Definition of Soumak in English:



  • A rug or carpet made in the neighbourhood of Shemakha in Azerbaijan, distinguished by a flat, napless surface and loose threads at the back.

    • ‘All Soumaks have geometric patterns with many tribal motifs all around.’
    • ‘On close inspection, no single element is overly complex - only in the overall presentation does the true sophistication of this Soumak emerge.’
    • ‘We offer rugs from all rug weaving centers of the world, including a large variety of flat woven rugs, namely Dhurries, Klims, Aubusson-weaves and Soumaks.’
    • ‘Much like the popular Kilim rugs, the Soumak is crafted in the flat woven style.’
    • ‘In addition to knotted rugs, the Caucasus is known for producing Soumaks.’
    rug, runner, carpet, drugget
    View synonyms


Early 20th century: perhaps an alteration of Shemakha (see above).