Definition of socialism in English:

socialism

noun

mass noun
  • 1A political and economic theory of social organization which advocates that the means of production, distribution, and exchange should be owned or regulated by the community as a whole.

    • ‘Hence, the development of socialism is internally inseparable from the growth of democracy.’
    • ‘Since the 1920s, Trotsky fought against the Stalinist theory of socialism in one country.’
    • ‘Paul Foot was throughout his life a passionate fighter for freedom, justice, internationalism, socialism and democracy.’
    • ‘It is well known that Stalin first openly advanced his theory of socialism in one country in the fall of 1924.’
    • ‘Ideas of socialism, and socialist organisation, are coming to the fore in this movement.’
    • ‘They thought socialism as an economic system was the necessary analog to democracy as a political system.’
    • ‘For any socialist organization, implementing socialism should be the goal.’
    • ‘It is conventional to associate capitalism with the private ownership of the means of production and socialism with collective ownership.’
    • ‘These poets, it must be remembered, emerged out of a highly politicized milieu, where socialism was the word of the hour.’
    • ‘With the advent of Karl Marx, socialism became a science.’
    • ‘Under socialism, production would be planned and organised to meet the needs of society and its members.’
    • ‘In the end, market socialism does appear attractive on distributional grounds.’
    • ‘The idea is developed using Gramsci to show how parliamentary democracy in the west is an ideological barrier to socialism.’
    • ‘They believe in a common vision for humanity (once it was socialism; now it has mutated into liberal democracy).’
    • ‘Under socialism or communism, producers of profit and receivers of profit are the same people.’
    • ‘She believes deeply in her heart that you can have genuine socialism.’
    • ‘Within genuine socialism, politics and the economy are connected.’
    • ‘This relatively new ideology was based in socialism, and shared some views with nihilism.’
    leftism, fabianism, syndicalism, consumer socialism, utopian socialism, welfarism
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    1. 1.1 Policy or practice based on the political and economic theory of socialism.
      • ‘If a proposal for or against socialism or capitalism is not a public policy, I do not know what is.’
      • ‘Market socialism retains but restricts the power of the market.’
      • ‘Under socialism, economic and social equality increased as variation in herd size and wealth levels was reduced.’
      • ‘In it Khodorkovsky argued that Russia's salvation lay in adopting some of the principles and politics of socialism.’
      • ‘A positive political programme that promotes socialism needs to be utilised to win over working class communities.’
      • ‘Most Western socialists now opt for social democracy, others for market socialism.’
      • ‘However, I am also worried that traditional versions of socialism prioritise industrial development over sustainability.’
      • ‘Different historical and social contexts have shaped the political goals of liberal socialism.’
      • ‘What has been falsely called socialism is nothing but state-capitalism.’
      • ‘In spite of socialist rhetoric and tight economic controls, socialism was in no way a serious prospect.’
      • ‘It is not hard to imagine the painting as a condemnation of the Soviet version of socialism that followed fascism in Hungary.’
      • ‘The late Andre Gunder Frank, towards the end of a lifetime's research on capitalism and socialism, concluded that neither actually exist.’
      • ‘We should not get into the ideology of capitalism versus socialism in health care.’
      • ‘Alex spells out in some detail how a democratically planned socialism could work, and why to do so it must be an international system.’
      • ‘That little bit of socialism, or communism if you will, has done a whole lot of good as far as almost eliminating illiteracy.’
      • ‘He believed in modernizing socialism, abandoned Marxist rhetoric, and replaced it by a responsible managerial attitude to the economy.’
      • ‘Old models of ‘one party, authoritarian states’ were rejected as incompatible with democratic socialism.’
      • ‘There must be a judicious mix of capitalism and socialism.’
      • ‘Orwell's frustration was tempered by his growing realisation of the significance of the militia as an example of how socialism itself could be organised.’
      • ‘Less well known are Reichenbach's social/political writings which advocate a non-Marxist socialism.’
      leftism, fabianism, syndicalism, consumer socialism, utopian socialism, welfarism
      View synonyms
    2. 1.2 (in Marxist theory) a transitional social state between the overthrow of capitalism and the realization of Communism.
      • ‘The truth is that socialists don't believe socialism will automatically rise from the wreckage of capitalism.’
      • ‘Accordingly, socialism was a transitional phase to a Communist society, in which all ownership was abolished.’
      • ‘There are many aspects to this, but the most basic is in relation to the scientific conception of socialism developed by Karl Marx.’
      • ‘The force that is capable of bringing down capitalism and establishing socialism is constantly renewing itself.’
      • ‘The Russian Revolution itself was but one episode in the transition from capitalism to socialism.’
      • ‘You don't seem to know the difference between capitalism, communism and socialism.’
      • ‘When Marxists believed that socialism was inevitable, there was no need to explain why it was desirable.’
      • ‘I want to go back to Marx and Engels, and argue that socialism was impossible before capitalism.’
      • ‘This great event would usher in the historical stage of production known as socialism.’
      • ‘The welfare state seemed to confirm the reformability of capitalism and the viability of a third way between capitalism and socialism.’
      • ‘As to whether it should specifically state its aim as being the replacement of capitalism by socialism, I am somewhat torn on the matter.’
      • ‘The transition from socialism to communism is a terribly complicated matter.’
      • ‘For long, misuse of the environment was treated in the Soviet Union as something that happens under capitalism but not under socialism.’
      • ‘What is the necessary transitional stage between socialism and Communism?’
      • ‘He is very good on revolution and ideology and writes extensively on capitalism and socialism and the rise of the Soviet Union.’
      • ‘Consistent with promoting socialism and communism, he criticized capitalism and the United States.’
      • ‘Marx, after all, had predicted that revolution, and the transition to socialism, would occur first in the most advanced capitalist societies.’
      • ‘In light of the historic failure of state-organised socialism what might replace capitalism if and when it becomes a drag on human development?’
      • ‘The Fabian Society was founded to gradually replace capitalism with socialism, but now they are rapidly moving in the opposite direction.’
      • ‘One of the quotes which was repeatedly cited by Stalin concerned the difference drawn by Marx between socialism and communism.’

The term ‘socialism’ has been used to describe positions as far apart as anarchism, Soviet state Communism, and social democracy; however, it necessarily implies an opposition to the untrammelled workings of the economic market. The socialist parties that have arisen in most European countries from the late 19th century have generally tended towards social democracy

Origin

Early 19th century: from French socialisme, from social (see social).

Pronunciation

socialism

/ˈsəʊʃəlɪz(ə)m/