One of the mysteries of the English language finally explained.
A type of grave found in late Bronze Age Greece and Crete in which the burial chamber is approached by a vertical shaft sometimes lined with stones and roofed over with beams.
- ‘Grave goods were found in the shaft graves, including animal remains, ochre, bone and shell ornaments, and, in the late phases, stone and bone tools.’
- ‘The exclusive and restricted nature of Early Mycenaean feasts is best illustrated by tumuli in the Argolid and by shaft grave enclosures, as well as by examples of later tholoi and wealthy chamber tombs.’
- ‘In Classical Greece, for example, low status people were buried in space-saving one-person shaft graves (with a tiny round marker on the spot with the necessary data).’
- ‘The shaft graves at Mycenae and other Early Mycenaean graves contain bronze vessels of a suitable size.’
- ‘By 1791 most bodies were buried not in a mass grave but in a shaft grave containing five or six coffins.’
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