Main definitions of slough in English

: slough1slough2Slough3

slough1

noun

  • 1A swamp.

    • ‘Many also survived in part because of a bird that seeks out the sloughs of the Cache and White Rivers in much the same manner that winter-weary northerners flock to sunnier climes when north winds begin to howl.’
    • ‘This expansive ‘river’ covered almost 11,000 square miles, creating a mosaic of ponds, sloughs, sawgrass, marshes, hardwood hammocks, and forested uplands.’
    • ‘Manderson says he was surprised to learn, while looking at old aerial photos, that there used to be a large slough where the Foothills hospital is.’
    • ‘Yesterday at low tide, silt shut the slough like trap, mud stranded boats on docks perched high above water.’
    • ‘He set up a blind in ‘the great marsh’ and a remote camera beside a slough, rigged to take a photo whenever a creature crossed its infrared beam.’
    • ‘The thought of the fathoms of water that once covered the very spot she stands on almost suffocates her; she feels bogged down in prairie grass and sloughs; she interiorizes the continental river system as if features of the human body.’
    • ‘Creeks, sloughs, bayous, and swamps, including a large cypress swamp at the base of Crowley's Ridge, ran around the town.’
    • ‘Throughout these valleys Red-necked Grebes are found on sloughs, ponds, lakes, and reservoirs, not on moving water.’
    • ‘The turtle waddled down the bank of the slough, out onto a rotten railroad tie through an obstacle course of brambles and beer cans, and, to my surprise, vanished with a wet slap, proving that this water was still alive.’
    • ‘Conversely, the back lakes, sloughs and bayous are reasonably protected, almost certain to hold pockets of calm, clear water.’
    • ‘In the California Delta, the levee is the guiding force that funnels the 1,000 miles or so of rivers, sloughs, cuts, marshlands and other waterways through the surrounding terra firma.’
    • ‘They also migrate through the interior in small numbers, spending time on lakeshores, alkaline ponds, and shores of sloughs and flooded fields.’
    • ‘Thin, faint yellow collars on trunks of cypress and tupelo rimming the old slough recorded the regression of recent flooding in the swamp.’
    • ‘I walked him back down to the slough and heaved a stick into the water.’
    • ‘The book traces the metamorphosis of this endangered ecosystem from rich wetlands to prosperous agricultural area, from saw grass and sloughs to sugar cane, winter vegetables and cattle.’
    • ‘Finally, man-made ditches, as well as existing bayous, sloughs, and streams in the St. Francis Watershed, provide suitable habitat for P. capax.’
    • ‘Crappie and maybe a few largemouth bass had been the alleged focus of this June morning fishing a swamp slough in southeast Texas.’
    • ‘The main landscape feature is endless peat bog, surrounded by marsh, leading into morasses, sloughs and quagmires.’
    • ‘Marl prairie occurs within the zone intermediate between the permanently flooded sloughs and the drier pine-dominated high ground.’
    • ‘The prairie sloughs are drying up this year but still a great blue heron rises, dips across the road and veers toward storm clouds massing in the west - the sound of one small engine, tires on pavement, turning wheels.’
    1. 1.1North American A side channel or inlet, or a natural channel that is only sporadically filled with water.
      in place names ‘Elkhorn Slough’
      • ‘Great Blue Herons inhabit sheltered, shallow bays and inlets, sloughs, marshes, wet meadows, shores of lakes, and rivers.’
      • ‘Cascading water and extensive berming recall the sloughs and dykes on the flat terrain of this Fraser River delta.’
      • ‘Flying in, I had been mesmerized by sinuous curves of sloughs and streams which wove together, then apart, meandering toward the gulf.’
      • ‘In a subsequent survey, Clarke collected from 1 to 10 live specimens at nearly 100 sites located along a 70-km reach of the St. Francis River and an adjunct slough.’
      • ‘As the sun breaks behind the bush into a crystal clear sky, a few wild water buffalo - leftover imports from more than a century ago - wallow in the sloughs on either side of the road.’
      • ‘Hiking trails lace the central portion, where the river breaks down into channels and sloughs.’
      • ‘The slurry is applied raw, running off into waterways such as creeks, sloughs and ditches and enforcement of manure regulations where runoff is concerned is nothing short of a joke.’
      • ‘The Marsh Trail starts from the back side of the ranch's visitor center and winds its way around a series of sloughs where you may spot a river otter.’
      • ‘East Texas gets the best of it, and hunters with access to sloughs and river bottoms should reap some of the finest moments that waterfowling has to offer.’
      • ‘Although welcome, the heavy rains in eastern Nebraska fell on ground so dry and hard that a substantial portion of the moisture ran off, overflowing some creeks and sloughs.’
      • ‘The time to explore the sloughs, backwaters and tributaries of the Fraser River in an attempt to seek out aggressively feeding cutthroat is upon us.’
      • ‘Then there were endless chunks of timber washed from the forest floor into the slough when the river flooded once a decade.’
      • ‘A slough, still wet on one side of the road, dried up on the other.’
      • ‘The mud then spews under the Gapstow Bridge to become a muddy slough that inundates a good part of The Pond, leaving the rest of The Pond aswirl with oil slicks, sludge, and Dixie cups.’
  • 2A situation characterized by lack of progress or activity.

    ‘the economic slough of the interwar years’
    • ‘In this, they are merely extending the New Labour ethos on cleaning up the slough that is modern Britain.’
    • ‘Today, even in the slough of a prolonged depression, it's still the second biggest economy in the world, with a GDP as large as Britain's, France's and Germany's combined.’
    • ‘My hope is that we will realize that there was a context to our friend's fall and humbly wonder what might happen to us if we ever found ourselves in a sustained slough of disillusionment, despair and spiritual darkness.’
    • ‘Getting Africa out of the slough of famine is still an uphill task.’
    • ‘But, in the meantime, he was dragging Greenock up from a slough of despondency and defiantly offering no apologies for snapping up the best available talent.’
    • ‘Part of it was down to the foreordained cycle of his humors, which had dumped him into the slough once again.’
    • ‘But for rugby at any rate, it looks as though there is a chance that Scotland may soon exit from the slough of despondency in which we have recently wallowed.’
    • ‘For Scotland's future credibility, teachers need to start promoting politics as a high calling in need of rescuing from the slough of self-serving mediocrity in which it is presently mired.’
    • ‘That is making it nearly impossible to craft monetary policy that is both hawkish on inflation, and doesn't throw huge economies deeper into the slough of economic despond.’
    • ‘They must face capitalist reality or sink in a slough of socialist delusion, dragging Scotland down with them.’
    • ‘Gilman's heroine, Dana, is a 38-year-old New York artist in a slough of depression which intensifies when her latest exhibition bombs.’
    • ‘He knows that the return of Ilsa can only send Rick into a slough of self-pity, and so Sam contrives to break the fall.’
    • ‘The late 1980s saw me drift into a slough of depression that again led me back to music, this time the most bleak, unconsoling variety you could imagine.’
    • ‘While in recent years his work may have fallen into something of a slough of mediocrity, these works are drawn from the period when he was at his strongest, the two decades between 1961 and the early 1980s.’

Origin

Old English slōh, slō(g), of unknown origin.

Pronunciation

slough

/slaʊ/

Main definitions of slough in English

: slough1slough2Slough3

slough2

verb

  • 1usually slough something offwith object Shed or remove (a layer of dead skin)

    ‘a snake sloughs off its old skin’
    ‘exfoliate once a week to slough off any dry skin’
    • ‘The lotion gently sloughs away dead skin cells and leaves your skin feeling as smooth as silk.’
    • ‘This is in addition to host-derived proteins, such its pancreatic and intestinal enzymes, mucins, glycoproteins, and sloughed epithelial cells.’
    • ‘I walked back up the hill to the motel, relieved to have sloughed the prickliness of the pub.’
    • ‘Then it turned into a carnivore, sloughed its armour and acquired a new set of biological and chemical defences.’
    • ‘But, as the play moves back in time, she beautifully sheds guilt and stress like a snake sloughing its skin.’
    • ‘‘We often neglect the skin on our bodies,’ says Evans, who makes sure to give herself an in-shower sloughing with a body scrub (which can get rid of dead skin cells and make skin smooth) every other day.’
    • ‘Janet also emphasized more self-care activities and routines of renewal, like warm baths at night and the use of an essential oil salt scrub which sloughs dead cells while filling the room with heavenly plant energy.’
    • ‘So what we're doing is collecting sloughed skin.’
    • ‘Eventually the tissue is sloughed at the tentacle tips.’
    • ‘Martin looked at the barman, a balding, pale skinned man whose doughy flesh looked to be sloughing from him like a well boiled dumpling.’
    • ‘In addition, the gangrenous areas on his toes had sloughed and been replaced almost entirely by healthy tissue.’
    • ‘Outside, the pavement was littered with peeling strips of grayish-white gunk that had sloughed from its sides like dead skin.’
    • ‘Having sloughed the oppressive confines of the mine, instinct takes over.’
    • ‘Because you are wearing sandals you attend to your feet - slough the dead skin off, cream them, paint their toenails - they therefore look great’
    • ‘Since independence, the yoke of French influence has not entirely been sloughed.’
    • ‘Certainly, the ability of landowners to slough taxes onto others turns them from watchdogs of the treasury into raiders, since so much of public spending creates new unearned increments to land value.’
    • ‘The question of when to adhere to standards and when to slough them off in favor of something better is a perennial one in the free software world.’
    • ‘It may take that long for the skin to slough residual mite debris and for the allergic reaction to subside.’
    • ‘Pushing back your cuticles allows the nail to grow with fewer ridges and less scraggly splitting; dead skin is easily sloughed away by the towel.’
    • ‘In severe cases of trench foot, tissue injury is serious enough to cause skin sloughing and subsequent gangrenous change.’
    dispose of, discard, throw away, throw out, get rid of, toss out
    View synonyms
    1. 1.1 Get rid of (something undesirable or no longer required)
      ‘he is concerned to slough off the country's bad environmental image’
      • ‘Romania supposedly arose in 1989 to slough off communist dictatorship.’
      • ‘The twenty-dollar gift may allow him to slough off the backwardness of the Old World.’
      • ‘But the country has yet to slough off its planned economy completely.’
      • ‘The Berlin Wall has fallen, people are more self-interested, the level of interest in politics has waned, sovereignty has been sloughed off, family structures have crumbled.’
      • ‘For I had always held that revenge was a motive alien to modem, civilized man, a primitive drive, a blood-lust that human nature had sloughed off.’
      • ‘Almost the whole of Europe has sloughed off its addiction to the notion of royalty.’
      • ‘The Indian side appeared famished for most part of the tournament, an outfit that seemed to have sloughed off its competitive edge.’
      • ‘It was an attitude that sloughed off responsibility for quality control onto regulatory authorities.’
      • ‘Only in death could Kennedy's ` star image ' completely slough off the documented unevenness of his national popularity.’
      • ‘Anyone who has ever worked in my shop will verify that I tend to slough off the nasty chores on someone else whenever I can.’
      • ‘Germany and Japan have, in some measure, sloughed off their post-1945 pacifism.’
      • ‘None of this will persuade committed gay leftists to slough off their own political agenda, nor should it.’
      • ‘His photographs express his contradictions, his uneasiness about the way he is, they are a way of sloughing off some of that guilt.’
      • ‘But until they slough off that inhibition they will fight the opposition with one hand tied behind their back.’
      • ‘Last week, Seagate announced plans to slough off close to 3,000 workers, hoping to improve its bottom line.’
      • ‘Once acclimated and having sloughed off her Old World vestiges, she seemed to have turned into an "American."’
      • ‘In a heartbeat, all responsibility sloughs away.’
      • ‘Major League Baseball has proposed sloughing off a couple of underperforming teams.’
      • ‘It cannot begin its own work until it has sloughed off all its superstitious regard for the past.’
      • ‘Family shrines are denuded as children of princes, chiefs, priests, village headmen, and elders slough off ancient beliefs and sell or burn a heritage they abhor.’
      dispose of, discard, throw away, throw out, get rid of, toss out
      View synonyms
    2. 1.2slough offno object (of dead skin) drop off; be shed.
      ‘it is a rare skin disease in which the skin sloughs off’
      • ‘It really tightens the skin, sloughs off dead cells, and leaves you with a firm, bright complexion.’
      • ‘This body polish will help boost the skin's circulation and will slough off dead skin cells, leaving a healthy glow.’
      • ‘Three steps: slough away dead skin, moisturize, and protect.’
      • ‘Then a whirring noise started up and a brush ran over my skin, allegedly to encourage the sloughing off of dead cells and to stimulate my circulation.’
      • ‘The fine art of exfoliation; what ingredients should I look for when sloughing off dulling, dead skin cells?’
      • ‘As the outer layer of skin sloughs off, stem cells in the dermis rush to repair and replace those buffed away.’
      • ‘This facial exfoliator uses smooth rice granules mixed into a creamy paste to gently slough off dead, dull skin.’
      • ‘During your bath or shower, let your feet enjoy warm water for a few minutes, then cleanse with a gentle, non-irritating cleanser and a foot brush or washcloth, working between the toes and scrubbing the heels to slough off dead skin.’
      • ‘It appears that the bands of fibres can remain intact and functional right up to, or near to, the point at which they are sloughed away with the remaining periderm.’
      • ‘It's what we reach for to gently slough away dry skin.’
      • ‘Skin may be sloughed off following treatment, but scarring is uncommon.’
      • ‘Friction from rubbing salt over the body improves circulation, sloughs off dead cells, and softens the skin.’
      • ‘Exfoliating regularly also helps slough off potential milia-causing dead skin cells.’
      • ‘‘The circular motion helps slough away that white membrane, which is dead cuticle skin,’ Kay says.’
      • ‘Coffee grounds can be used to slough away dead skin cells and stimulate circulation.’
      • ‘This is achieved using an intense pulsed light laser that sloughs off dead skin cells and encourages a new layer of cells to come to the surface.’
      • ‘A loofah aids your detox by stimulating circulation and sloughing off dead cells and other waste that collects on your skin.’
      • ‘Skin-nourishing bath ingredients include oatmeal, which softens and exfoliates skin, milk and oil, which contain fat and lock in moisture, and salt, which sloughs off dead skin.’
      • ‘Finally the skin sloughs away and the muscles fray out resulting in what resembles a hairy mane.’
      • ‘Nonchemical exfoliators such as alpha-hydroxy acids and beta-hydroxy acids loosen dead skin cells so they slough off more efficiently.’
      • ‘Body scrubs help slough away dry, dead skin to reveal the baby-soft texture that makes your mate want to reach out and touch.’
      dispose of, throw away, throw out, get rid of, toss out
      View synonyms
  • 2slough away/downno object (of soil or rock) collapse or slide into a hole or depression.

    ‘an eternal rain of silt sloughs down from the edges of the continents’
    • ‘There, seepage could erode and slough away prized fossil-bearing formations.’

noun

mass noun
  • The dropping off of dead tissue from living flesh.

    ‘the drugs can cause blistering and slough’
    • ‘The wound bed was 80% red nongranulation tissue and 20% yellow slough; it was dry with a minimal amount of tan drainage.’
    • ‘Descriptors such as granulation tissue, slough, or eschar are generally used to define tissue type.’
    • ‘When using a nonselcctive enzyme, limit its application to the necrotic or slough tissue and avoid applying it to viable tissue, such as the surrounding wound area.’
    • ‘When performing face lifts, plastic surgeons may opt to undermine the skip flap less to decrease the risk of slough, which results in a less than optimal lift.’
    • ‘The most common complication of the surgery is skin-flap slough, leading to a recurrence of the problem.’
    • ‘Typically wounds do not epithelialize until the black/yellow slough has come off the surface and healthy granulation tissue is apparent.’
    • ‘Venous ulcers are typically shallow, irregularly shaped, and contain fibrous slough.’
    • ‘If the wound bed is partially obscured by slough or eschar, the ability to stage before debridement depends on the type of tissue visualized.’
    • ‘Eight percent of wounds in the standard care group had black eschar, 42% were covered in yellow slough, and 50% had a red base.’
    • ‘One challenge is differentiating yellow slough from tendons.’
    • ‘Transparent film dressings maintain a moist environment, promoting granulation tissue formation and autolytic debridement of slough and eschar.’
    • ‘Furthermore, epidermal slough - or separation of epidermis from the dermal layer-has been observed following the placement of frozen allograft on the wound bed.’
    • ‘A variation of the usual procedure may be to undermine the skin flap less, which will help decrease the chance of slough or skin deterioration.’
    • ‘Papain/urea debriding ointment is indicated for the debridement of necrotic tissue and liquefaction of slough in acute and chronic lesions.’
    • ‘The wound base is 85% slough and 15% granulation tissue.’
    • ‘Necrotic tissue, in the form of yellow slough, filled 10% to 20% of all 3 wound beds.’
    • ‘Although no scientific studies are available to support these claims, clinicians report that thin layers of slough or fibrin buildup on the wound bed can be covered with a selective enzymatic debriding agent prior to sponge application.’
    • ‘The wound bed contains a significant amount of slough, with signs and symptoms of infection, including increased redness and exudate, and pain.’
    • ‘Hypertonic saline dressings are not appropriate for minimally draining wounds or wounds covered with dehydrated slough or eschar; these dressings depend on wound moisture to moisten them.’
    • ‘Two types of necrotic tissue may appear in a wound: slough and eschar.’

Origin

Middle English (as a noun denoting a skin, especially the outer skin shed by a snake): perhaps related to Low German slu(we) ‘husk, peel’. The verb dates from the early 18th century.

Pronunciation

slough

/slʌf/

Main definitions of slough in English

: slough1slough2Slough3

Slough3

proper noun

  • A town in south-eastern England to the west of London; population 119,400 (est. 2009).

Pronunciation

Slough

/slaʊ/