Definition of simian in English:



  • 1Relating to or affecting apes or monkeys.

    ‘simian immunodeficiency virus’
    Compare with prosimian
    • ‘Researchers have identified simian immunodeficiency virus in wild apes for the first time.’
    • ‘Jane Goodall, renowned British primatologist once referred to as the ‘Mother Teresa of the simian world,’ said that governmental and non-governmental ecological research organizations should integrate their efforts.’
    • ‘Central to concerns over bushmeat are fears that carcasses can contain simian foaming virus, something scientists say can jump to humans if they eat the meat.’
    • ‘Under the guiding logic of these complex dualisms, western primatology is simian orientalism.’
    • ‘The aerosol vaccine was grown in monkey kidney tissue; that same species of monkey carries a simian immune deficiency virus.’
    • ‘This list contains all references to anything simian (monkey, ape, gorilla, etc.) up through season 13.’
    • ‘The final tenth chapter recapitulates the similarities between leaders of human and simian societies, and provides a speculative discussion of the inevitability of war.’
    • ‘Australia's leading experts on the virus, which is known as simian virus 40 or SV40, have found traces of it in human tumour cells and are calling for urgent funding to clarify the links…’
    • ‘And, of course, exposure to a prairie dog or other little mammal from that Texas distributor, but not exposure to monkeys as simian lovers are quick to point out.’
    • ‘Recent studies have also shown the simian virus 40 to be present in up to 60% of all mesotheliomas.’
    • ‘Studies in simian cell lines transfected with human alpha satellite sequences showed that these repetitive regions could form de novo centromeres on existing chromosomes.’
    • ‘The simian immunodeficiency virus destabilizes lamellar and promotes hexagonal phase, leading to the speculation that it has an effective negative intrinsic curvature.’
    • ‘Some sooty mangabeys in the wild are still infected with the simian version of HIV, called SIV, but the disease doesn't typically kill them.’
    • ‘Both vaccines were designed against SHIV, a virus containing components of HIV and the related monkey virus, simian immunodeficiency virus.’
    • ‘In the case of simian virus 40, mutational analysis showed that the consecutive thymine nucleotides play an essential role in replication initiation.’
    • ‘Shoddy standards in Soviet vaccine plants meant that decontamination of the so-called simian virus 40 was only 95 percent effective, it says.’
    • ‘By juxtaposing man and ape in identical squatting poses, these capitals explicitly evoke the simian trait of mimicry.’
    • ‘They found the gel protected the macaques from infection with the simian HIV virus for more than seven hours.’
    • ‘In October, Science published the results of research conducted in the United States and Switzerland that managed to block transmission of the simian HIV in macaque monkeys.’
    • ‘A polymerase chain reaction analysis for simian virus 40 DNA was negative.’
    1. 1.1derogatory Resembling a monkey.
      ‘his simian features’
      • ‘Gordon's insistent rhythms found them in a simian crouch.’
      • ‘My point is that our nature as simian mammals pretty much dictates that the top dogs in our political systems are going to be more concerned with maintaining their privileged positions than anything else.’
      • ‘I recognized his simian brow.’
      • ‘Apparently, a simian line is a feature in palmistry that he displays.’
      • ‘Equally memorable is a man with vaguely simian features who is dressed in a tan suit and a red, white and blue tie.’
      • ‘Carlos is up next, and seems to rather frighten James and his simian features somewhat by being chatty before his performance.’
      • ‘The transformation scene, done with trick camerawork, doesn't match Barrymore's, but March's manic delight in the emergence of his simian side has a superb energy.’
      • ‘‘Water, big!’ said the ape-man, a reverence extending across his human-simian features.’


  • An ape or monkey.

    • ‘Franklin had already honed his horror movie directing chops on Psycho II, though I'm not sure that's much preparation for making a movie about killer simians.’
    • ‘Do others notice that we aren't anything other than well evolved simians?’
    • ‘He later learned that a simian cytomegalic virus had been found in all of the 11 African green monkeys imported for production of the polio vaccine.’
    • ‘It seems that simians have the run of the place while humans dwell on the fringes like packs of wild dogs.’
    • ‘But her work undermines any notion of glamour - her renditions of simians, jawbones and ancient pottery are like junk found in the attic, or in the back room of a dilapidated museum.’
    • ‘A pointless remake of the 1968 classic, this features Mark Wahlberg as an astronaut who crash-lands on a planet that is run by simians.’
    • ‘Monkeys and apes have a privileged relation to nature and culture for Western people: simians occupy the border zones between those potent mythic poles.’
    • ‘Since no simians have ever been detected on these islands, this population possibly acquired the virus from Indonesian simians on their migratory pathways.’
    • ‘When he's not performing with giant simians on the other side of the world, he appreciates his down time.’
    • ‘Actors playing the simians choreograph ape-like movements with ease.’
    • ‘HIV in all likelihood arose by adaptation of a closely related virus in a simian species.’
    • ‘Occupying a 43 square kilometre patch of lowland, it's home to 155 orphaned and displaced simians who share 99.6 per cent of our genetic make up.’
    • ‘In a Star Trek-inspired turn of events, he ends up forwarding centuries through time, crashing onto an alien planet where roles between simians and humans are reversed.’
    • ‘George was the genius thespian who brought Robot Monster to life, as well as hundreds, if not thousands of other stage and screen simians.’
    • ‘In this age of growing animal-empowerment, do you think monkeys and other simians should be allowed to drink, if they so desire?’
    • ‘Jerky rhythms that do nothing more than prove these simians can count to five instead of four are used, overused and abused on each and every song.’
    • ‘Although no evidence has been found for the presence of simians in Oceania, Indonesian STLV-I strains are both phylogenetically and geographically close to the HTLV-Ic strains.’
    • ‘We call these creatures Pro simians (meaning before the simians or apes).’
    • ‘Although the planet is strangely Earth-like, you soon discover that it is ruled by intelligent and ruthless simians.’
    • ‘The name, ‘in the monkeys,’ refers to a credit system where by jolly tars would put up their pet simians as credit.’


Early 17th century: from Latin simia ‘ape’, perhaps via Latin from Greek simos ‘flat-nosed’.