Definition of serotype in English:

serotype

noun

Microbiology
  • A serologically distinguishable strain of a microorganism.

    • ‘Tests that aid in investigating the epidemiology of Listeria outbreaks are those that identify the serotype of the organism.’
    • ‘Each vaccine contains 23 purified pneumococcal capsular polysaccharides of S. pneumoniae serotypes.’
    • ‘Among the 102 non pregnant women in the present study, multiple serotypes were detected in 21.6 per cent.’
    • ‘The serotypes were identified according to the chart provided by the manufacturers along with the kit.’
    • ‘All the four serotypes of dengue virus could be detected and isolated during this epidemic.’

verb

[WITH OBJECT]Microbiology
  • Assign (a microorganism) to a particular serotype.

    ‘most investigators have made no attempt to serotype the ureaplasmas isolated’
    • ‘The STEC isolates were serotyped at the E. coli Reference Center (Pennsylvania State University, University Park).’
    • ‘The isolates were serotyped and tested for susceptibility to antimicrobials including those recommended for intrapartum prophylaxis.’
    • ‘As we did not serotype these pneumococcal strains or measure antibodies to them, we cannot do more than speculate on the mechanism for this observation.’
    • ‘However, when multiple GBS colonies were picked and serotyped, this concordance decreased to 80 per cent.’
    • ‘Of the 143 patients with acute otitis media due to S. pneumoniae, 141 isolates were serotyped and 140 confirmed.’

Pronunciation:

serotype

/ˈsɪərə(ʊ)tʌɪp/