Definition of structuralism in English:



mass noun
  • 1A method of interpretation and analysis of aspects of human cognition, behaviour, culture, and experience, which focuses on relationships of contrast between elements in a conceptual system.

    • ‘In a crazy way, a good way of getting to grips with postmodernism / structuralism might be to dive into some examples in the Arts.’
    • ‘When I went to Paris, structuralism was very important.’
    • ‘Poststructuralism is beyond structuralism and focuses on ‘social discourses’ that shape meaning within the reader's mind.’
    • ‘The methods of structuralism and poststructuralism have been beneficial to the study of visual material in various respects.’
    • ‘But something had happened to semiology and structuralism in those ten years, which, as you have surely reckoned, included 1968 and 1970.’
    • ‘Critics countered that Jakobson's structuralism was doubly dangerous because it could be confused with the real thing.’
    • ‘Indeed, if structuralism has taught us anything, it is that humans impose their sense of opposition on a world of continuous shades of difference and similarity.’
    • ‘I will, however, continue to use aspects of structuralism.’
    • ‘In the wake of structuralism and poststructuralism, to write of literary personhood is no simple thing.’
    • ‘Ascetic structuralism was a major line of enquiry in the London-based structural movement.’
    • ‘Just as structuralism dispensed with history, so it also had no place for the reader in the production of meaning.’
    • ‘Parsons 1990 is an important paper, dealing with many subtle issues concerning structuralism.’
    • ‘Language-based approaches, such as semiotics, structuralism, and post-structuralism, are not vision-based.’
    • ‘He retired from the post in 1971, just as structuralism, semiotics and other French imports began their invasion of film studies.’
    • ‘His work fuses elements of American structuralism, the narrative avant-garde and experimental documentary.’
    1. 1.1 The doctrine that structure is more important than function.
      • ‘Until the 1960s this remained the intellectual agenda of U.S. anthropology, which largely ignored the emergence of both functionalism and structuralism in Europe.’
      • ‘Instead, he mobilizes the logical modalities for his eliminative structuralism.’
      • ‘There was an immediate affinity between the two, since in France structuralism represented a revolt against the existentialist idea of the self.’
      • ‘The crucial feature of ontological eliminative structuralism is that the background ontology is not understood in structuralist terms.’
      • ‘In its pages, Krauss and her colleagues reformulated the critical program of Minimalism in the language of French structuralism.’

Originating in the structural linguistics of Ferdinand de Saussure, and extended into anthropology by Claude Lévi-Strauss, structuralism was adapted to a wide range of social and cultural studies, especially in the 1960s, by writers such as Roland Barthes, Louis Althusser, and Jacques Lacan