Definition of stimulus in English:

stimulus

noun

  • 1A thing or event that evokes a specific functional reaction in an organ or tissue.

    ‘areas of the brain which respond to auditory stimuli’
    • ‘In mice, one way to get around this problem is by engineering animals that can only respond to a given stimulus in a single cell type.’
    • ‘There may even be some spontaneous movement in response to stimuli such as loud noises or pain.’
    • ‘State anxiety is a transitory state, which occurs in response to a stimulus and is likely to vary in intensity as a function of the stimulus.’
    • ‘They are conditioned to respond to an auditory stimulus by, for example, dropping a block when a sound is heard through earphones.’
    • ‘However, the primary stimulus for cytokine secretion during cardiac illness remains unknown.’
    • ‘Pain perception begins at the receptor site that responds to damaging stimuli.’
    • ‘One explanation for this might be that athletes develop cutaneous blood vessels that respond more to vasodilatory stimuli.’
    • ‘However, reaction times to visual stimuli were faster after using a mobile phone.’
    • ‘The Tullio phenomenon represents vestibular symptoms and/or eye movements evoked by a sound stimulus.’
    • ‘In patients with primary sodium retention, the afferent stimuli are suppressed.’
    • ‘The sensation of respiratory symptoms has to exceed a certain threshold before a nociceptive stimulus is perceived.’
    • ‘Herein, we would like to add activating a topic receptor as a proapoptotic stimulus for its cells in the Table.’
    • ‘Local stimulation by distension along the body of the esophagus will elicit a peristaltic wave at the stimulus site.’
    • ‘A cascade of events must occur for the neurotransmitter stimulus to lead to cellular response.’
    • ‘They had slower reaction times for visual and auditory stimuli, as well as subtle chorea, dystonia, and nystagmus.’
    • ‘The neurogenic stimulus did not alter albumin exudation in any group.’
    • ‘The stimuli evoked pain in the control subjects and the patients with psoriasis.’
    • ‘The combination of visual and auditory stimuli is intriguing as well for the audience.’
    • ‘A number of studies suggest that arousal may be provoked by respiratory stimuli.’
    • ‘Many other animals have sense organs that can detect stimuli beyond the confines of the human senses.’
    1. 1.1A thing that arouses activity or energy in someone or something; a spur or incentive.
      ‘if the tax were abolished, it would act as a stimulus to exports’
      • ‘It was possible that the injection of cash into communities would raise the level of demand for basic commodities and could act as an economic stimulus.’
      • ‘And given the strength of the dollar, the US economy will not receive a stimulus from increased exports.’
      • ‘America's goods and services become cheaper abroad so it acts as a stimulus for the US economy.’
      • ‘It also acted as a stimulus for Britain to modernise her outdated Royal Air Force.’
      • ‘Other forms of export could also act as a stimulus for national economies.’
      • ‘Yet a powerful stimulus for the country's new leaders of all communities is the realisation that they must hang together if they are not to hang separately.’
      • ‘All of this will be billed as a stimulus package to boost economic growth.’
      • ‘A key factor in the second half, given the loss of fiscal stimulus and rising energy prices, will be consumer spending.’
      • ‘Also, if devaluation acts as a stimulus for growth in America this could have a positive knock-on effect in the rest of the world.’
      • ‘However, the euro could also act as a stimulus for economic harmonization, and for the liberalization of labour and capital markets.’
      • ‘The present out and out secularism of the state could prove to be a stimulus to genuine ecumenism.’
      • ‘But the notion that the profit motive can adequately replace the public-service ethic as the stimulus for helping the old and sick is less than a joke.’
      • ‘She said a bid would provide a huge stimulus for elite sport and also boost efforts to encourage it at grassroots level.’
      • ‘A researcher at the university found that the medical event itself is a stimulus for patients to quit smoking.’
      • ‘A specific stimulus gets specific reactions and that's what he teaches his students to use on their horse.’
      • ‘Clearly it fuels an enormous boost in prestige for the country, gives a further stimulus to its strongly growing economy and plants the seal on its policies of reform and opening up.’
      • ‘It needs fresh conflict, drama, the torrent of social stimuli that rouses it to activity.’
      • ‘Together these monetary and fiscal stimuli will help to boost growth in the fourth quarter, he says.’
      • ‘The stimulus for the activity may be an important dinner party, a new boss to impress, or, in the case of professional chefs, a new book or television programme to fill.’
      • ‘The introduction of these two players acted as a positive stimulus for the home team and a stream of chances were created.’
    2. 1.2[in singular]An interesting and exciting quality.
      ‘she loved the stimulus of the job’
      • ‘But in a way a big part of the stimulus of the job has been to be faced with repertoire that somebody else has chosen.’
      • ‘In this age of constant stimulus, Larivière posits that we're more in love with the images of our partners than the people themselves.’
      • ‘You need non-partner stimulus from friends (or classes, or an engaging job or hobby).’
      • ‘It's not, I believe, the stress of their old job that kills them but the sudden withdrawal of mental stimulus.’

Origin

Late 17th century: from Latin, goad, spur, incentive.

Pronunciation:

stimulus

/ˈstɪmjʊləs/