Definition of standard in English:



  • 1A level of quality or attainment.

    ‘their restaurant offers a high standard of service’
    ‘the government's ambition to raise standards in schools’
    • ‘In most cases, efficiency does not come from better management or innovation, but simply lower salaries and lower service standards.’
    • ‘Through the committee's connections they were able to find performers of a high standard who offered their services for a minimal fee.’
    • ‘It is associated with the highest standards of quality, service, convenience and cleanliness.’
    • ‘As a doctor who has been involved in this work, I would not endorse anything that would result in patients receiving a lower standard of care than they do now.’
    • ‘Top quality training is central to delivering the high standard of service to which we are committed.’
    • ‘It now offers a high standard of medical services in a hospital that is both welcoming and relatively informal.’
    • ‘The new cabinet will concentrate on raising standards in services already provided and on regenerating the borough's more deprived areas.’
    • ‘With each games since 1990 the standard has been raised.’
    • ‘Staff at Orkney Islands Council's social work department will be rewarded for their efforts in helping to raise standards and improve the quality of service.’
    • ‘We are confident that consumers will quickly notice the resulting improvements and the high standard of service offered.’
    • ‘She believes this reassures a public fearful of low standards and poor quality food.’
    • ‘It is looking at the quality of teachers and is raising the standards.’
    • ‘The building has had a history of long-term vacancies and high turnover due to the low standard of accommodation this provides.’
    • ‘James also hopes to raise awareness of the Diabetes UK campaign to improve the standard of services for children with diabetes.’
    • ‘They did not protest that less money per student would mean lower standards and worse degrees, but the opposite.’
    • ‘Concerns were raised about falling quality standards.’
    • ‘But, today's videogame standards are extremely high.’
    • ‘Can papers with bare-bones operations uphold the high journalistic standards expected of traditional dailies?’
    • ‘The watchdog criticised low standards, poor quality teaching and ineffective management.’
    • ‘The inspectors did say that there were a number of things the school could do to raise standards of attainment.’
    quality, level, grade, degree, worth, calibre, merit, excellence
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    1. 1.1 A required or agreed level of quality or attainment.
      ‘half of the beaches fail to comply with European standards’
      mass noun ‘their tap water was not up to standard’
      • ‘These goggles meet the applicable safety standards and requirements.’
      • ‘All areas of learning were marked good quality and met the standards required.’
      • ‘The new main entrance and shopping facilities will of course meet all the required fire safety standards.’
      • ‘The Clean Sports Act establishes strict, uniform standards for the prohibition of performance-enhancing drugs including steroids and amphetamines.’
      • ‘Modern safety standards require shatterproof glass, which won't smash into sharp shards - but older furniture may well have plain glass.’
      • ‘But so far, efforts to impose more rigorous academic standards on voucher schools have failed.’
      • ‘They are attempting to maintain a standard of safety by eliminating any potential dangers that cause people harm.’
      • ‘The potatoes will also have to meet minimum quality standards such as appearance and freedom from defects and plant diseases.’
      • ‘What kind of environmental protection standards will raise the overall quality of life for the people?’
      • ‘"These vehicles have to be built to very sturdy and stringent standards.’
      • ‘These are consequences when directors fail to carry out required responsibilities with the required standards of conduct.’
      • ‘One thing we would ask is for funding to be provided to maintain the new facilities to the required standard.’
      • ‘New national air-quality standards which require regional councils to reduce air pollution come into effect today.’
      • ‘The new FAA rules would ensure that any facility doing repairs on U.S. aircraft meets minimum safety standards.’
      • ‘All currently manufactured vented gas heaters are required by industry safety standards to have a safety shut-off device.’
      • ‘They choose to flout the safety and environmental standards required by the licensing system and observed by the great majority of the industry.’
      • ‘Another feature of this bill is the implicit incentive to maintain a required level of safety standards.’
      • ‘It is likely that the sanitation system will not be maintained to required standards.’
      • ‘A breach of duty defined by failure to exercise the required standard of care must have occurred.’
      • ‘We expect hospitals to enforce strict standards of hygiene and cleanliness.’
      guideline, norm, yardstick, benchmark, gauge, measure, criterion, guide, touchstone, model, pattern, example, exemplar, paradigm, ideal, archetype, specification, requirement, rule, principle, law, canon
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    2. 1.2British historical (in elementary schools) a grade of proficiency tested by examination or the form or class preparing pupils for such a grade.
      ‘she was still in boarding school and had twice repeated the same standard’
      • ‘All seven of the top Standard Nine students at Crestway chose to repeat the standard in 1986.’
      • ‘We are not children to be promoted from standard to standard until we pass our graduation either in Arts or Law.’
  • 2Something used as a measure, norm, or model in comparative evaluations.

    ‘the wages are low by today's standards’
    ‘the system had become an industry standard’
    • ‘Those yields, however, are still low by historical standards, and few investors have been scared off.’
    • ‘His Honour identifies a number of discrepancies between the United States model and the European standard.’
    • ‘He's disappointed in the president when he measures him by his standards.’
    • ‘It allows us to determine which of our present convictions may rightly serve as standards for the evaluation of the past.’
    • ‘If it was measured by today's standards, it would qualify as a great fight.’
    • ‘My grandmother paid for two thirds of my fee, so I was a very middle class kid by most standards.’
    • ‘She had gained four As and a B - good grades by anyone's standards - which would surely progress her path towards a career in the law.’
    • ‘While Today was obviously the industry standard, the editors didn't slavishly follow its format or style.’
    • ‘The early offensive skills, compared to today's standards, were crude.’
    • ‘Ours is a blessed country when measured by global standards.’
    • ‘Compared to world standards, our Indian norms are quite strict.’
    • ‘Cultures of other lands cannot be the standard to measure our own progress.’
    • ‘It manages to be both an industry standard, and a daring departure from the norm.’
    • ‘Those who fail to measure up to his standards are not tolerated for long.’
    • ‘Each technique has been validated against laboratory standards and has been tested throughout the tropics in a variety of ecological contexts.’
    • ‘Ohio in particularly, has minimum wages set, but they are lower than the federal standard.’
    • ‘He proclaimed Jack to be the greatest ever, and Jack immediately became the standard against which I measured myself.’
    • ‘It is the closest thing to a ubiquitous standard in the IT industry today.’
    • ‘Two automobiles arrived, ancient models that by modern standards appeared quite inept.’
    • ‘Hollywood established an international standard of beauty with which women began to compare themselves for the first time.’
    guideline, norm, yardstick, benchmark, gauge, measure, criterion, guide, touchstone, model, pattern, example, exemplar, paradigm, ideal, archetype, specification, requirement, rule, principle, law, canon
    View synonyms
    1. 2.1standards Principles of conduct informed by notions of honour and decency.
      ‘a decline in moral standards’
      • ‘It has been a bad week for those of us who believe that people in positions of power and influence are governed by the same standards of decency and integrity with which we conduct our own lives.’
      • ‘Her belief that standards and decency were important brought her into conflict with some of the accepted norms of her day.’
      • ‘Society is creating an underclass without standards, principles or decency, but nobody seems to recognise this, let alone be doing anything about it.’
      • ‘Scotland's largest local authority wants to introduce behavioural contracts setting out minimum standards of conduct for pupils.’
      • ‘What constitutes an infringement of privacy or bad taste or a failure to conform to proper standards of decency is very much a matter of personal judgment.’
      • ‘Yet, for the sake of humanity, universal agreement and adoption of minimum standards in morality and justice must be striven towards.’
      • ‘And this Government is going to set standards of integrity and conduct!’
      • ‘MPs should be fined for breaching their code of conduct, Whitehall's standards watchdog said yesterday.’
      • ‘He is in charge of maintaining Hutterite culture such as dress, behavior, and standards of conduct.’
      • ‘Voluntary standards of campaign conduct should be worked out through a flexible process of negotiation.’
      • ‘Many religious doctrines or beliefs dictate standards of social conduct and responsibility, and require believers to act accordingly.’
      • ‘Please let us all strengthen the values of high moral standards, decency and caring before it is too late.’
      • ‘Victory implies doing what is right; doing what is right implies morality; morality implies standards of conduct.’
      • ‘The college is still bashful about articulating explicitly Christian standards of moral conduct.’
      • ‘Objectively, his standards of conduct regarding financial matters are well below those of Margaret Thatcher and John Major.’
      • ‘I guess we have different standards of decency over here.’
      • ‘We provided the only significant support for the war and were in a position to insist on certain safeguards and standards of conduct.’
      • ‘But he has steadfastly refused to lower his high standards of morality and decency.’
      • ‘He had, according to the City regulators, breached its principles and its high standards of integrity and fair dealing.’
      • ‘It would be wrong to try to force people to adhere to ways to living preferred by the rest of us, but there is nothing wrong with insisting on them conforming to standards of decency and the laws of the land.’
      principle, rule of living
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    2. 2.2 A form of language that is widely accepted as the usual form.
      ‘the idea of the standard is projected backwards on to states of language’
      • ‘It was one variety of the language of London also which, from the 15th century onwards, acquired the status of a standard spoken language.’
      • ‘Taiwanese students can and should learn the accepted Romanization standards for any languages they use regularly.’
      • ‘Missionaries to the islands chose this dialect as their standard for translation of the Bible.’
      • ‘The missionaries chose the Wemo dialect as the standard for the Kâte language in 1892.’
      • ‘The development of common language standards is always a difficult, lengthy process.’
      • ‘Or, if you prefer, we could discuss language standards, pronunciation norms and so on.’
      • ‘As a consequence, many native speakers of a dialect may learn the standard as a secondary variety of their own language.’
    3. 2.3 The prescribed weight of fine metal in gold or silver coins.
      ‘the sterling standard for silver’
      • ‘One of the company's most important functions, then as now, is marking gold and silver to a certain standard.’
      • ‘The jewellers in the recent past had started advertising the purity standards of the gold they use in their jewellery.’
    4. 2.4 A system by which the value of a currency is defined in terms of gold or silver or both.
      • ‘For a time during the nineteenth and twentieth centuries gold provided a universal standard of value.’
      • ‘The guinea became established as a standard of gold weight in India.’
      • ‘The world is moving toward a system that regards gold as the standard of all economic value.’
      • ‘Gold and silver vessels served in effect as large denomination banknotes, and weighed round figures in terms of the prevailing currency standards.’
    5. 2.5 A measure for timber, equivalent to 165 cu. ft (4.67 cubic metres).
      • ‘The vessel contained about 1000 standards... A standard was 165 cubic feet of timber.’
  • 3(especially with reference to jazz or blues) a tune or song of established popularity.

    • ‘Sunday sees jazz/ska outfit Knackers mixing jazz standards with ska rhythms.’
    • ‘In the process, he presents a breezy but very informative picture of the songs and the people who made them, well, standards.’
    • ‘It has made itself a laughing stock by including something as musically incompetent as the recording of show song standards by Rod Stewart.’
    • ‘Although now considered classics, blues and jazz standards were the popular music of their day.’
    • ‘The material is a blend of standards and jazz classics, which allow Wallace to demonstrate his strengths.’
    • ‘Her four albums - including her recent Sony debut Don't Talk - all mix jazz standards with songs she has written herself.’
    • ‘It's another story when the song is used as the title track for a Cyndi Lauper album of pop standards.’
    • ‘The core repertoire of show tunes and standards that most jazz groups rely on means little to most younger record buyers.’
    • ‘Naylor likes to sing a jazz standard over a rock instrumental, or vice versa.’
    • ‘From 1.30 pm Joan Whitehead sings jazz standards and your jazz Sunday winds up in jam session style at the Black Swan, Peasholme Green.’
    • ‘He is also working on an album of jazz standards, tunes by Gershwin, Cole Porter and the like.’
    • ‘The standards sound fresh and new, while Clare Teal's own songs already sound like standards.’
    • ‘They start off with some straight ahead bluegrass numbers, mixing original tunes with old standards.’
    • ‘She was now looking forward to starting working on a new album of jazz standards and original songs which would be brought out in November, this year.’
    • ‘A lot of songs go country-western; others take on the form of jazz standards and bossa nova pop.’
    • ‘Renditions of blues standards are played in a late '60s style of rock.’
    • ‘The dynamic Wiltshire Youth Jazz Orchestra will play an entertaining mix of styles, from swing, funk and Latin music to hip-hop and jazz standards.’
    • ‘She also performs jazz tunes and pop standards that she recorded in the early '60s before she became the Queen of Soul.’
    • ‘Tasteful, swinging, he never ventured much beyond the mainstream and preferred to interpret jazz standards, ballads and pop tunes.’
    • ‘It's refreshing to see Martine McCutcheon tackling Broadway standards and songs from the shows.’
  • 4A military or ceremonial flag carried on a pole or hoisted on a rope.

    • ‘The parade was led by British Legion branch secretary David Marshall, who carried its standard.’
    • ‘Both carried a standard showing a square sailed white ship on a blue cloth.’
    • ‘Ancient military standards hung still overhead as a short silence was observed before the continuation of the special service.’
    • ‘The highest honour a Royal Naval Association branch standard bearer can achieve is to be selected to carry the national standard of the RNA.’
    • ‘Georgia's new flag is a standard of which all of its citizens can be proud.’
    • ‘As the military standards were lowered, heads bowed, a sea of poppies were held still in the hands of former soldiers.’
    • ‘A single-headed eagle, grasping a swastika, was carried on German flags and standards between 1933 and 1945.’
    • ‘And is that anything more than an extension of the use of the flag as a battle standard and rallying point?’
    • ‘In the absence of the Border clubs, it was left to two Edinburgh clubs to carry the standard for Scottish club rugby.’
    • ‘Led by a military band and with standards flying, they march onto the town square.’
    • ‘The incident also spoilt the occasion of seeing my son carrying the standard for a local Cub Scout group; an event I was justifiably proud of.’
    • ‘In a short while, he reached the front near the standards and flag bearers, and found the general standing between two of them.’
    • ‘The moment was marked with a bugler playing the last post, prayers and standards from the Royal British Legion.’
    • ‘It was a bad day for Hawick and with Melrose losing too only Berwick are left carrying the Border standard.’
    • ‘Sir Marcus Worsley gave a tribute to the Queen Mother and members of the Malton and Norton branch of the Royal British Legion carried a standard.’
    • ‘The veterans in the group marched behind the standard of the Wiltshire Regiment that was carried by Harold Dunn.’
    • ‘Naval Privateers flew the Liberty Tree as their standard, while the Navy itself adopted the Gadsden flag, with its famous rattlesnake.’
    flag, banner, pennant, pennon, streamer, ensign, colour, colours, banderole
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    1. 4.1 Used in names of newspapers.
      ‘a report in the Evening Standard’
      • ‘Attempts by The Standard to reach Stanley Ho were unsuccessful.’
      • ‘One morning, Peter Mandelson rang me at the Evening Standard.’
      • ‘Would free still be too much to pay for The Standard?’
      • ‘The man, named in London's Evening Standard as Yusef Azad, 39, was arrested at his home in Brixton.’
      • ‘It goes without say that you can't find any such in the South China Morning Post or The Standard.’
      • ‘On Sunday, Richmond beat Saffron Walden in the Evening Standard Trophy.’
      • ‘Daai Tou Laam summarizes the news in the Standard and the South China Morning Post.’
      • ‘Please don't miss this piece by Reuel Marc Gerecht in the Weekly Standard.’
      • ‘Anyone reckon the Mail, the Times and the Standard will do the same?’
      • ‘Here's what the Standard said, and the Independent.’
      • ‘Megat Junid told The Standard that Usmea was founded after talks with Edwin Feulner three years ago.’
      • ‘It hasn't even been reviewed in National Review or The Weekly Standard.’
      • ‘Have you seen an article by Matt Labash in the November 24, 1997 issue of The Weekly Standard?’
      • ‘The Evening Standard's Editor is Veronica Wadley.’
      • ‘Lets look at the truth of the Weekly Standard article.’
      • ‘He joined the Aberdeen Evening Express from the Dumfries and Galloway Standard in 1978.’
      • ‘Don't miss Stephen Hayes's brick-by-brick disassembly of the Evil Weasel in The Weekly Standard.’
      • ‘Bill Kristol and Gary Schmitt touched on it in a piece in the Standard on Tuesday.’
      • ‘None is the video equivalent of The Nation or The Weekly Standard.’
      • ‘In 1992, Mr Stant won the Standard's Man of the Year award.’
  • 5A tree or shrub that grows on an erect stem of full height.

    • ‘Of the soft fruits, gooseberries and redcurrants can be left as a bush or grown as a standard.’
    1. 5.1 A shrub grafted on an erect stem and trained in tree form.
      as modifier ‘a standard rose’
      • ‘She trains this fast-growing shrub as a standard, sending the blooms up rather than out.’
      • ‘Bay is often trained into standards and pyramids and makes a good focal point in a herb garden.’
      • ‘On Talkback Gardening, local rose expert, Dean Stringer, explained the finer points of pruning a bush rose and a standard.’
      • ‘Pineapple Beauty, which has yellow-green leaves that turn gold, is one of the taller varieties and can be trained as a standard.’
      • ‘They can be used as specimen plants and pruned to grow into standards either for pots or in the garden or grown as multi-stemmed shrubs with annual, hard pruning.’
      • ‘An alternative is to overwinter these standards in a greenhouse.’
    2. 5.2Botany The large, frequently erect uppermost petal of a papilionaceous flower.
      Also called vexillum
      • ‘Papilionaceous describes a corolla having a standard, wings, and keel, as in the peculiar corolla of many Leguminosae.’
      • ‘Lathyrus hirsutus..Flowers in.; standard crimson’
    3. 5.3Botany One of the inner petals of an iris flower, frequently erect.
      • ‘The 3 upright petals are called standards; the 3 that hang down are called falls.’
      • ‘Rather than 3 standards, falls, etc, Iris with this factor have 4 standards, 4, beards, 4 falls, and 4 stylearms.’
  • 6An upright water or gas pipe.

    • ‘This paradise, five miles from the standard at Cornhill.’


  • 1Used or accepted as normal or average.

    ‘the standard rate of income tax’
    ‘it is standard practice in museums to register objects as they are acquired’
    • ‘It was standard practice that pilots would dive from 11,000 ft to 3,000 ft before releasing their bombs.’
    • ‘Air conditioning is standard across the range, and full climate control is available in upper specification cars.’
    • ‘For example, it's standard practice in video games for the player's character to be much harder to kill than her or his enemies.’
    • ‘Opinion polls are standard practice in modern democracies.’
    • ‘Another survey found that the average charges on a standard bank account now stand at $330 a year.’
    • ‘In ancient Greece and Rome, it was standard practice for men and boys to wear women's clothing to play female characters.’
    • ‘That is standard practice from what I've seen and done so far.’
    • ‘This process is standard practice in most, if not all, first world countries.’
    • ‘I can certainly accept that, as it is a standard business practice.’
    • ‘This is standard practice now at all Grand Prix venues but the situation when Watkins took over in 1978 was very different.’
    • ‘A prison source said Gardaí came to the prison after the man died, but this was standard practice.’
    • ‘Any design that increases convenience makes recycling much more likely to become standard practice.’
    • ‘But United officials told the Yorkshire Post last night that making tickets available internally was standard practice.’
    • ‘A company spokeswoman, who spoke on condition of anonymity, said the five-day notice period was standard company practice.’
    • ‘While still common in rural areas of Korea, these customs are no longer standard practice in cities.’
    • ‘According to Lesley, the standard mortgage rate of 2.5 times your salary is now being extended by lenders to four or even five times the salary.’
    • ‘It is standard practice for a contract with a publisher to include provision for the publisher to make ‘special deals’.’
    • ‘It is not standard practice in an ordinary domestic context to warn a person of his impending arrest.’
    • ‘Such is the imbalance that a couple both earning the average wage in Edinburgh would no longer be able to secure a standard mortgage for an average house’
    • ‘Driver's airbag is now standard on all models, although a passenger airbag remains an option.’
    normal, usual, typical, stock, common, ordinary, customary, conventional, habitual, accustomed, expected, wonted, everyday, regular, routine, day-to-day, daily, established, settled, set, fixed, traditional, quotidian, prevailing
    View synonyms
    1. 1.1 (of a size, measure, design, etc.) regularly used or produced; not special or exceptional.
      ‘all these doors come in a range of standard sizes’
      • ‘Just cover the front of a standard size postcard with drawings, colour, fabric, collage.’
      • ‘Shopping from catalogues can also be a nightmare as the standard size 14 might be too small, too big or catch you in all the wrong places.’
      • ‘Manchego cheeses are pressed in moulds of a standard design which were originally of plaited straw, leaving a characteristic pattern on the surface.’
      • ‘Off-site buildings will be constructed in the factory-controlled environment using standard designs and processes.’
      • ‘Batts are available in standard widths designed to match the cavities created by wall studs.’
      • ‘Also included are new collections of art and design work published in standard sizes.’
      • ‘Sewing machines brought mass-produced shoes in standard sizes and ready-to-wear clothes within universal reach.’
      • ‘In the event though the coffin was just a standard size and the grave was much bigger than it needed to be.’
      • ‘Together with the savings in space, such gains will eventually show up in the standard measures of output.’
      • ‘All were given standard sizes of wine and spirit glasses.’
      • ‘Bigger bags do make for a better brew but they would need to be about twice the standard size to make a difference.’
      • ‘Base units and appliances come in standard sizes.’
      • ‘The data are already being used to change standard sizes to give more room for larger stomachs, necks and upper arms.’
      • ‘They can be ordered in standard sizes or custom designed to fit any application.’
      • ‘BMI, a standard measure for obesity, is calculated by dividing weight in kilograms by height in metres squared.’
      • ‘The standard measure of beer in UK pubs is about a pint, give or take head.’
      • ‘He introduced standard weights and measurements, revenue districts and officers.’
      • ‘The other difficulty in using architectural salvage is that it doesn't come in standard sizes, and your builders won't like that.’
      • ‘One way to reduce them is to keep everything in your plan to standard sizes.’
      • ‘The NCRS was brought in last year to provide a standard measure for recording crimes for all police forces.’
    2. 1.2 (of a work, repertoire, or writer) viewed as authoritative or of permanent value and so widely read or performed.
      ‘his essays on the interpretation of reality became a standard text’
      • ‘Many have become part of the standard repertoire and most deserve to be recognized as among the best works in the last century.’
      • ‘Latter-day Saints accept the Doctrine and Covenants as a book of scripture, one of their standard works.’
      • ‘His textbook Commentaries on the Surgery of War 1808-1815 was a standard work for decades.’
      • ‘He was instrumental in defining the European musical canon, what we now think of as the standard repertoire, which he had most of by heart.’
      • ‘He followed that with Oracle of Geomancy and Terrestrial Astrology which has become the standard work on Western divinatory geomancy.’
      • ‘This series will present under-represented American orchestras in standard repertoire.’
      • ‘I am sure that it will be a standard work in the field and particularly for the Andes for quite some time.’
      • ‘Orchestras will disappear, or exist only to play the standard repertoire of the previous centuries.’
      • ‘Of the three works here I believe it has the best chance of entering the standard repertoire.’
      • ‘Her interpretations of the standard repertoire play it so safe that they hardly feel like play at all.’
      • ‘As such it should become a standard work in seminars on the subject.’
      • ‘Salvatore's study is both rich and deep, and promises to become the standard work on rural Argentina in the mid-century.’
      • ‘Its methodological integrity and analytical scope will make it a standard work in the field for some time to come.’
      • ‘In 1888 a standard work, Argentine Ornithology, of which Hudson was part-author, appeared.’
      • ‘For long the standard work of its subject, it was reprinted in 1967 with minor corrections by the author, and again in 1974.’
      • ‘He was a serious dance scholar and produced the standard works on Nijinsky and Diaghilev.’
      • ‘I imagine this will be the standard work on the subject for the foreseeable future.’
      • ‘It's in the standard repertoire of rhetorical performance in English.’
      • ‘Abraham's work is almost all related to Maxwell's theory and he wrote a text which was the standard work on electrodynamics in Germany for a long time.’
      • ‘Therefore our mission quickly became to generate new works for percussion while also bringing standard repertoire to a broad audience.’
      definitive, established, classic, recognized, approved, accepted, authoritative, most reliable, most complete, exhaustive, official
      View synonyms
    3. 1.3 Denoting or relating to the form of a language widely accepted as the usual correct form.
      ‘speakers of standard English’
      • ‘Speakers of standard English can derive many of the same benefits.’
      • ‘The emergence of standard languages, as well as literary forms, is intimately connected with socio-political context.’
      • ‘The other language is standard English, which is the official language and the language of instruction.’
      • ‘In both these post-colonial countries, standard English remains a high status language.’
      • ‘ASCII is the standard language of Internet e-mail and newsgroup text, among other things.’
      • ‘It evolved during the colonial era as the standard language of government and education.’
      • ‘She rightly says that being at ease in standard English is essential if you wish to communicate widely and easily with others.’
      • ‘Radio and television impose the Cairo-spoken language as the standard dialect of Egypt.’
      • ‘But this Dutch was very rapidly developing away from the standard form of the language emerging at the time in Holland.’
      • ‘That language is now standard throughout the Arab world in the mass media and most literature.’
      • ‘Political factors have often caused one dialect to dominate an area and then become a more stable standard language.’
      • ‘Barrie is keen to dispel the myth that regional dialects are somehow inferior to standard English.’
      • ‘Educated to speak and teach standard English, Collymore respected and encouraged the formal tradition.’
      • ‘Education was important in spreading English as a standard language.’
      • ‘In the last two decades, there has been a thoroughgoing reconsideration of the idea of a standard language or dialect or variety.’
      • ‘At the age of 14, she began to write and dramatize poems using patois rather than standard English.’
      • ‘The two standard languages are Tahitian and French, but many islanders have at least some English.’
      • ‘It must be noted, however, that no sharp break exists between Trinidad English and standard English.’
      • ‘I suspect the door to that will be prised open using standard English or Spanish.’
      • ‘So it's really odd to hear advice that redundancy in the formal written standard language should be increased.’
  • 2attributive (of a tree or shrub) growing on an erect stem of full height.

    ‘standard trees are useful for situations where immediate height is needed’
    • ‘A standard apple tree usually takes two years to start fruiting and four years to reach full production.’
    • ‘Pears can be grown as standard trees or as fan-trained specimens against a sunny wall.’
    • ‘So you can have patio roses; you can have very small standard apple trees that you can grow on your terrace if you've not much space.’
    1. 2.1 (of a shrub) grafted on an erect stem and trained in tree form.
      ‘standard roses’
      • ‘Where they have standard roses, I have colourful wooden houses on totem poles.’
      • ‘A whole row of bamboo plants, worth £30 each, is already dead and so are hundreds of standard roses.’
      • ‘Dean with the way a standard rose should look after it has been pruned.’
      • ‘He used to grow standard roses in a tiny little front garden when we were living in Manchester.’
      • ‘They are hardier than standard roses and easy to grow, and they flower over a long period in a painter's palate of colors.’
      • ‘Also at risk this year will be newly-planted standard roses, which should be well staked.’
      • ‘If space in your yard is at a premium, the bushes can be trained to a standard form that can be tucked into virtually any garden area.’
      • ‘The standard rose - the centrepiece of the garden - was ripped up in the attack during the run up to Christmas.’
      • ‘Certain types of standard roses or pillars require special techniques.’
      • ‘The front garden, behind the privet, was clipped to within an inch of its life, with a single standard rose in the dead centre.’


  • raise one's (or the) standard

    • Take up arms; oppose.

      ‘he is the only one who has dared raise his standard against her’
      • ‘I wish to extend a special thanks to our own First Sergeant Noe, BNCOC Division Chief; keep raising the standard!’
      • ‘The castle remained a royal stronghold, and it was at Nottingham that Charles I raised his standard in 1642.’
      • ‘The king, Charles, raised his standard at Nottingham in what is accepted by historians as a sign by the king that he intended to fight Parliament for power in England.’
      • ‘It was the same knowledge that enabled his son, Victor Emanuel II, to raise the standard of the House of Savoy against Austria in 1859.’
      • ‘When Charles I raised his standard at Nottingham and declared war on his people, the question of his judgement and of his trustworthiness was one which divided the nation.’
      • ‘Nearby attractions include the Glenfinnan monument, which marks where Bonnie Prince Charlie raised his standard in the Jacobite rebellion of 1745.’
      • ‘James Edward never returned, but his younger son Charles Edward landed in Scotland in July 1745 to raise his standard again.’
      • ‘Lord MacLaurin of Knebworth talked of raising the standard; Surrey actually did it, playing with a buccaneering ruthlessness that some counties found hard to stomach.’


Middle English (denoting a flag raised on a pole as a rallying point, the authorized exemplar of a unit of measurement, or an upright timber): shortening of Old French estendart, from estendre ‘extend’; in standard (sense 4 of the noun, standard sense 5 of the noun, standard sense 6 of the noun), influenced by the verb stand.