One of the mysteries of the English language finally explained.
A poisonous substance of the glycoside class, obtained from certain African trees and used as a heart stimulant.
This substance is obtained from trees of the genera Strophanthus and Acokanthera (family Apocynaceae)
- ‘Strophanthus gratus contains the cardiac glycoside [gamma] strophanthin and the alkaloid inoeine.’
- ‘In fact, the discovery of strophanthin in wet African forests propelled pharmacology to a new level of interest in using plant chemicals for human medicines.’
- ‘Strophanthin G was used as a possible suppressor of the early inflammatory changes in the sheep.’
- ‘It differs from strophanthin both chemically and physiologically, and is nearly twice as toxic.’
Late 19th century: from modern Latin strophanthus (from Greek strophos ‘twisted cord’ + anthos ‘flower’, referring to the long segments of the corolla) + -in.
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