Definition of stabilizer in English:


(also stabiliser)


  • 1A thing used to keep something steady or stable, in particular.

    • ‘He also worked on the problem of classifying the stabiliser of the pencil which is a linear combination of the two matrices.’
    • ‘She had many comforts compared with older vessels, including stabilisers to reduce rolling in rough seas.’
    • ‘Patients with these conditions are usually treated with a mood stabilizer.’
    • ‘Instead of the value of money, economics, in assimilating the Keynesian schema of analysis, discovered another stabilizer, the public sector.’
    • ‘The initial assembly of the horizontal stabilizer is going smoothly.’
    • ‘Bad news for six year old kids still wobbling about on stabilisers - it is now illegal to ride your bicycle on the pavement.’
    • ‘He said I could ask the doctor about taking a new mood stabilizer.’
    • ‘Built-in, automatic stabilizers are preferable to the vagaries of the appropriations process in Congress.’
    • ‘Now Congress is about to repeal that economic stabilizer without putting any comparable safeguard in its place.’
    • ‘On her recommendation, I started taking a new anti-psychotic called Zyprexa, a mood stabilizer.’
    • ‘A UN administrative force however would have the additional benefit of shifting the perception of the international force from that of occupier to stabiliser.’
    • ‘Solid, dense designs may curl, cup or distort knits, even with the perfect stabilizer choice.’
    • ‘Hopefully in such circumstances the Government would at least allow the automatic stabilisers to operate.’
    • ‘There are several ways of avoiding UV degradation in plastics by using stabilizers, absorbers or blockers.’
    • ‘However, the dampening effect of automatic stabilizers on output fluctuations differs significantly across countries.’
    • ‘The same mood stabilizers that help control manic depression (lithium, divalproex) also help control pathologic gambling, a preliminary study finds.’
    • ‘Hold the design under running water for several minutes to flush out the remaining stabilizer.’
    • ‘To create an embroidered appliqué, place one to several layers of water-soluble stabilizer in your machine embroidery hoop.’
    • ‘Werner has released a ladder to eliminate the need for off-beat stabilizers like blocks of wood or dead bodies.’
    • ‘He smashed the tractor's "hooch" into the trailing edge of the horizontal stabilizer.’
    1. 1.1The horizontal tailplane of an aircraft.
      • ‘The stabiliser, the horizontal surface on the tailplane, is jammed.’
      • ‘They were shaped like bowties from the frontal view, with a compartment for the pilot where the knot would be, and large wings attached to the cockpit by stabilizers.’
      • ‘IAI and Cyclone Aviation Products Ltd in Carmiel manufacture the ventral fins, rudders, horizontal stabilisers and engine access doors.’
      • ‘Assembled from various stabilizers, wing sections, nose cones, pipes, fuselage chunks, and other random parts, all held tenuously in place by an improvised web of twisted wire, the piece is a monument of stored energy.’
      • ‘In the years between the two world wars, Sperry and his engineers developed the automatic pilot, the first airplane stabilizer, gyrostabilized bomb sights, and automatic-fire control systems.’
      • ‘These fighters had large delta wings instead of the conventional wings and tail stabilizers.’
      • ‘The center fin was a fixed surface, extending vertically above the stabilizer at the center line of the airplane.’
      • ‘Alphonse Penaud established the practice of setting the horizontal stabiliser at a negative angle of incidence relative to the wing chord, which provides longitudinal balance to an aircraft.’
      • ‘A maintenance alert had been issued in August for the same model of airplane after attachment bolts for the vertical stabiliser were found loose on a plane during a scheduled inspection.’
      • ‘Instead of putting fittings and turnbuckles on the streamlined tie-rod, he bent it and welded it to the spar of the stabilizer.’
      • ‘For air transportation, the vertical tail fin pivots, the main rotor blades and the horizontal stabiliser are folded, and the mast-mounted sight, the IFF antenna and the lower wire cutter are removed.’
      • ‘Check them the same way you did the ailerons: Push up on the elevator spar and see if there's any vertical movement relative to the stabilizer.’
      • ‘The forklift boom left a dent and a hole 2.5 feet wide along the leading edge, three feet from the tip of the stabilizer.’
      • ‘McCarthy had managed to get out, though he broke his leg presumably by hitting the rear stabilizer on the way out.’
      • ‘The falling block could also have damaged a wing flap or vertical stabiliser, meaning the autopilot could not have kept the shuttle at the precise 38-degree angle necessary for the tiles, damaged or not, to do their job.’
      • ‘Each aircraft had its own modified stabilizer of different shape and configuration.’
      • ‘Personnel from No.6 Squadron removed the tail fin, stabilisers and other components for carriage in a cargo aircraft.’
      • ‘The horizontal tail was a single-unit stabilator rather than a conventional stabilizer plus a movable elevator.’
      • ‘The right stabilizer, elevator, vertical fin and rudder, which were aligned with the path of the flames, were gone.’
      • ‘The reduced remnants of the second pair of wings are known as halteres, and seem to function as stabilizers or as airspeed detectors.’
    2. 1.2A gyroscopic device used to reduce the rolling of a ship.
      • ‘But today's ships are often such behemoth megaliners with such effective stabilizers that veteran cruisers are crestfallen to find they no longer are rocked to sleep by the gentle motion of the ocean.’
      • ‘Most if not all cruise ships have stabilizers, however many cruise ships are so big these days that you don't even know that you are at sea.’
      • ‘All large passenger ships are equipped with stabilizers, and the ride usually is smooth.’
      • ‘I never slept better feeling the pitch and roll as I lay down at night (no stabilizers in those days).’
      • ‘With its stabilizer removed, it sailed at high speed on a zigzag course, thus reducing the chance of accurate U-boat targeting.’
      • ‘Summer and autumn coincide with the hurricane season, and although the big cruise ships have stabilisers, you probably want to be thinking of November through to May, when the weather's not at its best in Scotland.’
      • ‘If you are on a tight budget, consider installing a hydrofoil stabilizer on the lower unit of your outdrive or outboard.’
      • ‘She had many comforts compared with older vessels, including stabilisers to reduce rolling in rough seas.’
      • ‘Two rudders and two active fin stabilisers are installed for precision manoeuvring.’
      • ‘Active roll-damping fin stabilisers have been added for operation in high sea states.’
      • ‘And having the aft thrusters working on the ship would be nice… working stabilizers would be even better.’
      • ‘The ship lost its sonar dome and the starboard stabiliser in the grounding.’
      • ‘Bob turned off the invisibility and the stabilizers, which keep the ship from rolling away, off to conserve energy.’
      • ‘The accident happened when the stabilisers of a flat-bed lorry that had been lifting the container sunk into soft mud, causing it to topple over.’
      • ‘The all-steel ship has stealth features, extra space for Task Group personnel, and fin stabilisers.’
      • ‘You do also need to be mindful that while the diesel-electrically powered Patricia is very quiet, she's no large cruise ship with stabilisers, so expect a little movement when the sea's lumpy.’
      • ‘There are no bilge keels, but stabilisation is achieved by a combination of fin stabilisers from Blohm and Voss and a controlled passive tank system supplied by Intering.’
    3. 1.3British A pair of small supporting wheels fitted on either side of the rear wheel of a child's bicycle.
      • ‘But now experts are arguing that stabilisers, which for decades have been used to help children learn to cycle, could actually be hindering their progress, and they are launching an experiment to prove it.’
      • ‘These adult stabilisers will enable anyone of adult size to learn to ride a bicycle, they can also with help balancing problems but they are not intended to be used for people who are unable to balance.’
    4. 1.4A financial mechanism that prevents unsettling fluctuation in an economic system.
      ‘the role of taxes and public spending as automatic stabilizers in modern economies’
      • ‘Hopefully in such circumstances the Government would at least allow the automatic stabilisers to operate.’
      • ‘However, the dampening effect of automatic stabilizers on output fluctuations differs significantly across countries.’
      • ‘To make the proposed stabilisers automatic, they can be linked to GDP forecasts.’
      • ‘It is more likely that he would have applauded the Fed for its swift action, and then argued that the fiscal stimulus validated his notion of government as an economic stabilizer.’
      • ‘Central banks are not only the economy's stabilizers, they are also its risk managers.’
      • ‘Specifically, fiscal policy worked to moderate economic cycles through automatic stabilizers.’
      • ‘There remains a place for traditional Keynesian countercyclical fiscal policy that operates through automatic stabilizers based on the system of progressive taxation and transfers.’
      • ‘Capitalism requires built-in fiscal-policy stabilizers because business cycles are an inherent feature of capitalist economies.’
      • ‘The advent of Keynesian economics in the post-Second World War period has seen taxation used as a tool of macro-economic policy with rates varied as a stabilizer against economic fluctuations.’
      • ‘This is the point where the game slips out of the hands of the stabilizers and hyperinflation and depression loom.’
      • ‘The Reserve Bank is relaxed about that fiscal stimulus and believes that it will act as a stabiliser, given that economic growth is forecast to decline during the 2004-06 period.’
      • ‘The currency board regime played up to some extent its intended role as an automatic stabilizer of the external accounts.’
      • ‘Minsky insisted that the existence of automatic fiscal stabilizers meant the difference between failed and successful capitalism.’
      • ‘The President's tax cut was well timed, and along with the automatic stabilizers, helped mitigate the recession.’
      • ‘Currently, it is up to Congress to enact discretionary fiscal policy, which would remain true even with an improvement in automatic stabilizers.’
      • ‘It legitimated an active state to stabilise demand and maintain the economy close to full employment through the use of automatic stabilisers and high levels of public spending on welfare and defence programmes.’
      • ‘Built-in, automatic stabilizers are preferable to the vagaries of the appropriations process in Congress.’
      • ‘But now, as taxes are less progressive, unemployment insurance has been cut back, the minimum wage is so low, and welfare is restricted, automatic stabilizers are no longer providing as much stimulus.’
      • ‘Economists call these cyclical fiscal boosts ‘automatic stabilizers.’’
      • ‘Finally, there is one idea that could destroy government's ability to make use of automatic stabilizers: the notion that there should be a balanced-budget amendment to the U.S. Constitution.’
  • 2A substance which prevents the breakdown of emulsions, especially in foods and paints.

    • ‘In the food industry, fatty acids are used as emulsifiers, stabilizers, lubricants, and defoamers.’
    • ‘Also, these ingredients act as stabilizers to help emulsifying systems in the ice cream mix.’
    • ‘The most likely irritant in emollient creams is the stabiliser propylene glycol.’
    • ‘New environmental regulation in many countries has greatly reduced the dissipative uses for lead such as paint, leaded gasoline, pigments, stabilizers, solder, and ammunition.’
    • ‘After the cheese is subjected to texture and flavor tests, the whey is drained before warm and cold rinses, followed by the addition of fat dressings, milk, cream, stabilizers and salt.’
    • ‘But while fluorinated and siloxane based stabilisers have been very successful, they are also prohibitively expensive for commercial applications.’
    • ‘To improve the workability of PVC resin various ingredients are added to the resin including stabilizers, impact modifiers, lubricants, plasticizers, biocides and flame retardants.’
    • ‘The ingredients - water, milk protein, fat, sugar, emulsifiers, stabilizers, flavours and a lot of air - are mixed together before being pasteurized and homogenized.’
    • ‘Smokeless explosives such as cordite, first produced in England in 1889, used gelatinized nitrocellulose, or gun cotton, mixed with minerals and nitroglycerine; stabilizers were later added.’
    • ‘The new company is a world leader in hydrocolloid food thickeners and stabilisers, xanthan and pectin, and was expected to have an annual turnover of about $470m.’
    • ‘Many commercial, large-scale manufacturers make ice cream from fat, water, milk proteins, sugar, stabilisers and emulsifiers.’
    • ‘Solid vinyl tile is a non-backed product that contains higher levels of vinyl resins, plasticizers and stabilizers than composition tile.’
    • ‘Since it is generally recognized as safe for ingestion, it is used extensively in food products as a stabilizer, thickener, binding agent, emulsifier, adhesive agent, film former, and texturizer.’
    • ‘The pink mass of processed meat, gristle, salt, water, stabilizer, emulsifier and anti-oxidant slid forth in a solid mass.’
    • ‘Didn't most of us spend the last few years trying to get people to stop adding chemicals and stabilizers to food?’
    • ‘For more than 50 years, Methocel gums have been used in a broad range of food products, serving as binders, emulsifiers, stabilizers, suspension agents, protective colloloids and thickeners.’
    • ‘Two components used in making the polyvinyl chloride are lead stabilizers and plasticizers, which allow the material to remain flexible.’
    • ‘These materials are the glass-forming substances, fluxes, stabilizers, and secondary components.’
    • ‘For example, in developing new all-dairy based puddings, we could not use the typical stabilizers and emulsifiers, such as modified food starch and sodium stearoyl lactylate, found in conventional puddings.’
    • ‘The lower the fat content in the ice cream, the more necessary it is to have stabilizers and emulsifiers to keep the fat evenly dispersed throughout, and to prevent the grainy texture caused by the formation of ice crystals.’
    counterweight, counterbalance, counterpoise, balance
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