One of the mysteries of the English language finally explained.
1A colourless gaseous compound of silicon and hydrogen which has strong reducing properties and is spontaneously flammable in air.
Chemical formula: SiH₄
- ‘But if you open up a tank of silane, you'd better have the fire department on the line already.’
- ‘They can contain chemicals such as acrylate, peroxides, bisphenol, formaldehyde, hexane, hydroquinone, phenol, polyurethane, silane, toluene, and xylene, some of which have been suspected of toxicity.’
- ‘The use of thick gels obviated the need for bind silane.’
- ‘These sealers are silane or siloxane-based products that react with silica and silicate materials in concrete and with each other to form a hard resin that bonds with the concrete.’
- 1.1count noun Any of the large class of hydrides of silicon analogous to the alkanes.
- ‘Mixtures of silicone resins along with silanes and siloxanes work extremely well at blocking pores of all sizes at low solids levels, without changing the natural appearance of the blocks.’
- ‘Mixtures of modern synthetic waxes, silanes, and lime-based putty may provide the ideal solution.’
- ‘Siloxanes are prepolymers - the result of partial polymerization of silanes - in which the molecules are beginning to link, but only in sets of two or three, not yet in full polymeric chains.’
- ‘Penetrants such as silanes, siloxanes and blends actually penetrate the brick surface.’
- ‘That is, the structurally analogous silanes - mixtures of silicon and hydrogen - are spontaneously flammable in air.’
Early 20th century: from silicon + -ane.
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