Definition of sternum in English:

sternum

noun

Anatomy
  • 1The breastbone.

    • ‘In great detail the differences are laid out between the male and female skull, spine, clavicle, sternum, coccyx, and pelvis.’
    • ‘Surgical closure of the sternum is often accomplished with stainless steel wires, but other techniques are being investigated.’
    • ‘Brown missed time with a bruised sternum at the end of the season.’
    • ‘Now this pretty young woman bears a scar more commonly seen in old men, a neat red line cut by surgeons from her collarbone down her sternum.’
    • ‘The 22-mm bullet remains lodged in his sternum.’
    • ‘The sternum is then divided allowing the ribs to rotate to the side a few centimeters.’
    • ‘Imagine a straight line running from your chin to your sternum to your pubic bone.’
    • ‘If it divides higher than usual, it may incline to the left rising in front of the trachea above the sternum.’
    • ‘The wires holding the sternum together are permanent, but the stitches closing the wound will gradually dissolve.’
    • ‘Bleeding was noted when the patient was returned to the operating room for repair of the sternum.’
    • ‘A roll is placed under the patient's shoulders to elevate and level his or her sternum.’
    • ‘Lastly, place your hands on your chest, between your sternum and your collarbones.’
    • ‘In the supine position, the arm should be supported on a pillow to raise it above the level of the heart, which is situated about halfway between the bed and the sternum.’
    • ‘The pedestrian suffered a fractured sternum and wrists but is now recovering at home.’
    • ‘This is the spot where the bar will enter the chest cavity and rest under the sternum providing support to the reconfigured chest wall.’
    • ‘The artery may obliquely cross the lower part of the trachea above the level of the sternum.’
    • ‘In addition, the rib cage attaches the sternum in front to the vertebral column behind.’
    • ‘Figuring I'd give people fair warning before I started bruising sternums, I cleared my throat.’
    • ‘He suffered severe cuts and bruises and a cracked sternum.’
    • ‘The second woman had dislocated her collarbone from her sternum, which rapidly began to swell.’
    breast, upper body, body, torso, trunk
    View synonyms
    1. 1.1Zoology A thickened ventral plate on each segment of the body of an arthropod.
      • ‘Examination of the sterna and abdomina of these crabs permitted identification of mature and immature males and females.’
      • ‘After cutting the pleural membrane between the sterna and terga, it was possible to remove the entire genital apparatus with a fine-tipped forceps.’
      • ‘The broadness of the portunid sternum allows the appendages to project well beyond the lateral margins of the carapace and is an adaptation to the swimming habit which most portunids exhibit.’

Origin

Mid 17th century: modern Latin, from Greek sternon ‘chest’.

Pronunciation

sternum

/ˈstəːnəm/