Definition of spur in English:

spur

noun

  • 1A device with a small spike or a spiked wheel that is worn on a rider's heel and used for urging a horse forward.

    • ‘He shook his head to dismiss the troublesome thoughts, and dug his spurs into the flanks of the horse.’
    • ‘The riders will be dressed in their Army Dress Blue uniform with riding breeches, boots and their silver spurs.’
    • ‘Jacobs said he used the spurs to control the horse and that any force he used was to control the horse and keep himself out of danger.’
    • ‘Make sure your personal equipment, including boots and spurs, has been worn prior to the show.’
    • ‘The youngest was only 4, but his stirrups are cinched up to accommodate his little legs and there are spurs on the heels of his boots.’
    1. 1.1 A horny spike on the back of the leg of a cock or male game bird, used in fighting.
      • ‘Their well-feathered shanks had razor sharp spurs protruding ominously, and the feet were also covered in dense, thick feathers to protect the skin from the brutal cold.’
    2. 1.2 A steel point fastened to the leg of a gamecock.
      • ‘The bird puffs out his chest, the glint of steel spurs curving inwards and upwards on the back of his legs.’
      • ‘Cocks have metal spurs attached to the leg just above the foot.’
      • ‘Nowadays few people enjoy watching two cocks fitted with sharp spurs slash at each other until one is dead or dying.’
    3. 1.3Medicine A short pointed growth or process on a part of the body.
      • ‘New spurs of bone often develop at the margins of the affected joints.’
      • ‘In this type of procedure, resection of a calcaneal spur is generally not performed.’
      • ‘Damaged, exposed bone forms spurs that interfere with movement.’
      • ‘The presence of calcaneal bone spurs on plain radiographs has no value in making or excluding the diagnosis of plantar fasciitis.’
      • ‘During interposition arthroplasty, your surgeon removes any bone spurs or loose pieces of bone.’
  • 2A thing that prompts or encourages someone; an incentive:

    ‘wars act as a spur to practical invention’
    • ‘Perhaps genius - even the illusion of genius - is a spur that throws us forward.’
    • ‘Robert Koch was getting a great deal of attention throughout Europe for his discoveries and the French versus German rivalry that occurred provided a great spur to medical advances.’
    • ‘For those not yet at the repayment date this could be a spur to reconsider their mortgages.’
    • ‘That will give a spur to additional investment and, therefore, to additional productivity.’
    • ‘They have been cited as a spur to a recovery in business confidence, though the evidence of this is not clear-cut and, in the case of Japan, flatly contradictory.’
    • ‘Inequality is natural, inevitable and may even be a good thing - a spur to ambition, competition and achievement.’
    • ‘To some extent, this has undoubtedly acted as a spur to research, but I believe that it distorts more than it reveals, and that all ultimately lose by the process.’
    • ‘For those of our readers who specialize in this subject, this should serve both as an expert review and a spur to fresh thinking.’
    • ‘Openness to trade acts as a spur to efficiency, innovation, and international competitiveness generally.’
    • ‘The conservationist-author points out that the urge to find, dam, and channel water is one of the earliest spurs to technological advance.’
    • ‘Anger can be channeled as a spur to action rather than being destructive. But Mars at its best is purposeful, an achiever and self-starter, and a force to be reckoned with.’
    • ‘Hilbert's problems were a spur to some of the most productive mathematical research of the 20th century.’
    • ‘It provides a lot of very smart and/or politically important people with a spur to help the campaign as much as possible.’
    • ‘Any player averaging a hat-trick per game over an entire season is clearly not lacking talent, but Ross claims that enthusiasm is his main spur.’
    • ‘Her experience on the show acted as a spur to her ambition and she flew to California with £750 in her pocket.’
    • ‘‘I hope this report is not put back on a shelf but acts as a spur to provide treatment facilities and resources to tackle the issue,’ he said.’
    • ‘For example, proximity to one's home and community may act as a spur to some to fight harder.’
    • ‘Another spur to expeditions from the 1790s was the desire of British Protestant churches to evangelize overseas.’
    • ‘Everyone knows that competition can be both healthy (acting as a spur to progress) or negative, which is hurtful as well as wasteful.’
    • ‘Their continuing presence is a spur to violence.’
    stimulus, incentive, encouragement, stimulant, stimulation, inducement, impetus, prod, prompt
    View synonyms
  • 3A thing that projects or branches off from a main body, in particular:

    • ‘The gallery formed a spur jutting off the main building and was entered at its eastern end through the door that had not been walled up after Elizabeth's visit.’
    projection, spike
    View synonyms
    1. 3.1 A projection from a mountain or mountain range:
      ‘it's an easy walk up the spur that leads to the summit’
      • ‘It took them a week to reach the eastern spur of the Waiongona Gorge, near the present Mountain House, the last camp before the summit attempt.’
      • ‘This is a very pleasant descent down a tributary valley with the distinctive spur known as the Tongue prominent on the opposite side of the stream.’
      • ‘The hilltop spur has stunning views across the Severn valley.’
      • ‘The terrain between the spur of the mountain range and the sea is flat and thickly forested.’
      • ‘Built on a wooded spur above the town, the chapel is visible from almost six miles (ten kilometers) away.’
    2. 3.2 A short branch road or railway line.
      • ‘At the airport, a system of rail spurs would connect aviation-related businesses, warehouses and cargo storage areas.’
      • ‘However, planners were reluctant to commit to having a rail spur open by late 2010.’
      • ‘The main spine would run between the existing and heavily-used west coast and east coast lines, with spurs to Birmingham, Leeds and Manchester.’
      • ‘Scores of business premises will be bulldozed to make way for the final section of the northern spur of Sheffield's inner ring road.’
      • ‘The work will also include a spur road into the new Terminal 5 at Heathrow.’
    3. 3.3Botany A slender tubular projection from the base of a flower, e.g. a honeysuckle or orchid, typically containing nectar.
      • ‘Instead, longer spurs only seem to be an advantage when long-tongued insects are the sole pollinators.’
      • ‘During visits to flowers in which the corolla spur was removed, males directed their glossa to the tips of the connective appendages, making it clear that their search was for nectar.’
      • ‘Yet short floral spurs are not necessarily a reproductive disadvantage.’
      • ‘Some have large flowers with longer spurs, while others have smaller double flowers with short spurs, or no spurs at all.’
      • ‘Most columbine flowers have backward-projecting spurs that contain rich nectar that can only be reached by hummingbirds.’
    4. 3.4 A short fruit-bearing side shoot.
      • ‘Check all your climbers have enough support and tie in new spurs and shoots before they get snapped in the wind.’
      • ‘Apple trees, at the other extreme, produce fruit on long-lived, very short, knobby branches, called spurs, so they need little such stimulus.’
      • ‘Even those small, fruiting spurs on apple and pear trees eventually need pruning for rejuvenation and to eliminate overcrowding.’
      • ‘The spurs produce blossoms and fruit year after year, and should be saved wherever possible.’
      • ‘For apples and Japanese plums, thin to one fruit per cluster, and be careful to not damage long-lived fruiting spurs.’
  • 4A small, single-pointed support for ceramic ware in a kiln.

verb

[WITH OBJECT]
  • 1Urge (a horse) forward by digging one's spurs into its sides:

    ‘she spurred her horse towards the hedge’
    • ‘Diana took a deep breath and spurred her horse towards the cave.’
    • ‘Maddock shouted, spurring his horse forward into the melee.’
    • ‘He pulled himself up behind her and she spurred the horse into a gallop.’
    • ‘He spurred the horse into a fast trot.’
    • ‘Gregor mutters a few more obscenities and turned back in his saddle before spurring his horse forward.’
    • ‘He yelled and they set off, spurring their horses into a gallop.’
    • ‘Then he leapt into the saddle and spurred the horse to a gallop, and with a wave of his hand, he was gone.’
    • ‘Jack let out a loud whoop as he spurred his horse on.’
    • ‘He gestured with his torch, and spurred his horse forward.’
    • ‘She looks away and gently spurs her horse back into a slow walk.’
    • ‘Indignant, she turned away, but he evidently took this as a sign of encouragement and spurred his horse forward to ride by her side.’
    • ‘The hero tips his hat to the ladies, spurs his horse and gallops off toward the setting sun in a cloud of dust.’
    • ‘She wheeled her horse around, and spurred the stallion into a gallop.’
    • ‘All three spurred their horses forward at the same time.’
    • ‘With this, they spurred their horses on again and continued towards their destination.’
    • ‘‘Follow my lead,’ Doran shouted, spurring his horse forward with his heels.’
    • ‘With that, they spurred their horses out of the stables and into the dark night…’
    • ‘As he spurred his horse forward to catch up with his brothers, Ben said a silent prayer that his words would prove to be true.’
    • ‘He shot her a grin before spurring his horse forward.’
    • ‘Uncle Howard spurred his horse into a trot, and Thomas and I followed.’
    impel, force, drive, coerce, goad
    View synonyms
    1. 1.1 Give an incentive or encouragement to (someone):
      ‘her sons' passion for computer games spurred her on to set up a software shop’
      • ‘I think it is always very touching when your efforts are praised, even in small ways, and it spurs you on to do more good work.’
      • ‘It was this desire for excitement that spurred Kevin to leave his job as an accountant after three years to become a professional actor.’
      • ‘‘The new rules are designed to spur people into putting more into their pension pot,’ Holt adds.’
      • ‘The fact that her second chance was costing her parents money spurred her on.’
      • ‘However, the reward of seeing the mighty Everest from Kala Pattar - a 5,545 metre adjacent peak - was incentive enough to spur us on.’
      • ‘‘To receive a pledge of this magnitude spurs us on to secure the remaining £20,000,’ said head teacher Alan Davis.’
      • ‘The plight of a York woman's friend is spurring her on to run the London Marathon for the first time - and hopefully raise hundreds of pounds.’
      • ‘Each year millions of smokers attempt to quit en masse, spurred on by the annual health awareness campaign.’
      • ‘She said it was the very happiness and stability of her upbringing that spurred her to investigate her personal history.’
      • ‘We hope the Yorkshire Bank-sponsored grants of up to £1,000 per school will spur people on to continue what we have started - because there is no room for complacency.’
      • ‘To their credit, many in the neighborhood, both black and white, were spurred to action.’
      • ‘She and her husband are keen travellers and the chance of winning a holiday in the competition is spurring her on to win.’
      • ‘Last year's disappointment at failing to reach the final of the 400m has spurred him to greater effort.’
      • ‘When I arrived here I found two men who were not just great coaches, they were also good at spurring me on.’
      • ‘He said that what spurred him to become involved in fund-raising for the Heart Foundation was attending the funeral three years ago of a friend who died of a heart attack as a young man.’
      • ‘Three years later she received the devastating news that she had leukaemia but instead of letting her condition rule her life, she was spurred into action to help other sufferers by raising vital funds.’
      • ‘The incident spurs Ben to become a doctor and an all-around humanitarian.’
      • ‘Encouraging feedback from reviewers and reading groups is spurring Chris on.’
      • ‘He said: ‘The article really brought home how these people suffer and it spurred me on.’’
      • ‘‘You watch them, their artistry, their special qualities and it really spurs you on to find something like that in yourself,’ she says.’
      motivate, inspire, stimulate, encourage, galvanize, arouse, rouse, excite, fire, fire with enthusiasm, make enthusiastic, fire the imagination of
      View synonyms
    2. 1.2 Promote the development of; stimulate:
      ‘governments cut interest rates to spur demand’
      • ‘The company hopes new discounts and promotions will spur demand in the second and third quarters.’
      • ‘A rise in gas prices will spur development of alternative energy sources.’
      • ‘Depression makes existing heart disease especially deadly; it also actually spurs the development of coronary artery disease.’
      • ‘Computer makers hope that, along with reasonable prices, this will spur demand.’
      • ‘Nor have lower interest rates spurred corporations to invest in new projects.’
      • ‘He said the nation needed foreign investors who would help spur economic development.’
      • ‘While the process of globalization and the drive to open markets has spurred growth and development in parts of the world, it has also exacerbated existing problems.’
      • ‘Although she did not found the hospice movement, her work spurred its development.’
      • ‘Barnes explains that the summer heat warms the ocean's surface and spurs evaporation.’
      • ‘Growth is picking up around the world as countries slash taxes and cut rates to spur demand’
      • ‘Officials hope it will spur the development of the corporate bond market in Hong Kong, boosting the city's role as a regional financial centre.’
      • ‘It is hoped that the bank will cut its interest rates to spur growth when its council next meets on Thursday.’
      • ‘Competition between two national political parties beginning in 1828 spurred the development of new, partisan newspapers.’
      • ‘One difficulty is that improvements in technology spur improvements in armaments.’
      • ‘Nothing spurs forward progress in research like competition.’
      • ‘The effects of the steroid was to quadruple testosterone levels in the body which helped spur dramatic muscle growth, essential for swimming.’
      • ‘The government says the tax cuts are needed to spur a stagnant economy.’
      • ‘Once that happens, their spending could help spur reasonable growth in the economy.’
      • ‘The arrival of the railroad in the late 1800s also spurred growth.’
      • ‘These trends have revived old debates and spurred new research.’
      stimulate, give the incentive to, act as a incentive to, act as a stimulus to, encourage, prompt, propel, prod, induce, impel, motivate, move, galvanize, inspire, urge, drive, egg on, stir
      incite, goad, provoke, prick, sting
      root on, light a fire under
      View synonyms
  • 2Prune in (a side shoot of a plant) so as to form a spur close to the stem:

    ‘spur back the lateral shoots’

Phrases

  • on the spur of the moment

    • On impulse; without planning in advance:

      ‘I don't generally do things on the spur of the moment’
      [as modifier] ‘a spur-of-the-moment decision’
      • ‘That was an example of the kind of thing Ross would do on the spur of the moment: just invite someone along to join the band without consulting the rest of us.’
      • ‘I think he just said that on the spur of the moment.’
      • ‘A great idea I think, is an evening away, on the spur of the moment.’
      • ‘I never thought I was one for routine. I had always pictured myself as someone who liked the adventure of doing things on the spur of the moment.’
      • ‘He wrote on the spur of the moment and perhaps without giving the subject the careful thought it deserved.’
      • ‘I'm not an impulsive person, I don't generally do things on the spur of the moment.’
      • ‘I chose to come almost on the spur of the moment, and have spent the last couple of evenings mingling with the loveliest of people.’
      • ‘I didn't plan it, I just did it on the spur of the moment, got in my car and started driving with my daughter.’
      • ‘The couple, who are both retired, had decided to go on holiday on the spur of the moment to take advantage of the good weather.’
      • ‘This was not a decision taken lightly or on the spur of the moment.’
      impulsively, on impulse, impetuously, without thinking, without planning, without premeditation, unpremeditatedly, impromptu, spontaneously, on the spot
      suddenly, all of a sudden, unexpectedly, out of the blue
      View synonyms
  • put (or set) spurs to

    • Use one's spurs to urge on (a horse).

      • ‘He immediately put spurs to the animal and was soon far out of the way.’
      • ‘The King and Francois put spurs to their horses and took off at a fast pace, and there was no more leisure for conversation as the rest of the party followed suit.’
      • ‘The slave-hunter was badly frightened, and fearing the same marksman would draw a bead on him, he put spurs to his horse and galloped rapidly back the road he had come.’
      • ‘Holding the reins in one hand, he set spurs to the horse, crying back, ‘I'll return tomorrow by noon.’’
      • ‘When he saw the two still coming, the lone rider wheeled around and joined the others; then all six put spurs to their horses and were soon out of sight behind a higher ridge.’

Origin

Old English spora, spura, of Germanic origin; related to Dutch spoor and German Sporn, also to spurn.

Pronunciation:

spur

/spəː/