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[mass noun] The scientific study or diagnostic examination of blood serum, especially with regard to the response of the immune system to pathogens or introduced substances.
- ‘One has, therefore, to depend on serology for the diagnosis of the disease.’
- ‘Hepatitis serology and blood cultures were unremarkable.’
- ‘The diagnosis of brain abscess mandates other studies seeking the etiology, which may include HIV serology, sinus studies, and transesophageal echocardiogram.’
- ‘If susceptibility or recent infection is indicated by serology, weekly ultrasound examinations should be performed for four to eight weeks after exposure (or two to six weeks after infection) to detect hydrops.’
- ‘The diagnosis of acute or chronic pancreatitis and pancreatic cancer was determined using previously established criteria that incorporated symptoms, radiology, pathology, and serology.’
- ‘The diagnosis is particularly challenging, because serology and skin testing are not reliable in immunocompromised patients, emphasizing the need for accurate histologic identification.’
- ‘When tabulating the multiple courses taught by full-time faculty, faculty teaching microbiology most often also taught molecular diagnostics and serology.’
- ‘The study of small group discussion of patient cases took place in a semester-long 3-credit junior/senior level undergraduate course in clinical immunology and serology with 67 students.’
- ‘Other frequently performed tests included histopathologic studies on tissues, blood typing, syphilis serology, and 2 components of drugs of abuse testing.’
- ‘State public health laboratories can test for hantavirus by serology, immunochemistry, or virus remnant amplification.’
- ‘While delivery of immunology courses varied, almost 70% of all programs offered a combination course including both serology and principles of immunology.’
- ‘Rheumatologists tend to rely on clinical signs, symptoms, and serology, whereas neurologists rely more on histopathology in order to exclude other myopathies.’
- ‘However, a nasopharyngeal aspirate is the best specimen for detecting influenza viruses, and polymerase chain reaction is more sensitive than tissue culture when serology is the reference standard.’
- ‘Blood sample for HIV serology and two sputum specimens were collected from each patient.’
- ‘Despite a large number of studies 38-42 published, serology has found little place in the routine diagnosis of tuberculosis in children, even though it is rapid and does not require specimen from the site of disease.’
- ‘The blood collected for HIV serology was allowed to clot for 30 min at room temperature.’
- ‘Diagnosis is based on clinical and neurophysiological findings, serology, and by identifying the organism or toxin.’
- ‘Laboratory diagnosis is primarily by serology, although antigen detection in tissue by immunohistochemistry and amplification of any RNA in blood and tissue can be used.’
- ‘Human papilloma virus serology is not sensitive, in that many infected women are not seropositive.’
- ‘Autopsies, considered in the past the gold standard for diagnosis, have been replaced by serology, imaging, biopsies, and other studies.’
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