One of the mysteries of the English language finally explained.
A quantum or quasiparticle propagated as a travelling non-dissipative wave that is neither preceded nor followed by another such disturbance.
- ‘A soliton is a solitary pulselike wave that can travel long distances without becoming distorted, even when it is moving very slowly through a supercold gas.’
- ‘The atoms were manipulated to form tidy bundles of waves, called solitons, which retained their shape and strength.’
- ‘Though the depression solitons were eventually damped by viscosity, they maintained the shape and velocity required by the standard soliton equations as they traveled across the channel.’
- ‘And because atoms have weight - unlike photons - solitons respond in an easily measured fashion to gravity shifts.’
- ‘Paolo Di Trapani of the University of Insubria in Como, Italy, and his colleagues, came up with a pulse shape that combines attributes of both solitons and linear X waves.’
1960s: from solitary + -on.
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