Main definitions of spar in English

: spar1spar2spar3

spar1

noun

  • 1A thick, strong pole such as is used for a mast or yard on a ship.

    • ‘Every point is held together by the spar that sticks up in the center.’
    • ‘The spars - those are those huge, diagonal sticks hanging from the masts - are the frame for the sails.’
    • ‘Fearing they would be blown into the island cliffs, the crew furled the main sail, then to lower the ship's profile further, Alexander ordered the main spar lowered.’
    • ‘Although these canoes are covered with birchbark, this skin, like that of a kayak, is stretched over a framework of ribs and spars.’
    1. 1.1 The main longitudinal beam of an aeroplane wing.
      • ‘GKN Aerospace of the UK is to supply the complex carbon composite wing spars.’
      • ‘It had a single two-bladed propeller in the front and high wings secured by a pair of metal spars from the bottom of the fuselage, which was white with a blue stripe to the tail.’
      • ‘The aircraft has twelve integral fuel tanks installed between the front and back spars in the wings.’

Origin

Middle English: shortening of Old French esparre, or from Old Norse sperra; related to Dutch spar and German Sparren.

Pronunciation

spar

/spɑː/

Main definitions of spar in English

: spar1spar2spar3

spar2

verb

[no object]
  • 1Make the motions of boxing without landing heavy blows, as a form of training.

    ‘one contestant broke his nose while sparring’
    • ‘It wasn't a distraction while sparring, but it was annoying.’
    • ‘Truly, though, Shen liked to spar in the training room.’
    • ‘He wanders into a local gym, sees world welterweight champion Yuri in the ring, and offers to spar with him.’
    • ‘During those two sparring sessions, Parker clearly got the best of it.’
    • ‘Right now, we'll be practicing some martial arts sparring.’
    • ‘We were sparring in the afternoon, just like we always do.’
    • ‘Mentally sparring with these leadership thinkers was like going a round with the intellectual heavyweight champion of the world.’
    • ‘He's introduced on stage, where amidst the dancers he stands at the end of a row, sparring with a punching bag.’
    • ‘Later that evening she stood before her father, prepared to spar in the training hall.’
    • ‘It was while using one of these places I first met a sparring bloke, who taught me how to spar, and showed me the way to put my dukes up.’
    • ‘Feeling suddenly claustrophobic, he headed for the training yards, where he sparred half-heartedly with a few others.’
    • ‘They're merely sparring, feeling each other out, which plays directly into Orson's hands.’
    • ‘They begin a round of verbal sparring about their past together, Linklater's camera constantly swivelling to catch all the insults as they fly across the room.’
    • ‘We trained, sparred, fought, ate, and laughed together ever since childhood.’
    • ‘She was not quite up to verbally sparring with Sam yet.’
    • ‘Usually he'd be here before him, practicing and sparring.’
    • ‘He spars with him at least three hours in the morning and two hours in the afternoon.’
    • ‘They were sparring in his father's paddy fields.’
    • ‘We witness combat between two males sparring over a mate, and the sight of these two massive animals hurtling themselves at each other is amazing.’
    • ‘It's like the music in the movies where the hero is training for greatness; sparring in a basement with a punching bag or running like the wind or something.’
    • ‘We got chatting at the gym and would sometimes spar together.’
    • ‘Jason, you spar with Denise and I'll spar with Mark.’
    • ‘I sparred with Cassius Clay, as he was called then - I taught him everything he knew.’
    • ‘She looked up and saw many people in deep concentration, sparring with their partners, trading blows with great speed and accuracy.’
    1. 1.1 Argue with someone without marked hostility.
      ‘mother and daughter spar regularly over drink, drugs, and career’
      • ‘By the numbers - doctors, province spar over figures’
      quarrel, argue, have a fight, have a row, row, fight, disagree, fail to agree, differ, be at odds, have a misunderstanding, be at variance, fall out, dispute, squabble, brawl, bicker, chop logic, wrangle, bandy words, cross swords, lock horns, be at each other's throats, be at loggerheads
      View synonyms
  • 2(of a gamecock) fight with the feet or spurs.

noun

  • 1A period or bout of sparring.

    • ‘They were matching each other move for move in a spar.’
    • ‘Maybe she could beat him in a spar match, but he wouldn't find out until the annual martial arts tournament at school.’
    • ‘This wasn't a spar in the training room in Sunstone.’
    • ‘Remembering the spars she had had with the brothers, she smiled.’
  • 2informal A close friend.

    ‘Buster was his spar and he didn't want to let him down’

Origin

Old English sperran, spyrran ‘strike out’, of unknown origin; compare with Old Norse sperrask ‘kick out’.

Pronunciation

spar

/spɑː/

Main definitions of spar in English

: spar1spar2spar3

spar3

noun

  • usually in combination or with modifier A crystalline, easily cleavable, translucent or transparent mineral.

Origin

Late 16th century: from Middle Low German; related to Old English spærstān ‘gypsum’.

Pronunciation

spar

/spɑː/