Definition of slate in English:

slate

noun

  • 1[mass noun] A fine-grained grey, green, or bluish-purple metamorphic rock easily split into smooth, flat plates:

    [as modifier] ‘slate quarries’
    ‘a slate floor’
    • ‘The rural landscape and simple landforms have proved a great stimulus, and many of her pieces incorporate stone, slate or limestone.’
    • ‘Beyond the kitchen is the family room, which has a cast-iron fireplace and quarry slate floor.’
    • ‘It includes a variety of rocks, such as basalt, granite, gneiss, quartzite, slate, and schist.’
    • ‘The fashion ads also incorporate stone, rock, water and slate for a textural feeling.’
    • ‘The most resistant rocks are quartzite and quartz-rich sandstones, and tough fine-grained rocks such as slate.’
    • ‘The first floor accommodation is completed by a spacious family bathroom with slate floor and rich green walls.’
    • ‘Stone is just what its name implies: quarried slate, limestone, flagstone, granite, or marble.’
    • ‘It consists of graphitic schist and slate, psammite, pelitic schist/gneiss and augen gneiss at structurally higher levels.’
    • ‘The most handsome and timeless of materials is stone such as marble, granite, limestone, or slate.’
    • ‘Glaciers have deposited shale, slate, schist, and limestone throughout the region.’
    • ‘But also consider some other bathroom floor options, like slate or marble, or even rubber tiles.’
    • ‘These extrusive rocks are tilted and rest unconformably upon metamorphosed limestone, shale, and slate.’
    • ‘By the mid-19th century there were 15 quarries working slate, flags, sandstone and limestone.’
    • ‘The choices when it comes to real stone are generally traditional York stone, sandstone, limestone or slate.’
    • ‘Hodge Close was one of a group of green slate quarries in the Lake District that were worked from the mid-19th century.’
    • ‘The floors are locally quarried slate, carried from the mountains on donkey back and hand-cut to fit tightly together in random patterns.’
    • ‘New surfaces are made from chemical compounds and are designed to mimic granite, limestone, marble, slate, or soapstone.’
    • ‘With two floors of windows, natural wood, river rock and slate, it makes a perfect backdrop for the captivating view.’
    • ‘The smooth slate floor of the bottom level reflects the rough basalt on the pathway through a preserved grove of evergreens.’
    • ‘His study of occupational lung diseases included the pathology of workers exposed to coal, talc, slate, and kaolin.’
  • 2A flat plate of slate used as roofing material:

    ‘a loose slate falls from the roof’
    [as modifier] ‘a grey slate roof’
    • ‘Roofing slates from the Delabole quarry have been used on several Adelaide buildings, including the Post Office, Town Hall, Museum and Adelaide University.’
    • ‘Timber roof supports burnt away, causing large slates to fall into the building and the front of one of the flats to bulge.’
    • ‘On the corner of the property was the coach house, still standing and with lots of charm - with a shingle roof, and wooden slates below the roof.’
    • ‘The floor tiles, roof slates and even the pottery that the monks used were also all French as were the coins, representing the dues that the monks collected for the benefit of their Mother House.’
    • ‘A leaking roof can lead to damage on ceilings and walls, so it is important to replace loose or cracked slates, and get damaged material on flat roofs repaired.’
    • ‘We appear to have inherited a number of problems with roofing tiles and slates which are not always fixed with the precision and detailing required by the manufacturers (number of fixings etc).’
    • ‘He said, ‘I remember a time when there was chicken wire pinned to the eaves to stop the slates falling on the children.’’
    • ‘At least one criminal gang is targeting properties in Oldham and stealing items like roof slates, coping stones, flagstones and walls.’
    • ‘While my friends were frightening themselves in the ghostly changing rooms, I found a stockpile of short, square roofing slates.’
    • ‘They were mainly being asked to remove fallen trees or dangerous roof slates which had come loose and were a danger to the public.’
    • ‘Research carried out last year highlighted features such as village springs, stone roofing slates and sheep washes, which were often in a poor state of repair.’
    • ‘Check that your roof isn't missing any shingles, tiles, slates or nails.’
    • ‘A number of slates had come loose from the roof and crashed into the bushes.’
    • ‘He grabbed the peak of the roof as he fell full against the slates.’
    • ‘She dropped down onto the roof of the porch and caught her foot on a loose slate which crashed to the ground beneath her.’
    • ‘Among the demands made by the council are the painting of gable walls, plastering a brick chimney, and fixing loose slates.’
    • ‘The council discovered that there were loose slates on the roof which would have fallen into the street without the gutter in place.’
    • ‘She said she feared loose slates and masonry could fall from the roof.’
    • ‘Elterwater slate dresser Clifford Barrow drew the crowds as he sliced through stone to produce 19-inch roofing slates, used on buildings across Britain.’
    • ‘It needs to be re-roofed, the slates are falling off and the building is rotting.’
    1. 2.1 A flat plate of slate formerly used for writing on in schools:
      ‘the teacher was demonstrating, the children copying on to slates’
      • ‘And the headmaster had to beg businesses to pay for books, slates and pencils because the school could not supply them.’
      • ‘Grandma looked up him, took a hold of her slate and wrote.’
      • ‘I studied in a village school sitting on the floor and we wrote on slates.’
      • ‘I remember writing on a slate and rubbing it off with a sponge, and learning to write using what was called a copybook.’
      • ‘The reverse of the gold 2,000 baht depicts in the center a Thai girl sitting and writing a script with a slate and a tray on the floor.’
      • ‘Also on the anvil are a Braille slate, abacus for mathematics, geometry set with raised numbers and an alphabet plate to enable the visually impaired to learn to write.’
      • ‘Each kit contains enough equipment - including paints, pens, exercise books, chalks and slates - for 80 pupils for a month.’
      • ‘She is quite pleased with her knowledge about courts when she is able to pick out the jury, twelve animals and birds who are busy writing on their slates.’
      • ‘He began to write on the slate, the chalk moving up and down to form the letters of his answer.’
      • ‘The children - all below five years - were given new uniforms, slates and shoes and sent to a nursery outside the jail.’
      • ‘Visitors can take their place at desks in three period classrooms and write on slates with chalk before progressing to dip pens and use exercise books to practise ornate copperplate writing.’
      • ‘Mac went to school when they wrote on slates and so did I. Mind you, Mac's posh school probably had paper and ink.’
      • ‘The colliery village's principle attractions are the driftwood mine, where the visitor is taken to the coalface, and the school, in which children can try out the desks and writing slates and play games of the period.’
      • ‘Each of the boxes includes enough pencils, exercise books, slates and school bags for a class of up to 80 pupils.’
      • ‘Restored and resplendent, it opens its doors to visitors with handbags instead of schoolchildren swinging schoolbags full of slates, pencils and books.’
      • ‘For homework, finish both sides of your slates, writing lower case E's.’
      • ‘The youngsters sit on bare floors in two rooms, writing notes on slates as the teacher writes on a small chalkboard.’
      • ‘She gave us slates to write on, made us chant some Empire geography facts, ordered us to sit up straight and swished her cane around with aplomb.’
      • ‘Pupils had the chance to try out writing on slates, and desks were set out in rows as in years gone by.’
      • ‘Children from the regiment showed visitors traditional toys such as wooden dolls, slates and embroidery hoops.’
    2. 2.2British A record of a person's debit or credit (in pubs and shops formerly written on a slate):
      ‘‘Five quid,’ said the barman. ‘Put it on my slate,’ I suggested’
      • ‘One explanation for the extraordinary name of the pub relates to a long dead landlord who put the beer "on the slate" for thirsty road-makers when the track up the hill was metalled.’
      • ‘He asked Don to let him have a drink on the slate but Don refused.’
    3. 2.3 A small portable computer that accepts input directly on to its screen rather than via a keyboard or mouse; a tablet computer:
      ‘after getting our hands on one this afternoon, we found that it’s a solid, well-performing slate that’s easy on the eyes’
      • ‘I would have preferred a simple white thin slate with a screen.’
      • ‘Their forthcoming slate will have Wi-Fi and 3G connectivity as well as a multi-touch screen.’
      • ‘Thanks to the swivel screen, you can either open it up and use it like a traditional laptop, swivel it up to 180 degrees for sharing or fold it back on itself, creating a touchscreen slate.’
      • ‘It may be that we have to have two models, one slate, without a keyboard, and one notebook-convertible.’
      • ‘There are two types of tablet computers currently available - slates with a pen for input and convertible laptops that have hinged, rotating screens that fold over a keyboard.’
      • ‘This year the situation gets tougher for Apple as numerous PC suppliers plan to release their slates for different customers, with different specifications and at different price-points.’
      • ‘They'll be hunting for a slate that can be carried around and does only what they need it to do: browse, communicate, entertain.’
      • ‘PC makers sold 122,000 slates last year, making the category less than 1 percent of the total PC market.’
      • ‘Notebook computers and slates that let you enter data in handwriting and store it either as "digital ink" or convert it to text had a big "wow" factor.’
      • ‘The "slate" uses virtual keyboards that you poke at with a special stylus, or handwriting recognition that is hit-and-miss.’
      • ‘The older iPad at $399 will really put the hurt on the Galaxy Tabs and Windows slates of the world.’
      • ‘If you need to take notes in the field, then a slate or a convertible tablet may be a better choice for your company.’
      • ‘Some day, Mac users may all be using slates with the classic mechanical keyboard and mouse a thing of the past.’
      • ‘He estimated that an average slate could sell for $700, creating a downside where netbooks and laptops see their sales cannibalized.’
      • ‘If the new rumours are correct, Apple's second-gen iPad will be released earlier than the majority of competing slates.’
      • ‘The second-generation iPad slate will address some of the issues of the original one.’
      • ‘Wouldn't a mobile operating system be a better fit for slates?’
      • ‘Photographing him holding the slate evokes the image of someone playing with an Etch-a-Sketch.’
      • ‘Laptop computers, slates, tablets and the obligatory 'Argyll Shipwrecks' book sat open on the surrounding tables.’
      • ‘The retailer could sell its slate as a loss leader, but still profit by directing its tablet users to its own services and software.’
  • 3[mass noun], [usually as modifier] A bluish-grey colour:

    ‘suits of slate grey’
    • ‘The morning sky was cloudless, and a dark shade of slate gray, not yet dawn.’
    • ‘He turned around and met a pair of slate gray eyes.’
    • ‘Ryan O'Connor leans against the edge of the stage, wearing jeans and a slate blue shirt that brings out the green in his eyes.’
    • ‘I could not see a town, not a road, only mountains, glacial valleys, a few icy blue lakes and rivers that from the air looked slate gray.’
    • ‘The sky is the colour of slate grey and touching the roof tops.’
    • ‘However, their true color varies among individuals from a uniform dark slate gray with little whitish mottling to a very light blue with extensive mottling.’
    • ‘His head jolted up; his slate gray eyes stared longingly into my own.’
    • ‘His eyes were slate gray, and his hair, cinnamon-colored and longish, hung straight down to his shoulders, tucked back now behind his ears.’
    • ‘The bed was a twin, neatly made in the usual slate gray, along with the carpet, and the furniture.’
    • ‘His slate gray eyes turned a dull black, and I closed my eyes in pain.’
    • ‘Its cousin, the stunning kokako, is slate gray with sky-blue wattles decorating a black-masked face.’
    • ‘At one moment, it was slate gray, the next an inky black.’
    • ‘She was now wearing a slate wrap-around shirt, and a grey coat.’
    • ‘He was in his shirt sleeves with a slate gray waistcoat and matching trousers.’
    • ‘He looked up at Jon, who was studying him with his slate gray eyes.’
    • ‘Cool colours such as slate grey, navy, sleek steel and chrome are seen as inherently male.’
    • ‘Contemporary hues of fruity sorbets, whites and soft neutrals will add zest to any wardrobe, and there are earthy slate colours, denims and shades of stone and copper to add versatility.’
    • ‘Most of the buildings were quite tall, probably four or five stories and made of slate gray stone.’
    • ‘The metal frames are then treated with a rust-preventative lacquer that can be infused with eight different colors, from slate gray to emerald green.’
    • ‘A jacket hung over his arm, the exact color of his slate gray slacks.’
  • 4A list of candidates for election to a post or office, typically a group sharing a set of political views:

    ‘candidates on the left's slate won 74 per cent of constituency votes’
    • ‘The election for that Parliament has to be made from a complete slate of six candidates.’
    • ‘To bolster its opposition credentials, the Socialist Caucus is standing a full slate of candidates for the party executive, including party leader.’
    • ‘That big view allows him to encompass and endorse both slates of candidates for the party's executive.’
    • ‘The idea is to obtain a slate of national representatives who are a ‘mirror of the nation.’’
    • ‘At the end of 1951 the Free Officers ran their own slate of candidates for election to the board of directors of the Officers' Club in Cairo.’
    • ‘Nominating Committee members work together to prepare and present an annual slate of candidates for national office.’
    • ‘With six slates and 46 candidates for the board running in the election, candidates outnumbered audience members at each debate.’
    • ‘Yawar opposed the boycott call and headed a slate of Sunni candidates in the election.’
    • ‘Not surprisingly, they are on the only slate, at this writing, that is not in principle, opposed to tuition hikes and differential fees.’
    • ‘First, for three consecutive terms the Concordia student population has elected slates of anti-capitalist representatives.’
    • ‘Have you ever written to your slate or federal senators or representatives?’
    • ‘The Greater London elections also saw a slate of socialists winning substantial votes.’
    • ‘Under Illinois law the Green Party had only 90 days to collect the signatures and was also required to field a slate of candidates for every office on the ballot.’
    • ‘The divisions and states with more than one representative to the Council of Representatives should designate ethnic-minority slates for at least one of the positions.’
    • ‘An entire slate of candidates running in last week's student union election has been disqualified for gross violations of election rules.’
    • ‘As it is, the unions always run slates of candidates during the board's elections and hold caucus meetings before board meetings to discuss how teachers are going to vote.’
    • ‘And I was very proud, frankly of South Dakota this time, because they had a terrific slate of candidates for all the offices.’
    • ‘We're putting together a slate of candidates to run together in the primaries next year for state legislature.’
    • ‘Challenges to official director slates will likely be rare, but the mere threat of them could weigh heavily on management decisions.’
    • ‘When all is said and done, each political ‘boss’ emerges unscathed and with a slate of candidates to call his or her own.’
    1. 4.1North American A range of something on offer:
      ‘the company has revealed details of a $60m slate of film productions’
      • ‘The spring show will build on this success by kicking off the trade season with an entire slate of new records for number of buyers, exhibitors, scale, and selection.’
      • ‘The hallmark of the film festival this year was a slate of African films, heralding a mini-renaissance.’
      • ‘The festival also featured a full slate of workshops and panels.’
      • ‘Be prepared to see a whole slate of films next summer filmed in 3D!’
      • ‘BBC Television is investing in the biggest slate of emblematic, major projects in its history.’
      • ‘He questions how many providers offering basically the same slate of services can exist in a market.’
      • ‘I'd like to see a major studio take its slate down to 8 films a year… and have 6 significant moneymakers.’
      • ‘Ross and crew jumped in with a production slate of a dozen original films annually, a gambit that has paid off.’
      • ‘Beneath these vastly newsworthy honours, however, is the same slate of police, army, foreign service, civil service and public service awards.’
      • ‘The USMA Band and its ensembles can keep your toes tapping with a full slate of free public concerts and recitals throughout the year.’
      • ‘He issues loans for slates of films at a studio - 5 to 15 at a time - not single flicks.’
      • ‘HBO hasn't gone all out, but they have provided a decent slate of extra material that delves deeply into the roots of this show.’
      • ‘The international future, then, offers up a whole slate of questions and requirements, and sets a steep agenda for preparing strategic leaders.’
      • ‘The week after a slate of games, hats will be worn and old jerseys can be seen throughout the team complex - losers forced to dress in hostile colors against their own will.’
      • ‘Now in its third year, the Casa del Popolo's in-house music fest offers a slate of performers from around the world.’
      • ‘Presently we have a slate of another 19 films, which are all scheduled to be produced in Bulgaria over the next three years.’
  • 5A board showing the identifying details of a take in a film, held in front of the camera at the beginning and end of the take:

    ‘the electronic time-code system allowed us to shoot with or without conventional slates’
    • ‘The slate's most obvious purpose is the documentation it provides on what scene is being filmed, when it was filmed, what take it was, which film reel it was, etc.’
    • ‘This color cartoon clipart picture shows a woman holding a slate for a movie set, ready to clap the bar shut; the slate has a number "2" written on it, for take two.’
    • ‘We ascend, our cameras out of film and our slates covered in a jumble of barely decipherable notes.’
    • ‘The director of this film actually clapped the slate and then decided that these scenes were KEEPERS.’

verb

[WITH OBJECT]
  • 1Cover (something, especially a roof) with slates:

    ‘he was working for his father slating a new roof’
    ‘a slated roof’
    • ‘The roof will be slated and the front elevations will mostly be of natural stone, and each house has a large back garden.’
    • ‘The entire centre of the yard was covered and slated with a large open-ended platform at either end.’
    • ‘The contractor shall inspect all surfaces prepared for slating.’
    • ‘Roofs can be either tiled or slated.’
  • 2British informal Criticize severely:

    ‘his work was slated by the critics’
    • ‘‘The London premiere was slated by the critics for being propaganda, and it hasn't been performed since, but it has value,’ Osborne says.’
    • ‘He says New Zealand is a country trying to promote itself as a leading golf destination, so the last thing the sport needs is its number one professional slating a leading course.’
    • ‘The design plans have been slated and the size and scale of the entire undertaking must be totally rethought.’
    • ‘But the comedian, whose previews were unanimously slated by the critics last week, informed festival organisers that the show could not go on, for the time being at least.’
    • ‘Browne slates the Catholic Church authorities for their failures.’
    • ‘Last December it was slated in a highly critical report released by the powerful Commons Treasury Select Committee.’
    • ‘The bill was slated as a death sentence for several organisations working in the country.’
    • ‘Although I admit to being one of those who'll slate a referee at a match, I also understand the enormous task they face once the whistle is blown.’
    • ‘British car journalists slated the car, ‘but why?’’
    • ‘They both slated the referee, who, they claimed, was wrong to allow a goal scored by Dublin.’
    criticize harshly, attack, pillory, lambaste, condemn, flay, savage, shoot down, revile, vilify
    pan, knock, pull to pieces, take to pieces, tear to pieces, pull apart, take apart, crucify, hammer, slam, do a hatchet job on, bash, give something a battering, roast, skewer, maul, throw brickbats at
    rubbish, slag off, monster
    trash, pummel
    bag
    slash
    excoriate
    View synonyms
  • 3North American Schedule; plan:

    ‘London shows are slated for late June’
    [with infinitive] ‘construction is slated to begin late next year’
    • ‘The three-year experimental program is slated to end this summer, and because of the state's tight budget situation, may not be renewed.’
    • ‘The trade union federation is demanding that a list of 30 companies slated for closure be covered by a severance agreement.’
    • ‘Kelly's court appearance is slated for Jan. 30.’
    • ‘He said more Jacksonville stores are slated for renovations, but could not confirm which ones.…’
    • ‘The city says the street was slated for repairs before the governor's appearance was scheduled.’
    • ‘In the meantime, Edmund is slated to take his father's estate.’
    • ‘I arrived early enough to read the papers in time for the first interview, which was slated for recording at eleven.’
    • ‘The day's schedule had us slated for just before lunch.’
    • ‘Both games are slated to start at 8: 00 p.m. in the Physical Activities Centre.’
    • ‘However, they expect some answers from the voluntary, two-year, nationwide monitoring program, which is slated to begin later this year.’
    • ‘Why would it appear on the cover of an edition slated for the UK?’
    • ‘As to settlement assets, there are 2,586 homes slated for evacuation, covering approximately 20 per cent of the land in Gaza.’
    • ‘The show is slated to be open sometime in November or December and will be in Mumbai as well as in Delhi, ‘he said.’’
    • ‘The plan, slated for the go-ahead by the city, has been put on hold by the province.’
    • ‘Already more than half the population is covered by this Programme and full coverage is slated for 2005.’
    • ‘At least four plays are slated to open this week…’
    • ‘Not only that, her new boyfriend, one of the newspapermen from the train, seems to be enamored of the mysterious Sophia and is slated to cover the final event.’
    • ‘At press time, renovation work was slated to start on Nov.18, but McDonough expected some permitting delays.’
    • ‘The initial native program was slated to last only two years, but Roger and staff have made a long-term commitment to keep the areas intact.’
    • ‘The plan is slated to take effect for 2007 models.’
    1. 3.1 Nominate (someone) as a candidate for an office or post:
      ‘I understand that I am being slated for promotion’
      • ‘He is slated to lead depressed Argentina until elections for a new president in March.’
      • ‘I am slated to open an office in a prestigious location with a co-worker coming up in September.’
      • ‘Well, last night I got an email saying that my application is selected and I'm slated to go look on a Cornell team for the ivory-billed woodpecker in early December.’
      • ‘I'm presently slated to moderate fourteen (!) panels, most of them about comic book history, and they're all goodies.’
      • ‘The Democrats and Republicans slated their legislative candidates at the end of September or in early October, with the election scheduled for November 7.’
      • ‘Neither is Powell slated to be the Attorney General, where he may choose the civil rights czar, who carves the policy groove on race in the Justice Department.’
      • ‘The criticism the Municipal Reform Club received from Republican circles for not endorsing Thomas and for slating a candidate to oppose Bash seemed to increase Thomas' confidence.’
      • ‘That officer was slated to become the squadron leader before he died.’
      • ‘That is important - he was twice slated for disqualification during the year (possibly meaning a life ban).’
      • ‘The Nominations Committee has slated candidates for the position of Chair-elect and Secretary.’
  • 4Identify (a take in a film) using a slate:

    ‘the assistant cameraman is about to slate the scene’
    • ‘Slate every shot, even if you are going direct into the camera.’
    • ‘They discuss how to proceed, conduct run-throughs, slate shots, film the filming; and as they do so, you get to know these young people.’
    • ‘When one camera is slated, someone puts their hand over the lens of the other camera to block the view of the other camera's slate.’

Origin

Middle English sclate, sklate, shortening of Old French esclate, feminine synonymous with esclat piece broken off (see slat).

Pronunciation:

slate

/sleɪt/