Definition of spume in English:



  • [mass noun] Froth or foam, especially that found on waves.

    ‘the spume of the white-capped waves’
    • ‘The late winter sun was shining brightly and big waves hurled themselves against the rocks, sending sheets of white spume up along the cliffs.’
    • ‘Beyond them a tail of white spume rose into the air as the river cascaded over jutting black rocks.’
    • ‘Today, the waves are no more than white flecks of spume, gently nudging their way to shore.’
    • ‘When the towering pinnacles of Ben Mor and the Karakora Ranges loomed up across the spume, all aboard felt relief.’
    • ‘They waded into the shallow waves and their dresses billowed in the spume.’
    foam, froth, surf, spindrift, spray
    fizz, effervescence, bubbles, head, mousse
    lather, suds
    View synonyms


[NO OBJECT]literary
  • Form or produce a mass of froth or foam.

    ‘water was spuming under the mill’
    • ‘Lightening crashed, thunder rolled, ash and molten lava spumed from the mountains.’
    • ‘It was a cold, clear night and the sea was beginning to fret, spuming over the harbour walls.’


Late Middle English: from Old French ( e)spume or Latin spuma.