Definition of severe in English:

severe

adjective

  • 1(of something bad or undesirable) very great; intense.

    ‘a severe shortage of technicians’
    ‘a severe attack of asthma’
    ‘the damage is not too severe’
    • ‘The baby spent 19 days in the hospital's neonatal intensive care unit with severe brain damage, resulting in permanent disabilities.’
    • ‘Some people with asthma never have a severe attack, only a little wheezing or the occasional bout of coughing.’
    • ‘In all animals, retinal light damage was the most severe when intense light exposure began during the dark period.’
    • ‘She's in intensive care with a severe head injury.’
    • ‘A girl died from a severe asthma attack that may have been triggered by bullying, an inquest heard.’
    • ‘People at the scene, at about 9.30 pm when the fire was noticed, were beaten back from the house by intense black smoke and severe heat.’
    • ‘The pain is of severe intensity and lasts anywhere from 15 to 180 minutes.’
    • ‘Another man, in his 20s, was airlifted to Basildon Hospital where he is in intensive care with a severe head injury and with a broken arm and leg.’
    • ‘I also had severe difficulty during intense exercise.’
    • ‘Very rarely, a person with asthma will have a severe attack in which none of the treatments work and the attack continues to get worse.’
    • ‘However a few people with psoriasis have a more severe form that requires intensive medical and nursing care.’
    • ‘District councils are braced for severe cash shortages next year when changes designed to simplify funding are likely to leave them seriously out of pocket.’
    • ‘The reaction from the employees and audiences, however, was intense and severe.’
    • ‘Mrs Al-Munchi is believed to have suffered a severe asthma attack earlier in the day.’
    • ‘Training with high intensity can lead to severe muscle damage and soreness.’
    • ‘Henry Bartlam was only six weeks old when he suffered a severe asthma attack which nearly killed him.’
    • ‘Seemingly cataclysmic, its occurrence prevented a far more severe and intense shock in the future as French society slowly adjusted to the strains and stresses of modernization.’
    • ‘One of the major disincentives is the severe shortage of competent technical and managerial staff.’
    • ‘Here at home, millions face starvation due to severe food shortages - the result of bad governance in our country.’
    • ‘In a separate section, the report reveals that farmed halibut, sea bass and sea bream can suffer from severe cataracts when reared intensively, causing blindness and corneal bleeding.’
    acute, very bad, serious, grave, critical, dire, drastic, grievous, extreme, dreadful, terrible, awful, frightful, appalling, sore
    fierce, violent, strong, wild, powerful, forceful, intense
    excruciating, agonizing, violent, intense, dreadful, awful, terrible, frightful, unbearable, intolerable, unendurable
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    1. 1.1 Demanding great ability, skill, or resilience.
      ‘a severe test of stamina’
      • ‘This post is therefore a severe test of that resolution and fortitude.’
      • ‘Despite the severe physical demands of his work, Tse said that he at least found his heart at ease because of the genuine contentment he derives from his work.’
      • ‘The period was earlier this year and has been a severe test for China's transportation system and also for the passengers.’
      • ‘These exams were undoubtedly among of the most severe mathematical tests.’
      • ‘Jose Mourinho's managerial skills would face a severe test.’
      • ‘After their crushing victory over Limerick, Tipperary were expected to provide Kerry with a severe test.’
      • ‘Number three is a shorter 5,252 yard, par 68, but is a severe test of accurate shot making.’
      • ‘Little's fundraising skills were put to a severe test.’
      • ‘His powers of recollection will undergo a severe test this week.’
      • ‘Henderson is expecting a severe test next weekend, arguing that both English centres bring more than hard, straight running.’
      • ‘Animals that fly in the air have still other similarities dictated by the severe demands of flight.’
      • ‘Barton faces a severe test, with the likes of Seebald and Fondmort among the opposition for an event which could well be the race of the meeting.’
      • ‘Such an austere destination was, he warned, far more elusive, demanding severe discipline and total renunciation.’
      • ‘And Jewell knows he is now facing up to a severe test of his managerial skills as Wigan aim to set off on a winning run.’
      • ‘In fact, although at times he attempted to abstain from sex for the benefit of his art, Matisse found chastity a severe test.’
      • ‘The matches, all played in front of crowds in the impressive Hong Kong stadium, combine fast-handling rugby with severe tests of stamina.’
      • ‘The historic meeting will be a severe test of the president's nerve.’
      • ‘This year the smaller bell tower was unveiled and a freak hail storm earlier this year was its first severe test.’
      • ‘The home team were comfortable winners over Fahy Rovers on Sunday and they will provide Erris with a severe test in the next round.’
      • ‘His strong, direct running and sturdy defence could be vital to the Irish cause on a day their rearguard faces a severe test.’
      very difficult, demanding, hard, tough, arduous, formidable, taxing, exacting, rigorous, punishing, onerous, gruelling, burdensome, heavy
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  • 2(of punishment of a person) strict or harsh.

    ‘the charges would have warranted a severe sentence’
    • ‘These soldiers - who had long since regretted their actions - would likely face severe punishment from the American authorities.’
    • ‘Certainly, there should be stricter laws and more severe punishments for breaking them, if we want to live in a violence-free society.’
    • ‘Even if many who have transgressed as he did avoid a term in prison, I believe when his name was placed on the register it was a more severe punishment than any custodial sentence.’
    • ‘These are very serious and grave matters which call for severe punishment.’
    • ‘In 221 AD, Zhang was killed by his generals because they couldn't fulfil an impossible mission and feared severe punishment.’
    • ‘There are far more severe punishments than capital punishment.’
    • ‘She deserves a much more severe punishment because that child will be suffering the effects of the mother's behaviors for its entire life.’
    • ‘The executive member said people in society felt as though there was no severe punishment for capital offences.’
    • ‘The contracts threaten severe punishment for any such breach.’
    • ‘In this reform, Shang Yang emphasized severe punishments, believing that draconian penalties helped to prevent crimes.’
    • ‘It was a strict regime and punishments were severe.’
    • ‘Interior Ministry Chief Secretary Boiko Borissov has proposed severe punishments for everyone involved in illegal logging.’
    • ‘He demanded severe action against those guilty officers.’
    • ‘After all, the one to whom he said this had apparently committed a crime that deserved the most severe punishment available, crucifixion.’
    • ‘But the most important way to tackle the issue is to conduct surprise inspections frequently and impose severe punishment on the guilty.’
    • ‘Judge Openshaw said: ‘These are, in our judgment, disgraceful offences which deserve severe punishment.’’
    • ‘The four men lied their way onto the premises, and afterwards committed heinous crimes, which deserved severe punishment, said Coetzee.’
    • ‘We bore harsh criticism for our efforts and some of us suffered severe punishment.’
    • ‘Earlier this year, a similar bill was rejected by the council because it called for the death penalty as the most severe punishment for anyone convicted by the tribunal.’
    • ‘I hope that when the culprits are caught, they are given the most severe punishment available to the courts.’
    harsh, hard, bitter, bitterly cold, cold, bleak, freezing, icy, arctic, polar, siberian, extreme, nasty
    harsh, scathing, sharp, strong, fierce, ferocious, stringent, savage, blistering, searing, stinging, scorching, devastating, mordant, trenchant, caustic, biting, cutting, withering, rigorous, unsparing
    extortionate, excessive, unreasonable, inordinate, outrageous, sky-high, harsh, stiff
    strict, stern, rigorous, harsh, hard, inflexible, uncompromising, inexorable, implacable, rigid, unbending, relentless, unrelenting, unyielding, merciless, pitiless, ruthless, draconian, oppressive, repressive, punitive, rough, nasty
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    1. 2.1 (of a person) formal and unsmiling.
      • ‘His joyfully mysterious grin strangely comforted her because it made him appear gentler, less severe.’
      • ‘She was tall and stout with grey hair and a severe expression on her face.’
      stern, dour, grim, grim-faced, forbidding, disapproving, tight-lipped, unsmiling, unfriendly, sombre, grave, sober, serious, austere, stiff, flinty, stony, steely, glowering, frowning
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  • 3Very plain in style or appearance.

    ‘she wore another severe suit, grey this time’
    • ‘S. Carlo championed a severe style of painting while Federico founded the Ambrosiana and donated his own collection to that institution in 1618.’
    • ‘As always, his attiring room looked windswept and severe: a plain chest, a narrow mirror, a low divan spread with furs.’
    • ‘He wears impeccably tailored suits in the traditional, severe Soviet style.’
    • ‘From 1936 to 1939 he worked for the Federal Art Project, painting several abstract murals in a severe geometrical style.’
    • ‘Of simple, indeed severe, design, it is informative to compare it to the second font which was carved in 1225.’
    • ‘Ramirez caught up with him outside a severe door of grey metal.’
    • ‘The lighting is very bright which together with the high-tech wine dispensing machinery makes Vino Venue appear clinical and severe.’
    • ‘A girl in a rather severe suit wanted to see his driver's licence as proof of identity.’
    • ‘In the 1850s, Thomas Holt had designed the main building for Peace College in Raleigh in a severe neo-classical style.’
    plain, simple, restrained, unadorned, undecorated, unembellished, unornamented, austere, chaste, spare, stark, ultra-plain, unfussy, without frills, spartan, ascetic, monastic, puritanical
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Origin

Mid 16th century (in severe (sense 2)): from French sévère or Latin severus.

Pronunciation

severe

/sɪˈvɪə/