Definition of Shawnee in English:

Shawnee

noun

  • 1A member of an American Indian people living formerly in the eastern US and now chiefly in Oklahoma.

    • ‘The signatories, however, by no means spoke for all Shawnees - much less all Cherokees or Ohio Country Indians - and the death of Sir William Johnson in 1774 threatened to plunge the entire Northern Superintendency into disarray.’
    • ‘Included as well are Tecumseh's ties to the Creeks and an equal number of entries that describe the Shawnees ' wartime experiences.’
    • ‘In 1758, during the Seven Years' War, the fifteen-year-old Jemison was captured by Shawnees at her family's farm in Pennsylvania.’
    • ‘Harrison's force was attacked by Shawnees led by the Shawnee Prophet, a brother of Tecumseh.’
    • ‘In that year the Whig candidate was William Henry Harrison, who had become well known after his defeat of the Shawnee at the Battle of Tippecanoe decades earlier.’
    • ‘This Indian Territory was where eastern Indian tribes such as the Kickapoos, Delawares, and Shawnees lived.’
    • ‘Sugden also demolishes the old story, recently embraced by the novelist Alan Eckert and favored by some historians, that Blue Jacket was white, taken into captivity at a tender age and adopted by the Shawnee.’
    • ‘There are descendants among more than 50 different Indian nations, such as the Mohawk; the Seneca; the Shawnee; the Delaware; the Ottawa and the Navajo.’
    • ‘Anderson well understands that Delawares, Shawnees, and other semi-dependents broke free of the League, but they were not its most serious problem.’
    • ‘An Indian chief - I suppose a Shawnee - singled him out with his rifle, and bade others of his warriors do the same.’
    • ‘The Iroquois trail became the Great State Road connecting Lake Erie to the Hudson River, and the Great Trail, used by the Shawnees, Delawares, and others, became the first military road in the Ohio Valley.’
    • ‘April 14, 1764: A servant of an Indian trader, Gershom Hicks, who had been captured by the Shawnees in May of 1763 and quickly turned over to the Delawares made an interesting assertion.’
    • ‘Perhaps the greatest native leader to have arisen since Europeans first arrived in North America was Tecumseh of the Shawnee.’
    • ‘Tecumtha of the Shawnees of Ohio was urging America's Indians to declare for the British and push out of Indian land forever the rude settlers who appeared to think they were the only Americans who mattered.’
    • ‘In 1817 some Cherokees made the journey west to join original inhabitants like the Kiowa, Shawnee, Comanche, and Pawnee.’
    • ‘That the two are associated directs attention towards Richard Johnson, since Tecumseh was a Shawnee.’
    • ‘Several tribes, especially the Cherokees and Creeks in the South and the Shawnees, Kickapoos, Miamis, and others north of the Ohio River, held substantial military power.’
    • ‘Pontiac himself claimed to have waged war ‘solely on repeated invitations made me by the Delawares, Iroquois, and Shawnees.’’
    • ‘September 10, 1764: A letter was written to Bouquet from the Virginia frontier by Colonel Andrew Lewis, stating that he had ‘certain Intiligance’ from the Shawnees and Delawares.’
    • ‘Tenskwatawa retired to Canada with a British pension, but returned in 1826 and accompanied the Shawnee when they were moved, first to Missouri, and then to Kansas, where he died.’
  • 2[mass noun] The Algonquian language of the Shawnee, now with few speakers.

adjective

  • Relating to the Shawnee or their language.

    • ‘The men encountered and killed three more Shawnee prophets left by Tecumseh.’
    • ‘He led the Shawnee forces during Little Turtle's War and traveled widely in the southern United States promoting a pan-Indian alliance that would stop the takeover of Native lands.’
    • ‘The Red Stick losses were, according to the Americans, thirty-three, including one of Tecumseh's Shawnee prophets and twelve African Americans.’
    • ‘On 7 February 1778, Boone and thirty salt makers were captured by Shawnee Indians.’
    • ‘At the Treaty of Camp Charlotte, a Shawnee faction was forced to acknowledge Virginia's ownership of Kentucky.’
    • ‘The Eastern Shawnee tribe of Oklahoma wants to reclaim ancestral homeland in central and southern Ohio.’
    • ‘Inspired by the nativism espoused by the Shawnee leader Tecumseh, the Redsticks surprised the United States with an attack on Fort Mims, and only a crushing defeat at Horseshoe Bend ended their resistance.’
    • ‘Named Tecumseh after the Shawnee leader, he was rechristened William in a Catholic ceremony at age 9, after he was informally adopted by a prominent Ohio politician when his father died.’
    • ‘The American elk was so named by early English settlers, but some people prefer to call it wapiti, its Shawnee name meaning ‘white rump.’’
    • ‘This disaster is also blamed on an Shawnee Indian curse.’
    • ‘The southern limit of the track passed some tens of miles north of the Shawnee village.’
    • ‘Born in Lancaster, Ohio, the sixth child of Charles R. and Mary Hoyt Sherman, Sherman was named for the Shawnee Indian leader Tecumseh.’
    • ‘His son William would marry a Shawnee woman, Mary Silverheels.’
    • ‘According to Bergel, Native American legend says that Tenskwatawa, a Shawnee warrior and prophet, put the curse on General William Henry Harrison at the Battle of Tippecanoe.’
    • ‘In 1812 the Shawnee chief Tecumseh, whose mother was Creek, organized a rebellion against the United States.’
    • ‘The Prophet was also known as Lalawethika or Tenskwatawa and was the brother of the Shawnee warrior Tecumseh.’
    • ‘Alone among prominent Shawnee chiefs, Blue Jacket gave his support to the Prophet and his brother Tecumseh.’
    • ‘The Americans lost not only Detroit, but all of the American territory west of Lake Erie to General Isaac Brock's troops, which were fewer in number, and his ally the Shawnee chief Tecumseh.’
    • ‘Cave's research brings to life many familiar figures, including Shawnee warrior Tecumseh and his prophet brother Tenskwatawa, along with their ultimate nemesis William Henry Harrison.’

Origin

The name in Delaware.

Pronunciation:

Shawnee

/ʃɔːˈniː/