Definition of seven in English:

seven

cardinal number

  • 1Equivalent to the sum of three and four; one more than six, or three less than ten; 7.

    ‘two sevens are fourteen’
    ‘the remaining seven were sentenced to terms of imprisonment’
    • ‘It gained seats in four of the seven electoral areas but, crucially, lost seats in two other areas.’
    • ‘Born near Shrule in 1915, Peg Carroll was one of a family of seven with four brothers and two sisters.’
    • ‘They also have four grandchildren and seven great-grandchildren.’
    • ‘Of the seven remaining, four have criminal records and three were convicted of the St-Laurent bar attack.’
    • ‘Whether it involves three, four or seven people, this variation on the traditional duo is of the same variety.’
    • ‘Also contributing off the bench was Andrew Coatsworth, who provided seven points and four rebounds.’
    • ‘That is equivalent to seven times the value of all known oil reserves in the country and 31 times the value of foreign direct investment.’
    • ‘From Surbiton there are four stopping trains and seven non-stops.’
    • ‘The jury of seven men and four women was sent home for the night yesterday after three hours considering the case without reaching a verdict.’
    • ‘The new supernovas were found in galaxies ranging from four to seven billion light years away.’
    • ‘Bridge won by four wickets with seven balls to spare as they successfully chased a total of 166 for 8.’
    • ‘Four teams of seven players took part from all sections of the hospital.’
    • ‘Ronaldo has been World Player of the Year four times in seven years.’
    • ‘His sentence of seven years represents four days and eight hours for each of his crimes.’
    • ‘What we know is that the test results will be back in four to seven days.’
    • ‘It is expected to take four auctioneers seven hours to sell off 1,000 lots to people bidding via the web, by phone and in person.’
    • ‘Internally, four of the seven floors of office space will be brought up to standard, with plans to extend the work if it is successfully leased.’
    • ‘Eleven new static cameras will be installed in Sheffield, with seven for Rotherham and four in Doncaster.’
    • ‘India are likely to go into the match with seven specialist batsmen and four bowlers against strong Sri Lankans.’
    • ‘The Peak has recently reduced its paid staff from seven to four and editors have faced pay cuts along with rising workloads.’
    1. 1.1 A group or unit of seven people or things.
      ‘animals were offered for sacrifice in sevens’
      septet, septuplets
      View synonyms
    2. 1.2 Seven years old.
      ‘my mother died when I was seven’
      • ‘Since the age of seven, he has sung in public, both here and abroad.’
      • ‘At these private schools, for example, pupils at the age of seven or eight are taught how to speak in public on the merits of Roald Dahl novels.’
      • ‘He was put in residential school at the age of seven and escaped several times, each time getting sent to a school further from home.’
      • ‘The course will cater for children aged between seven and eleven years.’
      • ‘I have the same issue with children under the age of seven.’
      • ‘I think I started at the age of seven, encouraged by my talented father.’
      • ‘A boy aged 13 suffered a broken thumb while girls aged 10 and seven suffered bruising and grazes.’
      • ‘She has been winning diving trophies since the age of seven and has still managed to achieve excellent results in her examinations.’
      • ‘Aimed at children aged seven and up as well as adults, it consists of 26 black-and-white numbered tiles.’
      • ‘From the age of seven he enjoyed great popularity performing with major orchestras and top conductors.’
      • ‘Laura started dancing at the age of seven at Sara Packham's dance classes, in Oxenhope, and said her love for it had continued to grow.’
      • ‘He got his first musical instrument, a whistle, at the age of seven from his neighbour Bernie Marren.’
      • ‘As part of the celebrations all the children, aged between four and seven, were dressed up as cowboys and cowgirls.’
      • ‘More than 25 children aged between seven and 24 have been working hard for months to produce the show.’
      • ‘Girls between the age of seven and 26 lie on a mat in front of the woman doing the test, which only takes a few seconds.’
      • ‘His wife and three sons aged seven, nine and 13 moved in August, and he now speaks very highly of the Scottish capital.’
      • ‘Indeed, the singer has come a long way from the time he got his first ‘award’ at the age of seven.’
      • ‘The production requires several local actors and, crucially, twins aged between seven and 10.’
      • ‘He also leaves behind two children, Cosima, seven and Bruno, four.’
      • ‘The youngsters aged seven to 11 also took part in singing, and performed in front of their parents and teachers yesterday.’
    3. 1.3 Seven o'clock.
      ‘the meeting doesn't finish until seven’
      • ‘They had no food or water and sat there from seven in the morning until six at night.’
      • ‘It wasn't until about seven in the evening when everyone who went to the auction got home.’
      • ‘The hostel had the usual practice of opening doors at seven in the morning and locking them at ten at night.’
      • ‘There's simply not enough time in the week to visit everyone, and most of my days are booked from seven in the morning until eleven at night.’
      • ‘The training starts sometimes at seven in the morning and does not finish up until seven at night.’
      • ‘I didn't leave the ground until seven that evening with all the people.’
      • ‘At about quarter to seven that night, my phone rang, and I was quick to pick it up.’
      • ‘If it's a quarter past seven on the morning of November 3rd, then I've been single for exactly four years.’
      • ‘I turned up about half eleven and stayed until quarter to seven that night, and left others still playing.’
      • ‘He spent three days working from seven in the morning until eleven at night on his masterpiece.’
      • ‘Music often goes all night from nine in the evening to seven the next morning.’
      • ‘Her parents were already at work and they usually didn't come back until seven or eight at night.’
      • ‘You are not working from seven in the morning until seven at night.’
    4. 1.4 A size of garment or other merchandise denoted by seven.
    5. 1.5 A playing card with seven pips.
      • ‘Thus a red six is placed on a black seven, a black ten on a red jack, and so on.’
      • ‘The first player to collect all four sevens wins.’
      • ‘The seven of diamonds behaves in a similar way to a jack - it captures everything on the floor.’
      • ‘If a seven is led, it counts only as a seven, and the trick is won by the last seven played to it.’
      • ‘If after completing your canasta of sevens you draw another one you must hold onto it, and it will prevent you from going out, even if you have met all the other requirements.’
      • ‘The special powers of all cards except sevens and eights are nullified during this period, as is the possibility of discarding a series.’
      • ‘East and West have no more sevens or tens to play, so North has beaten off the attack.’
      • ‘Nines, eights and sevens are neutral - they carry no penalty and have no special effect.’
      • ‘Once the eight of spades is played, then the seven and nine of spades may be played.’
      • ‘However, melds of sevens and aces are subject to some special rules and restrictions.’
      • ‘The winner of the trick leads to the next trick, by first playing any sevens he has and claiming them as tricks and then leading a playable card.’
      • ‘Then players take cards from the pile and flip them to get an ace to seven of any suit.’
      • ‘In the example above, the left meld would get the low card bonus - the fives tie and the six beats the seven.’
      • ‘If the seven of the trump suit is led it wins.’
      • ‘A player receiving a card as a result of another player's playing a seven should thank the donor.’
      • ‘If only three are playing, remove the sevens and eights from the deck before dealing.’
      • ‘If the face-up trump is an ace, three or picture card it can be exchanged for the trump seven.’
      • ‘From high to low, these are the ace of swords, the ace of batons, the seven of swords and the seven of coins.’
      • ‘For example if the first card was a seven, the second player has to lay another seven or a five, six, eight or nine to win both cards.’
      • ‘For example, if you ask for sevens and they have 3 sevens, they only have to give you one, until you ask again for a seven.’
    6. 1.6sevens Seven-a-side rugby.
      • ‘The annual inter-company rugby sevens competition was held in the afternoon.’
      • ‘The national stadium will also be the venue for rugby sevens as well as the opening and closing ceremonies.’
      • ‘The win will boost the team's morale ahead of the first round of the IRB rugby sevens tournament which kicks off in Durban next week.’
      • ‘The New Zealand rugby sevens team have hit rough times, losing in three consecutive tournaments to Argentina.’
      • ‘Jonah was part of the New Zealand rugby sevens team which struck gold at the last Commonwealth Games.’

Phrases

  • the seven deadly sins

    • (in Christian tradition) the sins of pride, covetousness, lust, anger, gluttony, envy, and sloth.

      • ‘This claim is especially important with respect to anger, because within Christian circles, anger is identified as one of the seven deadly sins, and because as a culture, we often fear anger as the antithesis of love.’
      • ‘The seven deadly sins and their antitheses, the four cardinal virtues and three heavenly graces, provide the book's organising principle.’
      • ‘Given the choice, if you were to add another sin to the existing seven deadly sins, which of the following would you choose?’
      • ‘Which of the seven deadly sins does he think the average politician would be most susceptible to?’
      • ‘I am quite certain that neither my husband nor I have ever lectured John on the seven deadly sins.’
  • the seven seas

    • All the oceans of the world (conventionally listed as the Arctic, Antarctic, North Pacific, South Pacific, North Atlantic, South Atlantic, and Indian Oceans).

  • the seven-year itch

    • A supposed tendency to infidelity after seven years of marriage.

      ‘we've been together eight years now, so we're over the seven-year itch’
  • throw (or chuck)a seven

    • 1informal Die.

      ‘since he threw a seven, the tributes have been pouring in’
      • ‘Will our boy survive, or is he about to throw a seven?’
      • ‘My dealer almost threw a seven when I mentioned that I might register the vehicle in Florida as my vacation car.’
      • ‘Buy a six-year-old a puppy, and the old canine will probably throw a seven when your child is at university.’
      • ‘Old King David in the Bible was about to throw a seven.’
      • ‘There are one or two notable deaths, such as the fashion designer who threw a seven in February.’
    • 2informal Vomit.

      ‘Sam took up his cup of tea, drank it, turned round, and threw a seven on the floor’

Origin

Old English seofon, of Germanic origin; related to Dutch zeven and German sieben, from an Indo-European root shared by Latin septem and Greek hepta.

Pronunciation

seven

/ˈsɛv(ə)n/