Definition of Sikhism in English:



mass noun
  • A monotheistic religion founded in Punjab in the 15th century by Guru Nanak.

    • ‘Nearly all people that wear turbans in the United States are adherents of Sikhism and are called Sikhs.’
    • ‘A census reveals that 8,604 people in NSW have identified their faith as Sikhism and there are over 17,000 Sikhs across Australia.’
    • ‘His teachings are contained in a number of hymns which form part of the principal sacred scripture of Sikhism, the Adi Granth.’
    • ‘Guru Nanak founded Sikhism in the 15th century.’
    • ‘I am a Sikh by birth and many Sikhs wear iron bangles because when Sikhism was born it was important not to be afraid of difficulties, so wearing iron was to show courage in the face of the difficulties symbolised by Saturn.’
    • ‘Guru Nanak, founder of Sikhism, was one of the greatest saints of India, who laid the foundation for universal brotherhood.’
    • ‘The first master of Sikhism, Guru Nanak, realised that to draw crowds so that he can talk about universal truths, the best method was to start singing, and the Scriptures that he started writing were all compiled in music.’
    • ‘All the authors that I have read on Sikhism consider Sikhism to be a monotheistic and a revelatory religion.’
    • ‘At the Sikh Sunday school, students learn to read and write Punjabi, the language of the Punjab region of India, where Sikhism was born.’
    • ‘The physical symbols of Sikhism are a natural extension of that expression of love for the religion.’
    • ‘In fact, through kirtans, the Sabha has striven to follow the ideals of Guru Nanak, the founder of Sikhism, and the succeeding Gurus, who have promulgated kirtans as a form of worship.’

Sikh teaching centres on spiritual liberation and social justice and harmony. Sikhs follow ten gurus, from Guru Nanak (1469–1539) to the last guru, Gobind Singh (1666–1708). Gobind Singh passed his authority to the scripture, the Guru Granth Sahib, and to the Khalsa, the body of initiated Sikhs, who show their allegiance by five signs, called the five Ks (see Khalsa)