Definition of slump in English:



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  • 1with adverbial Sit, lean, or fall heavily and limply.

    ‘she slumped against the cushions’
    ‘Denis was slumped in his seat’
    • ‘A girl three rows ahead of them was slumped into her seat, practically snoring.’
    • ‘Kait sighed and slumped her shoulders, leaning her forehead against the door frame.’
    • ‘He slumped heavily into the bed next to me, and I pulled the comforter over him and inched closer.’
    • ‘Eric was already slumped in his seat as the Principal began his overly enthusiastic speech.’
    • ‘He slumped heavily into his armchair and busied himself with his smoking accoutrements.’
    • ‘It was dark out and most of the passengers were slumped down in their seats.’
    • ‘He slowly relaxed and slumped back to lean against the bath as his body adjusted.’
    • ‘The little girl slumped limply out of his arms and fell fast asleep, her arms wrapped around her baby brother.’
    • ‘She instantly collapsed on the bench and slumped over to lean on Kita for support.’
    • ‘‘It's done,’ she pronounced, slumping heavily into an overstuffed armchair and peeling off her disposable latex gloves.’
    • ‘She slid dejectedly into her seat, slumping a little and propping her head up on her desktop, her fingers halfway into her hair, and closed her eyes for a moment.’
    • ‘Go for an armchair that allows you to sit with your spine upright and feet on the floor, rather than slumping into deep cushions.’
    • ‘As his shoulders slumped again, David leaned forward and took his face in his hands.’
    • ‘Tatiana was slumped back in her seat, her arms crossed, and a frown on her face.’
    • ‘I leaned back, slumping in my chair again, Blake sighing at my side.’
    • ‘Not even bothering to take off his leather jacket or boots, he slumped heavily onto the futon to his right.’
    • ‘Most kids would be slumped in their seats, glaring at me for presuming to be the Dean, and smacking on gum.’
    • ‘I slumped and leaned against the trailer before my knees could give way underneath me.’
    • ‘Jack came back upstairs moments after Sean and sighed heavily, slumping against the door, then quickly retreating to the safety of his office.’
    • ‘Puzzled, Preter hesitantly did as he was told and slumped limply to the ground.’
    sit heavily, flop, flump, collapse, sink, fall, subside
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  • 2Undergo a sudden severe or prolonged fall in price, value, or amount.

    ‘land prices slumped’
    • ‘As uncertainty over plans, as yet undisclosed, causes house prices to stagnate or slump, the council could conveniently then offer rock-bottom compensation.’
    • ‘This was the first, and largest, of three price slumps that the accident-prone discount retailer had this year.’
    • ‘It also lost heavily after buying forward power contracts at the same high prices which later slumped.’
    • ‘Whether international prices slump or go on a meteoritic rise they remain unruffled, as their lifestyle is already being protected by state subsidies.’
    • ‘As commodities such as coffee or soya flooded into the world market, prices slumped, causing more economic chaos.’
    • ‘Banks in Europe and the US are reporting lower earnings as slumping stock prices reduce income.’
    • ‘The idea was to build up a substantial European mining company but copper prices slumped in 1997.’
    • ‘The firm has suffered in recent years as share prices slumped putting off investors and denting demand for pensions and insurance.’
    • ‘This meant directors and management, who took gambles that endangered the future of businesses or caused share prices to slump, could be held liable for the damage done.’
    • ‘It wouldn't, however, protect you from the negative equity trap if you were forced to move and house prices had slumped.’
    • ‘When growth slowed, and share prices slumped, they were unable to raise money for further expansion.’
    • ‘Some experts are warning that prices could slump by up to 30%.’
    • ‘But since the merger, the firm's share price has slumped by nearly two thirds.’
    • ‘This basically means selling loads of shares before the attacks and then buying them back once the share price had slumped.’
    • ‘When the task force was putting together its original report, the world price of oil had slumped as low as $10 a barrel.’
    • ‘Shortly afterwards wool prices slumped, and British depositors began to withdraw funds from the colonial banks.’
    • ‘That could, in turn, cause prices of oil to slump to the detriment of the Saudi economy and its ability to provide cheap public services.’
    • ‘The milk price had slumped from £1.75 a kilogramme of milk solids to £1 a kilogramme.’
    • ‘People who bought homes in these places now find prices have slumped, leaving them trapped and unable to move to find work.’
    • ‘A York estate agent today hit back at reports that house prices are set to slump in villages around York.’
    fall steeply, plummet, plunge, tumble, drop, go down, slide, decline, decrease
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    1. 2.1 Fail or decline substantially.
      ‘United slumped to another one–nil defeat’
      • ‘London, once one of the top two, has slumped to No 27 with a paltry 7.7m souls.’
      • ‘However, it was no more than token resistance as Grange slumped to defeat by 49 runs, their second reverse in a row.’
      • ‘It is reported that conservative bosses have launched a probe after the Conservative candidate slumped to third place.’
      • ‘They slumped to their fifth defeat in six League games, 2-1 at home to Queens Park Rangers.’
      • ‘Three of the top four in the A Section must be cursing their luck, as they slumped to defeats against opposition from the wrong half of the table.’
      • ‘Selby Town slumped to their first home defeat since October following a dismal display against Denaby United.’
      • ‘Indeed, by the end of last year, a season in which he slumped to a dismal 133rd on the money list, he had lost his right to even play in Europe.’
      • ‘Teddington slumped to a 151 run defeat in one of their poorest performances of the season against Ealing on Saturday.’
      • ‘Despite a good start to the season, they have slumped to eighteenth in the division with McAllister fully aware he has no money to spend.’
      • ‘He snapped up six wickets as the capital team, fresh from a surprise win against Greenock, slumped to 103 all out.’
      • ‘Kent slumped to 70 for five and forgot about attempting to win; their objective was simply to avoid defeat.’
      • ‘However, he slumped to a 75, Westwood shot 65 and beat his friend by three clear strokes.’
      • ‘From being one of the top performers in 2001 the town has slumped to bottom of a council transport performance list.’
      • ‘It was scrapped at Prestwick in 1993, when passenger numbers slumped to 50,000.’
      • ‘On eight of those occasions, the giant-killers slumped to at least one loss in the following fortnight.’
      • ‘India slumped to seven wickets for 80, and Australia was clearly going to win the match in a canter.’
      • ‘China slumped to three successive first-round defeats without scoring a goal.’
      • ‘However, Saunders' side slumped to a 2-1 defeat in a match that proved just how fickle they were.’
      • ‘It left Thompson struggling to put his finger on why his Liverpool side have slumped to just one victory in their last six games.’
      • ‘France have slumped to their lowest position since winning the World Cup in 1998.’
      decline, deteriorate, degenerate, worsen, get worse, slip, lapse
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  • 1A sudden severe or prolonged fall in the price, value, or amount of something.

    ‘a slump in profits’
    • ‘The plan has been severely criticized by many members of the public for interfering with the property market and causing a slump in apartment prices.’
    • ‘The slump in prices was largely attributed to inferior quality tea being produced by various India gardens.’
    • ‘Blaming the drop on a surge in producer prices and a slump in fixed investment last year, analysts predicted that growth would continue to slow in 2005.’
    • ‘Landlords in central London, many of whom are Irish, are experiencing a difficult time as residential rents continue to fall due to a slump in corporate lettings.’
    • ‘In the wake of this fact comes the third and most obvious consensus point namely that the markets are being driven down by the slump in tech stock prices.’
    • ‘They will also go down badly with some City investors, who would like Allen to resign after a slump in the share price from 148p to 104p.’
    • ‘Also, a slump in property prices could mean your retirement taking a big hit, or being forced to wait until the housing market recovers.’
    • ‘The dramatic slump in the share value is all the more galling for investors, who had come to rely on the defensive food sector in times of economic uncertainty.’
    • ‘Unlike some previous recessions, the current US slowdown seems to have been caused not by reluctant consumers, but by a sudden slump in company spending.’
    • ‘A slump in equity prices cuts their profits; even worse it erodes their solvency ratios.’
    • ‘There is talk of a massive fall in profits and a slump in turnover - talk that some outposts of the empire were simply not performing well enough to survive.’
    • ‘After the slump in profits since mid 2000, my daughter could have told me that.’
    • ‘Niedermeier attributed the slump to the price falls in most local shares.’
    • ‘Industry sources said that the slump in value reflected the pain being felt by companies across the private equity industry.’
    • ‘These have been compounded by the huge slump in share price values that most analysts predict will not be recovered.’
    • ‘The personal wealth of some of Ireland's most high profile technology executives has been decimated by the continuing slump in technology share prices.’
    • ‘Mr Greenspan added that a recent wave of accounting scandals that has swept through corporate America, triggering a slump in global share prices, is nearly over.’
    • ‘If that proves to be the case, Burgundy, which has seen a slump in prices, could breathe a sigh of relief.’
    • ‘Hong Kong has been trying to fight deflation for four consecutive years, but a slump in property prices there started even before that.’
    • ‘The oil price slump in 1985 created severe adjustment problems.’
    steep fall, plunge, drop, collapse, tumble, plummet, downturn, downswing, slide, decline, falling off, decrease, lowering, devaluation, depreciation
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    1. 1.1 A prolonged period of abnormally low economic activity, typically bringing widespread unemployment.
      ‘he had survived two world wars and a slump’
      mass noun ‘periods of slump’
      • ‘Chen was elected with just a plurality in a three-man race in 2000 and has since presided over an economic slump.’
      • ‘People always tend to be more cautious during an economic slump.’
      • ‘This was followed by a slump in investment, widespread bankruptcies and over a million Americans losing their jobs.’
      • ‘Unfortunately, this budget balancing threatens to worsen the economic slump.’
      • ‘In an economic slump, business costs that were once low priority take on new importance for the bottom line.’
      • ‘Orchestras around the country are facing drastic budget crises, worsened by the economic slump and the consequent downturn in attendance as well as in corporate support.’
      • ‘As always in an economic slump, cash is once again king, and companies are going all out to make sure they have enough of it.’
      • ‘The inability of the political establishment to find a coherent response to the economic slump of the Great Depression furthered the growth of the right wing.’
      • ‘But although the news was welcomed by those who had feared an economic slump, US shares opened slightly lower.’
      • ‘With the economy pulling out of a shallow slump, pre-election unemployment topped out at a mere 5.7%.’
      • ‘The government also advised that it expects a shortfall in tax revenues, because of the economic slump, and that it was stepping up its programme of building shelters for the unemployed and homeless.’
      • ‘Two things did more than anything to usher in a new upturn in struggle - the black nationalist message of Marcus Garvey and the economic slump of the Great Depression.’
      • ‘The world was mired in economic slump, which brought with it mass unemployment and wage cuts.’
      • ‘After the Wall Street crash, which led to a worldwide slump in economic growth, the world reverted to protectionism.’
      • ‘What we were trying to do was bring forward investment to pull the economy out of its slump.’
      • ‘How can the regulations be changed while the country remains unstable, with a continuing economic slump and resultant widespread economic hardship?’
      • ‘The story inevitably starts with the economic slump of the early 1930s.’
      • ‘The only segment in which Gleeson does expect a rebound is in the financial sector, where she is expecting a raft of merger and acquisition activity to follow the slump.’
      • ‘The domestic economy is in a slump, and unemployment in Hualien is particularly serious.’
      • ‘Last year, you were among the first national politicians to talk about the economic slump.’
      recession, economic decline, depression, slowdown, trough, credit crunch
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    2. 1.2 A period of substantial failure or decline.
      ‘Arsenal's recent slump’
      • ‘American players may well have witnessed some amount of stock market volatility, but despite the recent share slumps, 2000's corporate performance was impressive.’
      • ‘But there was in fact a slump for some years which lasted quite a while.’
      • ‘The army has responded to the recruiting slump by increasing the number of recruiters and offering bigger sign-up bonuses.’
      • ‘The rise represented a significant recovery following a slump of 2.7% in the previous year.’
      • ‘The station has seen a recent slump in numbers due to people leaving through retirement or ill health.’
      • ‘High-tech manufacturers showed some of the sharpest declines, reflecting a slump in telecommunications and the dot-coms.’
      • ‘The grouse population has traditionally been prone to yearly fluctuations, but global warming is being blamed in some quarters for a sustained slump in numbers.’
      • ‘Weekend occupancy rates at hotels, guesthouses and bed and breakfast establishments are high and many say they have yet to experience a slump after the summer holiday season.’
      • ‘At least Boro have no injuries to worry about, save for the damage to morale caused by their recent slump.’
      • ‘Population growth and concentration made cyclical slumps and harvest failures increasingly difficult to mediate or relieve.’
      • ‘Whereas the U.S. textile industry has shown noticeable recoveries from slumps in previous years, it is not showing signs of recovery in its most recent cycle.’
      • ‘Jack McKeon's team can blame its failure to return to the postseason on a long slump beginning Memorial Day.’
      • ‘As the companies that make PCs try to recover from their worst slump in years, you'll find incredible deals on new systems during the holiday shopping season.’
      • ‘The government pledged not to raise excise rates on cigarettes this year to allow the industry to recover from a slump.’
      • ‘After a heartbreaking summer which reached the highest number of road deaths in recent years, August and September witnessed a slump on comparative years.’
      • ‘Hundreds of thousands of tourists flock to the area each year and despite the recent slump in tourism local hoteliers are reaping the benefits of Sundberg's visit.’
      • ‘Eddy added that the decision not to raise excise rates was to enable the cigarette companies to restructure, following the recent slump in cigarette sales.’
      • ‘I'm not certain the slowdown in capital spending will last - the data show a similar slump in the first quarter of each of the past three years.’
      • ‘The number of visitors to libraries has halved since 1984 and could further slump to a terminal decline in the next 20 years, a charity has warned.’
      • ‘It has to be said, before we consider the paper's own circulation since her arrival, that the whole market has been hit by a slump in the past year.’


Late 17th century (in the sense ‘fall into a bog’): probably imitative and related to Norwegian slumpe ‘to fall’.