Definition of stock in English:



  • 1mass noun The goods or merchandise kept on the premises of a shop or warehouse and available for sale or distribution.

    ‘the store has a very low turnover of stock’
    count noun ‘buy now, while stocks last!’
    as modifier ‘stock shortages’
    • ‘When purchasing bayonets, look at as much of the merchant's stock as you can and check the condition carefully.’
    • ‘These shortages of low cost stock are most extreme in metropolitan Australia because of the higher numbers of low income households in the cities.’
    • ‘He said the entire stock on the premises was either damaged by fire or waterlogged and smoke damaged.’
    • ‘It leads to the inference that he was taking some stock from the petrol station shop and selling it as if his own stock in his shop.’
    • ‘The sale in question was of ancient old stock from the warehouse, meaning that the actual date of manufacture was probably a few years earlier.’
    • ‘Unlike the superstores, small shops often buy their stock through independent wholesalers.’
    • ‘Production will only resume if Nintendo can sell off a good proportion of its warehouse stock.’
    • ‘The administrator has also been unable to recover more than £4.3m worth of stock from the Computer Shop, the group's 80 high-street stores.’
    • ‘The salesman pointed out that they don't keep so much stock at the shop, it's held at the warehouse that services all the local shops.’
    • ‘He thought the thieves would dispose of the shop's stock at car boot sales or use them for family gifts.’
    • ‘The site, which was set up by Fenor based Internet Company Protocol allows people to view and purchase any item of stock, which is available for sale in the Waterford Shop.’
    • ‘Co-op stores around Swindon have been running low on stock after a regional distribution warehouse in Oxford was flooded.’
    • ‘One shop kept its pirated stock in a space above the ceiling, and clerks communicated with two-way radios to have them brought out for customers.’
    • ‘The Neo supersedes the current Deluxe model, though the latter is likely to be around until the end of the year, reflecting a higher level of stock in Handspring's warehouses.’
    • ‘She said her former bosses added insult to injury by making them stay on until 5.30 pm and sell the remainder of the shop's stock for £1 an item.’
    • ‘We are always looking for willing volunteers to help with everything from sorting and preparing stock to merchandising and sales.’
    • ‘The stock at one warehouse was put at $20 million earlier this year.’
    • ‘Matthew, 34, who owns the Chilli Lime Deli in Fleming Square, Blackburn, moved his French stock back to his shop but was able to leave tasters on the stall.’
    • ‘That might mean a claim for sale or purchase of stocks, merchandise, or real estate, or the receipt or repayment of a loan.’
    • ‘It is possible the knobs were leftover stock from his shop.’
    merchandise, goods, wares, articles for sale, items for sale, commodities
    View synonyms
    1. 1.1 A supply or quantity of something accumulated or available for future use.
      ‘I need to replenish my stock of wine’
      count noun ‘fish stocks are being dangerously depleted’
      • ‘So much so that hospitals would probably be better off enlisting those volunteers to provide blood to needy civilians because the army generally has a fairly good stock of blood.’
      • ‘She revealed that the country's total imports had begun to drop since the third quarter, thanks to a high-level of accumulated stock of oil, steel and other raw materials.’
      • ‘For many years he supported all moves to conserve salmon stocks, but the numbers continued to fall.’
      • ‘The mature lake has a good head of fish with the original stock of perch, eels and pike attaining specimen proportions.’
      • ‘The fish killed were salmon parr (one year old) and trout which would have been the future stock of the river.’
      • ‘Rather than dumping its stock of surplus Jeeps into Manila Bay, the American authorities released them to civilians.’
      • ‘Now Linda has the perfect setting for making her baskets and storing her tools and growing her stock of willow.’
      • ‘It is also putting greater pressure on the State to increase its stock of housing.’
      • ‘A few residents who attended the meet complained that the BMP's health centres did not have adequate stock of anti-rabies vaccine.’
      • ‘Moher is open into October, later than most other lakes, and with a very good stock of trout in the lake it should fish well over the next couple of weeks given any kind of good weather for angling.’
      • ‘The province, through the various health authorities, is trying to expand its stock of seniors' housing though an Independent Living B.C. program.’
      • ‘Proponents argue that a reef would not only help replenish fish stocks but also boost the local economy.’
      • ‘The club is also keen to protect its stock of fish.’
      • ‘With a central buffer food stock of over 40 million tonnes, Mr Prime Minister, could you ask for a better start to your tenure?’
      • ‘However, when the Endurance was crushed the event was so unexpected and sudden that his entire stock of negatives was in immediate danger of sinking to the bottom of the Weddell Sea, to be lost forever.’
      • ‘One can only imagine the devastation to fish stock of such a method.’
      • ‘Leah has spent 50 years amassing her stock of electric, oil and paraffin-fuelled lights and stored most of them in a spare room at her home in Altrincham.’
      • ‘Back at the hospital the emergency wards were soon back in action, and the hospital's stock of basic supplies and drugs were replenished from the ships.’
      • ‘Instead of engaging in small talk with editors, he sells via specialized agencies from his stock of 80,000 slides, all stored in iron cabinets in his house.’
      • ‘I was interested to read in your supplement on the Countryside about the low stock of fish in The River Aire.’
      store, supply, stockpile, reserve, hoard, cache, reservoir, accumulation, quantity, pile, heap, load
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    2. 1.2 Farm animals such as cattle, pigs, and sheep, bred and kept for their meat or milk; livestock.
      ‘all the stock were housed and fed in sheds’
      ‘the sale of dairy stock’
      • ‘Other potential agricultural applications of Fantesk include sprays, coatings for nursery stock, and livestock feed additives.’
      • ‘Do not purchase stock from other farms or dealers while the ban on livestock mart sales remains in force.’
      • ‘Some good stock, including horses, cattle, sheep and pigs were on exhibition.’
      • ‘The farm's land and stock will be handed out to four neighbouring farmers and the buildings rented out either as homes or for commercial use.’
      • ‘DEFRA has decreed that a farmer bringing cattle, sheep or pigs onto his holding cannot move any stock off the farm for 20 days except direct to slaughter.’
      • ‘Almost a quarter of the 2,300 head on offer were fitted with the devices, to be used to track stock under the National Livestock Identification Scheme.’
      • ‘Under the Autumn Licence Movement Scheme farmers can apply for permits to allow the movement of stock from farm to farm for welfare, breeding and commercial purposes.’
      • ‘We farmed there in a pioneer way and increased the stock to a thousand sheep and a hundred cattle.’
      • ‘For the last 16 months the 20-day standstill has prevented farmers from moving stock off their farms within 20 days of taking in new arrivals.’
      • ‘His neighbours work in partnership selling meat from their own stock through Bethesda Fresh Farm Meats.’
      • ‘In his younger years, he was principally involved in livestock haulage, leading stock into and out of the local markets.’
      • ‘There are three general options for farmers to consider to productively manage their sheep flock: selling stock, agistment and supplementary feeding.’
      • ‘Perhaps he would enthusiastically support moves for greater commercial use of kangaroos, rather than the hoofed stock, sheep and cattle, that break the crust.’
      • ‘The NFU was also concerned that meat and milk from vaccinated stock would be unsaleable.’
      • ‘To the lay reader, may I repeat the Government's basic proposal, which is to stop any stock moving off a farm for a 20-day period following an inward movement onto the farm.’
      • ‘It could also mean that only the person registered as the keeper will be legally entitled to buy in or sell off farm stock.’
      • ‘But it had appealed for a reprieve for its cattle, virtually irreplaceable Red Galloway beef and Ayrshire dairy stock.’
      • ‘Livestock ownership stratified their communities with ‘chiefs’ controlling the most cattle and small stock.’
      • ‘Women could also cross the gender barrier regarding female association with animals by raising stock for market or dairy purposes.’
      • ‘The club also organizes visits to leading dairy farms and research institutes, holds dairy stock judging events and herds competitions.’
      livestock, farm animals, cattle, beasts
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    3. 1.3
      short for rolling stock
      • ‘Forty per cent more seats will be provided during the morning peak for commuters into London by making all trains eight-car and transferring extra stock to the line.’
      • ‘Eventually, Central are planning to have televisions on most of their stock but, for the time being, they're few and far between.’
      • ‘Rail passengers are to benefit from a £2.5m handout to provide new stock on Metro services in South and West Yorkshire.’
      • ‘The first challenge is to get rid of the Mark I slam-door stock.’
      • ‘Having the most stations on a line and the most stock in a railroad pays off during the game, as well as at its end, and the player with the most money wins.’
      • ‘But all those potential bonanzas could be derailed if Mass Transit Railway stock goes off track.’
      • ‘At first locomotives and stock were bought from outside contractors and simply repaired at Ashford.’
      • ‘The railways are a shambles - Railtrack's stock was declared near worthless in the City this week.’
      • ‘However in the meantime an immediate 20 mph ESR was only required if the defect either could not be clamped or was in any part of switch, stock or crossing rail.’
      rolling stock, trains, locomotives, carriages, wagons
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    4. 1.4 Photographic film that has not been exposed or processed.
      • ‘Black and white do not exist, they creep into the story due to the unpredictable magic of film processing or defective film stock.’
      • ‘But even in this limited timeframe, the short manages to make bold and vivid statements about filmmaking, digital film vs. traditional film stock, and growing old.’
      • ‘It is the technological body - the film camera, film stock, photographic camera and computer - that make possible this frenzy of the visible.’
      • ‘The film was originally shot on 16 mm film stock and retains a very worn, rustic look that actually helps the film achieve a quasi-documentary feel.’
      • ‘All of this seems to be told from Mike's narcoleptic viewpoint, with strange edits, blackouts, and powerful montages of varying film stock.’
      • ‘He has always had a good eye for composition and this film is one of the rare early films which he was able to shoot on proper film stock rather than on video.’
      • ‘The priest's demands that scenes be cut from films not only raise the issue of censorship but also draw attention to the material quality of the film stock and the editing process, as frames are removed and spliced together again.’
      • ‘Since Gallo, in true art auteur fashion, decides to use reversal film stock to shoot the film, there is only so much they can do.’
      • ‘The film was shot on 16 mm film stock, and for once the small amount of grain present seems to add to the realistic horror taking place on screen.’
      • ‘Production was a meticulous, time-consuming process, comprising painting directly onto clear 35 mm film stock, frame by frame.’
      • ‘Cumbersome lighting kits, dolly tracks, and the sundry other requirements of expensive film stock were avoided.’
      • ‘The camera work echoes a spent, pared down existence in its washed out, Russian-made and processed film stock.’
      • ‘The constant music and the grainy film stock do little but make Summer of Sam a noisy and grainy film that blew its chance to be even mildly interesting.’
      • ‘By dispensing with film stock, 24p is more efficient, and its defenders believe its quality to be at least superior to 16 mm.’
      • ‘I also appreciated the frequent use of ambient lighting and a high-speed Kodak film stock, creating a very natural and pleasing look for those scenes.’
      • ‘That is the kind of damage one would expect from an old kinescope, not a show filmed in 35 mm and on top-notch film stock.’
      • ‘It tries to be a fiercely independent work of a struggling urban voice pulling itself up by its film stock and sticking it to the standard Hollywood man who insists upon demonizing minorities.’
      • ‘The film was shot in Super 16, which is a lower-resolution film format than the 35 mm film stock that is used for most Hollywood productions.’
      • ‘The style of the film is quite striking, full of excessive grain, rough film stock, and stylized editing techniques.’
      • ‘The anamorphic transfers both pick up the various flaws in the aging film stock, something that is not preventable, but MGM has gotten the colors at proper levels.’
    5. 1.5 (in some card games) the cards that have not yet been dealt, left on the table to be drawn.
      • ‘The player who takes the discard in this way must take in addition the top card from the stock as a penalty card.’
      • ‘The remaining stacks stay face down in the centre of the table as a drawing stock.’
      • ‘In any turn, a player who does not steal any cards from any other player has to draw one card from the stock.’
      • ‘The top card of the stock is turned face-up and placed next to it to start a discard pile.’
      • ‘Some people play that if you touch the stock when it is your turn, you must draw the top card from the stock.’
      • ‘If you cannot or do not wish to play, you draw a card from the undealt stock and add it to your hand.’
      • ‘A player who cannot play may be penalised by having to draw one or more cards from an undealt stock.’
      • ‘If the stock runs out of cards, the game is a draw between all players.’
      • ‘Put the rest of the cards face down in the centre of table to form the stock.’
      • ‘The remainder of the cards are placed in the center of the table, forming a stock.’
      • ‘Anyone who passes must draw a card from the undealt stock and add it to their hand.’
      • ‘As usual, each turn is begun by either drawing the top card from the face-down stock or taking the whole of the discard pile.’
      • ‘You may go through the stock as many times as you want to, and you may always play a card from the stock if it can fit onto the board or a sequence.’
      • ‘The game can also end if the stock runs out of cards, in which case the result is a draw.’
      • ‘At your turn you must either draw the top card of the face-down stock, or draw the top discard.’
      • ‘The remaining stock of undealt cards is put face down on the table to form the talon.’
      • ‘The players then take it in turn to either accept the top card in the discard pile or take a new card from the stock.’
      • ‘In these games, the end of this reformed stock represents the last card; in the two and four player games, the end of the original stock represents the last card.’
      • ‘If you draw a card from the stock, it can be discarded on the same turn if you wish.’
      • ‘In the first phase, each player's turn starts by the player drawing the top card from the face-down stock.’
  • 2mass noun The capital raised by a company or corporation through the issue and subscription of shares.

    ‘between 1982 and 1986 the value of the company's stock rose by 86%’
    • ‘Unable to raise money in the new issue stock and bond markets, corporations tapped their bank credit lines.’
    • ‘More often, corporations buy back stock on the open market to avoid increasing the share pool.’
    • ‘Once the SEC gives its approval, Google will stop accepting bids for its shares and could start issuing stock within a matter of hours.’
    • ‘And of course, you get access to other premium stock and mutual fund data.’
    • ‘The funds should be holding stock of reasonable quality, so they have a decent chance of recovery.’
    • ‘Deciding how to choose the right stock, mutual fund, or even a money market account is also a challenge.’
    • ‘On the basis of these balance sheets, stock was issued and thereby the capital raised for the planned development.’
    • ‘Industry sources said the proposed ADS issue would help the company enhance the float of its stock on Nasdaq.’
    • ‘These options give workers the right to buy shares of their company's stock at a set price in the future.’
    • ‘An option is the right to purchase shares in the company stock at a specified price.’
    • ‘Basically, it refers to the means by which a private company sells shares or stock to members of the public in an effort to raise money, usually to expand its business.’
    • ‘The Pace Phonograph Corporation's initial capital stock was $30,000.’
    • ‘That included almost €7.8 million owed under a redeemable convertible unsecured loan for which the company had issued stock.’
    • ‘We do not think this makes sense, considering that current sales are always marginal to the whole capital stock.’
    • ‘Most stock exchanges track the short interest in each stock and issue reports at month's end.’
    • ‘Analysts believe APP's business - and its stock - have plenty of room for growth.’
    • ‘In that case, they'd either have to borrow or issue stock to pay for the shares.’
    • ‘Options only add to management compensation if a company's stock rises above the exercise price.’
    • ‘A stock option gives you the right to buy a set number of shares of company stock at a specified price.’
    • ‘In the case of capital markets, stock prices signal investors with different appetites for risk where to put their money.’
    capital, funds, assets, property
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    1. 2.1usually stocks A portion of a company's stock as held by an individual or group as an investment.
      ‘she owned £3000 worth of stocks and shares’
      • ‘His move was a big bet by an industry veteran that his stock will be higher a year from now.’
      • ‘If global investing leaves you cold, you can get diversity by dividing your stocks by industry.’
      • ‘As interest rates move higher, I would prefer to be in stocks rather than bonds.’
      • ‘He suggests that once investment flows slow down, Ireland remains at risk of slow economic growth due to the scale of foreign investment stocks.’
      • ‘After a three-year drought, many investors have seen their stocks or mutual funds increase in value.’
      • ‘Lower rates make savings accounts less appealing and investments like houses or stocks more attractive.’
      • ‘It has big plans for investments in stocks and real estate, and wants to do more business in private equity and foreign exchange.’
      • ‘As these people grow old, theory has long projected, they will cash out of the stocks and stock mutual funds that now fill their retirement accounts.’
      • ‘Nowadays the middle classes are just as likely to have accumulated quoted investments, like stocks, bank accounts and other assets.’
      • ‘Investments like stocks, businesses and real estate are much harder to hide.’
      • ‘What if you don't own your investments directly but have stocks in a mutual fund or pension plan managed by others?’
      • ‘We own a house worth €1 million and have stocks and shares worth about €50,000.’
      • ‘The money could be invested in businesses, properties, stocks, investment funds or simply be deposited in banks.’
      • ‘For example, if an analyst owns a stock under discussion, what price did he or she pay?’
      • ‘Many families who invested their college reserves in stocks and mutual funds have seen their savings evaporate.’
      • ‘Half of Boomers responded that investments in stocks, bonds and real estate would provide retirement funds.’
      • ‘He plans to leave his mutual funds, stock, and Roth IRA as they are.’
      • ‘If stocks are held for only a month prior to being sold rather than two months, your investment in stocks will be halved - as a result there will be more cash available to your business.’
    2. 2.2usually stocks The shares of a particular company, type of company, or industry.
      ‘blue-chip stocks’
      • ‘A late afternoon surge in tech stocks drove the Nasdaq index 37 points higher to close at 1,708.’
      • ‘Led by high-technology stocks, the benchmark index continued its rebound to close at 8,824.36, up 282.41 points from Thursday.’
      • ‘The days when you could buy a few blue chip stocks and hold them to retirement are long gone.’
      • ‘Indeed, some institutional traders say they now prefer trading NASDAQ stocks over the Big Board's.’
      • ‘Led by the declines of PCCW and HKT, the Hang Seng Index fell, with telecom stocks and China enterprise shares losing most.’
      • ‘But in most cases the money has been invested in conservative, blue-chip stocks and high-quality bonds.’
      • ‘The top equity holdings of the scheme include blue chip stocks like Reliance, HLL, ITC, HPCL, Hindalco, it said.’
      • ‘Traditionally thought of as defensive investments, gold stocks and bullion typically zig when the market zags.’
      • ‘Thirty-one of the newcomers come from two corners of the investment universe - real estate and small-cap stocks.’
      • ‘There are a limited number of blue chip stocks on America's major exchanges.’
      • ‘Merrill Lynch has issued a bearish warning to holders of chip industry stocks: sell your shares or risk further declines in value.’
      • ‘Private accounts, he said, would only be invested in index stocks.’
      • ‘This is part of why two exchange-traded funds, or ETFs, that track indexes of high-yielding stocks are taking in money fast.’
      • ‘On this day last year, the London Stock Exchange's recently created index for technology stocks hit a lifetime high.’
      • ‘They also put a portion of their investment into high-tech stocks.’
      • ‘That will affect investments beyond financial stocks.’
      • ‘In most balanced funds, blue-chip stocks and high-quality bonds are the staples.’
      • ‘The product is linked to a basket of 24 blue-chip stocks across a broad spectrum of companies and industry sectors.’
      • ‘Yet the fall in Hong Kong on Thursday was not across-the-board, as China-related shares outperformed blue chips and technology stocks.’
      • ‘‘The trend of plummeting bluechip stocks cannot continue indefinitely,’ he says.’
      investments, shares, holdings, securities, equities, bonds
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    3. 2.3 (in the UK) securities issued by the government in fixed units with a fixed rate of interest.
      ‘government gilt-edged stock’
      • ‘Some cite technical factors, such as growing pension fund switches to fixed interest stocks, bidding up 10-year bonds and driving down the yield.’
      • ‘The assumption was that protection from the effects of inflation had to be left to sound investment policy, with the claimant investing in a spread of equities as well as more secure government stocks.’
      • ‘The reason for a with profits fund to be more heavily invested in shares than in fixed interest stocks is not a product of caprice or thoughtless gambling.’
      • ‘The only complex aspect, in fact, is choosing which gilt-edged stock to buy.’
      • ‘In recent times, the returns on government stock have been very low.’
      • ‘Here, too, supply/demand imbalances are at work, partly caused by a stampede of life companies and pension funds out of equities and into fixed interest stocks.’
      • ‘Other options available will include corporate bonds and government stock or gilts.’
      • ‘Profits from land were rarely ploughed back into agriculture, but went instead to maintain genteel urban lifestyles or were reinvested in urban property and government stock.’
      • ‘The society's portfolio of government stocks was valued at over £5 million in 1994.’
      • ‘So government stock looks for now to be the asset class of choice.’
    4. 2.4 A person's reputation or popularity.
      ‘I felt I was right, but my stock was low with this establishment’
      • ‘Knowing my stock was low with him because of my skirts and sway back, I offered to let the Company CO make the call.’
      reputation, standing, status, repute, position
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  • 3mass noun Liquid made by cooking bones, meat, fish, or vegetables slowly in water, used as a basis for the preparation of soup, gravy, or sauces.

    ‘a pint of chicken stock’
    • ‘In a medium saucepan over medium-high heat, bring the chicken stock to a simmer.’
    • ‘You could simply use water, but stock makes the soup richer and more heart-warming.’
    • ‘I prepared chicken stock with bouillon cubes, adding sprigs of thyme and bay leaves.’
    • ‘The soup was pleasantly light, although I found that the store-bought vegetable stock somewhat overwhelmed the soup's mushroom flavour.’
    • ‘Then bring the fish stock to the boil in a pan and keep at a low simmer.’
    • ‘Return the rabbit legs and carcasses to the pan and add the veal stock.’
    • ‘Strain stock through a fine-mesh sieve into a pot; bring to a simmer.’
    • ‘Tip the chick peas into a pan and cover them with water or vegetable stock.’
    • ‘Split pea soup is delicious prepared with either a chicken or vegetable stock.’
    • ‘Keep the basics on hand: frozen marinara and pesto for quick pasta meals, and a simple vegetable or chicken stock for fast soups.’
    • ‘If the soup is not liquid enough, add stock or water, stir, and reheat again thoroughly.’
    • ‘If the sauce begins to evaporate too much while cooking, add a few tablespoons of chicken stock or water.’
    • ‘If soup is too thick, heat more apple juice and chicken stock, add to soup and return to blender.’
    • ‘Even the soup of the day is an intentional creation, using freshly prepared vegetables and stock with fresh meat, fowl, or fish added.’
    • ‘Pour in hot water or stock to cover the vegetables and bring to a simmer.’
    • ‘In a medium saucepan over medium heat, bring the beef stock to a boil.’
    • ‘For the lobster, in a large saucepan, bring the fish stock to a boil.’
    • ‘Use the caramel-colored water for soup, stock and gravy.’
    • ‘The rest of the carcass can be used to make some game stock for gravy or soup, or freeze the carcass to use later.’
    • ‘You may also chop and blend with water or vegetable stock and freeze in ice cube trays for addition to soups and stews.’
    1. 3.1with modifier The raw material from which a specified commodity can be manufactured.
      ‘the fat can be used as soap stock’
      • ‘Here is a method for manufacturing tape tab stock that may be used to produce tape tab fasteners for disposable absorbent articles’
      • ‘Posters are made using paper stock similar to what magazines use.’
      • ‘Then the agitation stops and the soap stock settles to the bottom’
  • 4mass noun, usually with adjective or noun modifier A person's ancestry or line of descent.

    ‘her mother was of French stock’
    • ‘During these difficult times he was faithfully supported and encouraged by his wife, who was descended from good Puritan stock.’
    • ‘I also tried to do a Holly impression, but that's hard when you don't have dark hair and you're from Eastern European peasant stock.’
    • ‘She comes from Italian immigrant stock, and her family is lucky to have one of those tireless biographers who traces everything back to a plot of land in Lombardi.’
    • ‘The exception is the tendency of some immigrant women, particularly those from peasant stock, who wear traditional dress.’
    • ‘He, who became John XXIII, was from earthy peasant stock, constantly cracking jokes at his own expense.’
    • ‘He was a Soviet Army officer of peasant stock whose training included a spell in Germany in 1931.’
    • ‘Here, priests had often lived well on their own tithes and extensive glebe, and they tended to be of local peasant stock, which was even more important than material considerations.’
    • ‘He was born at Grouchy, near Gréville, Normandy, of peasant stock, and spent his early years as a farmworker alongside his father.’
    • ‘By 1844 the Bethany settlers, almost all of them of peasant stock, had nearly five hundred acres under cultivation, most of them with wheat.’
    • ‘As he said, a name like that was obviously of Irish stock, possibly even of Cork descent, so the film was included with Irish shorts.’
    • ‘Much of my Yorkshire stock descended from the Viking Raids of the 9th century.’
    • ‘Chaucer, who came of London merchant stock, grew up in aristocratic and royal circles, and he was one of the most lionized and richly rewarded poets of any age.’
    • ‘He proudly admits he is from hard-working peasant stock and sees me as lazy, vain and probably as a ponce.’
    • ‘He was from Ukrainian peasant stock, and at 14 he went to work in the Ukrainian coal mines.’
    • ‘Now all contemporary Percherons share this common heritage descending from the foundation stock that originated in La Perche.’
    • ‘Scottish Roots usually has about 20 clients at any given time waiting in a queue to discover whether they come from peasant stock or the landed gentry.’
    • ‘Like the Pieds Noirs, they were a settler community, much of it of peasant stock, which had done well.’
    • ‘The Dogras inhabiting the hilly tract bounding the mountains of the Kashmir Valle on the south and extending to the plains of the Punjab, are descended from Aryan stock.’
    • ‘Many more old stock of Tubbercurry who were not just residents of Teeling Street have planned to join in the celebrations and are coming home to meet old school chums and see Tubber as it is now.’
    • ‘He, of Irish Catholic stock, descendant of those who fled famine and poverty, was up against him.’
    descent, ancestry, origin, origins, parentage, pedigree, lineage, line, line of descent, heritage, birth, extraction, background, family, blood, bloodline, genealogy, beginnings
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    1. 4.1 A breed, variety, or population of an animal or plant.
      ‘the vineyards were ploughed up and replanted using different vine stock’
      count noun ‘geographically separate stocks of some species are recognized’
      • ‘Yet, there are many budget-minded owners who still believe that money can be saved by planting smaller seedling stock.’
      • ‘The weanlings would have made any farmer proud and the dams drawn from all breeds were of excellent stock.’
      • ‘The billingsellaceans may form the ancestral stock from which all the subsequent articulate brachiopods are believed to have been derived.’
      • ‘If the population comes from captive stock, the birds must be taught how to survive in the wild.’
      • ‘Over the years, he persuaded the Department of Agriculture to recognise coloured stock as a European breed type.’
      • ‘Their stock was bred by them for food purposes, and was easier to get and much tastier than wild animals, which was why it was frequented by bored hunters.’
      • ‘Finally, the North and South American west coastal species appear to have evolved from the Old World smooth-seeded lupins, or from the same ancestral stock.’
      • ‘Some claim that a French dog descended from stock brought home from the Middle East by Louis IX during the Crusades also figured prominently in the mix.’
      • ‘We can accept that some creatures descended from Ark stock died in post-Flood disasters.’
      • ‘The scientists found that primitive freshwater plants provided the ancestral stock from which all of the earth's green land plants are descended.’
      • ‘It is likely the result of a separate introduction via nursery stock.’
      • ‘Lineages that had alternated between cell types produced significantly more virions than did the ancestral stock on PDE cells.’
      • ‘Some of the small, sturdy black breeds of British cattle may descend from this ancient stock.’
      • ‘Eventually, the longer-lived stocks even exhibited increased early fecundity, compared to the ancestral type of stock.’
      • ‘With container grown stock, the plant has been growing in a container for a period of time.’
      • ‘Populations that did not evolve far from the ancestral stock are all included in the long-ranging B. rhombiferus.’
      • ‘His undeviating rule appears to have been to breed high quality pedigree stock and to feed them from his own resources.’
      • ‘Always try to plant bare-root stock as soon as you get home.’
      • ‘Almost all of the earth's plant and animal stock have representatives here.’
      • ‘They are close to the ancestral stock from which other pteraspidiforms evolved.’
      variety, strain, line, family
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  • 5The trunk or woody stem of a living tree or shrub, especially one into which a graft (scion) is inserted.

    • ‘Grey rectangles indicate the presence of a rooted stock.’
    • ‘Many of the modern roses in commerce today are grafted onto these stocks.’
    • ‘For success in grafting, the vascular cambiums of the stock and the scion must be placed in contact with each other.’
    • ‘Of particular concern are roses grafted onto R. fortuniana root stocks - stocks with notoriously shallow root zones.’
    trunk, tree trunk, stem, stalk
    View synonyms
    1. 5.1 The perennial part of a herbaceous plant, especially a rhizome.
      • ‘The role of the underground metameric complex in the source-sink system of perennial rhizome-forming cereals is determined by a significant proportion of rhizomes in plant biomass (30–50%), formation of a large amount of meristems in the underground stock of vegetative reproduction (more than 1000 per plant), a comparatively high respiration rate (1.5 mg CO2/(g dry wt h)), and a high nitrogen content (3.5%).’
  • 6A herbaceous European plant that is cultivated for its fragrant lilac, pink, or white flowers.

    Genus Matthiola, family Cruciferae: several species, in particular the Brompton stock (M. incana) and the night-scented stock (M. bicornis)

    • ‘They hold pink cyclamen, maidenhair fern, pink polka-dot plant, and fragrant pink stock.’
    • ‘To prolong bloom time on pansies, stock, sweet alyssum, snapdragons and other cool-weather plants, clip off flowers as they fade.’
    • ‘Yellow and orange calendulas bloom through winter, as will pink and white English daisies and sweet-scented stock.’
    • ‘Add fall annuals, like pansies, stocks, snapdragons or flowering kale, for additional color until the snow arrives.’
    • ‘Ten week stock, Night scented stock and Brompton stock are easily grown from seed flowering in the same season.’
    • ‘The sitting-out area could be a haven for non-edibles, scented beauties every one - pots of lemon verbena at fingertip level, regale lilies at nose height, night-scented stock and nicotina.’
  • 7the stockshistorical treated as singular or plural An instrument of punishment consisting of an adjustable wooden structure with holes for securing a person's feet and hands, in which criminals were locked and exposed to public ridicule or assault.

    • ‘Managers from the branch sat in the stocks outside being pelted with wet sponges, and firefighters turned up with a hose to give them a soaking.’
    • ‘A believer in strict discipline, he preferred forms of punishment like putting a prisoner in stocks or shackling him to a ball and chain.’
    • ‘Among the other stunts for charity, they plan to don wet suits at Sea World and get in the stocks at Stirling Jail.’
    • ‘Every confinement of the person is an imprisonment, whether it be in a common prison, or in a private house, or in the stocks, or even by forcibly detaining one in the public streets.’
    • ‘Minor criminals might also be punished in the village or manor by whipping, the stocks, or the pillory.’
  • 8The part of a rifle or other firearm to which the barrel and firing mechanism are attached, held against one's shoulder when firing the gun.

    • ‘‘Looks like one of the panels here has been forced open,’ he said, applying a little pressure with the rifle stock.’
    • ‘It halved the rifle where the stock joined the barrel, and two fingers from the weasel's right paw fell to the forest floor.’
    • ‘Making a splint from a rifle stock, he again treated himself and managed to crawl back to an aid station.’
    • ‘It had a short, air-cooled barrel, a wooden stock, and a ‘snail-drum’ magazine containing 9 mm pistol ammunition.’
    • ‘As they neared he brought the leader into his sights, raising the stock of the long rifle to his shoulder.’
    • ‘Rolling left to lie prone, I shoved the rifle stock to my shoulder and dared to reconnoiter by peeping over a twisted root.’
    • ‘Anyone who tried to talk was struck with rifle stocks.’
    • ‘Steve hoisted the assault rifle off his shoulder, and placed the stock against his shoulder, aiming straight ahead.’
    • ‘Outers' Cadet synthetic stocks for rifles and shotguns are designed for shooters of small stature.’
    • ‘Grace glanced at the three guards standing in a group in their dirty grey uniforms, rifles held at the stock, talking about who knew what.’
    • ‘To sell more optics, mount a scope on a gunstock so customers can hold the stock to their shoulders and look through the scope.’
    • ‘The straight stock and comb line feel good and correctly position your eye down the Picatinny rail.’
    • ‘I lowered my assault rifle's polymer stock from my shoulder and continued my vigil.’
    • ‘One had an AK - 47, and the other was toting an uzi with a shoulder stock.’
    • ‘The rifle is built on a fiberglass stock with a stainless-steel barrel, a steel floor plate and trigger-guard assembly.’
    • ‘He is a former pilot, and since 1972 he has been making custom rifle stocks in his spare time.’
    • ‘To assemble, pull the stock pin from its stowed position, swing the stock into place and insert the pin.’
    • ‘Rifle stocks, made for use with iron sights, were little help in establishing a constant head positron.’
    • ‘It's got a walnut stock, cobalt blue steel, and a hair trigger.’
    • ‘Rifle and shotgun stocks need pull-lengths short enough to fit naturally when brought to the heavily padded shoulder of cold weather gear.’
    handle, butt, haft, grip, shaft, shank, helve
    View synonyms
    1. 8.1 The crossbar of an anchor.
      • ‘Because the mushroom anchor has no projecting stock or flukes to foul, the moored object can swing freely around a mushroom anchor.’
    2. 8.2 The handle of something such as a whip or fishing rod.
      • ‘The silky voice became a bark as he fingered the stock of a whip lying across his knees.’
      handle, butt, haft, grip, shaft, shank, helve
      View synonyms
    3. 8.3
      short for headstock (sense 1)
      • ‘The tool was lacquered after assembly, no coating being present between the side piece and the stock.’
    4. 8.4
      short for tailstock
      • ‘The stock is revolved, as in the first case, by means of a cord in the hands of an assistant.’
  • 9A band of white material tied like a cravat and worn as a part of formal horse-riding dress.

    • ‘He wore a stock which had been the last word of fashion at the time of the July revolution.’
    1. 9.1 A piece of black material worn under a clerical collar.
      • ‘The chess-board was brought out, and Mr. Elliot, who wore a stock instead of a collar as a sign of convalescence, but was otherwise much as usual, challenged Mr. Pepper to a final contest.’
  • 10stocksA frame used to support a ship or boat out of water, especially when under construction.

    • ‘After bracing the bulkheads to the stocks, the longitudinal framing can start going on.’


  • 1attributive (of a product or type of product) usually kept in stock and thus regularly available for sale.

    ‘25 per cent off stock items’
    • ‘In a few short years, EAW succeeded in developing stock products that regional and national sound companies could use right out of the carton.’
    • ‘From April 1st through the 30th, many of our stock items are on sale with prices 20-50% lower than their regular prices.’
    • ‘I'm not proposing that you should spend $50 or whatever to buy a stock logo.’
    • ‘Stop dreaming about a kitchen full of cabinets, start building and save a ton of money in the process when compared to installing conventional stock units!’
  • 2attributive (of a phrase or expression) so regularly used as to be automatic or hackneyed.

    ‘she faltered momentarily and then resorted to the teenager's favourite stock response ‘whatever’’
    • ‘This works because everyone knows stock phrases are a sign that someone wants to talk but doesn't know how to start.’
    • ‘During his announcement speech in his home state of Arkansas, he mainly deployed wooden stock phrases.’
    • ‘Our stock phrase at home on this topic is ‘The first six months lasted about 15 years, but since then time's just zipped by.’’
    • ‘Attending rehearsals last night, I was pleased to note that ‘I came all the way from Cornwall for this’ has now become a stock phrase for when a scene falls slightly flat.’
    • ‘Everyday language uses a number of euphemisms, including polite formulas, circumlocutions, allusions, and stock phrases.’
    • ‘We're just tired of having stock phrases and ideas trotted out every time an artist work is shown.’
    • ‘This is a stock phrase that I first heard when I was twelve or so.’
    • ‘The spokesman also did not reiterate the North's stock phrase that demands Washington drop its ‘hostile policy’.’
    • ‘The Federal Governments stock answer: We're spending more on Aboriginal health than ever before.’
    • ‘My stock answer is that we get nanotech and build an active shield defense.’
    • ‘Instead managers and inspectors explained away grievances, developing stock phrases with which to reject them.’
    • ‘In any case, from that point onward, ‘homeland defense’ was a stock phrase in the vocabulary of national defense talk.’
    • ‘I think it's simply become a stock phrase that people use without parsing.’
    • ‘This innocuous-sounding stock phrase impliedly relieves the driver of responsibility for causing the resulting death and destruction.’
    • ‘Child prodigies, to use the rather awful stock phrase, are nothing new.’
    • ‘The titles to the chapters are taken from contemporary expressions of stock propaganda phrases.’
    • ‘The psychic will sprinkle the reading with stock phrases and encourage the subject to talk to enable him to fish for clues that he can then repeat.’
    • ‘Instead, given the weak public reaction, he faces reconsidering his long-held reliance on repeated use of stock phrases.’
    • ‘While some have taken Korean classes and have done quite well, others have plodded along getting by with a litany of stock phrases and vocabulary.’
    • ‘I remember, one of his stock lines when he'd speak to high school students would be, you know, you've got to get out to vote.’
    usual, routine, predictable, set, standard, staple, customary, familiar, conventional, traditional, stereotyped, clichéd, hackneyed, unoriginal, derivative, formulaic, ready-made, well worn, overused, overworked, worn out, banal, trite, platitudinous, tired, run-of-the-mill, commonplace
    View synonyms
    1. 2.1 Denoting a conventional character type or situation that recurs in a particular genre of literature, theatre, or film.
      ‘the stock characters in every cowboy film’
      • ‘His character - a stock role that he dons like a favourite suit - is meant to be emotionally shut down, pending his awakening by the cancerous Pete.’
      • ‘Other critics cite stock characterization, weak plots, and contrived endings.’
      • ‘One of the more creative - and entertaining - sets began with the stock comedic relief character perched on a box, trying to soak in the daily paper.’
      • ‘Julia's steadfast refusal to accept the fact that she's in danger is irritating rather than sympathetic and a couple of the supporting characters are a little too stock to work.’
      • ‘Increased rationalization of the stock system thus leads to more codified systems of casting and increased typecasting.’
      • ‘Apparently ‘there's a distinct pleasure in watching someone handle what is essentially a stock murder mystery with expert literary precision’.’
      • ‘Either way, it is good to see the prince's tutor involved with his charge, and not just dressing the stage as a stock comedy character.’
      • ‘While The Eye is a strong example of genre film done right Koma, though showing flashes of style, plays it right up the middle with stock twists and shallow characters.’
      • ‘Over and above its dramatic significance, this is clearly a pretext for relocating the action to Rome, one of the stock settings of European action films.’
      • ‘Ultimately, Nurse Betty is about a woman who finds agency by dreaming up a new identity as a stock soap opera character.’
      • ‘Not only is the film a technically impressive feat, the plot so far suggests a certain cleverness on a higher level than a simple, stock genre flick.’
      • ‘Given licence to formulate his subject matter, Goya turned to scenes of contemporary life, many of which featured stock types common in prints and theatre of his day.’
      • ‘You have a range of stock film characters who can be played by different actors.’
      • ‘The villains are stock cardboard characters who practically apprehend themselves.’
      • ‘Sad Eyes, played by him makes the most out of a clichéd and stock Manga character.’
      • ‘By simplifying humans into sub-archetypes, they become less like actual humans and more like stock movie characters.’
      • ‘Yes, some of the dialogue is cliche and a few of the characters are fairly stock types that we've seen over and over again before.’
      • ‘This movie really could've been made in the year it's set in, right down to the irredeemably evil, stock Japanese characters.’
      • ‘Unfortunately, the dialogue comes from a cast of stock horror characters who spit out clichés like bilge water.’
      usual, routine, predictable, set, standard, staple, customary, familiar, conventional, traditional, stereotyped, clichéd, hackneyed, unoriginal, derivative, formulaic, ready-made, well worn, overused, overworked, worn out, banal, trite, platitudinous, tired, run-of-the-mill, commonplace
      View synonyms
    2. 2.2 Denoting or relating to cinematic footage that can be regularly used in different productions, typically that of outdoor scenes used to add realism to a production shot in an indoor set.
      • ‘Ermey and his crew travel around to a lot of different locations, as well as depending on stock footage from time to time, so the original film elements tend to vary in quality.’
      • ‘When the story heads over to Europe, it tries to take us to London and then across the continent to Austria, all using stock footage and local Portland locations.’
      • ‘Establishing shots and stock footage of the ships at Le Havre are uniformly muddy, grainy, and prone to flicker.’
      • ‘To create an opening for the video, stock footage shots of the campus were edited together into an additional sequence.’
      • ‘While it is not riddled with defects or scratches, it still looks like lost stock footage from a rotting box of ancient newsreels.’
      • ‘All the other effects are minimal, including a nuclear explosion that looks like it was lifted off some stock footage from 1968.’
      • ‘He and his crew travel to many different locations, as well as use stock footage from time to time, so the original film elements tend to vary in quality.’
      • ‘The series has been digitally remastered, which means that most scenes come through as good as new, although much of the stock war footage is faded and grainy.’
      • ‘There are some problems from the original source material, but a lot of this has to do with the abundant stock footage that was used to pad out the episodes.’
      • ‘He even used his international business degree and sold stock film at PineRidge while the show was in pre-production.’
      • ‘This would use drawings, water colours, stock footage, scenes extracted from the transcript of the Trial.’
      • ‘The BBC television series' limited budget may be affectionately referenced with comically chunky spaceship controls and hilarious use of stock footage.’
      • ‘Unlike many other spa travel books, Spa Journeys is not a compilation of promotional literature and stock photos.’
      • ‘To add insult to injury, the same stock footage, like lightning flashes or an owl perched on a branch, is repeated ad nauseam.’
      • ‘This meant split screens, enormous Day-Glo Technicolor sets, stock footage, sixties-style music and fabulous costumes.’
      • ‘In the meantime, the studios tried to minimize costs by way of reduced cast size, reliance on stock footage, and the use of summary chapters.’
      • ‘A good classic cheapie, with laughable monsters and breathtaking stock footage.’
      • ‘We'll use a lot of stock film, some of which you have seen before.’
      • ‘Giant avalanches, tidal waves, and many stock footage scenes of buildings collapsing result.’
      • ‘His direction is competent throughout but totally lacking in imagination, resulting in a movie that looks great but feels like assembled stock footage.’


[with object]
  • 1Have or keep a supply of (a particular product or type or product) available for sale.

    ‘most supermarkets now stock a range of organic produce’
    • ‘His nursery stocks many unusual plants and he is constantly hunting for rare and interesting specimens.’
    • ‘Manufacturers can become upset when retailers who they see as not having the appropriate brand image attempt to stock these products or, worse, offer them at discounted prices.’
    • ‘If all the locking devices you carry live up to this standard, then you're stocking the right products.’
    • ‘Others offer support directly to the retailers who stock their products.’
    • ‘I make a lot of handmade greetings cards and, while I use all the above shops, they all stock very similar items for people such as myself specialising in paper crafts.’
    • ‘Many stores say they will not bother stocking the product.’
    • ‘The shortbread is seen as a luxury product principally stocked by dollar-based supermarkets.’
    • ‘She did a roaring mail-order trade and stocked her products in ‘fine’ chemists.’
    • ‘To achieve this, fifty retailers in the city must stock Fairtrade products and 25 catering outlets offer food bearing the Fairtrade mark.’
    • ‘Pub culture is essentially adult, but too many establishments now stock drinks with names more suited to the sweet shop.’
    • ‘The High Street giant wants to add potency to its sales performance by stocking products which would really set pulses racing.’
    • ‘Under the terms of the deal, FMI will represent more than 500 Irish producers whose products are stocked in the British retailer's Irish stores.’
    • ‘Barkston has expanded its premises in response to sales growth in the area and to allow it to stock new products.’
    • ‘The store will stock this product in addition to their extensive current range of pet foods and products.’
    • ‘It would probably be best if each country had a national distributor that could sell to any outlet, rather than just stocking the products in its own shops.’
    • ‘Why should big supermarkets stock a product that many of its customers don't know?’
    • ‘Dollar General needs about six people to work each of the 695 stores it plans to open this year, to run cash registers, stock products and manage.’
    • ‘It turns out that places like Bed, Bath and Beyond actually stock products for just such a problem.’
    • ‘By stocking turkey-hunting products, dealers can serve multiple types of hunters.’
    • ‘The borough recently found out it has been awarded Fairtrade status after local restaurants, cafes and supermarkets rallied around and started to stock the products.’
    • ‘Supermarkets have said they will stock the products but they have also indicated their decision would be swayed by consumer confidence.’
    sell, market
    View synonyms
    1. 1.1 Provide or fill with goods, items, or a supply of something.
      ‘I must stock up the fridge’
      • ‘But the paramedics are qualified to deal with any emergency and their Renault Scenic car with lights and sirens is stocked with the same kit as an ambulance, minus a stretcher.’
      • ‘Sailors and workers alike worked steadily removing wares from importing ships while stocking products for exporting vessels.’
      • ‘Our medicine cabinets are stocked with throat lozenges, painkillers and antiseptic creams designed to restore us to immediate health after the slightest scratch.’
      • ‘He denies the hospitals are in crisis and announced that all public hospitals are fully stocked with medical supplies.’
      • ‘Like any analog-oriented operation, Remote Recording is stocked with loads of outboard gear and 200 microphones from all major manufacturers.’
      • ‘The naval ship's pantry is stocked with wines, baguettes and pate, and its casual dress code is shorts and sandals.’
      • ‘Thanks to my dear mum (often referred to as Yeah-Smother instead of Yes, Mother) my pantry and freezer is stocked with a litany of epicurean failures.’
      • ‘For example, all of Canada's ATMs must be sufficiently stocked with enough actual paper cash every day to ensure that everyone who comes to withdraw some can do so.’
      • ‘Muleteers provide aid stations stocked with Peruvian cheese sandwiches, coca tea, and other energy foods along every trail; camps await runners at the end of each day.’
      • ‘Officials say that hospitals and evacuation centers have been fully stocked with everything necessary to face an emergency.’
      • ‘The Blue Horizon was stocked with a large supply of caffeinated drinks and she was delighted to have so much to live on.’
      • ‘It is also stocked with books, maps, a series of telescopes and ledgers for guests to record distinctive markings of elephants, which are under great watch as overpopulation is an increasing problem.’
      • ‘There are hundreds of stories like Jefferson's on the Westside; practically every household, it seems, is stocked with inhalers and a cupboard full of pills.’
      • ‘The wash-basin area will be stocked with top-of-the-range Molton Brown toiletries, air fresheners and soft fluffy towels.’
      • ‘We took our time wandering through its 24 rooms, which are plentifully stocked with works by famous and less-famous artists who were either born locally or spent most of their lives here.’
      • ‘The small foyer boasts built-in cupboards that are stocked with all the essentials you might need for a straight-from-work weekend away.’
      • ‘He said the games room - which would be stocked with computer, X-box, Game Cube and PlayStation games and terminals - would be the first of its kind in the area.’
      • ‘We slept in twin bedded rooms, with sheets and duvets provided, and the bathrooms were stocked with soap, towels, hair shampoo and dryers.’
      • ‘We expect to see a good deal more of the same as the appeals process commences, and fervently hope the courtroom will be stocked with an adequate supply of tissues.’
      • ‘It must be stocked with her favorite foods, don't you think?’
      supply, provide, equip, furnish, provision
      View synonyms
    2. 1.2stock upno object Amass supplies of something, typically for a particular occasion or purpose.
      ‘I'm stocking up for Christmas’
      ‘you'd better stock up with fuel’
      • ‘Justin and I will stock up on the basic supplies and gather some makeshift weapons.’
      • ‘While stocking up on business supplies, she also continued to amass victories in tae kwon do.’
      • ‘He claimed he had been stocking up on his supplies before prices rose over Christmas.’
      • ‘Still, that hasn't stopped people from panicking and stocking up on supplies.’
      • ‘They stocked up on supplies, including 20 kg of the famous Panama chillies, which are about the size of a small tomato.’
      • ‘American citizens are being advised to prepare emergency provisions and stock up on supplies of water.’
      • ‘We arrived at the last post before the border to stock up on supplies and food-stuffs at about 7am.’
      • ‘All householders will be advised to stock up with reserve supplies of food and bottled water.’
      • ‘International governments begin stocking up on their supply of Tamiflu.’
      • ‘All over the country, shops and garages were invaded by people stocking up on supplies.’
      • ‘With my vast one-time experience, I will tell you to start stocking up on supplies now.’
      • ‘The market was bustling with shoppers stocking up on supplies prior to the Sabbath.’
      • ‘At Fenwick's in Coppergate, store chiefs stocked up on huge supplies of hats in preparation for the week, with race-goers buying headgear right up to the last minute.’
      • ‘Lorries from all over the country come and go, stocking up on salt supplies for any severe weather ahead.’
      • ‘For ten weeks I walked, avoiding roads and towns except to stock up on supplies.’
      • ‘They also used the trip to stock up on baby supplies, which are cheaper in America.’
      • ‘Pittsburgh was a port for settlers heading west to stock up on supplies before moving on.’
      • ‘Long lines quickly formed at grocery stores and gas stations, as worried residents stocked up on supplies.’
      • ‘As a restaurant they had had the foresight to stock up with office supplies.’
      • ‘He set an example by stocking up on essential supplies and installing a woodburning stove and new, double-glazed windows.’
      fill, fill up, load, restock, replenish
      amass supplies of, obtain a store of, buy up, stockpile, lay in, put away, put aside, put down, store up, collect, gather, accumulate, hoard, cache
      View synonyms
  • 2Fit (a rifle or other firearm) with a stock.

    ‘it was a fine gun which he forged, stocked, and completed himself’
    • ‘Normally, I would prefer real wood for stocking a levergun, but this saddle carbine is very attractive and will withstand any type of weather.’
    • ‘Offered in two grades, the American Legend and the Premier Grade, the Dakota shotguns are built and stocked to the customer's specifications.’
    • ‘The guns are stocked with a good grade of Turkish walnut and the barrel selector is on the tang safety, which incidentally is nonautomatic.’
    • ‘The new 84M models are remarkably light for rifles made of steel and stocked in real Claro walnut.’
    • ‘The pistol is ivory stocked of course, with original 1950 Colt medallions massaged neatly into the stock panels.’
    • ‘In the early '50s most rifles, even bolt actions, were stocked for use with iron sights with considerable drop at comb and heel.’
    • ‘The French fusil is stocked in a nice grade of curly maple, the English fowler wears a very attractive stock of quilted maple.’


  • in (or out of) stock

    • (of goods) available (or unavailable) for immediate sale in a shop.

      ‘we can order the book if we don't have it in stock’
      • ‘Most of the shops have them in stock in thread sizes to fit the different shoe brands.’
      • ‘Site visitors can also check inventory in real time, so they know immediately whether a product is available or out of stock.’
      • ‘You can substitute a goat for the camel should dromederies be out of stock at your local shopping emporium.’
      • ‘She found a shop that stocks school attire but they had no navy in stock and she was promised a pair would be ordered for Monday.’
      • ‘This is an opportunity for consumers to see what their local gallery and frame shop has in stock.’
      • ‘Any items not in stock may be ordered for customers and will be available within forty eight hours.’
      • ‘The pashmina scarf he wants for his mother is not in stock at the government shops.’
      • ‘Christmas cards are now in stock in the Lifeboat Shop at the Dunmore Lifeboat Station.’
      • ‘On average, the 20 Sainsbury shops had three items out of stock - more than double the industry average.’
      • ‘Replicas were made by studio assistants of his most successful works and kept in stock for possible sale.’
      for sale, on sale, available, on the shelf
      View synonyms
  • on the stocks

    • In construction or preparation.

      ‘also on the stocks is a bill to bring about tax relief for these businesses’
      • ‘None of the Tablet PCs on the stocks fall into that category, not even the Crusoe prototype, which claims dismal endurance of four hours.’
      • ‘Reading from a forthcoming novel, one of several he has on the stocks, he recalled the terrible things writers must endure in the name of research.’
      • ‘Next on the stocks is Admiral Nelson's Victory.’
      • ‘And while it is well-known the Queen Mother's funeral arrangements have been in place almost 20 years ago, it is less well-understood that many newspapers have had special supplements on the stocks for several years.’
      • ‘There is not too much substantive legislation on the stocks that has lasted for that period of time.’
      • ‘Soon, though, he had so many screenplays on the stocks he employed a ghost-writer to help him out.’
      • ‘But he is now fighting back, with a number of exciting new projects on the stocks, and the managing director has high hopes for the future.’
      • ‘His seal of approval was the final hurdle for a deal that has been on the stocks for several years.’
      • ‘Its owners had only briefly, when it was still on the stocks and in very small print, ever advertised it as such, and similar claims were made at the same time for other ships.’
      • ‘Does this mean that there's a recipe book on the stocks?’
  • put stock in

    • often with negativeHave a specified amount of belief or faith in.

      ‘I don't put much stock in modern medicine’
      • ‘But if you put stock in the observations of the people who know about these things - in this case, the swimmers who have seen him up close - you can come to only one conclusion: He's a legend at 17.’
      • ‘Sitting and visiting with him during the free-agency period got he excited because he put stock in the belief that if they captured that one key guy, the next free agent you went after would be that much easier to reel in.’
      • ‘With once-trailblazing American radio stations in a ClearChannel headlock, it's exciting to see record companies still putting stock in the ability of real live DJs to break new singles.’
      • ‘Is there any basis for putting stock in that new story?’
      • ‘There was again no reason to put stock in Pakistan's sincerity.’
      • ‘He is also the kind of person who puts stock in motivational words that might roll off someone else.’
      • ‘She no longer put stock in the psychologist's opinion.’
      • ‘Nor should a person put much stock in published breed descriptions that do not mention genetic difficulties in a breed.’
      • ‘I like the faith issue even though it's not one I put stock in, as the film has it.’
      • ‘The Red Wings are the easy Stanley Cup pick for anyone who puts stock in the return of the Dominator behind a great defense.’
  • stock and station

    • Denoting a firm or agent dealing in farm products and supplies.

      • ‘She also placed the bulk orders with stock and station agents and hired or fired the staff.’
      • ‘A stock and station agent in Cowra in New South Wales is watching his industry change before his eyes’
      • ‘The wool industry employs a large part of our community - stock and station agents, shearers, employees in transport companies, shipping firms, auction houses, vehicle sales, and many others that pertain to that industry.’
      • ‘In order to comply with the legislation, stock and station agents must, when requested to do so, disclose to an inspector what could sometimes be considered confidential information.’
      • ‘We're joined by a stock and station agent who has been in the Orange area for a number of years to tell us all about livestock markets, from yardings to prices and everything in between.’
  • take stock

    • Make an overall assessment of a particular situation, typically before making a decision.

      ‘he needed a period of peace and quiet in order to take stock of his life’
      • ‘You need to spend more time getting still and taking stock of your true feelings, dreams and concerns.’
      • ‘Times like these also remind us of the need to take stock of our overall financial picture, from insurance to record-keeping to wills.’
      • ‘As a military officer, I'm trained to take stock of my situation constantly.’
      • ‘In accordance with its key decisions, the Forum has decided that a national level delegation would be soon visiting Gujarat to take stock of the situation.’
      • ‘I could imagine that any of these would cause air traffic control to pause for a few minutes to take stock of the situation and decide whether to proceed with caution.’
      • ‘It is time that we feel being a part of this huge churning and take stock of our situation with our own indigenous faculties and not borrowed or make-believe perceptions.’
      • ‘Rather than worry about health, finances, official details and relationships at this point, it's best to take stock of situations and act now.’
      • ‘The aim of strategic assessment is to take stock of the current business situation with a view to realizing the strategic intent.’
      • ‘A team of Ministry of Agriculture today visited 10 villages to take stock of the draught-like situation and assess crop loss caused due to it.’
      • ‘Policy makers should take stock of the vulnerable situation and embark on a proactive and constructive approach to realise the virtues of Rule of Law and of egalitarian society.’
      review, assess, reassess, weigh up, appraise, evaluate, re-evaluate, look carefully at, make an appraisal of
      View synonyms


Old English stoc(c) ‘trunk, block of wood, post’, of Germanic origin; related to Dutch stok and German Stock ‘stick’. The notion ‘store, fund’ ( stock (sense 1 of the noun and stock sense 2 of the noun)) arose in late Middle English and is of obscure origin, perhaps expressing ‘growth from a central stem’ or ‘firm foundation’.