One of the mysteries of the English language finally explained.
Subject (a biological sample) to ultrasonic vibration so as to fragment the cells, macromolecules, and membranes.‘cells were sonicated in an ice bath’
- ‘The sample was sonicated to clarity in a sonication bath (Ultrawave).’
- ‘The samples were sonicated for 30 min, followed by centrifugation and overnight incubation at 65°C as described above.’
- ‘After dialysis the residue was sonicated and ready for use.’
- ‘The samples were sonicated for 12 sec and cell number was analyzed using a Coulter counter.’
- ‘Samples were sonicated for 5 sec four times to shear genomic DNA and reduce viscosity.’
A biological sample which has been sonicated.
- ‘The sonicate was cleared by microcentrifugation for 5 min at 4° and mixed with the anti-HA.11 antibody coupled to Sepharose beads (prewashed three times with lysis buffer).’
- ‘The sonicate was centrifuged for 10 min at 16,000 RCF and the resulting supernatant collected.’
- ‘The sonicate was cleared by centrifugation at 12,000 g for 30 minutes at 4°C.’
- ‘Finally, the sonicate in the third cuvette was additionally treated with DNase for another 1 h at 25 deg C, then Cyan 40 was added and the emission spectrum was recorded.’
- ‘Reactions were initiated by the addition of crude cell sonicates to prewarmed solutions.’
1950s: from sonic + -ate.
In this article we explore how to impress employers with a spot-on CV.