Definition of structural formula in English:

structural formula


  • A formula which shows the arrangement of atoms in the molecule of a compound.

    • ‘At its most basic the structural formula is the chemical formula showing the bonds that are present.’
    • ‘To provide the full molecular formula, the structural formula must also be considered.’
    • ‘Butene and ethene have the same empirical formula CH 2 but different molecular and structural formulas.’
    • ‘Like the molecular formula, the structural formula of a substance gives the exact number of atoms of each element per molecule.’
    • ‘Two years later he ascertained its structural formula.’