One of the mysteries of the English language finally explained.
1A rectangular key fitting into grooves in the hub and shaft of a wheel, especially one formed integrally with the shaft which allows movement of the wheel on the shaft.
- ‘The splines slid smoothly into the oiled hub of the lock.’
- ‘The male housing also includes splines which align with grooves on the female housing.’
- ‘Engineered to maintain original GM dimensions and process parameters, these axles are induction hardened and feature a 100-percent machined shaft and precision nobbed splines.’
- ‘UAW Local 2101 represents 17 workers at Wedin, where they manufacture ball screws, nuts, gears, shafts, splines and motion-control systems.’
- ‘Using the concave roller to carefully roll the spline into the groove over the screen.’
- ‘A chromoly rod pinch bolt on the non-driveside arm grips the 46 splines of the tubular axle.’
- ‘A torsional load could be created if a force is applied at the tooth and an opposite force is applied at the splines.’
- ‘All along the east side of the floor is an external slatted screen of oak shutters supported on a semi-independent frame of oak members flitched to stainless-steel splines.’
- ‘This means visually aligning the splines on the bottom bracket with the crank isn't an option - making installation testy.’
- ‘The cotter pin missed the male spline on the flap motor.’
- 1.1 A corresponding groove in a hub along which the key may slide.
- ‘The hydraulic disc brakes are small and light, and the rotors fit onto splines on lightweight hubs.’
2A slat of wood, metal, etc.
- ‘If you are using Fiberglas screening, simultaneously roll the screen and spline into the channel in this step.’
- ‘A biscuit - a small wooden spline that looks like a flattened football - is glued and inserted into the slots as the boards are pressed together.’
- ‘Run a sharp utility knife or single-edge razor blade between the spline and the metal frame to cut off excess screening.’
- ‘Tap splines until they are even with the outer edge of the molding.’
- ‘To do this, use a small standard screwdriver or putty knife to lift one end of the spline from its track.’
- ‘Cut a 7 ‘piece of spline and glue it into the grooved short end of the opening.’’
- ‘With those two sides nearly done, cut the next two corners and roll in the screen and the spline.’
- 2.1 A flexible wood or rubber strip used especially in drawing large curves.
- ‘The great power of ISIS-Drive's open standard is also its weakness - the tapered spline requires great care to produce and the ISIS standard leaves manufacturing open to interpretation in some respects.’
- ‘Therefore, there is more flexibility in the fitted splines than is strictly necessary to model the data.’
A continuous curve constructed so as to pass through a given set of points and have a certain number of continuous derivatives.
- ‘Two generally accepted numerical approaches for obtaining this derivative are the spline fitting method and the incremental polynomial method.’
- ‘The data was therefore fit nonparametrically to a smooth curve using the Dierckx algorithm for cubic spline curve fitting.’
- ‘Did you know that the most pleasing shape to man is the spline curve?’
- ‘Garrett was quick to recommend the use of cubic splines for the representation of smooth curves.’
- ‘The 3D curves are incorporated into a wire part, and the curve elements are straight lines, arcs, circles, spline curves, spirals and curves on surfaces.’
1Secure (a part) by means of a spline.‘the clutch units are splined on to the mainshaft’
- ‘The inner rotor portion of the pump is splined to one output on the axle and the outer drum portion of the pump is splined to the other.’
- 1.1usually as adjective splined Fit with a spline.‘splined freewheels’
- ‘Schwinn puts a lot of attention into a solid parts spec for the Moab - TruVativ's Firex ISIS splined crank is definitely built to take abuse.’
- ‘With Shimano, I have never heard of either the BB or the crank breaking since the advent of the splined bottom bracket.’
- ‘The splined interface accepts the rotor much like freehub accepts the cassette - just slide the rotor on and cinch-down using a single lock-ring.’
- ‘In one of your past Q&A columns, you stated that you haven't heard of a Shimano splined crank breaking.’
- ‘That combination creates a lighter, stiffer crankset than older square-taper spindles and uses Shimano's widely available ES - 70 splined bottom bracket.’
- ‘At the 105 level, Shimano employs many of its top-end Dura-Ace and Ultegra crank tricks, specifically Hollowtech hollow-forged aluminum arms and splined Octalink crank/bottom bracket interface.’
- ‘The WCS is priced $50 below either of those rivals, but still uses Shimano's Octalink splined bottom bracket with hollow spindle.’
- ‘The axle housing is a square carbon fiber tube containing individual elastomeric elements on a splined shaft.’
- ‘I want to replace my BB / Crank with a splined version, but the spindle is offered in 113 mm.’
Mid 18th century (originally East Anglian dialect): perhaps related to splinter.
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