Main definitions of soma in English

: soma1soma2

soma1

noun

  • 1Biology
    The parts of an organism other than the reproductive cells.

    • ‘The germ line of every Hessian fly contains two sets of chromosomes, a germ-line-limited set called the E chromosomes and a set that is found in both the germ line and the soma, the S chromosomes.’
    • ‘In this asymmetric cell division, the mother cell represents the soma and the daughter cell the germline.’
    • ‘We find that 2X germ cells express high levels of ovo-B regardless of the sexual identity of either the surrounding soma or the germ cells themselves.’
    • ‘For this to work, however, the spike would have to propagate along the t-stem axon and into the cell soma.’
    • ‘We show that two sex-determination signals, the X chromosome number within the germ cells and a female soma, differentially regulate ovo-B and ovo-A.’
  • 2The body as distinct from the soul, mind, or psyche.

    • ‘The Greek background includes the idea that the psyche separates from the soma, ‘body,’ at death and lives on.’
    • ‘They discuss the importance of using this expanded system to increase the physician's understanding of the complex interplay between the soma, the psyche and the social milieu of the patient.’
    • ‘There have also been two kinds of adverse effects, on psyche and soma.’
    • ‘Janet's original formulation of the concept of dissociation, on the other hand, was applicable to both psyche and soma.’
    • ‘There is a definite relationship between the psyche and the soma (mind and the body).’
    anatomy, figure, frame, form, shape, build, physique, framework, skeleton, bones, flesh and bones
    View synonyms

Origin

Late 19th century: from Greek sōma ‘body’.

Pronunciation

soma

/ˈsəʊmə/

Main definitions of soma in English

: soma1soma2

soma2

noun

mass nounHinduism
  • 1An intoxicating drink prepared from a plant and used in Vedic ritual, believed to be the drink of the gods.

    See also hom
    • ‘In India, the religious use of a psychedelic called soma was featured in the Rig Veda and entheogens have been a part of south Asian religious practice for millennia.’
    • ‘Ambrosia, nectar, soma, these swill through our myths and histories.’
    • ‘Fire worship was central to the Aryans and to their Vedic and Avestan expressions, as was the tradition of the holy drink - the Vedic soma and the Avestan haoma.’
    • ‘And there's always soma to calm your anger, to reconcile you to your enemies, to make you patient and long-suffering.’
    • ‘The horse sacrifice, soma sacrifice, agricultural rituals and coronation of kings follow a ceremonial ritual that are explained in the Yajur Veda, mainly for the Brahmin class to follow and implement.’
    1. 1.1count noun A plant used to make soma.
      • ‘When Soma was pressed and made into a drink, the ancient worshipper who imbibed it gained the powerful attributes of this God.’
      • ‘The latest blight has nearly wiped out the river grass that soma is extracted from.’
      • ‘He ate up the soma plant of sage Medhatithi who called him Mesha thereafter.’
      • ‘Soma is much praised in the g Veda, in which is told the myth of the discovery of the soma plant in Heaven.’
    2. 1.2 (in Aldous Huxley's novel "Brave New World") a narcotic drug which produces euphoria and hallucination, distributed by the state in order to promote content and social harmony.
      • ‘The people, for whom the media is " soma ", are hapless vessels of their message.’

Origin

Sanskrit sōma.

Pronunciation

soma

/ˈsəʊmə/