘The early schedule isn't impossible to navigate so long as Palmer is a quick study.’
      • ‘Regarding the stirring of change to Canada's copyright laws, here's a quick study in perspective.’
      • ‘He is a quick study of pitchers and learns their weaknesses as a game progresses.’
      • ‘He also identified reduction of medical errors as a top priority. has proven to be a quick study of the agency.’
      • ‘It took a bit of adjustment from sports car racing to trucks, but Lester is proving to be a quick study.’
      • ‘He is a quick study and an excellent broadcaster in just his fifth year in the business.’
      • ‘Graduates entering IT will need to be mobile and quick studies, she adds.’
      • ‘While Milne was not experienced in the wine business, Evans stressed she was a quick study.’
      • ‘He launched into the lesson, and quickly learned that she was a quick study.’
      • ‘Kurt Busch was a quick study and Greg Biffle has been a quick-study, but Carl has done a really nice job.’
      • ‘He has had to stand in for injured dancers in leading roles several times, because he's a quick study.’
      • ‘Anxiety about learning movement kept Sara Hook from being a quick study when she started out.’
      • ‘The threat terrorists and particularly weapons of mass destruction pose is not a quick study.’
      • ‘The minimalist designed eatery is a quick study in the law of supply and demand.’
      • ‘Being quick studies helped the couple transform a small, run-down house into a cheerful, colorful home.’
      • ‘I am a pretty quick study and knew that I could do the second task great, if not perfectly.’
  • 3A room used or designed for reading, writing, or academic work.

    ‘the third bedroom was used as a study’
    • ‘The first reception room, a study, is to the left of the hall and includes a bay window and maple floor.’
    • ‘The glass she was leaning on was long enough to be in two rooms, the kitchen and the living room with the study.’
    • ‘There are two reception rooms, a study, kitchen, utility room, five bedrooms and three bathrooms.’
    • ‘Inside, there are six bedrooms, three bathrooms, a breakfast style kitchen, a study and a utility room.’
    • ‘Lisa slipped while getting up from her en-suite toilet in her study room in a new block at James College.’
    • ‘Inside, there are two reception rooms, two bathrooms, a study, kitchen and walk-in hot press.’
    • ‘I have put in an urgent request to get rid of the carpet in the study and dining room.’
    • ‘It has a dining area overlooked by a gallery study, living room, kitchen, utility room, three bedrooms and a bathroom.’
    • ‘The house also includes a drawing room, sitting room, dining room, kitchen, five bedrooms and a study.’
    • ‘He proceeded out of the study to the living room, where the girls were waiting for their dates to arrive.’
    • ‘In most homes, it makes sense that any formal dining room has the dual function of a quiet study or reading room.’
    • ‘I use one of my rooms as my study and office, though one of our problems is having too many books.’
    • ‘There were three bedrooms, an upstairs and downstairs, a kitchen, a living room and a study.’
    • ‘Just off the kitchen is another room which could be used as a study or family room.’
    • ‘The property consists of a kitchen, utility, sitting room, study, five bedrooms and a bathroom.’
    • ‘This room adjoins a study which could also be used as a library or gym.’
    • ‘All the bedrooms and studies and sitting rooms were of Chinese style while the dining rooms, lounges and bathrooms were Western.’
    • ‘Have it matted and framed and hang it on the wall of your study or living room.’
    • ‘We penetrated into a vast, dim-lit room, a cross between a study and a living room.’
    • ‘The city of Toronto was his backyard, and in many instances his living room, study, kitchen and bathroom as well.’
    office, workroom, workplace, place of work, studio, library
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  • 4A piece of work, especially a drawing, done for practice or as an experiment.

    • ‘Artist Russell used to begin a painting by doing small color studies and sketches.’
    • ‘Her drawings from 1938 to 1940 are charcoal studies based on the posed model.’
    • ‘Consequently, the paintings on show feel like studies rather than finished pieces.’
    • ‘Methodical studies in a sketchbook show the results of stumbling various colors over a dark red composed of cadmium red and umber.’
    • ‘One highlight will be a fascinating trio: three nude studies by Bathus, Bonnard and Butler, each one dedicated to Pierre by the artist.’
    • ‘He recorded every step of this process in a separate drawing or a painted study.’
    • ‘Manet's flower pieces and studies of such simple things as a ham on a dish restate 17th-century types with unequalled painterly freedom.’
    • ‘Unlike most of Rubens's head studies, the Glen Falls sketch cannot be connected with a known painting.’
    • ‘Some of the drawings, like stained-glass tracery, are studies for the paintings.’
    • ‘The sketches are his preliminary studies for more finished drawings.’
    • ‘Although almost no preparatory studies for the painting have survived, there is every reason to believe that many were made.’
    • ‘His old art school, the Slade, now has a lot of his drawings and oil studies.’
    • ‘I have a quantity of sketches, studies, some water colours, & some drawings by my brother.’
    • ‘He began a series of new drawings and studies for work to be completed in Amsterdam.’
    • ‘This celebrated, rare etching is based on studies Picasso made for a figure of a weeping woman in Guernica.’
    • ‘He also made a generous gift to the Ashmolean Museum, presenting it in 1853 with forty of his Carracci studies.’
    • ‘Among these were about two dozen gouaches that are studies for the larger oil paintings.’
    • ‘Early Jackson Pollock oil studies of horses, presented by Joan T. Washburn, were knockouts.’
    • ‘In her studio, she creates small sketches and color studies based on her photos.’
    • ‘Large white-painted canvases of fabric, hugely magnified from her original studies of small pieces of cloth.’
    essay, article, piece, work, review, report, paper, dissertation, commentary, discourse, critique, disquisition
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    1. 4.1 A musical composition designed to develop a player's technical skill.
      • ‘This kind of ricercar has little musical interest, and is artistically on a par with Czerny's duller technical studies.’
      • ‘Harmony and theory studies supported his first compositional efforts as a teen-ager.’
      • ‘Indeed, the pianist Egon Petri once said Czerny wrote all of those studies because he hated children.’
      • ‘If not all the studies have an equivalent sensitivity, the fault is partly Schumann's and that of the modern piano.’
  • 5A thing or person that is an embodiment or good example of something.

    ‘he perched on the edge of the bed, a study in confusion and misery’
    • ‘She probably had a pretty face to start with, but her manner and grace was quite a study in femininity.’
    • ‘He should be taught as a study in Machiavellianism to future generations.’
    • ‘The leader and his entire coterie are a study in relaxation and resilience going into what should be a trying week at the seaside.’
    • ‘His development over the next few weeks was a study in boldness and timidity.’
    • ‘Daniel stared at his aunt and parents, his face a study in shock.’
    • ‘Most advertisements that have held sway over the people are a study in contrast, he points out.’
    • ‘Dried stalks that will poke up through snow, a thin shadow, barely a study in black and white.’
    • ‘From time to time Angus glanced at the man's face and found it a study in eye-piercing concentration.’
    • ‘Like the rest of the People's Republic of China, Shanghai is a study in contradictions.’
    • ‘As much as a charming science fiction tale, it's a study in how humans think and react.’
    • ‘As a study in nostalgia it is a gem, right down to the steam trains, sailing boats and 11s.6d. oilskins.’
    • ‘Jean Tigana was a study in cool as he strolled out of the Reebok, briefcase in hand, keeping his thoughts to himself.’
    • ‘From a narrative standpoint, his film is a study in simple construction and plotting.’
    • ‘But on Bush, now, they remain a study in caution when it comes to adjudicating on the presidential hopefuls.’
    • ‘It is hard to dismiss the image of him at the opening of the parliament last May taking the oath with his fist clenched, a study in defiance.’
    • ‘Baker's music was also a study in minimalism and good taste.’
    • ‘He points at Matthew, whose face is a study in transformation, indeed transfiguration.’
    • ‘As a historical figure, Albers is a fascinating study in both restraint and freedom.’
    • ‘This show is a study in how to create fear and tension with nothing but music.’
    • ‘A flock of sea gulls is set down in the field of alfalfa recently harvested, a study in green and white.’
    1. 5.1informal An amusing or remarkable thing or person.
      ‘Ira's face was a study as he approached the car’


[with object]
  • 1Devote time and attention to gaining knowledge of (an academic subject), especially by means of books.

    ‘I studied classics at college’
    • ‘As troubles mounted, Sun cultivated ties to a circle of academics who study rural issues.’
    • ‘I would definitely recommend this book to students studying legal psychology as well as criminology.’
    • ‘A few of the students had studied critical theory in college with an eye towards acting for social justice.’
    • ‘Numbers of them often appear in books on the artist so students can study them.’
    • ‘The students will spend two weeks here with a group of foreign students studying gender issues, chemistry and African literature, and a further two weeks at Phillips Academy.’
    • ‘As part of our art curriculum, our sixth-grade students studied the Impressionist and Post-Impressionist era.’
    • ‘David Bellamy is not only a highly qualified academic who has probably studied this subject more than most, he is by no means alone.’
    • ‘Wood is one of the first academics to study a topic so integral to gaming as music.’
    • ‘College-bound students were also advised to study a foreign language for at least two years.’
    • ‘I even spent an afternoon studying a book devoted to drawings of various Goddess symbols and glyphs found on ancient artifacts.’
    • ‘Most of this book is devoted to studying the interface between a company and its customers, for example in terms of customers' responses to promotional messages and price levels charged.’
    • ‘In the second and third grade classroom, the teacher and the students studied the topic of immigrants.’
    • ‘She paid attention during class and studied her notes and books.’
    • ‘His students and their successors studied his books, or at least paid lip-service to him, well into the 20th century.’
    • ‘With the publication of that book, Mayr was thrust into the center of the group dedicated to forming a society devoted to studying evolutionary biology.’
    • ‘Some teachers incorporate a primary source into studying a historical topic, often to verify for students that the information they have presented is correct.’
    • ‘In order to acquire gnana, one has to study books or get knowledge by other means.’
    • ‘But there is no comparable academic industry devoted to studying the psychological underpinnings of liberalism.’
    • ‘Watson does such a good job of explaining and exploring key chess concepts that a player cannot help but improve his chess knowledge by studying this book.’
    • ‘Just as rock and roll is here to stay, so are the academics devoted to studying it and all the other sounds contained under the ‘popular music’ rubric.’
    learn, read, read up on, work at, be taught, be tutored in
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    1. 1.1 Investigate and analyse (a subject or situation) in detail.
      ‘he has been studying mink for many years’
      • ‘It is important to study each situation carefully and respond accordingly.’
      • ‘You spend a lot of time studying this situation in the Middle East.’
      • ‘Consequently I was a twat and began to push her away while I tried to study the situation.’
      • ‘Peirce spent five years studying the case and amassed an astonishing quantity of information.’
      • ‘This would help members of the health care team to study the situation and help parents through counselling.’
      • ‘Before making your voting decision I urge you to take the time to study our case.’
      • ‘Nevertheless, studying the extreme case of vestigial teeth clearly confirms that natural selection affects patterns of variability.’
      • ‘But most of the historians who have studied the case have concluded that the Massachusetts court didn't end slavery with a righteous bang.’
      • ‘I've been studying the situation for over half a century now, and the only other option I can see is for Canada to continue with its little matter of genocide.’
      • ‘Hood said that of nine mishandling cases that were studied in detail by reviewing thousands of pages of written records, five were confirmed.’
      • ‘They have to study the political situation as it has emerged for devising a strategy accordingly.’
      • ‘A Ministry spokesman said they were now studying the geographical situation, as North Ribblesdale is close to Cumbria, where there have been 691 confirmed cases.’
      • ‘Khodorkovskaya said her son spent most of his time studying the case against him, writing a prison diary and reading history books.’
      • ‘She told the conference that the World Health Organisation, which had studied the situation at great length, did not have a problem with them.’
      • ‘The delegation will be visiting Kashmir from tomorrow for three days to study the situation there.’
      • ‘Catalyst Women, a non-profit business organization that researches women in the workplace, has studied the situation.’
      • ‘I am keenly aware of and have studied the webcasting situation in depth, and was an expert witness at the proceeding.’
      • ‘Investors can study the details and decide whether to bid.’
      • ‘We are aware of the issues involved and we are studying the situation.’
      investigate, enquire into, research, conduct research into, look into, examine, analyse, explore, probe, monitor, review, appraise, survey, conduct a survey of, scrutinize, dissect, delve into
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    2. 1.2no object Apply oneself to study.
      ‘he spent his time listening to the radio rather than studying’
      • ‘Jean could see herself sitting in front of her desk studying and revising.’
      • ‘At university, he was considered to be too interested in the good life rather than studying.’
      • ‘The codes then get studied, interpreted and applied by the same system.’
      • ‘‘Eh, I am going to my friend's home for studying,’ I stammered, rather afraid I will be chided for telling the truth.’
      • ‘‘More will have chosen their course by location due to projected rent costs rather than studying where they genuinely want to,’ he said.’
      • ‘Rather than studying through my lunch break, I went out for a walk.’
      • ‘Also I need to give myself lots of study time because I loathe studying and I'm rather bad at disciplining myself to do it.’
      • ‘I am gratified to find that history does indeed support the confidence I place in reading, studying, and applying the ancient truths.’
      • ‘She laughed to herself, making a sport out of it, but she would much rather have been studying or talking to Helene.’
      • ‘He would have to delay his P2 for a year, and have to study in his own time, rather than on block release.’
      • ‘It's been five years since I moved back to London, after nearly a decade away studying.’
      • ‘The fact is girls study harder and apply themselves to tasks more.’
      • ‘For more than a decade, the nearest university students came to rebellion was to sneak extra books out of the library so they could cram in some more studying.’
      • ‘I studied to enable me to apply for a reasonably well paid job as medical secretary, and landed a job quickly.’
      • ‘I need to spend time this afternoon studying.’
      • ‘She made her own break while studying at Durham, with stints on local radio in nearby Newcastle.’
      • ‘Colin Dalgleish, appointed non-playing captain for the Walker Cup team, stuck to studying rather than turning professional.’
      • ‘Fraser, who is a few years older, started out on university radio while studying in Edinburgh.’
      • ‘You've been studying and revising so much these past few months, there's no way it can't be good.’
      • ‘Whilst I was at uni, I put on live shows (rather than studying!) and when I left, I got a job in electrics with he Royal Shakespeare Company.’
      work, apply oneself, read up, revise, burn the midnight oil
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    3. 1.3no object Acquire academic knowledge at an educational establishment.
      ‘he studied at the Kensington School of Art’
      • ‘At 16 her parents decided she should broaden her education by studying at Gordonstoun, one of England's most prominent boarding schools.’
      • ‘After attending Saint Petersburg College Prep School, Laura studied at the University of South Florida in Tampa.’
      • ‘This is nothing revolutionary, because you can become a primary school teacher in Ireland, studying online with Hibernia College.’
      • ‘Matthew Smith is a leadership educator studying for his Master's degree at Kansas State University.’
      • ‘He studied at the famous educational establishments of Darul Uloom Nadwatul Ulama and Madinah University.’
      • ‘He has studied at the Bath Academy of Arts, Trinity College, Dublin and the Accademia di Belle Arti di Brera, Milan.’
      • ‘I'm thinking about moving to San Francisco and studying at the Academy of Art College.’
      • ‘Karl was educated at home until he turned nine, and then studied at University College School, London, for seven years.’
      • ‘Anne who studied in Abbeyleix Further Education Centre is at present teaching art to pupils in Castlecuffe National School.’
      • ‘He was educated at Cradock Boys' High School and later studied at Rhodes University and Oxford.’
      • ‘She will be spending the next academic year studying at Harvard University.’
      • ‘That same year he was awarded a scholarship to study at the American Academy in Rome.’
      • ‘A total of 1 370 524 children are studying at public educational establishments this school year.’
      • ‘Born in London, he was educated at Winchester and studied at University College, London.’
      • ‘He studied at Arts Educational School and in 1953 joined the Theatre Arts Ballet.’
      • ‘The former Blackburn Girls Grammar School pupil studied at Sheffield Art College and went on to study fine art, painting and sculpting at Portsmouth University.’
      • ‘He attended the School of Art part-time while studying at the Christchurch Teachers' Training College.’
      • ‘His mother encouraged him to play piano as a toddler, and by 11 he won a scholarship to study at the Royal Academy of Music.’
      • ‘Scores of Muslim boys and girls are studying in educational and technical colleges in various parts of the country.’
      • ‘HRH studied from kindergarten to high school at Chitralada School in Bangkok.’
    4. 1.4study upUS no object Learn intensively about something, especially in preparation for a test of knowledge.
      ‘schoolchildren studying up on their forebears' games and chores’
      • ‘I tried to study up on this aircraft, obviously an older one, so that when we got to the site we could more easily find remains via the wreckage.’
      • ‘And coming up, lawmakers may be squabbling over its merits, but students of business are studying up on outsourcing.’
      • ‘He'd been studying up on the history of Roman Colchester.’
      • ‘If Jones is a member of the regular Peak writing staff then I urge him to study up on his knowledge of bands and genres of music.’
      • ‘After removing built up floor wax you need to study up on how to apply floor wax.’
      • ‘Chances are you'll have your crews working under lights almost as often as your favorite ball team, so you'd do well to study up.’
      • ‘Elizabeth Heenk, from the Netherlands, has made a comprehensive study of the artist's drawings.’
      • ‘He seemed to be studying up on something, and he would mutter to himself from time to time.’
      • ‘So I was at school, studying up in the library, as I have done quite often in the past weeks because of the exams.’
      • ‘She had been studying up on Irish wedding and engagement traditions for a while and she recognized this ring.’
      • ‘He belongs to a small group of law students who are studying up for proper reasons, and who have been providing colorful alternatives to the DNC all week long.’
      • ‘At the end of the course, students can continue their studies up to the Bachelor in Tourism.’
      • ‘Born into a poor family as sixth child of a weaver father, she had an opportunity to study up to 10th standard at the expense of two of her elder sisters, who had to shoulder the financial burden of their father, taking up weaving at a young age.’
      • ‘Then, at your leisure, pull out the old history books and study up on where we've been, what we've done, and how we got to be the way we are today.’
      • ‘Maybe then he'll have the time to study up on history, and learn the lesson of Francis Cabot Lowell.’
      • ‘I have been training and studying up till today to see if this theory would work in actual practice.’
      • ‘Even after the verdict, I'm not sure about Blake, nor do I have the interest to study up on it.’
      • ‘They all speak of their love of living in a place so diverse and multicultural, as they study up on the various spellings of obscure words.’
      • ‘She hoped that she could get a part-time job (not a full one, since she also had to study up before school started).’
      • ‘I was bound to lose if I did not make use of everything I had been studying up till then.’
    5. 1.5 (of an actor) try to learn (the words of one's role).
      • ‘In 1859, when she was 16, she made her opera debut as Lucia di Lammermoor in New York, after studying the role with the conductor Emmanuele Muzio.’
      • ‘The one thing that probably would be on my mind a lot (besides studying my words, of course) was the play.’
      • ‘Unlike ‘Tristan,’ Domingo has been studying this role only recently.’
    6. 1.6West Indian Give serious thought or consideration to.
      ‘the people here don't make so much noise, so the government don't have us to study’
  • 2Look at closely in order to observe or read.

    ‘she bent her head to study the plans’
    • ‘I was amused to see an elderly woman closely studying the large and slightly homo-erotic men's underwear photos on the walls in the gent's section.’
    • ‘She studied them closely, trying to read gestures and lips, but to no avail.’
    • ‘She studied him closely, watching his movements and his body language, hoping to learn something, or sense something.’
    • ‘Now they are studying the Bicester campaign closely to see what lessons, if any, they can learn.’
    • ‘She studied Eric and Michael closely, watching them, wondering who would try to strike her next, and what move she would use to shield herself.’
    • ‘Backleh brings the sparrow up to eye level, studying it closely.’
    • ‘Paul watched her closely and studied the elder woman while his mind worked quickly.’
    • ‘And I watched them grow, and actually very closely I studied them like probably nobody did.’
    • ‘Adam looked over at the ‘princess’ and she was studying him closely, almost with concern.’
    • ‘Rue fumed silently as he hummed contentedly and she watched him closely, studying his movements and actions.’
    • ‘Lucas watched him closely, studying every inch of his face from those wide blue eyes right down to the spray of freckles across his nose.’
    • ‘Instructions are stapled onto the side. I study them closely as I return to the cottage.’
    • ‘When he did he studied them closely, watching Taylor as she held a shirt up to Josh and titled her head.’
    • ‘But opponents of the proposal are urging people to study the plans carefully, and to look closely at the small print.’
    • ‘‘That looks good,’ she observed, studying my more than half-charred hot dog.’
    • ‘Election headquarters should be studying them closely, and taking note, so that the political platform of a candidate can be flexible to fit in with trends.’
    • ‘If he had studied me more closely he would have realised that I was, in fact, raging.’
    • ‘‘I have good news and bad news,’ she said, studying him closely.’
    • ‘‘Not since yesterday,’ Stan replied, studying his camera closely and munching on a French fry.’
    • ‘Isabella got the distinct impression that everyone was studying her very closely now.’
    scrutinize, examine, inspect, consider, regard, look at, eye, observe, watch, survey, keep an eye on, keep under surveillance
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  • 3archaic Make an effort to achieve (a result) or take into account (a person or their wishes)

    ‘with no husband to study, housekeeping is mere play’


  • in a brown study

    • Absorbed in one's thoughts.

      • ‘The second movement, grave and poetic, is Brahms in a brown study.’
      • ‘There she lies close in shore; her skipper standing in her cockpit with arms akimbo, while he seems lost in a brown study.’
      • ‘The poor fellow was in a brown study for the next four hours.’
      • ‘It hardly seems possible that a man could be so completely enveloped in a brown study that he would err in the matter of a wife and five children, but such was the case with Martin Luther.’
      • ‘She murmured, and lost herself in a brown study.’
      • ‘We sat there for a few minutes in silence, Holmes obviously in a brown study and I not willing to disturb his brilliant mind while at work.’
      • ‘And, at one time, I got so much into the habit of rapping that I used to catch myself doing it involuntarily, as a man in a brown study may rap with his fingers.’
      • ‘At that time, Holmes had kept his distance, thinking in a brown study but never leaping to his feet with the quarry in his sights.’
      • ‘Andrew and Emily began to get worried about me for I simply moped around or was often in a brown study.’
      • ‘After that awakening, I walked around in a brown study, trying to think of an appropriate response from us women.’
      lost in thought, lost in contemplation, in a reverie, thinking, reflecting, musing, pondering, contemplating, deliberating, ruminating, cogitating, dreaming, daydreaming
      View synonyms


Middle English: shortening of Old French estudie (noun), estudier (verb), both based on Latin studium ‘zeal, painstaking application’.