Main definitions of soma in English

: soma1soma2

soma1

noun

  • 1Biology
    The parts of an organism other than the reproductive cells.

    • ‘For this to work, however, the spike would have to propagate along the t-stem axon and into the cell soma.’
    • ‘We find that 2X germ cells express high levels of ovo-B regardless of the sexual identity of either the surrounding soma or the germ cells themselves.’
    • ‘We show that two sex-determination signals, the X chromosome number within the germ cells and a female soma, differentially regulate ovo-B and ovo-A.’
    • ‘In this asymmetric cell division, the mother cell represents the soma and the daughter cell the germline.’
    • ‘The germ line of every Hessian fly contains two sets of chromosomes, a germ-line-limited set called the E chromosomes and a set that is found in both the germ line and the soma, the S chromosomes.’
  • 2The body as distinct from the soul, mind, or psyche.

    • ‘There have also been two kinds of adverse effects, on psyche and soma.’
    • ‘There is a definite relationship between the psyche and the soma (mind and the body).’
    • ‘The Greek background includes the idea that the psyche separates from the soma, ‘body,’ at death and lives on.’
    • ‘Janet's original formulation of the concept of dissociation, on the other hand, was applicable to both psyche and soma.’
    • ‘They discuss the importance of using this expanded system to increase the physician's understanding of the complex interplay between the soma, the psyche and the social milieu of the patient.’
    anatomy, figure, frame, form, shape, build, physique, framework, skeleton, bones, flesh and bones
    View synonyms

Origin

Late 19th century: from Greek sōma body.

Pronunciation:

soma

/ˈsəʊmə/

Main definitions of soma in English

: soma1soma2

soma2

noun

Hinduism
  • 1[mass noun] An intoxicating drink prepared from a plant and used in Vedic ritual, believed to be the drink of the gods.

    See also hom
    • ‘Ambrosia, nectar, soma, these swill through our myths and histories.’
    • ‘In India, the religious use of a psychedelic called soma was featured in the Rig Veda and entheogens have been a part of south Asian religious practice for millennia.’
    • ‘Fire worship was central to the Aryans and to their Vedic and Avestan expressions, as was the tradition of the holy drink - the Vedic soma and the Avestan haoma.’
    • ‘The horse sacrifice, soma sacrifice, agricultural rituals and coronation of kings follow a ceremonial ritual that are explained in the Yajur Veda, mainly for the Brahmin class to follow and implement.’
    • ‘And there's always soma to calm your anger, to reconcile you to your enemies, to make you patient and long-suffering.’
    1. 1.1[count noun]A plant used to make soma.
      • ‘When Soma was pressed and made into a drink, the ancient worshipper who imbibed it gained the powerful attributes of this God.’
    2. 1.2(in Aldous Huxley's novel Brave New World) a narcotic drug which produces euphoria and hallucination, distributed by the state in order to promote content and social harmony.
      • ‘The people, for whom the media is " soma ", are hapless vessels of their message.’

Origin

Sanskrit sōma.

Pronunciation:

soma

/ˈsəʊmə/