Definition of sputnik in English:

sputnik

noun

  • Each of a series of Soviet artificial satellites, the first of which (launched on 4 October 1957) was the first satellite to be placed in orbit.

    • ‘In Russian, the word sputnik means a travelling companion.’
    • ‘Ever since the Soviets launched sputnik in 1957, satellites have been part of our consciousness.’
    • ‘The first sputnik and Yuriy Gagarin's flight on April 12, 1961 made this country a great space power.’
    space station, space capsule, spacecraft
    View synonyms

Origin

Russian, literally fellow-traveller.

Pronunciation:

sputnik

/ˈspʌtnɪk//ˈspʊtnɪk/