Definition of shake in English:



  • 1[no object] (of a structure or area of land) tremble or vibrate.

    ‘buildings shook in Sacramento and tremors were felt in Reno’
    • ‘I slammed the door behind me hard, the room shaking slightly.’
    • ‘We ran to the end of the hall, the hotel shaking the whole time, and opened the door.’
    • ‘Before the operators could move, the command room shook violently, throwing many of them into the walls and to the floor.’
    • ‘A huge crashing noise came from outside, and the building shook.’
    • ‘His voice echoed in the apartment and Melanie felt as though the whole room shook.’
    • ‘The buildings shook violently and the ground trembled with its passing, and even the Dark Lord looked surprised.’
    • ‘The room was shaking from the tremendous force the boy was showing.’
    • ‘The band room shook, causing many of the teen-aged girls in the flute section to shriek.’
    • ‘The last half of the sentence was said with a rage so great that the room shook violently, nearly throwing everyone off their balance.’
    • ‘Suddenly the room started shaking, then, with a violent jolt, it stopped.’
    • ‘The roof of the living room shook as the three girls ran across the hall and down the stairs.’
    • ‘The whole area shook as pieces of the ceiling began to rain down on them.’
    • ‘The entire area shook from the attack, and I was sure Logan was cursing at me.’
    • ‘Every building shook, from one end of the city to the other.’
    • ‘Houses shook violently and buildings collapsed from the quake and force of the explosion.’
    • ‘The area around that part of the Colony shook and vibrated.’
    • ‘Once again, the main building shook perilously.’
    • ‘I stared around me in fright, as the walls of my rooms shook.’
    • ‘Morgan braced himself as the process began; the whole room shook as the generators began churning out an unearthly hum.’
    • ‘The floor was vibrating, shaking, trembling, the light swinging, papers flying.’
    vibrate, tremble, quiver, quake, shiver, shudder, judder, jiggle, wobble, rock, sway, swing, roll, oscillate
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    1. 1.1[with object]Cause to tremble or vibrate.
      ‘a severe earthquake shook the area’
      • ‘The King shook his glass a little, the wine spraying about, until finally he gave in.’
      • ‘The shock waves from the explosions shook the ground and the trees.’
      • ‘The explosion shook the ground, sending both of the comrades to the ground.’
      • ‘Ozone stink fills the hall and pounding hammers shake the wall.’
      • ‘On the bridge, the explosion nearly shook everyone to the deck.’
      • ‘He smiled, as another explosion shook the house.’
      • ‘Her hand shook the glass and water spilled onto the tablecloth.’
      • ‘The 9.0 earthquake that shook the earth under the Indian Ocean was an anomaly.’
      • ‘It made her chillingly uneasy, like an earthquake shaking the house.’
      • ‘When it moved, it shook his vital organs as if he was standing on an earthquake simulator in a geology museum, and when it spoke, his nerves jumped and jangled in his body.’
      • ‘From the courtyard, the explosion of a grenade shook the house.’
      • ‘All was quiet until the bird's flight path was suddenly cut short by a gigantic explosion that shook the very earth.’
      • ‘A planet-wide earthquake shook it as though someone were trying to throttle it.’
      • ‘The kid shook his drink loosely, watching as the alcohol glisten in the ice cubes.’
      • ‘Just as he did so a loud explosion shook them almost off their feet and smoke poured out between the cracks in the elevator doors.’
      • ‘Somewhere far behind came a loud explosion that shook the ground.’
      • ‘The explosion shook the ground with a devastatingly loud noise, loud enough to wake up the dead.’
      • ‘As the group advanced forward the first explosion shook the monastery.’
      • ‘The explosion shook the fortress and hurled her to the floor.’
      • ‘Suddenly there was a big explosion that shook the floor as Grant set off the bombs, followed by a great crash as the gates.’
    2. 1.2(of a person, part of the body, or the voice) tremble uncontrollably from a strong emotion.
      ‘Luke was shaking with rage’
      ‘her voice shook with passion’
      • ‘Tears spilt from gray eyes as Suki's body shook with uncontrolled emotion.’
      • ‘He could hear her voice shaking and her entire body was trembling before him.’
      • ‘Her whole body shook with emotion as she strode blindly along some path.’
      • ‘My voice was shaking with anger, and my body went stiff as if I might snap at any given moment.’
      • ‘Chance watched her for a few moments, her body shaking with emotion.’
      • ‘My body started shaking with the memory and chills ran through my spine.’
      • ‘His face was deeply red, verging on purple, and his voice was shaking with the effort not to shout.’
      • ‘Her thin fingers wrapped around his elbows were shaking with the strong emotions.’
      • ‘Her whole body shook with fright and she had never been more scared in her life.’
      • ‘Her whole body was shaking with fright for her daughter.’
      • ‘Ivor yelled, voice shaking with anger and tears as he slammed down the receiver.’
      • ‘She whispered again, her voice shaking with emotion as she realized who had brutally murdered her mother.’
      • ‘Her body shook with fury and tears flowed uncontrollably down her cheeks.’
      • ‘I repeat, my voice shaking with the effort of holding back my rage.’
      • ‘His voice was shaking with fury as he looked down at Larek, who was sitting in the mud trying to wipe the blood off his face.’
      • ‘Bonnie insisted, her voice shaking with laughter.’
      • ‘I awoke with a start, tears coursing down my cheeks, my body shaking with sobs.’
      • ‘His body shook with a memory he had tried to forget, but the woman lying helpless on his couch was bringing it all back to him.’
      • ‘It yelped again and backed away, its body shaking with fear.’
      • ‘Elizabeth cried, her voice shaking with rage, ‘You're not fit to wipe his boots!’’
      tremble, quiver, quake, shiver, shudder, shake like a leaf
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  • 2[with object] Move (an object) up and down or from side to side with rapid, forceful, jerky movements.

    ‘she stood in the hall and shook her umbrella’
    • ‘Sprinkle a very little water on top and shake the mixture lightly so that coarse lumps appear.’
    • ‘He stood straight faced at the front of the stage, not moving and barely shaking the tambourine he held throughout the night.’
    • ‘It's my sister's old one, and I've come to learn that if you move it or even shake it, the screen will flick off.’
    • ‘Equal numbers of young women and men, often as couples, come out to see these ladies shake their stuff, and the atmosphere is one of racy hilarity.’
    • ‘Trey had slid into the house behind his uncle, shaking an umbrella dry, a brilliant grin on his face.’
    • ‘I moved my shoulders and shook my hips in a little dance as the run-in music started.’
    • ‘Debra lifted out the black bottle, shook it, held it up to the light.’
    • ‘He picked her up playfully, shaking her side from side before setting her down.’
    • ‘Today, shaking a chocolate milk product is likely to be unnecessary.’
    • ‘I sit up in my bunk and swing my legs over the side, shaking my foot violently.’
    • ‘She grabbed at her stomach as forced laughter shook her sides.’
    • ‘Combine and shake all ingredients over ice and strain into a Highball or Collins glass with a sugared rim and filled with ice.’
    • ‘He shook the bottle as he turned it to read the side and frowned.’
    • ‘I didn't know what that meant, but I knew little Goldie ‘died’ because I always shook his water bowl.’
    • ‘She had the same reaction I did, dropping to her knees and shaking her side to side.’
    • ‘And then the car flipped over tossing them into the side of something and shaking them about violently.’
    • ‘The year since the war has been one in which the pieces on the international chess board were violently shaken.’
    • ‘He shook his umbrella and took off his jumper, handing it to me.’
    • ‘He scowled at the now-empty bottle, shook it, and muttered something.’
    • ‘She shook the umbrella carefully, ensuring that no contamination made its way to the Princess, and stored it gently away.’
    jiggle, joggle, wave from side to side
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    1. 2.1[with object and adverbial]Remove (an object or substance) from something by movements of this kind.
      ‘they shook the sand out of their shoes’
      • ‘I bit my lip as I noticed that his hair was wet but not dripping, as if he'd just shaken the water droplets out.’
      • ‘She arose, striking her tattered dress to shake the dust and dirt from it.’
      • ‘She rolled her eyes and sat up, shaking the dirt and twigs from her soft fur.’
      • ‘Although I was tired as well and the racket did not cease to grow heavier, I shook the sweat away and concentrated.’
      • ‘Emerging again, she shook the moisture from her eyes.’
      • ‘I shook confectioner's sugar on top and brought the plates into the living room.’
      • ‘He shook water droplets from his chocolate brown hair and put a dark gray vest over his black and gray striped sweater.’
      • ‘I pulled my head up from underwater and gasped air, shaking water out of my hair in a spray of droplets.’
      • ‘Ben shook the snow from his hat and coat and hung them up.’
      • ‘Jim led the way down the hallway and up the stairs to their front door, shaking water off his jacket as he removed it.’
      • ‘He picked it up, shook the sand from it, and donned it.’
      • ‘Rebecca shook the water from her eyes and glared at him.’
      • ‘Then, like a dog shaking water out of its ears, I snap out of it and run to the desk trying to block Jeff's line of vision with my body.’
      • ‘She started to cry for the first time in ages, quietly at first and then in huge racking sobs that shook dust from the ceiling.’
      • ‘Bucky walked next to his master, then shook the water and snow out of his hair.’
      • ‘She shook the cloth from her forehead and turned her attention to the flame again, using it as a focal point, instead of the darkness all around.’
      • ‘As the two of them walked into the shed and out of the biting wind, she shook sand from her thin hair and switched the lights on.’
      • ‘There was a schlooping sound as he shook the coating of thick black oil from his fingers.’
      • ‘A gentle breeze wafted through the air, rustling the dogwood trees and shaking sprays of rainwater from their branches.’
      • ‘The young man spurted as he shook the water from his head.’
    2. 2.2Grasp (someone) and move them roughly to and fro, either in anger or to rouse them from sleep.
      [with object and complement] ‘he gently shook the driver awake and they set off’
      • ‘She shook him a few times, then glanced back toward the woman.’
      • ‘At 5 am, I was shaken awake from my sleep by the dissonant sound of drumbeats and jarring notes emerging from a defunct synthesizer.’
      • ‘So you want to shake people and just say, look, you've just - you've got this amazing gift.’
      • ‘They ran over to him and shook him, attempting to wake him.’
      • ‘Vince pulled the covers down from my shoulders and shook me.’
      • ‘She shook Jason by the shoulders and he stirred a little, but did not wake up.’
      • ‘After a few more moments of simply staring at the young man she smiled wide, grasping his shoulders and shaking him gently.’
      • ‘When I came to it was to find myself on the floor with my orderly shaking me.’
      • ‘Camille shook Jacqueline violently, begging her to let her play.’
      • ‘She marched right over to his bed, whipped the blanket off him and shook him.’
      • ‘He stirred as she shook her and looked up at him with watery eyes.’
      • ‘I thrashed about and shook him until his eyes wearily opened.’
      • ‘He called out his name and shook him, but no response came.’
      • ‘After the woman shook me at the mall, I dropped my shopping bags.’
      • ‘What I testified to was once I did see him shake her and throw her.’
      • ‘The hand placed itself on my shoulder and slightly shook me.’
      • ‘He was still asleep and I shook him gently awake and told him.’
      • ‘She felt someone grasp her arms and begin shaking her roughly.’
      • ‘She shook her, and then felt the child's wrist for her pulse.’
      • ‘No one shook him, but he did hear someone calling his name.’
    3. 2.3Brandish in anger or as a warning; make a threatening gesture with.
      ‘men shook their fists and shouted’
      • ‘They shook their fist but yet did not do anything to stop me.’
      • ‘Mrs Johnstone shook her fist as the car sped away.’
      • ‘He'd given up questioning his Maker long ago, stopped shaking his fist toward the sky in anger and disillusionment.’
      • ‘She shook her fists to the heavens at the injustice of it all.’
      • ‘I moved backwards slightly, almost from reflex, and he shook his bottle at me again.’
      • ‘He raised a dripping fist and shook it at the departing boat with a wordless screech, only to splutter again as he went under once more.’
      • ‘I shook my cereal packet at her in mock-anger, which turned out to be a stupid idea since it was still quite full.’
      • ‘He raised an eyebrow and she shook a fist at him playfully, giggling at herself.’
      • ‘Governments that desire otherwise can only shake their fist in anger.’
      • ‘At a lack of anything else to do, she shook a half-hearted fist at him threateningly, and the corner of his lips tipped up in a hint of a smile.’
      • ‘To think, I used to live like an animal, subsisting purely on furiously shaking my fists at televisions and throttling newspapers.’
      • ‘He shook his fist at her, which, to his surprise, earned a real smile.’
      • ‘One of the men shook his fist and cursed at him, threatening to cut his throat if he did not leave.’
      • ‘He raved, he cursed, he shook his fists in my face, and then suddenly a horrible spasm passed over his features, he clapped his hand to his side, and with a loud cry he fell in a heap at my feet.’
      • ‘The noisy decamping of the occupying soccer army is often played against the backdrop of a portrait of this columnist shaking his fist.’
      • ‘Beyond shaking one's fist at the sky in impotent rage, not much can be done for that stuff.’
      • ‘I turned before I left and shook my fist threateningly at him, then slammed his door.’
      • ‘Just to be ornery, Mike tooted again and the old man shook a fist.’
      • ‘Glen shook his fist in mock anger, and was answered by another stuck-out-tongue.’
      • ‘One of the merchants shook a fist at her and yelled something and she waved back at him grinning.’
      brandish, wave, flourish, swing, wield
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    4. 2.4informal Get rid of or put an end to.
      ‘I couldn't shake the feeling that everyone was laughing at me’
      • ‘I shook my head in disbelief, but I couldn't shake the feeling that I had to do something about my actions, or rather my lack of action.’
      • ‘I couldn't shake the disappointment that he belonged to Emily.’
      • ‘It felt nice to be lusted after, to be an object of affection, but she still could not shake her fear of being loved.’
      • ‘I think at this point I'm never shaking my fear of eating with others, but I have actually improved.’
      • ‘But I could never shake off the loneliness that comes from being different from the majority.’
      • ‘She shook the feeling of nostalgia and flicked back to their current hit.’
      • ‘He found that he couldn't shake the feelings of guilt and depression when it comes to her.’
      • ‘She tried in vain to break the restraints or shake off the helmet.’
      • ‘Poor, poor Matt; he just can't seem to shake his feelings for her.’
      • ‘But I couldn't shake the feeling that something was going to happen.’
      • ‘He's grown used to being cold and wet these past months, but he fears he will never shake the feeling of those waters closing over him.’
      • ‘He could never shake off his image as a somewhat effete elitist from America's prosperous northeast.’
      • ‘Still, she just couldn't shake the feeling that her loyalty will soon be tested to its limits.’
      • ‘I couldn't shake the feeling of wondering what made this clown so angry.’
      • ‘I felt relief run through me, and then shook the feeling away, telling myself that I really didn't care.’
      • ‘An interesting thought, but he couldn't shake the feeling that something wasn't quite right.’
      • ‘She was very capable of protecting herself but even though I continually told myself this I could not shake the feeling of fear for my best friend.’
      • ‘Unable to shake his disappointment, he flings his book bag onto the other side and takes a seat behind the wheel, slamming the door shut after him.’
      • ‘He was excitedly imbued with overwhelming anticipation, but he couldn't shake the feeling that something would go wrong.’
      give up, break, get out of, abandon, end, escape from
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  • 3[with object] Upset the composure or confidence of; shock or astonish.

    ‘rumours of a further loss shook the market’
    ‘the boy was visibly shaken’
    • ‘In any event, the composer was badly shaken during this era, which probably hastened his death in 1950.’
    • ‘And she was holding my hand underneath this desk because she was obviously shaken by that whole Los Angeles experience.’
    • ‘Fisher was visibly shaken; he turned and walked off toward Diego.’
    • ‘He was still shaken from being tossed across the room, so he did not land on his feet.’
    • ‘A publicist arrives to announce Drew is visibly shaken.’
    • ‘Seriously, this is one of the half dozen scenes in the series that shakes me to my core every single time I watch it.’
    • ‘Many people are shaken by a sense of vulnerability, and nobody can tell how all this will finish.’
    • ‘He was shaken and very angry, and even though he wasn't hurt, it was very scary for my son and his wife.’
    • ‘The town was shocked and shaken by a very horrible tragedy.’
    • ‘I was personally shaken by it and wasn't in the mood to write much of anything.’
    • ‘The art market was shaken by reports of great numbers of fraudulent Dali prints.’
    • ‘At the house, every light was burning and Julia was almost immediately at the door to meet them, visibly shaken by her husband's absence.’
    • ‘The birds, butterflies, and stylized ivy in beautiful pastel shook me to my core.’
    • ‘The student was quite shaken and claimed that if the situation escalated further, she would be on the next bus home.’
    • ‘Everyone was running in or out, and the students who'd managed to sneak in or had avoided being kicked out were visibly shaken.’
    • ‘For the next two nights, Kimmel was visibly shaken and uncomfortable.’
    • ‘So, he breaks down the film to include six shorter stories, each delivered with one hard punch that shakes you in your seat.’
    • ‘Sets of stills have emerged clearly indicating that even though he was badly shaken, George did make a systematic record of their experiences.’
    • ‘This showing of contempt had an obvious effect on Edwards, who was visibly shaken.’
    • ‘I was shaken that night by the thought of how close Jamaica came to losing two of its most promising new artistic voices.’
    upset, distress, disturb, unsettle, perturb, disconcert, discompose, disquiet, unnerve, trouble, take aback, throw off balance, agitate, fluster
    weaken, undermine, damage, impair, harm, hurt, injure, have a bad effect on
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    1. 3.1[with object and adverbial]Cause a change of mood or attitude by shocking or disturbing (someone)
      ‘if the bombing cannot shake the government out of its complacency, what will?’
      • ‘Jason grabbed her arm roughly, his grasp startling her and shaking her from her thoughts.’
      • ‘So what may finally shake the UK stock market out of its rut?’
      • ‘Pretty soon she jumped over to the other side, and I shook myself out of my stupor and climbed hurriedly.’
      • ‘Someone stepping on his foot shook him to reality again, Sally's big eyes willed him to stay in focus, but he just couldn't.’
      • ‘The chime of the Hub Tower clock shook her from her practice.’
      • ‘He looked genuinely confused for a moment, and then visibly shook himself.’


  • 1An act of shaking.

    ‘she gave her red curls a vehement shake’
    • ‘Tanya gave the glass container a few good shakes.’
    • ‘Christian cradled her small body, feeling her shakes and shivers.’
    • ‘Quint offered coffee, but Caine declined with a shake of his head.’
    • ‘After looking at the mild shake throughout the movie, the suddenly stable image will stick right out to you.’
    • ‘I dimly noticed that Jay refused both breakfast and dinner through silent shakes of his head while I ate them mechanically, never tasting them.’
    • ‘I placed my hand in his, expecting a shake, but he surprised me by bringing my hand to his lips and placing a butterfly kiss on my knuckles.’
    • ‘Where another child would have been punished for the same stunts he pulled, his cheeky familiarity often earned him little more than soft chuckles and rueful shakes of the aged heads.’
    • ‘She gave herself a mental shake and turned back to the task at hand.’
    • ‘He gave a single shake of his head and knit his brow.’
    • ‘After draining them, he would put them back in the pan, add a handful of salt, and give them a shake.’
    • ‘The tall teenager gave my hair a shake and caught up with Danny quickly.’
    • ‘The racing driver technique of giving champagne a good shake and prising off the cork with two thumbs is about as dangerous as motor racing.’
    • ‘The girl gave a polite shake of the head declining the tea, but took the proffered chair.’
    • ‘He gives himself a little shake and then turns to Amelia.’
    • ‘She added a bit of a shake to her voice to make it sound more realistic, and though Barbara eyed her skeptically, she accepted the story.’
    • ‘She thought of it as a nervous motion, or a shake of the muscles when the mind is relaxing, and dismissed it.’
    • ‘Adam felt a gentle shake and jumped, surprised to see his father sitting next to him.’
    • ‘Camera shake is one of the most common flaws in any video production and yet it can easily be reduced.’
    • ‘She could hardly hear him through the shake of the earpiece in her hands.’
    • ‘The walls seemed to stretch and reach forever, but the young man just dispelled the image with a shake of his head.’
    flourish, brandish, wave
    jiggle, joggle, jerk
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    1. 1.1An amount of something that is sprinkled by shaking a container.
      ‘add a few shakes of sea salt and black pepper’
      • ‘I mixed all these together with the conch, a tablespoon of fresh lime juice, a pinch of salt, and a few shakes of Tabasco.’
      • ‘Stir in a shake of sesame oil, the sugar, garlic and the chopped mint.’
      • ‘Tip handfuls of pale, hard goosegogs into a stainless steel pan and sprinkle them generously with unrefined golden sugar and a few good shakes of water - just enough to stop the fruit sticking.’
      • ‘Season clam juice or chicken stock with smashed garlic, grated ginger, a shot of sake and a few shakes of soy sauce.’
  • 2informal A fit of trembling or shivering.

    ‘I wouldn't go in there, it gives me the shakes’
    • ‘The steroid in the cocktail had the side effect of the shakes along with keeping his lungs alive.’
    • ‘The topic of depth of field tends to give the shakes to many beginning photographers, but the concept is actually very simple.’
    • ‘Whatever he had planned for him today, he doubted that the shakes and a cold sweat would go over well.’
    • ‘Every time I went back to the hometown, my stomach turned into knots, I couldn't eat or sleep, and I got the shakes.’
    • ‘It's so close that we're starting to get the shakes.’
    • ‘And the shakes and sweats tend to make you look a lot crazier than you really are.’
    • ‘She rested her head against the cold hard glass, then suddenly got the shakes about what could have been smeared on these windows, and by whom over the years, and she pulled herself up sharply.’
    • ‘With all this re-hashing of old ideas, it seemed like reality shows had run their course in '04, making reality junkies like me start to get the shakes.’
    • ‘There was this unclean desire toward celebrity and media that still rages within us like the shakes in an alcoholic.’
    • ‘Danny accepts it with a grateful nod and drinks a long draught, trying to banish the shakes from his body.’
    • ‘Edie gasped for breath, giving in to the shakes, hanging on to the float like it was her whole world.’
    • ‘By some small miracle, his leg had gone undamaged, but he had since contracted a severe case of the shakes.’
    • ‘Get past the depression, the illness, the shakes and diarrhea.’
    • ‘So you're interested in turning your PC into a digital video recorder, but the notion of opening your computer to install a TV-tuner card gives you the shakes.’
    • ‘My body had sailed smoothly through the birth, but I was humbled when it reacted afterward with a high temperature and the shakes.’
    a fit of trembling, delirium tremens, tremors
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  • 3

    short for milkshake
    • ‘It's used in fruit shakes in Laos, coffee in Thailand and Vietnam and in America it's the corner stone for Florida's Key Lime Pie.’
    • ‘I am driving up the M1 and, with just a double breakfast egg McMuffin and a vanilla shake inside me, I'm thinking about lunch.’
    • ‘And like so many others, she found that yo-yo dieting, popping diet pills, drinking fitness shakes, and cutting out food groups doesn't help to shed pounds.’
    • ‘In the morning, I was supposed to drink a barium shake to light up my insides for a scan.’
    • ‘If you choose to sell nutritional products (supplements, energy drinks, shakes, bars, etc.) you need to know what you're doing.’
    • ‘The beverages at our first Beverly Hills restaurant were basic - shakes, malts, iced tea.’
    • ‘At some point add a strawberry shake to take you to 247 percent of saturated fat and 166 percent of sodium.’
    • ‘The meals were high in protein and low in sugar, often including egg whites, oatmeal, chicken, veggies, and meal-replacement shakes.’
    • ‘As the years passed, she ate deep-fried chicken nuggets, fried fish sandwiches, double-fisted burgers with cheese and sauce and bacon, French fries and chocolate shakes.’
    • ‘But mandarins take center stage, with a mandarin-themed recipe contest, mandarin shakes, even mandarin trees for sale.’
    • ‘A chocolate shake was a surprise for not driving your mother crazy that particular day.’
    • ‘He gave his head a quick shake and drank the rest of his wine.’
    • ‘It sells burgers - single or double - fries, sodas, and shakes.’
    • ‘And he preferred their shakes to their coffee.’
    • ‘I'll have chicken and pasta for dinner, plus a few protein shakes.’
    • ‘For instance, one of his male clients drank two soy shakes and ate a couple of bars daily.’
    • ‘Instead, she drank as much of her shake as she possibly could, and then went back to work on her main course.’
    • ‘For the honeycomb shake: In a small saucepan, bring milk and cream to a boil.’
    • ‘Staff will make shakes, cappuccinos and lattes with organic cow's milk or soy milk, or with almond milk for customers who are allergic to soy.’
    • ‘The menu also features salmon, beer can chicken, large shakes and specialty margaritas.’
  • 4informal An earth tremor.

    earthquake, earth tremor, aftershock, convulsion
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  • 5Music
    A trill.

    • ‘But he also interprets the shaking in musical terms using tremolos and trills, which can themselves be described as shakes.’
  • 6North American A kind of rough wooden shingle, used especially on rustic buildings.

    ‘cedar shakes’
    • ‘On the exterior, they replaced the fiberglass wall shingles with stained cedar shakes and put in oversized, divided-light windows.’
    • ‘If you have chosen to use a rigid roofing (metal, wood shakes or shingles, tile, etc.) you can use 1 x 4 slats instead.’
    • ‘Every window had been replaced, the panes gleaming, and the roof had been re-shingled with cedar shakes.’
    • ‘Now sheathed in cedar shakes and fronted by a large wraparound deck, the structure bears not a hint of its former ho-hum self.’
    • ‘If you are using shingles or shakes: Cut the quantity needed, uniformly 3 to 5 inches wide.’
    • ‘I was planning on applying a wood protector and wondering if there is there an application that will make it looks nice and protects the cedar shakes.’
    • ‘A combination blade is best for cutting through wood shingles or shakes.’
    • ‘The shingles are wooden shakes that, apart from the new sections, are greyed from the elements and the outside paintjob is a cream colour with green trim.’
    • ‘Ice and water protection can be used under any type of roofing, including three-tab and laminated composition shingles, wood shingles and shakes, and all types of tile.’
    • ‘She made the roofs of her first bird houses from scrap wood or shakes (cedar shingles).’
    • ‘Cedar shakes and shingles are, of course, natural wood.’
    • ‘For summer rain, trellising can be covered with shingles, shakes, reed fencing bamboo, window screens, louvers, canvas, glass or plastic.’
    • ‘The neat frame building bore a skin of immaculate white clapboard, the tall, pyramidal steeple above the front door shingled with new cedar shakes.’
    • ‘Having left Rose working mightily away at fastening shakes to her roof, he was giving himself a workout on the oars, something he'd always enjoyed.’
    • ‘Hoss bent and tied the rope around the small pile of cedar shakes at his feet.’
    • ‘Slide the saddle, or top flashing, underneath both shingles or shakes and the roofing felt.’
    • ‘It is also available in common lumber and plywood sizes, as well as shakes and shingles for roofing and sidewall applications.’


  • get (or give someone) a fair shake

    • informal Get (or give someone) just treatment or a fair chance.

      ‘I do not believe he gave the industry a fair shake’
      • ‘I only bring this up to make the point that I really did give them a fair shake - hell, I own four of their albums.’
      • ‘People who think it's all twee warbling over burbly synths just aren't giving them a fair shake.’
      • ‘So, is the president getting a fair shake from the American media?’
      • ‘And given the opportunity to see the evidence, they're going to come to their own conclusion and, I hope, give him a fair shake.’
      • ‘They are not getting a fair shake, are they?’
      • ‘I just wanted you to know that some of us would rather give you a fair shake than rush to be the first to jump off the ship in the face of a rocky wave.’
      • ‘It might prevent some paper from getting a fair shake, but it is fair (or at least equally unfair).’
      • ‘Do you feel like there are journalists who are biased against you and don't necessarily give you a fair shake?’
      • ‘So, if we want the Yanks to keep coming over here, we should give them a fair shake - not a shakedown.’
      • ‘I mean, a lot of money, time and effort go into these new shows, so I want to give them a fair shake before I start putting my journalistic weight behind them or pushing them off the air with a sharp barb.’
  • in two shakes (of a lamb's tail)

    • informal Very quickly.

      ‘I'll be back to you in two shakes’
      • ‘When you wake up in the morning, you start looking at the problem again and in two shakes of a duck's tail, you've figured out the solution.’
      • ‘No, my dear, Nell and I will be happy to drop you off since we're already going that way, so just sit yourself down, have a Poptart and we'll all be ready to go in two shakes of a lamb's tail.’
      • ‘‘You jist take a seat, young ‘un, an’ I'll be with you in two shakes.‘’
      • ‘Having a broadband connection means that, as consumers, we can enjoy instant e-mail, watch live television on our PCs, or download music and large files in two shakes of a lamb's tail!’
      • ‘But if we don't wind up the engineer, he'll be here in two shakes…’
      • ‘Compare with a semi-auto that can spit out a handful of rounds in two shakes of the proverbial lamb's tail.’
      • ‘Thomas chuckled and informed the ladies, ‘He'll be here in two shakes,’ as he stepped past to help the kitchen staff with final preparations.’
      • ‘Well, I'll be back in two shakes of a lamb's tail with some antiseptic.’
      • ‘She had sterilized a needle in two shakes of a lamb's tail, and began about the dirty work.’
      in a moment, in a second, in a flash, in a minute, shortly, any minute, any minute now, in a short time, in an instant, in the twinkling of an eye, in no time, in less than no time, in no time at all, before you know it, before long
      in a jiffy, before you can say jack robinson, in the blink of an eye, in a blink, in the wink of an eye, in a wink, before you can say knife
      in a tick, in two ticks, in a mo
      in a snap
      View synonyms
  • more —— than one can shake a stick at

    • informal Used to emphasize the largeness of an amount.

      ‘a team with more experience than you can shake a stick at’
      • ‘A non-stop barrage of clichés, denim, magnum 45s and bad facial hair, this highly technical show contains a completely original music score, brilliant lighting, pyrotechnics and more gags than you can shake a stick at.’
      • ‘‘I was very scared because I thought it was going to be chock full of people with more degrees than you could shake a stick at,’ she said.’
      • ‘After an auspicious debut this time last year, the Pop Montreal festival returns with more shows than you can shake a stick at.’
      • ‘By day two this team were cranking out more new ideas than you could shake a stick at.’
      • ‘He's flip-flopped on more issues than you can shake a stick at!’
      • ‘When my parents arrived, we found ourselves introduced to more cousins than you can shake a stick at, most of them so many times removed you can barely detect them.’
      • ‘The ‘greatest living designer in all the Americas’ has created a dizzying number of products, as well as more prototypes than you can shake a stick at.’
      • ‘I think before you can be critical of the design of hospitals and sometimes the lack of, you have to remember the atmosphere that surrounds healthcare, lawsuits a plenty, more regulations than you can shake a stick at, and lack of funding.’
      • ‘It was a bad action film, bad comedy & contained more stereotypes than you could shake a stick at.’
      • ‘I get bored easily, and I change my clothes a lot, so I've had more careers than you can shake a stick at.’
  • no great shakes

    • informal Not very good or significant.

      ‘it is no great shakes as a piece of cinema’
      • ‘The beach itself is no great shakes, but it's easy to find a spot to yourself and the unrestricted view of the sea, punctuated by fishing boats anchored in the surf, is quite beautiful.’
      • ‘The steak et frites, despite being a star dish (there's even a neon ‘steak et frites’ sign outside), was no great shakes.’
      • ‘As it turns out, we find a nice, pleasant, amusing little buddy-cop comedy - no great shakes, no real moments of brilliance, but consistent amusement throughout.’
      • ‘‘The film itself is no great shakes,’ said the San Jose Mercury News.’
      • ‘He was no great shakes in the House of Commons, and never pretended to be.’
      • ‘Truth be told, Billy is no great shakes as a boxer.’
      • ‘It's no great shakes, but it lets me know what to expect.’
      • ‘And even allowing that some of it may have been lost in the opening night fog, the movement in Mr. Lear is no great shakes.’
      • ‘Technically it is sufficient, but no great shakes.’
      • ‘The six-year-old is no great shakes, but she will not need to be to win this modest ten furlongs event, and her three recent respectable efforts in defeat stand her in good stead.’
      not very good, undistinguished, unmemorable, forgettable, unexceptional, uninspired, uninspiring, uninteresting, indifferent, unimpressive, lacklustre
      nothing to write home about, nothing to get excited about, nothing special, not up to much
      View synonyms
  • shake the dust off one's feet

    • Leave indignantly or disdainfully.

      • ‘When you are discussing it, at what point do you ‘shake the dust off your feet’ and move on?’
      • ‘No, you just have to kind of, like our Lord said, kind of shake the dust off your feet and walk away.’
      • ‘But as we approached the end of that period, with no obvious fruit, we were almost ready to ‘shake the dust off our feet’.’
      • ‘If, after a period of time, there is no response, then they shake the dust off their feet and move on.’
  • shake hands (with someone)

    • Clasp someone's right hand in one's own at meeting or parting, in reconciliation or congratulation, or as a sign of agreement.

      ‘we shook hands on the promise’
      • ‘Dom laughed and shook Ash 's hand in agreement to the bet.’
      • ‘He shook Matt 's hand and then clasped Sarah's hand for a moment.’
      • ‘People came up and shook my hand, congratulating me, and welcoming me.’
      • ‘The first time I met Kevin, he shook my hand when I arrived and again when I left, and remembered me from the previous week when I couldn't have picked him out of a lineup.’
      • ‘I and many of the students were delighted to shake his hand and congratulate him.’
      • ‘Ken Ferrari looked towards me, shaking my hand in congratulations.’
      • ‘But at a recent game, one of the newest players, Darius Miles, came over to shake the owner 's hand, a sign of respect and appreciation that seems to matter to Allen.’
      • ‘I just waited my turn and shook his hand and congratulated him on the show.’
      • ‘I think he did a hell of a job; and I was the first one to congratulate him and shake his hand when he gave that argument.’
      • ‘‘I shook his hand and congratulated him even though it was through gritted teeth,’ he laughed.’
  • shake one's head

    • Turn one's head from side to side in order to indicate refusal, denial, disapproval, or incredulity.

      ‘she shook her head in disbelief’
      • ‘Ben stared up at the turquoise sky blankly, then, slowly, he shook his head from side to side.’
      • ‘When she laid her hand on her grey suedes, she could see him shaking his head in disapproval.’
      • ‘He shook his head and indicated that I should follow him into the living room.’
      • ‘He offered me another sandwich, but I shook my head and indicated I was full.’
      • ‘Inside, she felt like shaking her head in disapproval but she knew not to in a time like this.’
      • ‘Now, I have to go think of new ways to make my relatives shake their head in disapproval at me.’
      • ‘Then he sat heavily back on the bench and shook his head from side to side, making known his disgust.’
      • ‘I looked up and smiled, shaking my head, indicating for him not to worry, to just forget it.’
      • ‘Looking straight at Josh, George shakes his head from side to side while holding an index finger up to his lips.’
      • ‘Staring at him, Rena shakes her head in disapproval and sets her fork down.’
  • shake (or quake) in one's shoes (or boots)

    • Tremble with apprehension.

      • ‘They gave ultimatums, including the ever-present cloud of separatism, that had the Feds shaking in their boots.’
      • ‘I on the other hand, am totally afraid, practically shaking in my boots.’
      • ‘Sometime in the early 90s the Australian hot shop delivered a manifesto that was so radical it had the old guard of advertisers shaking in their boots.’
      • ‘From now on, directors and remuneration committees in boardrooms across Britain would be shaking in their boots.’
      • ‘They understood that if everybody is really shaking in their boots about this man's conflict of interest over six years, no one seemed to do anything about it.’
      • ‘What happened to the suspense of last year, when juniors-to-be were shaking in their boots, not knowing where they would live the next year?’
      • ‘Are ad makers shaking in their shoes when they think about the impact of globalisation and the assertive entry of agencies and influences from abroad?’
      • ‘Now, the conspirators out there, yes, they are shaking in their boots, because they know we know.’
      • ‘She seemed more perturbed and bemused than shaking in her boots.’
      • ‘It's the guys who don't give a sugar who should be shaking in their boots.’
  • shake a leg

    • informal [as imperative]Make a start; rouse oneself.

      ‘come on, shake a leg’
      hurry up, get a move on, be quick, speed up
      get cracking, get moving, make it snappy, step on it, step on the gas, rattle one's dags
      get one's skates on, stir one's stumps
      get a wiggle on
      put foot
      make haste
      View synonyms

Phrasal Verbs

  • shake down

    • Become established in a new place or situation; settle down.

      ‘it was disruptive to the industry as it was shaking down after deregulation’
      • ‘How that sentiment will shake down Monday, not even Cummins pretends to know.’
      • ‘In some cultures, indeed, it is the norm for the original couple to shake down into something that is more companionship and shared interest than passion, and the men, at least, are allowed to establish a sex life elsewhere.’
      • ‘Both this case and the Sterling case are shaking down as classic struggles between academic integrity and the power and influence of big business on university campuses.’
      • ‘The Usher Hall, normally so Edwardian, upright and slightly stuffy, slips off its tiara and shakes down to something a bit more comfortable.’
      • ‘It will be instructive to see how the piece shapes up as it shakes down.’
      • ‘Stay tuned because something has to shake down, and soon.’
      • ‘The ‘facts’ will come fast and furious from now till then; you'll be told which issues are most important to you, how you'll vote, and how the whole thing will shake down a hundred different times and ways.’
      • ‘As the dairy industry shakes down because of all this, there are winners and there are losers, and there are those who are hanging in there against all the odds because it's simply too hard or too heartbreaking to get out.’
      • ‘He expects the industry to shake down to four or five major players.’
  • shake someone down

    • Extort money from someone.

      • ‘And the responsibility stops there, and the solution to every wrong created in the society is not to rush into a court and see if we cane shake somebody down for a bunch of money?’
      • ‘She didn't shake me down for lunch money or even touch me.’
      • ‘When I told them I didn't have any money coming in, they used to shake Colleen down after they'd seen me leave the apartment.’
      • ‘They even came by his desk and shook him down for the money.’
      • ‘How about taking on the textbook industry and their conspiracy to shake the American public down?’
      • ‘But you don't want to see them come alongside your boat, head up out of the water with that big fish-eatin’ grin, to shake you down for a snack.’
      • ‘It's all about the government inserting itself, and shaking us down financially, in every conceivable area of our lives.’
      • ‘And our concerns that perhaps some of the princes were shaken down by blackmail to provide funds that have fueled a very large-scale international terrorist network.’
      • ‘They took him to the station and shook him down for a $40,000 bribe.’
      • ‘I knew what he was doing: he was shaking me down.’
  • shake someone off

    • Manage to evade or outmanoeuvre someone who is following or pestering one.

      ‘he thought he had shaken off his pursuer’
      • ‘Felix had managed to shake her off within seconds of arriving at the camp, citing supervision measures.’
      • ‘He was making exaggerated movements with the car to try and shake me off.’
      • ‘An anxious-looking lady followed me relentlessly down a street; I tried to shake her off by suddenly crossing the road, pretending to look in a reject china shop.’
      • ‘I soon regretted my decision to walk to class with Dan, but managed to shake him off as he entered his classroom.’
      • ‘The plane I was following must have noticed I was because it tried to shake me off.’
      • ‘The youth shook him off, then followed the lieutenant down the front line.’
      • ‘But much to the Americans' surprise, the Eurofighter shook them off, outmanoeuvred them and moved into shooting positions on their tails.’
      • ‘If by some chance you attract un-cool people, you manage to shake them off with your rapier wit.’
      • ‘He tried to shake her off but couldn't quite manage it.’
      • ‘When she finally came out, Narcissus shook her off and told her she is no different from the other nymphs who kiss him and say they love him when they see him.’
      get away from, escape, elude, give someone the slip, leave behind, throw off, throw off the scent, dodge, lose, get rid of, rid oneself of
      outdistance, outstrip
      get shot of
      View synonyms
  • shake something off

    • Successfully deal with or recover from.

      ‘Sheedy has shaken off a calf injury’
      • ‘I shook it off as Mario and I dealt with the last of the guards in the area.’
      • ‘He shook the memory off and looked at Jonas warily.’
      • ‘Your ego was bruised by a former flame, and you're having trouble shaking it off.’
      • ‘Later, even critics lauded him for his agility in the dance sequences, little realising that it was a man in pain shaking it off, all for his fans.’
      • ‘We do not have to settle for every misery fate and humanity have heaped upon us, but should fight back, to see which ones can be shaken off.’
      • ‘My friend the Giant Swede was one of those sorts in his youth, but he shook it off.’
      • ‘Before today, every time Sophie visited this memory, she shook it off as coincidence.’
      • ‘Is it possible that perceptions and prejudices formed over millennia are shaken off in one go?’
      • ‘With that, Sam shook the memory off and turned her horse around.’
      • ‘A strange thought had wormed its way into my mind and I was unable to shake it off.’
      recover from, get over, get better after
      get rid of, free oneself from, lose
      get shot of, see the back of
      shuck off
      View synonyms
  • shake on

    • Confirm (an agreement) by shaking hands.

      ‘they shook on the deal’
      • ‘The two shook on an agreement long ago where Durst pays Biddle a small base salary, plus extras for other tasks.’
      • ‘When leaving Nottingham Forrest, he supposedly agreed to join Blackburn, shook on the deal and then switched to Manchester United and automatically fell out with the Scotsman.’
      • ‘This guards against bully-boy tactics such as where a more senior party from the other side arrives to rubbish the deal just as their subordinate is poised to shake on it.’
      • ‘Rumours abound that the Kiwi might be persuaded to stay on in Scotland, but once a man of his integrity shakes on a deal it is hard to imagine him backing out.’
      • ‘Blaise took his hand as they shook on the agreement.’
      • ‘He remembers Ferguson staring up at him as they shook on the deal.’
      • ‘The room was silent as Lee and I shook on the agreement, than it suddenly came to life as the guys blurted out in a cheer.’
      • ‘He held out his hand, palm up as if offering to shake on a deal.’
      • ‘Cowen is also well-regarded, perceived as a straight-talker and one who will stick to an agreement once he shakes on it.’
      • ‘Abbas and Sharon shake on the latest peace agreement.’
  • shake something out

    • 1Get rid of or abandon an attitude or practice.

      ‘we are going to shake out the old attitudes’
    • 2Sailing
      Unwind or untie a reef to increase the area of a sail.

      • ‘Indeed, given his own preferences, Holderman thought he might actually have reduced sail, or at least left the night's reefs in rather than shaking them out, if only to give himself a little more time to avoid any ice his lookouts spotted.’
  • shake someone up

    • Rouse someone from lethargy, apathy, or complacency.

      ‘he had to do something to shake the team up—we lacked spark’
      • ‘It certainly made me want to shake him up at times and say, come on, Stevens, have a life…’
      • ‘The Beagle 2 is to address a question that could equally shake us up and our view of ourselves and the universe.’
      • ‘I'm still happy and all, but something happened today that shook me up.’
      • ‘I like the Telegraph but, despite doctor's advice, get the Independent and Guardian a couple of times a week to shake me up and let the descendants get a different world view from my rants.’
      • ‘He told him the manager's criticism was for the good of the team, that his words were designed to shake him up, not put him down.’
      • ‘In desperation I invented a reason to drive over to Minehead, thinking that the hustle and bustle of the town would shake me up, get me going again.’
      • ‘This really shook Mel up and caused him to ask himself if his life was going in the right direction.’
      • ‘To have someone love me like that was utterly incredible for me, and it shook me up.’
      put some life into, enliven, put some spark into, liven up, stir up, rouse, get going
      View synonyms
  • shake something up

    • 1Mix ingredients by shaking.

      ‘use soap flakes shaken up in the water to make bubbles’
    • 2Make radical changes to the organization or structure of an institution or system.

      ‘he presented plans to shake up the legal profession’
      • ‘Does that mean that he has plans to shake things up on the Max Bell stage?’
      • ‘I didn't expect it, though I probably should've, but Logan was formulating some plans for how to shake things up with my social life as well.’
      • ‘Still, I've been thinking, if you're going to shake this thing up, maybe my initial plan didn't go far enough.’
      • ‘Finally, it must be commented upon: kudos go to organizers for having the guts and ingenuity to shake things up a bit.’
      • ‘There is no shortage of proposals and initiatives to shake the system up.’
      • ‘It is about time the flooring industry was shaken up and customers were considered, and that was the motivation in combining the best technology and old - fashioned service to deliver huge reductions and a better way to buy flooring.’
      • ‘It's about time the health service was shaken up though time will tell whether it will be a success.’
      • ‘Being the on-the-edge kind of person he is, Terry cannot help but shake things up in Sammy's very ordered and well structured household.’
      • ‘Perhaps the company will shake things up a bit when it does a consumer launch, planned for the fourth quarter.’
      • ‘Since the start of last year the portfolio line-up has been shaken up from time to time.’
      reorganize, restructure, revolutionize, alter dramatically, make far-reaching changes in, transform, reform, overhaul, update
      View synonyms


Old English sc(e)acan (verb), of Germanic origin.