Definition of sprint in English:

sprint

verb

  • no object, with adverbial of direction Run at full speed over a short distance.

    ‘I saw Charlie sprinting through the traffic towards me’
    • ‘Having sprinted 40 yards, he stuck out a hand to claim the ball just inches from the ground.’
    • ‘As soon as he went down, she took off, sprinting down the street.’
    • ‘Ana's mother sprinted out back to find her daughter standing with her hands over her face sobbing.’
    • ‘Luckily, however, a walker, who was following the same route as the couple, sprinted to the rescue.’
    • ‘I saw what was happening and sprinted to the main road and then down the hill after her.’
    • ‘She stood up and elbowed him in the back before turning on her heel and sprinting for the stairs.’
    • ‘I grabbed my backpack and sprinted out the front door.’
    • ‘At 3 o'clock, the doorbell rang and I sprinted to the front door.’
    • ‘He sprinted to catch up with the man, but he had already disappeared.’
    • ‘Faye squealed, the two of them sprinting back toward the ladder as fast as they possibly could.’
    • ‘I sprinted back up the stairs and collapsed onto my bed.’
    • ‘Alan Duggan scored a wonderful try, scooping up a loose pass from Barry John on the halfway line and sprinting for the corner.’
    • ‘The thieves sprinted to a waiting car, where they had two accomplices.’
    • ‘Ignoring the pain, he sprinted toward the gate like a runner at the end of a marathon.’
    • ‘Just than a passing youth snatched the woman's handbag and sprinted off, throwing it to another boy on a bike.’
    • ‘The man fled, vaulting a ticket barrier and sprinting for the platform.’
    • ‘Mr Todd got out of his car and sprinted across the car park to be the first police officer on the scene.’
    • ‘He pulled into the school parking lot, doing a haphazard parking job and sprinting across the asphalt.’
    • ‘Alex was still breathing heavily as if he'd just sprinted a long distance.’
    • ‘It took all my control to stop myself sprinting down the driveway and knocking him flat.’
    run, race, dart, rush, dash, hasten, hurry, scurry, scuttle, scamper, hare, bolt, bound, fly, gallop, career, charge, pound, shoot, hurtle, speed, streak, whizz, zoom, go like lightning, go hell for leather, go like the wind, flash
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noun

  • 1An act or short spell of running at full speed.

    ‘Greg broke into a sprint’
    as modifier ‘MacFarlane won the 1,500m with a fine sprint finish’
    • ‘The hallway ran a length of fifty feet, but he cleared the distance in a sprint.’
    • ‘He continued his mad sprint, putting fifty meters between himself and the house.’
    • ‘In the first race Brighton and eight other riders broke away from the bunch to set up a sprint finish.’
    • ‘We are in this for the long haul; it is not a short sprint but a marathon run!’
    • ‘We start with 10 60-yard sprints with 7 to 10 seconds of rest between reps.’
    • ‘Her trainer actually has her do very quick uphill sprints before she starts a workout.’
    • ‘Over the past couple of weeks they would have been concentrating on more football in training, plenty of reaction drills and short sprints, which should ensure a much sharper performance.’
    • ‘Robinson, who was clearly in severe pain, picked himself off the floor and made a spirited sprint to the finish line where he collapsed in a heap and was attended to by an off-duty paramedic.’
    • ‘But Radcliffe clinched victory with a superb sprint as the pair came within sight of the finishing line.’
    • ‘The tension has been telling on both sides as campaign strategists struggle to identify potential winning themes, not to mention winning voters, in their headlong sprint to the finish.’
    • ‘The race began with a 200 metre sprint down the street - and no practice run.’
    • ‘I broke into a sprint and ran the rest of the way home.’
    • ‘In the final sprint for the line Gill timed his effort perfectly, crossing the line with two lengths to spare and saluted the large crowd.’
    • ‘My cool, air - conditioned hotel room opens directly onto the beach and, of a morning, it is an effortless 100 metre sprint into the clear, warm waters of the ocean.’
    • ‘Tal forgot where he was and ignored the stubborn pain in his leg, running at a full sprint.’
    • ‘A lifetime as a news reporter accustomed me to running sprints, turning out stories on tight deadlines.’
    • ‘Gott ran a well-judged race, shadowing one of his rivals and overhauling him in a sprint finish to win bronze medal.’
    • ‘By then I felt a little bit steadier and we started a fast sprint down the streets.’
    • ‘During the last 10 seconds of your 60-second recovery jog, crank up the speed for your next sprint.’
    • ‘I've also been joining the Road Runners for weekly runs that vary in length and type, including slow jogs, hills, sprints and speed running.’
    burst of speed, turn of speed, increase of speed, burst of energy, sprint, rush
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    1. 1.1 A short, fast race in which the competitors run a distance of 400 metres or less.
      ‘the 100 metres sprint’
      • ‘Radanova was world champion in 2000, when she won the 500-metre sprint.’
      • ‘Dave Browne got things started with fifth and sixth place finishes in the 60m sprint and the long jump.’
      • ‘I hope to take up athletics and would like to compete in either the 100 metre or 200 metre sprint.’
      • ‘The best sprint hurdler of her generation is favourite to claim the gold medal that has eluded her twice.’
      • ‘He was also a Lancashire athletics sprint champion and a more than adequate club cricketer.’
      sprint, race, dash, gallop, rush, spurt
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    2. 1.2 A short, fast race in cycling, swimming, etc.
      • ‘Lenton also remained undefeated in sprint freestyle, winning her 4th gold medal of the tour.’
      • ‘Teams then lined up on the water for two rounds of 400-metre sprint racing.’
      • ‘By winning the final sprint, the Australian champion prevented German Erik Zabel winning a seventh successive green jersey.’
      • ‘Helen Chervitz, a former Ukrainian junior national champion in the freestyle sprints, now lives in the United States.’
      • ‘Hushovd lived up to his potential last year with a series of impressive sprints only to finish second to Robbie McEwen in the battle for the green jersey.’
  • 2(especially in software development) a set period of time during which specific tasks must be completed.

    ‘team members discuss issues with each other at the end of every sprint’
    as modifier ‘a sprint planning session’

Origin

Late 18th century (as a dialect term meaning ‘a bound or spring’): related to Swedish spritta.

Pronunciation

sprint

/sprɪnt/