Definition of solfatara in English:



  • A volcanic crater emitting sulphurous and other gases.

    • ‘Hydrogen sulfide and steam belch from these fumaroles or solfataras located on the floor of Hawaii's Kilauea Caldera.’
    • ‘Other solfataras and fumaroles have produced a plethora of sulfates, and it is plausible that additional sulfates occur at El Desierto.’
    • ‘In contrast to P. capillare, no D. lanuginosum plants were observed outside of active solfataras.’
    • ‘Most of the mountains are clastic stratovolcanic sediments (ashes and tuff), and the abundant solfataras and fumaroles, many of which are still active, are the last phases of the volcanism.’
    • ‘This mountain is capped by several castellated masses of basaltic lava, much weather-worn and decomposed by the acid vapours evolved from the surrounding solfataras.’
    hollow, bowl, basin, pan, hole, cavity, pocket
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Late 18th century: from the name of a volcano near Naples, from Italian solfo ‘sulphur’.