Definition of slope in English:

slope

noun

  • 1A surface of which one end or side is at a higher level than another; a rising or falling surface.

    ‘he slithered helplessly down the slope’
    • ‘The slopes of the walls fit easily to our backs, and we sipped water and ate granola, fingering the powder absent-mindedly.’
    • ‘Digging their claws into the side of the steep slope, they slowed their fall and began their jumping climb to the road above.’
    • ‘The birds spread across a rising slope of snow furrowed with ditches worn by thousands of penguin feet.’
    • ‘With a wistful sigh Bakul picked up his large quakehammer, which had belonged to his father, and began trudging up the sandy slope towards the surface world.’
    • ‘A pebble fell from the slope above the cave mouth and rolled to his feet and Ian stared down at it.’
    • ‘For decades Wycombe were a middling non-league club who played for 95 years at a ground, Loakes Park, notable for an 11-foot slope on the playing surface.’
    • ‘The engineers prepared a mesh surface on the southeast slope to enable equipment to be winched to the top of the hill.’
    • ‘The outcome depends on how hard and how long it rains, how long the concrete has been down, the type of finish, and the slope of the concrete surface.’
    • ‘Towards the top of the sharp ice ridge there was approximately 300 meters of icy slope on each side of us, with large jagged rocks protruding at the bottom.’
    • ‘Before my gaze was a misty, lush forest, falling away in steep slopes and verdant levels to a hidden valley below.’
    • ‘The roadway surfaces and embankment slopes, where disturbed, to be restored to a condition not inferior to that in which they are found before the works are commenced.’
    • ‘Eventually the Ramman river can be heard flowing hundreds of feet below, flanked on either side by slopes covered in acres of tea plantations.’
    • ‘She ordered the men to tear up the plants, and they leveled the pretty slope and removed the soil.’
    • ‘Fugro will receive tenders for the repair of 28 slopes and retaining walls in Kwun Tong, Wong Tai Sin and Sai Kung.’
    • ‘In Ludwig's design, conference rooms will look out to the southwest, so that the people in them can watch the snow fall on the eastern slope of the Sierra Nevadas.’
    • ‘Cromarty indicated that was not his intention, but that his intention was that the entire surface have a gentle slope towards the center where the water would then drain to the catch basin.’
    • ‘The dangers to fall planting on a slope are obvious.’
    • ‘The hotel itself was on a slope and at ground level was virtually featureless from this side.’
    • ‘The black horse, sitting back against the slope to avoid falling with its rider, was hard put to keep up.’
    • ‘These develop most commonly on gradients, where seepage of water down the slope through the surface soil is interrupted by barriers of rock, or of clay reaching or approaching the surface.’
    1. 1.1A difference in level or sideways position between the two ends or sides of a thing.
      ‘the roof should have a slope sufficient for proper drainage’
      [mass noun] ‘the backward slope of the chair’
      • ‘Ramps increase the degree of hazard, especially if they're positioned manually on a slope or by a relatively inexperienced driver.’
      • ‘Kelp gulls used a wide variety of habitats, including areas with different slopes and degrees of vegetation cover located on island or mainland sites.’
      • ‘Before we realized it, the driver moved the car backward in the slope.’
      • ‘Plot slopes did not differ significantly between bedrock types or aspect.’
      • ‘All the curves were represented quite well by two intersecting straight lines, thus yielding values of the initial slope and the position of the titration endpoint.’
      • ‘Transects were placed so as to provide a representative sample of the forest as a whole and to examine differences associated with slope position and aspect.’
      • ‘We chose to do our dendrochronological work with pitch pine and Virginia pine to increase our chances of detecting site differences at the two slope positions.’
      • ‘Even if a runway is identical in size to a familiar runway, a different slope can cause dangerous illusions as well.’
      • ‘The interaction between branch position and sapling height was used to test for differences in slopes among branches in different positions.’
      • ‘We used analysis of covariance to test differences in the slopes among interday calibration curves.’
      • ‘Clearcut richness did not differ with slope position but forest richness was greater on lower slopes during both sample periods.’
      • ‘He trimmed the flight feathers to various lengths, and made them run up slopes of different slopes and textures.’
      • ‘At what position on a slope individuals will most likely be found is still unclear.’
      • ‘In general, curve ADC would not be symmetrical because the slope for the reactants would differ from the slope for the products.’
      • ‘Two cameras capture the laser beam representation of the scanned lens and convey it to a computer, where the positions and slopes of the refracted beams are noted.’
      • ‘However, lizards may alter their behavior on inclines of different slopes.’
      • ‘The shape of the seafloor near land (shallower and steeper slopes lead to very different kinds of tsunami waves once they hit shore).’
      • ‘I was doing 30 mph but because the speed camera was positioned on a slope so as you go down the road, your car gain speeds, that when my 1mph came from.’
      • ‘The slopes between eye position and interaural sound pressure level ratios were not different from zero.’
      • ‘However, given that all three slopes differed significantly, it seemed arbitrary as to which slope to select.’
    2. 1.2A part of the side of a hill or mountain, especially as a place for skiing.
      ‘a ten-minute cable car ride delivers you to the slopes’
      • ‘I slowly ascended the steep rocky slopes of the mountain.’
      • ‘I mean you're moving very fast; what are you physically seeing as you're going down the side of a mountain on these steep slopes?’
      • ‘I heard about how tough physical training programs had paid off as the soldiers had carried their heavy loads up steep slopes in the thin mountain air.’
      • ‘By far the best way to break up a dreary Irish winter is to join the holiday makers who head for the mountain slopes of Europe to indulge in a spot of skiing.’
      • ‘Terraced farmlands irrigated by a complex network of ditches carrying water from rivers ensured reliable yields even on steep mountain slopes.’
      • ‘Skiers will only be allowed access to the downhill skiing slopes, while non-skiing visitors will be confined to the Ptarmigan centre.’
      • ‘The most spectacular hill slopes are the sides of deep gorges and the great rock cliffs of high mountain chains.’
      • ‘Instead of the relatively flat, even terrain farther north, the Mauricie is known for everything from rolling hills to steep slopes and harshly broken, rocky terrain.’
      • ‘Sherpa villages cling to the sides of sheer mountain slopes or sit on top of steep escarpments.’
      • ‘Wanderers will play tonight's game in the shadow of one of the most famous slopes in downhill skiing.’
      • ‘Most of them had spent their entire lives cultivating sorghum and sweet potatoes on the steep mountain slopes of Kibungo Prefecture in eastern Rwanda.’
      • ‘All of this lies within ideal vine-growing latitudes, with a backbone of mountains and hillside slopes running the length of the country.’
      • ‘It just stays on the valley floor, sometimes crossing snow bridges to avoid side hills and obvious avalanche slopes.’
      • ‘The key ecological problem was that this enormous growth of dry farming crops took place on the steep slopes of the mountain ranges.’
      • ‘Those who survived, did so by running for their lives up steep mountain slopes.’
      • ‘Down and down, we went, like a wild ride through a city alley, block after block, with windswept, rocky mountain slopes on either side.’
      • ‘As luck would have it, much like blackcurrant in Bourgogne, blueberries are the emblematic berry in the Vosges, where they grow by the bushload up the steep mountain slopes.’
      • ‘Practice braking before you try any steep slopes or hills.’
      • ‘I remember the pure exhilaration of tramping the steep slopes of the hills and mountains with him in search of our elusive prey.’
      • ‘The often steep and rugged lower slopes of the mountains are dominated by cacti, agaves, yuccas, and thorn-bearing shrubs.’
    3. 1.3The gradient of a graph at any point.
      • ‘The exact season for any indicator is defined by its slope and its position above or below the center line.’
      • ‘We show that the effective reflectance of the bottom is proportional to the average cosine of the bottom slope.’
      • ‘The slope data indicated no difference in processing load for location as compared to identity processing.’
      • ‘However, this is due to a significant difference among populations at generation five and, thus, is not an indication of an evolving difference in the slope.’
      • ‘The difference between the slopes and intercepts obtained from histology and CT was tested using the Student's t test.’
      • ‘Furthermore, there was no significant intersexual difference in the allometric slopes.’
      • ‘We then used the analysis of covariance to test for differences between the slopes of the regression lines for the eubacterial and the archaeal data sets.’
      • ‘There appeared to be quantitative differences in the slope of the temperature dependence of the activity.’
      • ‘Working with this activity, one student came to a sudden realization that the slope on one graph was numerically equal to the y-coordinate for the other.’
      • ‘Differences in regression slopes and intercepts among treatments were tested using ANOVA.’
      • ‘In addition, the slope differences highlighted differential effects of Coffea cytosol on both nuclei according to the particular Coffea tree.’
      • ‘The difference in the slopes of the lines indicates that the genotype at one QTL influences the phenotypic effect of the other QTL.’
      • ‘An analysis of covariance was used to test whether differences between the slopes of regression lines were significant.’
      • ‘The t ratio for the difference between the estimated slope and - 0.5 is 0.38.’
      • ‘The regressions remain positive and statistically significant, although the slopes and intercepts differ.’
      • ‘This can be seen by comparing the slope for each leaf position of P plants with that of the respective control during the expansion phase.’
      • ‘However, it is difficult to estimate the variance associated with the x-intercept, which is the negative ratio of the y-intercept and the slope of a linear equation.’
      • ‘Differences in the slope of regression lines were evaluated by analysis of variance.’
      • ‘When the comparability values for the samples are plotted in descending order, we can detect significant changes in the slope of the graph.’
      • ‘If we graphed use of price discrimination against profits would we find a positive slope across the economy as a whole?’
      • ‘Another difference is the low slope of the Modern EF in Figure 8.’
      • ‘However, there are few data for the largest and smallest size classes, and the apparent difference in slopes needs confirmation from additional study.’
      • ‘The differences between the slopes of the two regressions provided a measure of the relative recombinagenic activity of the genotoxic test compounds.’
      • ‘If there is no systematic deviation in either the higher or lower end of the LT range, then the overall slope will be one and there will be no significant difference in the slopes between data sets.’
      • ‘Statistical analysis for significant difference in the slope of mutant induction in the presence or absence of vanillin was performed using the f-test for comparison of slopes.’
      • ‘All significant interactions reported were confirmed thorough graph and slope analyses.’
    4. 1.4Electronics
      The mutual conductance of a valve, numerically equal to the gradient of one of the characteristic curves of the valve.
      • ‘Anterior and lateral slopes of the ventral valve evenly convex in profile.’
      • ‘For most materials necking begins at maximum load at a value of strain where the true stress equals the slope of the flow curve.’
      • ‘It runs along a line referred to in the evidence as the 260 elevation line at the bottom of the slope and a short distance to the west of the proposed school foundation slabs.’
      • ‘Flushing frequency is determined by animal type and size, gutter width, gutter slope, and flush-tank volume.’
      • ‘With hot water heating systems, the diameter of the piping remains constant, the slope is irrelevant, and all lines are insulated to prevent heat loss.’
  • 2US informal, offensive A person from East Asia, especially Vietnam.

verb

  • 1[no object] (of a surface or line) be inclined from a horizontal or vertical line; slant up or down.

    ‘the garden sloped down to a stream’
    ‘the ceiling sloped’
    • ‘The roof sloped down on each side to form a squat triangular passage adorned with deep black scallops.’
    • ‘The flat land on one side, the side we were driving on, sloped down.’
    • ‘All of the boundaries slope in the same direction with increasing detergent concentration.’
    • ‘Shallow channels may form on some playas, particularly if the playa surface is sloping.’
    • ‘Then, if you measure up an equidistance at the corners, the ceiling will slope to match your floor.’
    • ‘The house is on seven acres, with the front grounds sloping down to the Owenmore River.’
    • ‘You can make your pool as shallow or as deep as you want, but the key is to make sure the sides slope: Otherwise the soil will cave in.’
    • ‘In smaller specimens the entire upper platform surface may slope into a deep groove, giving the element a V-shaped cross-section.’
    • ‘Orlan studied the left wall, which was the largest since the ceiling sloped down to the right side of the room, evidently having occurred because of pressure from above.’
    • ‘Sure enough, listening to Elza's intuition paid off as the ground sloped down to sea level, pretty soon we were able to walk onto the sand hilled beach.’
    • ‘Its sides slope gently inward to eliminate the need for a toekick, accentuating the material's monolithic character.’
    • ‘In the central highlands, you could raise cattle and crops; where the land sloped down towards sea level, coffee grew in abundance.’
    • ‘It was around twenty feet long and ten feet wide, with the sides sloping down to a little clear ground in the middle.’
    • ‘Just outside that a water-slicked tiled roof sloped away, and below that darkness and rain shrouded a small central courtyard.’
    • ‘The ground sloped down as he rounded the building into the rear parking lot.’
    • ‘The land on either side of the road sloped down and away, giving way to rows of trees on both sides, and a healthy expanse of grass.’
    • ‘Mr. Garbutt acknowledged that the brick ties should have been at an absolute minimum horizontal but preferably sloped down at an angle from the block to the brick.’
    • ‘Lisa took out a form which she had clearly created because the line sloped and the ink had messily spread across the page because she had put the ruler on too early.’
    • ‘The platform was a street with curbs on either side that sloped down very slowly to the only building in sight.’
    • ‘Take a look at how they write: are their lines sloping to the right?’
    slant, incline, tilt
    drop away, fall away, decline, descend, sink, shelve, lean, dip
    rise, ascend, climb
    at a slant, on the slant, at an angle, not straight, slanting, slanted, slantwise, slant, oblique, leaning, inclining, inclined, angled, cambered, canted
    askew, skew, lopsided, crooked, tilting, tilted, atilt, dipping, out of true, out of line
    squint
    declivitous, declivous, acclivitous, acclivous
    View synonyms
    1. 1.1[with object]Place or arrange in a sloping position.
      ‘Poole sloped his shoulders’
      ‘a sloped leather writing surface’
      • ‘Anyway, to cut a long story very short, the gutters made it up onto the house and they sloped the right way because I realised in the nick of time that water does not flow uphill.’
      • ‘A faint track through the crowberry scrub led to a rightwards sloping ramp of black slabs which seemed to give way to a series of zig-zags amongst some large blocks.’
      • ‘Quimper itself is very pretty - tall, thin shops and houses set on sloping riverbanks.’
      • ‘All of the rooms have sloped walls, inviting a geometry lesson, and furniture decorated with Egyptian symbols.’
      • ‘Soon we roared into his short, sloping driveway.’
      • ‘In future more downward sloping tunnels will be designed into the mine to increase storage capacity.’
      • ‘It is a diving duck and the male is a large, white bellied, grey-backed bird with a black chest, sloping forehead and ruddy chestnut head and neck.’
      • ‘The chopping board is sloped and has grooves to grip the food and to encourage liquid to run away from the cutting area.’
      • ‘The new computer model has sloped geeky shoulders and a long gawky neck.’
      • ‘Everywhere we looked, we saw tall graceful coconut palms, evenly spaced, growing around tiny cottages with sloping roofs of red tiles.’
      • ‘You get inside, and you're in a murky labyrinth of dead ends and sloping walkways and spaces that might be rooms, but then again might just be spaces.’
      • ‘Again, sloping roofs are the in-thing now, but slopes are no good in a climate like that of Kerala as such roofs tend to develop a leak fast.’
      • ‘Soil around foundation should be sloped to carry away water.’
      • ‘At least three people have slipped or fallen on a steeply sloping pavement in Tewkesbury High Street.’
      • ‘The pipe needs to be sloped to drain, or should extend through the wall periodically to provide a place for the water to go.’
      • ‘The new suit silhouette is called ‘Tokyo’ and features a jacket with either a peak or a notched collar and is slightly sloped.’
      • ‘Apparently Mr. Howe is a little more famous for having sloped shoulders in Canada then elsewhere.’
      • ‘If I want to travel just a few hundred yards I have to negotiate sloping pavements and steep curbs in my chair.’
      • ‘The teen-agers rose to their feet and began to shamble towards Nick, sloping their shoulders as they came.’
      • ‘He also stood to work and so there are sloping desks at waist height.’
  • 2British informal [no object, with adverbial of direction] Move in an idle or aimless manner.

    ‘I had seen Don sloping about the beach’
    1. 2.1Leave unobtrusively, typically in order to evade work or duty.
      ‘the men sloped off looking ashamed of themselves’
      • ‘So I just sloped off for a pizza with my friend instead.’
      • ‘She loved nothing better than to bottom the house after a row with dad, who would take the appearance of mop and duster as his cue to slope off down the pub.’
      • ‘If they had any intellectual integrity they would have sloped off into the anonymity their brains deserve.’
      • ‘It couldn't survive the unforgiving light of the eighties, and sloped off to die in embarrassed solitude.’
      • ‘I wish to wait five more minutes, but he slopes off.’
      • ‘Old habits persisted, nonetheless: the would-be virtuous made their ablutions and sloped off to Friday prayers.’
      • ‘So tail between my legs I slope off into the crawler lane while my car winds itself up to go faster.’
      • ‘The daughter who is still in residence has decided to diet (so no more sloping off to the pub).’
      • ‘He screamed and I sloped off with my thespian tail between my legs.’
      • ‘That he sloped off during an Eton v Harrow match to buy a trumpet, which cost £1, may not have been what his school and his parents intended, but it set him on a course which over the years has brought joy and instruction to many.’
      • ‘Seemingly unconcerned by his lack of recognition, Mr Rotten took security guards to task over the expulsion order, before declaring the whole thing was ‘boring anyway’ and sloping off.’
      • ‘Doubtless there are many others, whose heart sinks when the beloved (well, fairly beloved, most of the time) slopes off to the computer when really there are far more important things to be done.’
      • ‘Or have I been secretly sloping off down the pub every night?’
      • ‘And the men slope off behind the flames because it means that they don't have to talk.’
      • ‘After an hour or two I sloped off in search of other pleasures.’
      • ‘And so the riot would continue for another forty minutes, when as if on cue, the students would slowly and sulkily slope off to tend to their wounds and collect stones for the next day.’
      • ‘After 10 minutes, a flatmate and occasional musical collaborator appears and offers to make tea but, unable to find any clean mugs, mumbles an apology and slopes off back to his bed.’
      • ‘After a bit of huffing and puffing - men can't do anything without a bit of huff and puff - he will eventually slope off, only to return a few minutes later minus the mop.’
      • ‘After Miller's miss, Celtic supporters sloped off early, like office workers knowing the work was done, while St Mirren's fans were detained by police and stewards.’
      • ‘And not that I have actually said goodbye yet either: it is more a case of the staff distracting my now quiet and quivery-lipped boy while I sneak out the door and slope off down the corridor.’

Phrases

  • at the slope

    • (of a rifle) held with the barrel on the left shoulder and the butt in the left hand.

      • ‘Pamela used to recall how the red banner she had once paraded through the streets of London had to be held at the slope, since she was a little woman and could not keep it up straight.’
  • slope arms

    • Hold a rifle at the slope.

      • ‘As the cortège, pictured here, appeared, slowly progressing towards the church escorted by two police motorcycle outriders, the Marines sloped arms.’
      • ‘For a marching colour party, use the slope arms in kit 800 for the escort, and the officers arm with the sword raised.’
      • ‘As a Rifle Regiment does not slope arms there was no need to pin the brim of the hat up.’
      • ‘The Escort now presents arms and the parade is then ordered to slope arms and the officers ordered to take posts.’
      • ‘I can tell you that the few occasions that I have been involved with armed gaurds at catafalque parties that Navy Cadets have never sloped arms with .303 rifles.’
      • ‘The sentry is in full Battle Order and carries a rifle with bayonet fixed; he first comes to attention, slopes arms, and assuming he is standing at the left-hand end of his beat, will execute a right turn and march the required distance and then do a left about turn and proceed back to where he started.’
      • ‘The Band will then play ‘Point of War’, after which the Commanding Officer will order ‘Queen's Lancashires, slope arms.’’
      • ‘They would not slope arms, instead they carried their rifles at the trail, so they were more quickly accessible.’
      • ‘I learned to slope arms and present arms, which you can't do in a muddy trench.’
      • ‘The 3rd York and Lancaster Regiment on parade on the same day was addressed by the colonel, and those who would volunteer ordered to slope arms, whereupon every man responded.’

Origin

Late 16th century (as a verb): from the obsolete adverb slope, a shortening of aslope. The use of the verb with reference to aimless or unobtrusive movement may be related to lope.

Pronunciation:

slope

/sləʊp/