Definition of spider in English:

spider

noun

  • 1An eight-legged predatory arachnid with an unsegmented body consisting of a fused head and thorax and a rounded abdomen. Spiders have fangs which inject poison into their prey, and most kinds spin webs in which to capture insects.

    • ‘Long legged spiders crawled up and down the walls, unafraid of the trespassers.’
    • ‘In fact, the typical residents of these boxes are other insects and spiders.’
    • ‘It was possible that an insect or a spider had bitten her during that time.’
    • ‘Four other people in the area have been poisoned by funnel web spiders since 1992.’
    • ‘When they reduce pesticide use, they see a lot more beneficial predatory insects: spiders and parasitic wasps and flies.’
    • ‘This occurs in, among other animals, butterflies, spiders, birds, and small mammals.’
    • ‘This tiny spider is related to the more commonly known, and much larger, tarantulas of the southwestern United States.’
    • ‘The book includes information about more than 100 insects, spiders, mites, slugs and earthworms found in the Prairies, and encourages people to live with them in harmony.’
    • ‘They are habitat to countless amphipods, insects, spiders and other organisms.’
    • ‘We record plants and invertebrates (including weeds, insects, spiders, slugs and snails) in and around the fields, before, during and after the crops are in the ground.’
    • ‘To survive the winter, they depend on food sources such as berries, spiders, and insects.’
    • ‘She hesitated, but slowly walked out of the cell, afraid that rats or spiders would brush her feet.’
    • ‘In addition to honey, their diet included scorpions, spiders, insects, mice, lizards, frogs, snakes and fruit, she said.’
    • ‘The name is misleading, as this spider is native to the Waterloo region.’
    • ‘They are predators on spiders, mites, millipedes, and other insects.’
    • ‘‘There's a spider in the kitchen,’ Mum told Dad blandly.’
    • ‘Some people may be terrified of spiders, dogs or insects.’
    • ‘The full moon shone onto the filthy prison floor revealing spiders, insects, and rats.’
    • ‘All kinds of small creepy crawlies are eaten including insects, spiders and centipedes.’
    • ‘They feed on other insects and spiders, so they are not really that bad to have around.’
    1. 1.1 Used in names of arachnids similar or related to spiders, e.g. sea spider, sun spider.
  • 2An object resembling a spider, especially one having numerous or prominent legs or radiating spokes.

    • ‘Especially Dave, who had to feed the scrum, swipe the ball from the back of the black spider, and dive-pass it out to the waiting back line.’
    • ‘Remove with spider or slotted spoon and drain on paper towels.’
    • ‘It was crafted in the shape of a spider, so that its minute legs would curl around her index finger, with tiny ruby eyes.’
    1. 2.1British A set of radiating elastic ties used to hold a load in place on a vehicle.
    2. 2.2 A long-legged rest for a billiard cue that can be placed over a ball without touching it.
  • 3Computing

    another term for crawler (sense 2)
    • ‘This way, your site map will be a valuable resource for anyone who accesses your site, and a useful tool for spiders to find everything that's within.’
    • ‘The spider captures summaries, which is all the engine searches, which gives you easy breadth, but not depth.’
    • ‘The same thing applies to forms; spiders can't fill out forms and click ‘submit.’’
    • ‘They usually target comments to old posts, so they won't show up to people reading the latest ones, though search engine spiders will spot them and index them.’
    • ‘The search engine spiders take those words and display the best sites that relate to that information.’

verb

  • 1no object, with adverbial of direction Move in a scuttling manner suggestive of a spider.

    ‘a treecreeper spidered head first down the tree trunk’
    • ‘As they spidered their way up the walls, Deuterium Boy sighed.’
    • ‘Ambitious craggers had been spidering up Baffin's granite for decades, but none had ever looked at the walls with an eye out for skiable lines.’
    • ‘You see them occasionally: a skier ghosting through trees in total control, a climber spidering up a sheer rock face with ease, a poised surfer rocketing out of a perfect barrel.’
    1. 1.1 Form a pattern suggestive of a spider or its web.
      ‘a system of tunnels spider through the district’
      • ‘When they hit his shield, they spider out making a massive web of rock!’
      • ‘In Middlesbrough, where there's one long road spidering into town, most people walk into town on the left-hand pavement, and walk away from town on the left-hand pavement.’
      • ‘We stepped down a short staircase leading from the hallway's floor, and saw before us a large, concrete room, primitive with its bare, wooden beams, and deep cracks spidering in every direction.’
      • ‘The cylindrically hulled Healy drove up on top of the massive floe until the heft of the boat sent dozens of cracks spidering across the surface.’
      • ‘At the stern, hull plates have fallen away to leave ribs spidering out above the rudder.’
      • ‘Age creeps up on all of us, from the first delicate lines spidering around our eyes in our twenties to the heavier frown lines and crow's feet of middle age.’
  • 2Computing

    ‘when the search engines spider your site they'll find all of the pages’
    another term for crawl (sense 4 of the verb)
    • ‘The dataset is also very 'natural', consisting of images spidered from the Internet.’
    • ‘Search engines will spider the text near the top of the page, rather than at the bottom.’
    • ‘Within three days of the launch of our site, Google had spidered our main page.’
    • ‘For prices starting at $20, the company guarantees they'll spider your website every 48 hours for a year.’
    • ‘Google says its most refreshed pages are spidered every 15 minutes, with the entire index getting a refresh every 28 days.’

Origin

Late Old English spīthra, from spinnan (see spin).

Pronunciation

spider

/ˈspʌɪdə/