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A bacterium that is an intestinal pathogen of humans and other primates, some kinds of which cause dysentery.
- ‘The researchers found that shigella, the bacteria causing dysentery uses a Type III secretion system to inject proteins into human cells.’
- ‘Direct inoculation of culture plates at the bedside is the most efficient means of isolating shigella from the dysentery patients.’
- ‘Illnesses caused by salmonella, shigella, E. coli, and vibrio bacteria can cause severe diarrhea and vomiting, both of which would lead to further dehydration.’
- ‘There are no pus cells in the stool, thereby ruling out a bacterial diarrhea like shigella dysentery.’
- ‘One reason is that some microbes - in particular, a bacterium called shigella - appear to form a sticky ‘biofilm,’ like dental plaque, that is difficult to remove.’
Modern Latin, from the name of Kiyoshi Shiga (1870–1957), Japanese bacteriologist, + the diminutive suffix -ella.
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