Definition of start in English:



  • 1[no object] Begin or be reckoned from a particular point in time or space; come into being.

    ‘the season starts in September’
    ‘we ate before the film started’
    ‘below Roaring Springs the real desert starts’
    • ‘The gates will open at 4.45 pm, one hour before the concert starts.’
    • ‘There was some time left before the lesson started and an idea suddenly occurred to me.’
    • ‘With plenty of stretching and running the players will be fit and raring to go when the season starts at Old Trafford in August.’
    • ‘‘The season starts now,’ he says, before reeling off the names of almost his entire squad.’
    • ‘The blaze started at 8pm, when it appears Eddie accidentally put a magazine on top of a lit candle.’
    • ‘Psoriatic arthritis can start suddenly or slowly, and may affect only one joint or many.’
    • ‘As suddenly as it had started, the music stopped and there was a babble of conversation.’
    • ‘Sliding Sands Trail starts at the Haleakala Visitor Center parking lot and drops 2,500 feet in 4 miles.’
    • ‘The New Wimbledon Theatre's own summer season starts at the end of August, with a two-week run of The King and I.’
    • ‘In February demolition work started, and the building was gutted, leaving just the shell.’
    • ‘The 20 mph zone will start at the point in North Street, where the road meets Bryans Close Road.’
    • ‘My brother kept the vehicle going, and the storm eased as suddenly as it had started.’
    • ‘Training camp for officials begins Friday, and the regular season starts Nov. 2.’
    • ‘Excavation at the Seymour site is expected to start by the end of this month.’
    • ‘Ideally, you should decide your lighting scheme before any building work has started.’
    • ‘Each ride will start at Pendle Leisure Centre in Colne at 11 am and will include a cafe-stop.’
    • ‘The rain stops as suddenly as it started but the streets still swirl with water.’
    • ‘Because fires can start anywhere smoke alarms are ideal for early detection.’
    • ‘The film starts at 7.45 pm and there will be a smoking ban during the performance.’
    • ‘Mr Hainsworth said a £5.2 million refurbishment would start at the store in October.’
    begin, get under way, go ahead, get going
    come into being, begin, be born, come into existence, appear, arrive, come forth, emerge, erupt, burst out, arise, originate, break, unfold, develop, crop up, first see the light of day
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    1. 1.1Embark on a continuing action or a new venture.
      ‘I'm starting on a new book’
      [with infinitive or present participle] ‘I started to chat to him’
      ‘we plan to start building in the autumn’
      • ‘I should continue what I started and take more classes so I can get a certificate out of it.’
      • ‘Ronnie made his way to the bottom of the stairs and started to crawl up them.’
      • ‘He started attending drama classes at 19 while working in a factory job he hated.’
      • ‘As we approached the coast we started to fly over buildings and roads, growing denser the closer we got to the airport.’
      • ‘The baby starts kicking and Claire moves her hand on to her stomach.’
      • ‘I've also started job hunting, and there's an incredible choice of jobs in this city.’
      • ‘To her surprise, the nobleman started to laugh and he continued to laugh for some time.’
      • ‘He started to move to the front door, but was stopped short as a coughing fit hit him.’
      • ‘Jason jumped up and started to go upstairs to his room with the box of shoes in his hand.’
      • ‘Dylan turned around, took a deep breath, and surprised Riley by starting to cry.’
      • ‘As we started to leave the building, we ran into Vince and had a brief meeting with him.’
      • ‘As firefighters started to drag the door out of the way, there was a sudden ignition of petrol vapour causing a fireball.’
      • ‘As soon as the envelope arrived, Logan had started planning how he'd spend the money.’
      • ‘Stas and Anton came running out of the building and we started to run towards what I think was Juhani's place.’
      • ‘After the game, he told me he wanted to start weight training to be the best that he could be.’
      • ‘The kids who live in the house next door to us have started to learn the recorder.’
      • ‘The band, having recognised the song, started to play, building up to the crescendo.’
      • ‘I am happy to go back to Canada and start furnishing and living in our new house.’
      • ‘Riley starts to push me forward, but I turn around and push his hands off of me.’
      • ‘As we started to travel to the beach I noticed a lake of over 4 acres on our left-hand side.’
      make a start, begin, make a beginning, take the first step, lay the first stone, make the first move, get going, go ahead, set things moving, take something forward, buckle down, buckle to, turn to, put one's shoulder to the wheel, put one's hand to the plough, get the ball rolling, set the ball rolling, start the ball rolling
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    2. 1.2Use a particular point, action, or circumstance as an opening for a course of action.
      ‘the teacher can start by capitalizing on children's curiosity’
      ‘I shall start with the case you mention first’
      • ‘Anyone trying to get their head around pensions needs to start by understanding how the basic state pension works.’
      • ‘So I decided to start by flushing out the things I am inspired to write about.’
      • ‘You could start by going to her book blog, which is a valuable resource in itself, or you can go to the book's own web site and work on from there.’
      • ‘We looked at all the items that had to be contained in the space, and started simply by making a list.’
      • ‘Let us start with Skipton Woods, this I know belongs to The Woodland Trust.’
      • ‘It is often best to start by introducing the puppy to the smell of the other animal.’
      • ‘Firstly, we ranked treatments by mean cost, starting from the least costly.’
      • ‘In the 1970s Segal began selling space to employees, starting with his nephew Ron Herman.’
      • ‘You could start by going back to their fine debut, last year's Gallowsbird's Bark.’
      • ‘You can start by looking at the list of resources at the back of the book.’
      • ‘Can you start by introducing yourself and the core members of the development team?’
      • ‘I would like to start by making a comment on the amendment that Mr Adams has put forward.’
      • ‘Let me start by saying I have absolutely no idea why I called him Kevin.’
      • ‘So if you want to have a crack at rockabilly, you can start with a few free lyrics and chords from the band's albums.’
      • ‘At a deep philosophical level, we could start by questioning the very basis of our consumer society.’
      • ‘Can I start by saying good afternoon to both of you, Ms Black and Ms Adams.’
      • ‘Let me first of all introduce to you the panelists for this evening and I'll start with Mike Palmer.’
      • ‘You start by nibbling on first rate home-baked rolls - granary, herb or dusted with sea salt.’
      • ‘You start with the conclusion and work back from there to make the news and opinion fit.’
      • ‘If Swindon council really is intent on saving money, it could do worse than start by looking at its advertising policy.’
    3. 1.3[no object, with adverbial of direction]Begin to move or travel.
      ‘we started out into the snow’
      ‘he started for the door’
      • ‘She starts for the stairs and this time, she hears their footsteps behind her.’
      • ‘She took one last look at her bedroom, before starting down the stairs.’
      • ‘He started up the stairs, leaving Gabrielle, obviously expecting her to follow.’
      • ‘I started towards the double doors, thinking that I should explain in person.’
      • ‘Gently closing the door behind her she started down the stairs rubbing her eyes free from sleep as she did so.’
      • ‘The tall man reached the stairs and started down them, both Nisren and Elleen in tow.’
      • ‘Renfrew started forward, suddenly aware that he had not just been talking to himself.’
      • ‘The loud silver Chevy arrived and the two girls jumped out and started for the truck he was in.’
      • ‘He started up the stairs, with me in tow, bags and all.’
      • ‘She had started toward the stairs when she saw her father asleep in his favorite chair.’
      • ‘Closing the door he started down the stairs once more, planning to go out to the tree house.’
      • ‘He followed her out the door and grabbed her arm before she started down the stairs.’
      • ‘However, just as the twins were starting down the stairs, a cry roared down the hall.’
      • ‘Rick started toward the door of the medical bay and entered the white room.’
      • ‘I opened it and saw all the food and scooped it into my arms and started toward the stairs.’
      • ‘Daren moved and then got up and started toward the door not saying anything to Kristen.’
      • ‘Satisfied, Arlie started back up the stairs, but curiosity got the better of her.’
      • ‘As he starts up the stairs, Harrison asks him where he is going.’
      • ‘Suddenly curious, Rayne starts forward, eager to discover what the shop contained.’
      • ‘Moira nodded in agreement and we both started down the stairs to talk to the guys.’
      set off, set out, start out, set forth, begin one's journey, get on the road, depart, leave, get under way, make a start, sally forth, embark, sail
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    4. 1.4[with object]Begin to engage in (an occupation), live through (a period), or attend (an educational establishment)
      ‘she will start school today’
      ‘he started work at a travel agent’
      ‘they started their married life’
      • ‘The card is aimed at fresh university graduates or those starting their first jobs.’
      • ‘Sally Tomkins, 43, is a full-time mother from Bolton who wanted to buy a computer for her son before he starts university in October.’
      • ‘She starts kindergarten today at Riverside Presbyterian Day School.’
      • ‘When her children started school she began to look for a job in the tourism area.’
      • ‘Jin called and told me he's starting third grade in a week or two and that he wished I was there to make him feel better.’
      • ‘The scheme is aimed at alleviating some of the initial costs people face when they start work after a period of unemployment.’
      • ‘The state pools the money and invests it, then pays tuition when the child starts college.’
      • ‘Trouble continued on the land in Ireland when Gladstone started his second ministry in 1880.’
      • ‘Lisa has just started her third level studies in Galway and is wished every success.’
      • ‘They are set to start work today and will follow recommendations from the Office of the Deputy Prime Minister.’
      • ‘For someone who started her serious acting career as a mother, Suhasini has no regrets.’
      • ‘This week primary school teacher Mrs Trainor held a meeting for parents of children who will be starting primary school in September.’
      • ‘Best wishes also to all who are going to Third Level, starting an Apprenticeship or beginning a new job.’
      • ‘She started night classes in 1997 and quickly developed a taste for medieval and early modern history.’
      • ‘The girls all want to start part-time work to begin saving for overseas travel.’
      • ‘Most of the members started their Guiding careers in the Brownies, and Marjorie is no exception.’
      • ‘However, I really should catch up with the girls before they start their promising careers.’
      • ‘And now the man who started cutting hair as a boy is beginning to out-Sassoon Vidal.’
      • ‘Undergraduates starting their studies at York St John College are worried about the lack of junior posts available to complete their training.’
      • ‘And it also makes me worry, because he was starting his postdoc when I was barely in my thesis lab.’
    5. 1.5Begin one's working life.
      ‘he started as a mess orderly’
      ‘he started off as doctor in the house’
      • ‘He started off as a monk, then when he met the prerequisites he started down the path of a technology monk.’
      • ‘He started in theatre and began getting involved in film productions nine years ago.’
      • ‘Some of our leading politicians started their political careers from there.’
    6. 1.6Cost at least a specified amount.
      ‘fees start at £300’
      • ‘A detached stone cottage to the north of the region will start at about £160,000.’
      • ‘Prices start at #20 for two fish but includes catch and release on the main loch should you reach your limit.’
      • ‘A basic bed, shower and toilet will start at £10 a night, plus the cost of disposable linen.’
      • ‘Double rooms start at Ã125 per room per night, but it's always worth checking for special deals.’
      • ‘Prices start at £185 per night for a suite with a Chelsea view, based on one or two people sharing.’
      • ‘Prices invariably start at Rs.500 and that is probably for a gaudy or a beady look on a slipper.’
  • 2[with object] Cause to happen or begin.

    ‘two men started the blaze’
    ‘those women started all the trouble’
    ‘I'm starting a campaign to get the law changed’
    • ‘Yet what Petronzi knew was that many others would use the Heysel link as an excuse to start trouble.’
    • ‘The blazes are believed to have been deliberately started by children.’
    • ‘The developers want to start work on the site at the end of this year, with a view to opening in 2006.’
    • ‘I was a bit worried that it might all get too hot and start a fire before then.’
    • ‘The blaze was accidentally started by welders working on the building.’
    • ‘Prior to starting transmission, the device would monitor the radio environment for a radar's presence.’
    • ‘Wherever they take their instruments and PVC trousers, these Bond dames seem to start trouble.’
    • ‘Developers can start work on the site once they have met the conditions of their application.’
    • ‘Developers will start work on skateparks in Braintree and Witham in less than two weeks.’
    • ‘This means you are the one who starts and continues the conversation.’
    • ‘A caretaker has been praised after he tackled one of three suspicious blazes which were started at a secondary school.’
    • ‘My father would never start trouble, only try to defend himself if he was in danger.’
    • ‘We could all participate by not starting, or continuing, a conflict with our family, neighbours or work colleagues.’
    • ‘The blaze had been inadvertently started by a mountain climber trying to burn toilet paper on Sunday.’
    • ‘The blaze was started by a cigarette which had not been properly extinguished in the smoking room.’
    • ‘South Wales Police believe the blaze may have been started deliberately after finding two separate seats to the fire.’
    • ‘Fire chiefs believe the blaze may have been started by arsonists.’
    • ‘A Hampshire firefighter became an arsonist so that he would be called out to the blazes he had started himself.’
    • ‘There were also more than 2,000 rubbish blazes started by firebugs in Bradford.’
    • ‘This approval means we can start work on developing the service to make this a reality.’
    • ‘It's no surprise then that he starts most of the fights, and suffers most of the insults, at the hands of his fellow bandmates.’
    establish, set up, found, lay the foundations of, lay the cornerstone of, lay the first stone of, sow the seeds of, create, bring into being, institute, initiate, inaugurate, introduce, open, begin, launch, float, kick-start, put in place, get something off the ground, get something going, get something moving, get something working, get something functioning, activate, originate, pioneer, organize, mastermind, embark on, make a start on, tackle, set about
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    1. 2.1Cause (a machine) to begin to work.
      ‘we had trouble starting the car’
      ‘he starts up his van’
      • ‘He seemed to be having some trouble starting the little cutting machine up.’
      • ‘The owner of the vehicle heard it being started and gave chase in another car.’
      • ‘They targeted luxury cars which, thanks to modern security devices, could not be started without the car keys.’
      • ‘It's quite amazing; the merest hint of a parking ticket is enough to start car engines at almost a hundred metres.’
      • ‘The system also allows for the car to be started by simply pressing a button on the dash.’
      • ‘You'd be surprised at what can be done to make the flight safer before starting the engine’
      • ‘One woman said she had a sense of foreboding while the aircraft was still on the ground because the pilot had trouble starting one of the engines.’
      • ‘Water gushed into the hold space and the captain ordered the pumps started.’
      • ‘I heard the car being started and I hurried back to find Herself backing down the driveway.’
      • ‘Deuterium Boy belted himself in as Chris started the motor and began backing out.’
      • ‘I know the ignition was in the on position but to be honest I don't remember the engine being started.’
      activate, set in motion, switch on, turn on, fire up
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    2. 2.2[no object](of a machine) begin operating or being used.
      ‘the noise of a lorry starting up’
      ‘there was a moment of silence before the organ started’
      • ‘Push the gas down and the engine starts instantly and off you go.’
      • ‘The mechanic had the engine started, peered in and listened to the noise with closed eyes.’
      • ‘There was a muted roar combined with a yelp from Happy as the Turbo jet engine started.’
      • ‘Just as the cart was starting, Kirsten jumped out of the cart.’
      • ‘According to reports, the engine wouldn't start and they couldn't swim to the vessel against the current.’
      • ‘You just potter about quite normally, completely unaware that the engine is starting and stopping constantly.’
      • ‘Twenty seconds later Wendy heard the faint sound of a car engine starting.’
      • ‘The engine finally started by the time the troops were about to jump onto the plane.’
      • ‘The caboose starts suddenly, then eases to a gentle roll.’
      • ‘One day I turned the key, the ignition light came on but the engine didn't start.’
      • ‘They returned to their nearby home, went to bed and shortly afterwards, the car alarm started.’
      • ‘Soon, she heard the engine starting and the sound of the Land Rover rolling out of the driveway.’
      • ‘Once he was inside the sedan, she heard the engine starting and the next moment the car zoomed away.’
      • ‘Several showers of sparks later I made the correct connection and the car started.’
      • ‘Then the engine started and I saw him back out of the driveway and squeal off down the road.’
      • ‘He was already to his Hummer and the engine started when she came out onto the porch and watched him speed off.’
      • ‘What he can do is enter a special code, and the car's engine will not start.’
      • ‘The engine starts at the same revs it was doing before.’
      • ‘The diesel engine starts easily and the first impression of the car is how quiet it is.’
      • ‘She was only vaguely aware of the sound of car engines starting and the flash of headlights illuminating them as they drove by.’
      begin working, start functioning, get going, start operating
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    3. 2.3Cause or enable to begin doing something.
      ‘his father started him off in business’
      [with object and present participle] ‘what he said started me thinking’
      • ‘It was no doubt the arrival of the ZX Spectrum that started him on his career.’
      • ‘She credits childhood reading of Arthur C. Clarke and Isaac Asimov for starting her on her career.’
      • ‘Now, a sports column is nothing more than a springboard, a gig that starts you on your way to becoming a multimedia star.’
      • ‘Willynilly is the game that originally started me writing this book.’
    4. 2.4Give a signal to (competitors) to start in a race.
      • ‘She took centre stage when starting last year's junior race before joining in to raise more cash for Francis House.’
      • ‘He started the first running race and cheered the young athletes on in the warm sunshine.’
      • ‘The De Nardi Colpack rider was not allowed to start the Tour of Lombardy World Cup race.’
      • ‘Then he starts a Slam Dunk competition between Vince Carter and Tracy McGrady.’
  • 3[no object] Jerk or give a small jump from surprise or alarm.

    ‘‘Oh my!’ she said, starting’
    • ‘She started and jumped up, looking at Tobias with an expression that was close to fright.’
    • ‘The closed door opened suddenly and Angel started but it was only a rather small woman.’
    • ‘When we broke apart the next time, she started suddenly, as if coming out of a dream.’
    • ‘Cinaed started slightly in surprise as he heard the door he had set his back to start to open.’
    • ‘Everyone started, surprised, until they realised it had been the Queen speaking.’
    flinch, jerk, jump, twitch, recoil, shrink, blench, wince, shy
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    1. 3.1literary [no object, with adverbial of direction]Move or appear suddenly.
      ‘she had seen Meg start suddenly from a thicket’
      jump, leap, spring, bound, dash, charge, pounce, dive, rush, dart
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    2. 3.2(of eyes) bulge so as to appear to burst out of their sockets.
      ‘his eyes started out of his head like a hare's’
      • ‘She looked at me with her round eyes starting from her face, and then turned over her shoulder to see if her gasp had alerted anyone.’
      • ‘Then she came wriggling back, with repentant doleful eyes starting upward and a knife behind her back.’
    3. 3.3Be displaced or displace by pressure or shrinkage.
      [no object] ‘the mortar in the joints had started’
      • ‘The seas continuously swept over her, and finally started the seams in her decks, washed off the tarpaulins which had been placed over the hatches and battened down, and resulted in great damage to the wheat from the sea water pouring over it through the deck seams and hatches of the ship.’
      • ‘It was nothing to explain the leakage - the wrecking of the upper works had warped the hull and started the seams - and, for a little, 'twas nothing, with patches and a hose laid to the steam pump, to keep the water back.’
    4. 3.4[with object]Rouse (game) from its lair.


  • 1The point in time or space at which something has its origin; the beginning.

    ‘he takes over as chief executive at the start of next year’
    ‘the event was a shambles from start to finish’
    ‘his bicycle was found close to the start of a forest trail’
    • ‘That is a pretty devastating turnaround from the initial outlook at the start of the year.’
    • ‘When crunching, keep your abdominal muscles contracted from the start to finish of each move.’
    • ‘This hole is the start of a project initiated to commemorate the millennium for the people of Trowbridge.’
    • ‘He makes a point of being on playground duty at the start and finish of the school day, so parents can bring any concerns to him.’
    • ‘The start and finish of this linear route are poorly served by public transport.’
    • ‘From start to finish the whole operation was ill-conceived, hurriedly executed and bungled.’
    • ‘What is needed is immediate end to confrontation and start of positive engagement.’
    • ‘Chelsea seized the initiative from the start, and might have scored in the seventh minute.’
    • ‘It was an ill omen at the start of the journey, but the trek couldn't be postponed any longer.’
    • ‘However, this would result in the balances being in a worse position than at the start of the financial year.’
    • ‘At the start of my third hour I suddenly recalled that I had not eaten for seven hours.’
    • ‘From start to finish, the treatment of the defendants was a travesty of legal due process.’
    • ‘After having accepted the invite, two hours before the start of the game he phoned me to say he wasn't coming.’
    • ‘The film will show the work from its start, through its construction to its delivery to the stadium.’
    • ‘At its Monday session, the Constitutional Court inaugurated the start of the case.’
    • ‘The committee has no rigid rules for determining the start or finish of a business cycle.’
    • ‘They are at the start of a long journey, and must be given the benefit of the doubt.’
    • ‘Thirty hours after the start of treatment the cells were harvested and micronucleus slides were prepared.’
    • ‘After plenty of rain over the preceding 24 hours, the start of play was delayed to allow a wet outfield to improve.’
    • ‘It was the close to the start of my first semester of my senior year at Sequioa High School.’
    origin, source, root, starting point, germ, seeds, beginning, genesis
    beginning, inception, onset, emergence, arrival, eruption, dawn, birth
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    1. 1.1The point or moment at which a race begins.
      ‘make sure you are not over the line at the start’
      • ‘Anyone arriving later than 10.30 am is unlikely to get into the estate in time for the race start.’
      • ‘The early evening kick-off saw a number of players stranded in rush hour traffic and the start was delayed.’
      • ‘Participants are urged to arrive at least an hour before the start, and say parking will be available in a field at the hall.’
      • ‘John Pawson missed the start of the second race, having damaged his fin and forced to make a quick repair.’
      • ‘I lost a lot of time at the start of the race and I tried to close the gap as much as possible.’
      • ‘The race start was delayed four times on the Saturday, as there was a complete lack of wind for the ships to sail.’
      • ‘It begins with a mass start and the aim is simply to cross the finishing line first.’
      • ‘Injuries forced the lineup to change three times prior to the start of the race.’
      • ‘I flew up this morning from Philadelphia and just made it in time for the start of the race.’
      • ‘Cricket commitments meant that I was always going to be an hour late for the start.’
      • ‘Judging by the shape of the first corner, the start of the race could be interesting.’
      • ‘I was very aggressive at the start and during the race I tried to defend my second place and to not do any mistake.’
      • ‘The exact course was a secret until about three hours before the start of the race.’
      • ‘The heavy rain held up the start for an hour and a half and left sodden fairways and greens to add to the golfers' worries.’
      • ‘It was a magnificent sight to see so many participants surging through the Claddagh at the start of the race.’
      • ‘It can get a bit crowded at the start of a race and the potential for a crash is significant.’
      • ‘So last Saturday Fell Foot was a country traffic jam as 491 runners arrived at the race start.’
      • ‘However today my race was really over when I stalled the car at the start and had to begin my race from the pit lane.’
      • ‘There was a considerable delay to the start of the race due to a knock to First Row.’
      • ‘He ate, drank and stretched and at 9am lined up at the start, to begin his second marathon.’
      • ‘He bustled Ouija Board into fifth soon after the start and held his position until the field quickened down the back stretch.’
    2. 1.2An act of beginning to do or deal with something.
      ‘I can make a start on cleaning up’
      ‘an early start enabled us to avoid the traffic’
      • ‘The classical style requires an early start at an age young enough for the body to adapt to its demanding range of movement.’
      • ‘A year earlier a start had been made on dismantling the batteries, and seventeen electric cabs were scrapped.’
      • ‘Flying Lyric is held in high regard by Woods and looks the sort of horse to enjoy a useful campaign after a promising start.’
      • ‘The animals are at their most active in a morning and an early start will be well rewarded.’
      • ‘The home side made a good start with early scores and were well in command for the first half.’
      • ‘Amir made a positive start and took the fight to his experienced opponent.’
      • ‘Obviously I am disappointed as I had a great start and was really building on my lead.’
      • ‘An early start enables a two-dive morning trip to be back on the beach before mid-day.’
      • ‘This of course is where Willy Brandt comes in, so it's a useful start for my work on Democracy.’
      • ‘Pawson made a bad start and Hardy established a significant lead by the windward mark and went on to win.’
      • ‘Once again, the little convoy got an early start, and by nine, they had covered over twenty miles.’
      • ‘Defending champion Justin Rose made a disappointing start as he finished on one over par.’
      • ‘Okocha made a lively start, creating chances for himself and his new colleagues.’
      • ‘We make an immediate start to constructing a coal-fired power station in Fife.’
      • ‘An early start will enable you to compensate for the inevitable traffic jam or late taxi.’
      • ‘On what was to be the last days fishing of that holiday, Val and I had decided to make an early start and fish up at Flix.’
      • ‘His weight alarmed the club's coaching staff and led to a sluggish start to the season.’
      • ‘At Dudley they got away to a reasonable start, Paul Bailey giving them a third minute lead with a penalty.’
      • ‘Michael made a good start and remained in third into the first corner on the half wet half dry circuit.’
      • ‘Along with her fellow climbers, Katrina will have to make an early start before the clouds come in.’
      • ‘Proposals for the resurfacing of Fishergate are well advanced and we are hopeful for an early start to the work there.’
    3. 1.3Used to indicate that a useful initial contribution has been made but that more remains to be done.
      ‘if he would tell her who had put him up to it, it would be a start’
      • ‘It doesn't need to be done every 15 minutes, like News, but every 6 hours would be a start.’
      • ‘It is a small step, but it is a start at shaping a positive image of nursing in young minds.’
      • ‘This year's programme is only the start and it'll be subject to review.’
      • ‘I think this might be a good start for building something more solid with your mother.’
      • ‘Going to the gym for an hour is a great start, but what about the rest of the day?’
      • ‘It is a good start to try to deal with the difficulties around medical mishaps.’
      • ‘Making the concept a reality was just the start, Browne also had to sell it.’
    4. 1.4A person's position or circumstances at the beginning of their life.
      ‘she's anxious to give her baby the best start in life’
      • ‘When you are pregnant, you can give your baby the best start in life by refusing to use tobacco, alcohol and other drugs, including over-the-counter medications, unless ordered by your doctor.’
      • ‘The children have overcome their shaky start in life and all three love performing and dancing to Indian music.’
      • ‘Ensuring that all young children have the best possible start in life with quality education is essential.’
      • ‘And how can we make sure they're getting the best possible start in life?’
      • ‘But, vital as good maternity services are, they're only one part of the picture when it comes to giving our children the best possible start in life.’
      advantageous beginning, flying start, opening, opportunity, chance, helping hand, encouragement, lift, assistance, support, boost, kick-start
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    5. 1.5An advantage consisting in having set out in a race or on a journey earlier than one's rivals.
      ‘he had a ninety-minute start on them’
      • ‘Sulamani was not too well away and gave most of his rivals plenty of start.’
      • ‘The limit riders headed off with a 23 minute start, but were caught at about the half way mark several kilometres after Mokepilly.’
      • ‘His oldest brother, Tory, would give him an hour's head start before following in his car.’
      • ‘It world take forever to find the pair in town, especially with nearly an hour head start.’
      • ‘The senior race also climbs to this summit, the first of five they have to climb (the juniors only do one), and with a five minute start the first junior usually beats the first senior to the top.’
      lead, head start, advantage, advantageous position
      View synonyms
  • 2A sudden movement of surprise or alarm.

    ‘she awoke with a start’
    ‘the woman gave a nervous start’
    • ‘With a start, Peter realised that Cy would have disapproved of that kind of thinking.’
    • ‘Bin Rahim shot up with a start, bewildered as to why he had a sudden pain in his side.’
    • ‘The next thing I knew an alarm was going off and I woke with a start.’
    • ‘Her words still held a trace of an accent, and with a start, she heard it in her own voice.’
    • ‘With a start, he realized that he was still in the hayloft, and the sun was well up.’
    • ‘The pounding on the door sounded like a bomb had exploded and Nikolas woke with a start.’
    • ‘Miel got up with a start, realizing that she had been resting her head on his shoulder.’
    • ‘Within the ship Odin looked up with a start as footsteps thudded on the hull.’
    • ‘With a start, she realized that she could not remember the last time she had laughed.’
    • ‘Mrs Barnes gave a tug at the lead that was wrapped around her wrist and the sleeping terrier at the other end of it woke with a start and gave her a baleful look.’
    • ‘The splash gave Dog a start and she began barking in the general direction of the noise.’
    • ‘Malachi and Lilith looked round with a start at the sound of the voice.’
    • ‘Kelsey awoke with a start and shook her head a few times to get rid of her dream.’
    • ‘There did not appear to be anything wrong with the poor old boy except I think he had woken with a start and was a bit frightened.’
    • ‘Audrey woke with a start but quickly remembered where she was and why she was there.’
    • ‘He raised his head with a start when a floorboard creaked from the hallway leading to the bedrooms.’
    • ‘I woke up with a start as someone shook my shoulders lightly, whispering my name in my ear.’
    • ‘With a start, she twirled around and found herself fact to face with Kinchi's brother, Chikan.’
    • ‘It took her a moment to remember where she was, and when she did, she sat up with a start.’
    • ‘As soon as she laid her hand on the doorknob the door opened from the inside and she jumped back with a start.’
    jerk, twitch, flinch, wince, spasm, convulsion, jump
    View synonyms
    1. 2.1dated A surprising occurrence.
      ‘you hear of some rum starts there’
      • ‘It came as a start to realise the image is nearly 30 years old.’


  • don't start (or don't you start)

    • informal Used to tell someone not to grumble or criticize.

      ‘don't start—I do my fair share’
      • ‘‘Oh don't you start,’ Arcadia said.’
      • ‘I contributed my archery skills, keen senses and prettiness to the Company, so don't you start.’
      • ‘‘Now don't you start,’ Briar replied, nudging Althia a second time and crying out when she shoved him in return.’
      • ‘Your mom's already gonna kick your dad out for it, don't you start too.’
      • ‘Lenni corrected, rolling her eyes, ‘So don't you start.’’
      • ‘Sarah turned her head to glare at her teenage son, ‘Joe, don't you start with me!’’
      • ‘Oh don't you start as well I've already had this conversation with Em and Casey today, yes I like Jonathan but as a friend nothing else, okay.’
      • ‘I've been keeping the conversation moving so Buffy here doesn't blubber, so don't you start or we'll be having to blow dry my dress.’
  • for a start

    • informal Used to introduce the first or most important of a number of considerations.

      ‘this side are at an advantage—for a start, there are more of them’
      • ‘It had to be cotton for a start, and I didn't want any floral design or any narrow straight lines.’
      • ‘Senator Chambers said the issue, for a start, was a matter for the Management Board to decide.’
      • ‘The advantages of such programs are far higher recovery rates, for a start.’
      • ‘The brand launch, for a start, could not have come at a better time for advertisers and media outlets.’
      • ‘There was the shepherd's pie, for a start, made from the minced-up leftovers from the Sunday joint.’
      • ‘Parents, for a start, should restrict a child's viewing hours to around a couple of hours every day.’
      • ‘Well, for a start, I think that we should pursue an independent foreign policy.’
      • ‘It is important to point out, for a start, that this is not a national security risk.’
      • ‘On the other hand my focus on albums might have held me back in some ways - for a start hardly anyone buys them.’
      • ‘If they had discussed it with local people we could have set them straight on a few things, how many people are affected, for a start.’
  • get started

    • Begin a task, endeavour, or process.

      ‘for an art gallery owner, Naples was a good place to get started’
      • ‘There's an attempt to encourage more people to pursue science as a career, with more scholarships and the possibility of 5-year career establishment grants to help new researchers get started.’
      • ‘There are some interesting experiments of start-up business incubators that have been designed to help new small businesses get started.’
      • ‘If we're content to stick with the status quo and not search for alternatives, new products and ways of doing business will have a difficult time getting started.’
      • ‘You can go the other way round and just get started doing computer animation.’
      • ‘Organizers have already been criticized for getting started too late on stadium construction and other preparations.’
      • ‘She suggests that aspiring entrepreneurs consider this seven-step guide to get started.’
      • ‘The easiest way to ruin a web development project is to get started before you are ready.’
      • ‘The trail features online activities to show people how to get started in exploring local history.’
      • ‘Before the class began we sat on the floor and talked about how she got started.’
      • ‘If you do want to just get started quickly, simply create a text file.’
  • get the start of

    • dated Gain an advantage over.

      ‘I laughed to think how I had got the start of them’
      • ‘There was a lot of heat there, I remember sort of getting the start of that heat and then going out.’
      • ‘Cross got the start of a lifetime and pumped his way into a widening lead, flashing across the finish line with the day's fastest time, 18.800 seconds.’
      • ‘The secrets of victory thus lie in taking the initiative, and in getting the start of one's adversary there are included the following factors.’
  • start a family

    • Conceive one's first child.

      • ‘I put on around a stone, which wouldn't have been so bad, but starting a family a couple of years later really added to my weight problem.’
      • ‘He still feels that way, but his keen focus on becoming mayor of his hometown has dulled somewhat now that he's started a family and established roots in Houston.’
      • ‘At the time, Newberry and her husband, Maurice, were in the Air Force, starting a family and attending grad school.’
      • ‘A century ago, to start a family you'd hire a professional to find you a spouse, and by doing what comes naturally you'd make a baby.’
      • ‘If a couple are considering starting a family they may approach their general practitioner for advice on conceiving.’
  • start a hare

    • dated Raise a topic of conversation.

      • ‘I have started a hare so to speak by seeking here in UK for names of possible settlers - as yet unknown.’
      • ‘Having started a hare running about possible advertising on the ABC, then denied it, the Communications Minister Helen Coonan has now restructured the ABC board.’
      • ‘On the noble Lord's latter point, I do not want to start a hare running, but for years and years lead in paint was thought to be appropriate.’
      • ‘It is annoying though, for the bank to produce these bonds decades after the event and start a hare running.’
      • ‘Meanwhile, he has handed Mr Hague an advantage by appearing to start a hare running only to shoot it down as soon as it appeared to be getting somewhere.’
      • ‘I was just joking… didn't want to start a hare!’
  • start something

    • informal Cause trouble.

      ‘you needn't worry about having started something’
      • ‘If other people that they don't know come around started something, the gang would most likely get involved.’
      • ‘Please don't try to start something in here.’
  • to start with

    • 1At first.

      ‘she wasn't very keen on the idea to start with’
      • ‘I think we'll try again tomorrow when he wakes up and hopefully he'll be in a considerably better mood to start with.’
      • ‘The audience sat sedately to start with, expecting a traditional folk dance.’
      • ‘This comes as a three-course meal, packed with a variety of kebabs to start with.’
      • ‘Ren had been against the idea to start with saying it was too public, there was too great a risk that someone would recognise one of us.’
      • ‘And nor do I know how many megajoules the magnetic field had to start with.’
      • ‘Inevitably you realise you don't perform them any more because they weren't good to start with.’
      • ‘OK, so lots of people think that going deep into a dark, narrow cave is a bad idea to start with.’
      • ‘I picked one of my Greek favourites, the Salata Snezhanka four leva, to start with.’
      • ‘He was a bit reluctant to co-operate to start with, but when the project was explained to him he was happy to help.’
      • ‘But production can only push the music so far if the band's soul isn't there to start with.’
      at first, at the start, at the outset, at the beginning, in the beginning, to begin with, to start with, originally, in the early stages, in the first instance
      View synonyms
      1. 1.1As the first thing to be taken into account.
        ‘to start with, I was feeling down’
        • ‘So, to start with, these are the films that I could watch over and over.’
        • ‘It's causing me worry and depression and my health is not good to start with because I have emphysema and arthritis.’
        • ‘Poetry shouldn't be friendly, period, to start with, and it's not there for users.’
        • ‘It just makes me wonder who the heck has called him a genius to start with?’

Phrasal Verbs

  • start again

    • Abandon what one is doing and make a new beginning.

      ‘while I was writing this essay my computer froze and I had to start again’
      • ‘I spent an age going over and over the same pieces, erasing the files and starting again.’
      • ‘Kevin guessed his family didn't know she had started again.’
      • ‘He should give all asylum-seekers currently here the right to remain, and start again.’
      • ‘To present ourselves to the universe in as pure a state as when we came in, and start again with a clean slate.’
      • ‘Shields finally will get his chance to start again next fall with the Ducks.’
      • ‘Now I can sweep the whole episode under the carpet and start again.’
      • ‘The only way to regain full speed is to stop and start again.’
      • ‘Simply read, its message is that time and tide must be allowed to wipe the slate clean, so everyone can start again.’
      • ‘The weekly jazz nights will start again in February next year.’
      • ‘But there's bad news too, as local supporters have to start again down in the fourth division.’
  • start in

    • 1Begin doing something, especially talking.

      ‘people groan when she starts in about her acting ambitions’
      • ‘Then you start in on the ‘X passage should have been translated as Y’ stuff.’
      • ‘She agreed, stubbornly, and I started in on what Folttel had told me, and watched as Jana's eyes went slowly and slowly wider.’
      • ‘He ran the fastball, you know, the one that kind of starts in and goes back over the plate.’
      • ‘Right away, they started in on their lectures, going on about how martial arts encouraged bowing down to a higher power that was definitely not God, and that I should be very careful.’
      • ‘Unfortunately, if I back the car out of the driveway, she's going to see those two little patches of dirt and start in on a variation of Mother's ‘what will the neighbors think’ speech.’
      • ‘One young lady noticed I had a VIP pass, and started in on me with her need to get backstage.’
      • ‘After we were done, she started in on all the details.’
      • ‘‘It wasn't, and I have to go,’ I injected the last part right before she could start in on more questions.’
      • ‘I sighed as I reached the podium, pulling my mirror out of my pocket and putting it on the stand in front of me and swept my eyes over the crowd once before starting in on my speech.’
      • ‘Fred starts in on how, this week, he chose some of his wife's best clothes, some of the clothes which he says were custom made, and offered them to his neighbor and, as a result, he feels that he has made progress and is coping better.’
      1. 1.1North American Begin to do or deal with.
        ‘she started in on her face’
        • ‘We'd reached the middle of the dance floor by this point, and I turned to face him, putting my free arm on his shoulder and starting in on the steps right away.’
        • ‘‘So,’ he said as he started in on his third doughnut.’
        • ‘Once we were home, we started in on the outside decorations.’
        • ‘I stare wild-eyed at the computer and instead of jumping up and starting in on those lists and to-dos, I stare some more.’
        • ‘Planting continued across the state at the end of the week, with some producers finishing up their corn and starting in on their soybeans.’
        • ‘Then, at 10:00 am, he started in on the last remaining manuals.’
        • ‘The rented organist started in on the familiar measures of ‘Jesu, Joy of Man's Desiring,’ and Father Marino strode onto the altar.’
        • ‘It was 7: 30, almost dark, by the time Geoff started in on his 21st consecutive, and final, operation.’
        • ‘He sat down and dug in, licking his bowl clean and then starting in on the fruit.’
        • ‘I finished off the last novel of a mystery series I love yesterday and have no others to start in on, so I think I'll turn in for the night.’
      2. 1.2North American Attack verbally; begin to criticize.
        • ‘Almost immediately my father started in on how the person who was out in California who made the first complaint about had way too much time on their hands.’
        • ‘But when she and Mack left, they started in on how fat she was.’
        • ‘One day, I'm having dinner and he starts in on me about something or another and mentions the spaghetti I'm eating.’
        • ‘But we are hesitant to start in on this business of who's there and who isn't.’
        • ‘We get more done than she sometimes gives us credit for, which does cause me considerable frustration when she starts in on the, ‘We never do anything,’ riff that is one of her specialties.’
        • ‘Emma starts in on me about Paul and he just laughs and nudges my shoulder.’
        • ‘I could tell Anna was getting ready to start in on how if I just applied myself more often I could have more ‘productive days’.’
        • ‘The turning point came when she started in on the psychiatrist, who as she pointed out, smoked continually.’
        • ‘As soon as we made it through the front door she started in on me, ‘You were stupid!’’
        • ‘It funny how those commenting then started in on each other.’
  • start off (or start someone/thing off)

    • Begin (or cause someone or something to begin) to operate or do something.

      ‘treatment should start off with attention to diet’
      ‘what started you off on this search?’
      • ‘The ceremonies were started off with a Catholic mass in the cathedral in Monaco.’
      • ‘I gave his mother a hug when she began to cry, she started me off too, and just then I noticed that she must have been hurting more than I was.’
      • ‘If you are a jazz-rock-fusion fan, I highly recommend starting your musical year off right by getting this CD.’
      • ‘He starts things off by revisiting the acoustic song ‘Big Mama's Door’ from his debut, instilling a bit more muscle in the mix - the hard-rock reworking easily transcends his original.’
      • ‘Our parents started us off in music when we were very young.’
      • ‘But the basic story's a hoax newspaper article from Chicago which people don't realise is a hoax, and that's what starts the whole thing off.’
      • ‘Thanks to Nick for starting me off on reading Robert Rankin.’
      • ‘Kate starts things off singing something called ‘I Wish’.’
      • ‘Her senior year had just begun, and she wanted to start it off with a bang.’
      • ‘There's that playful, percussive guitar which starts it off, and there are those multiple false endings, and the entire song does actually sound like lots of fun, as long as you don't listen to the words.’
  • start on

    • Begin to criticize someone.

      ‘she started on about my not having proper furniture’
      • ‘The girls waited for the prince to begin eating his own food before they started on their own, which was custom.’
      • ‘Finishing his glass of water he simply starts on mine.’
      • ‘Paula is watching him and starts on another train of thought.’
      • ‘There I have been lucky and it was easy for me to manage the gap on Sunday morning and I started on pole.’
      • ‘Armed with soap suds, sponge, and rags, he starts on the task ahead.’
      • ‘The second someone starts on that line I know it's a lie.’
      • ‘Yeah, okay he didn't win as many matches as he would have wanted to, but he has set up a very good platform for the nest manager to start on.’
      • ‘It's time I started on another piece, except I still haven't managed to find one.’
      • ‘I now have a wheelchair and a pair of crutches and I will soon be starting on a new course of medicine to try and deal with the various medical problems.’
      • ‘This next one seems to have plenty to keep me occupied, so I'd better go off and begin drafting the review before starting on the next one.’
  • start over

    • ‘could you face going back to school and starting over?’
      North American way of saying start again
      • ‘A failed referendum means the arduous process starts over.’
      • ‘We understand that desire, but, well, he knows and we know, starting over isn't an option, we've got to see it to the end.’
      • ‘Imagine reading 20 pages of a book and then starting over at the beginning.’
      • ‘Their house obliterated by fire, the Inglehart family of Glenwood Springs now struggles with the stresses of loss and starting over.’
      • ‘This is a grand step forward for us, it's almost like we are starting over.’
      • ‘Reinstalling the operating system is a fate worse than a root canal… it basically means wiping the hard drive clean and starting over.’
      • ‘Other Katrina evacuees have travelled hundreds of miles in search of a new life, But Hardy Jackson is starting over right here in Atlanta.’
      • ‘This produced such an uproar that the initial selection process had to be scrapped and started over from the beginning.’
      • ‘After two and half years, and just before the big trial, they were pulling the lead attorney from the case and starting over with someone new.’
      • ‘I'm not sure that you will get much support for replacing our system and starting over, but it could definitely use some adjustments.’
  • start out (or up)

    • Embark on a venture or undertaking, especially a commercial one.

      ‘the company will start out with a hundred employees’
      • ‘She has had a good response and in the future we may look forward to this worthy programme starting up in Hacketstown.’
      • ‘Keen on starting a new venture, Mr Twit wants to start up a circus act in his back yard.’
      • ‘He enjoyed the process so much, he's started up Flint, a new venture, already.’
      • ‘Mr Okeke persuaded Mr Sawalha to travel to Spain to sign a contract and to make the payment for the start up costs of the venture.’
      • ‘The money went to the Prince's Trust to help young people start up new business ventures.’
      • ‘What are the biggest traps to look out for when starting out in a venture like this?’


Old English styrtan ‘to caper, leap’, of Germanic origin; related to Dutch storten push and German stürzen fall headlong, fling. From the sense ‘sudden movement’ arose the sense ‘initiation of movement, setting out on a journey’ and hence ‘beginning of a process, etc.’.




Definition of START in English:


  • Strategic Arms Reduction Treaty, an agreement between the US and the Soviet Union to limit and reduce strategic nuclear weapons, first signed in 1991.